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and their father's prosperity. The building at the latter locality is three stories in height, each floor being one hundred and twenty-five feet in length, by fifty feet in width, and from street to roof is stocked with a complete assortment of every description of Marine Clothing, Men's and Boy's Clothing, Men's Furnishing Goods, etc. This warehouse is under the special superintendence of Mr. John Brooks.

The main warehouse of Brooks Brothers has three fronts, viz.: one hundred feet along Broadway, two hundred feet on Grand Street, and one hundred on Crosby Street. It is four stories in height, besides basement, and is one of the most substantially built, elegantly furnished, and conspicuous architectural ornaments of Broadway. The whole area comprised in its five floors is 100,000 square feet, and all (with the exception of a portion of the first floor and basement devoted to minor stores on Grand Street), is occupied by the Brooks Brothers. The cost of the ground, building, and furniture, was from $400,000 to $500,000, and we doubt if they could now be purchased for $750,000, so rapid has been the rise in real estate within the last few years. The firm are sole owners of this property, and of that at the corner of Cherry and Catherine Streets. The amount of annual sales in both stores is about $2,000,000, and the average value of stock on hand is $600,000. The number of persons employed by the firm in both warehouses in all departments-clerks, cutters, salesmen, tailors, seamstresses, porters, etc. -is about three hundred, and they also furnish lucrative employment to several thousand operatives who perform their work outside of the estab-. lishment.

The basement occupies a space of about one hundred feet square, devoted in part to the storage of Miscellaneous Stock, and in part to the reception, assortment, and storage of all the Linen and Woolen Rags and Waste Paper which daily accumulate throughout the warehouse. Here they are carefully separated and placed in capacious bins, preparatory to being packed for sale. Many tons of this refuse are annually sold to paper-manufacturers. Here broad arches intersect the solid sixteen-inch walls, which, with numerous iron pillars, ten inches in diameter, furnish the ground support of the immense pile above.

The first floor opens upon Broadway, and the main section of which is one hundred feet in length, by one hundred feet wide. This forms the salesroom of the house, and comprises the departments for all ReadyMade Clothing, and Furnishing Goods, for Gentlemen and for Children's wear. In these three departments there are about thirty salesmen, each division having its special head, who superintends and is responsible for the proper transaction of all business within his appointed province.

The entire salesroom is one of the most spacious, commodiously arranged, well-lighted, well-ventilated, and richly furnished and embellished on Broadway. Some twenty strong and highly ornate iron pillars

support the lofty frescoed ceiling, and along the walls at intervals rise immense mirrors, six by twelve feet in dimensions, framed in elaborately carved black walnut. Between them rise the capacious show-cases, reaching nearly to the ceiling, and mounted in black walnut, of which also are made all the numerous counters which intersect the floor on every hand.

The stock of Ready-Made Clothing, for Men's wear, is fully equal to Custom-Made Clothing, in point of fabric and workmanship. The Brooks Brothers were among the first merchant tailors who paid particular attention to that excellence of workmanship which now-a-days causes Ready-Made Clothing to rank nearly if not quite as high as that which is made to order.

The assortment of Furnishing Goods is likewise very comprehensive and excellent, so that the aggregate of garments of all descriptions displayed on this floor comprises everything necessary for Men's and Children's wear, except hats and boots.

The Second Floor, reached by a broad staircase, twelve feet in width, is found the whole area of 20,000 square feet occupied by the various sections of the Custom Department; and by those of the Counting-House Department, containing th3 Private Offices of the firm, and the Head Cashier and the Book-keepers. - Directly opposite the head of the stairs is the Rotunda, an oval department, one hundred feet long by sixty wide, the ceiling being fiftyfive feet high, in the center of which the sky-lights admit a flood of daylight. The walls and ceiling of this uniquely beautiful apartment are frescoed, and made additionally picturesque by classic figures emblematic of trade and commerce; while in the center rises a Pagoda, fifteen feet in diameter by thirty feet in height. The dome is surmounted by a Globe Clock, with four dials, which in the evening is illuminated from the inside by gas-light, thus showing the time to all points throughout the floor. The works of this clock are situated beneath it, and operated by a peculiar process. The Pagoda is exclusively occupied by the desks of the Measurers for all Clothing to be made to Order.

A large section of the second floor is set apart as a Show Room for every description of fabrics used in the Clothing business, of foreign or domestic manufacture. These fabrics are mostly imported from London, Leeds, Bradford, Huddersfield, and other English manufacturing towns , and also from Paris, and various parts of Prussia.

An important division on this floor is that occupied by Cutters, employed exclusively for the Custom-Made Clothing furnished by Brooks Brothers. An idea of the extent of this branch of their business may be formed from the fact that there are twenty first-class Cutters in this department. It has twenty counters, each ten feet long by five in width, all of which are of highly ornamented and paneled black walnut, fur

nished with drawers and all approved modern equipments. All the work here cut out is from special measurement: On the same floor is the Trimming Department; also, the Military Department, the emanations from which are deservedly celebrated. Many of the leading military officers of the country have had their uniforms made here, such as, for instance, Generals Sherman, Hooker, etc., etc. Attached to this section is also the Livery Department, wherein particular attention is paid to all special orders from the private families.

An appartment fronting on Broadway, furnished in a faultless style of convenience and elegance, is partitioned off from the numerous other sections of the floor, and in it two Cutters are continually employed in fulfilling the orders for Ladies, for such articles of custom-made costume as Mantillas, Riding Habits, and Children's habiliments. The offices which are also comprised in this section are fitted up in that commodious, complete, and liberal style characteristic of our first-class New York warehouses. They include the private offices of the firm, that of the head Cashier and his several Assistants, and of the General Book-keeper and his Assistants. More than one-half of the sales of this house are for cash, yet the firm carry from 3,000 to 4,000 accounts, which are extended to approved credit. Owing to the sagacious liberality of the Brooks Brothers, the division of labor in the financial department is such that the Chief Book-keeper is enabled to make a regular and precise monthly statement, giving at a glance the exact resources and liability of the concern, together with a careful estimate of all the stock on hand. Indeed the uniform system prevailing throughout this model establishment, in all departments, exhibit the judicious management from which flows the sure and extensive trade of the house. The Third Floor is partially occupied as the Receiving Room for all the various descriptions of merchandise manufactured by the house. A section of this floor, one hundred feet long by twenty-five wide, on Grand Street, is set apart exclusively for the Cutters of the Ready-Made Clothing exhibited upon the First Floor. The Fourth Floor facing Broadway and Grand Street is the Tailors' Department, one hundred feet square, wherein is done nearly all the finest work of the establishment, which is performed in the warehouse. In the busy season one hundred and fifty competent persons are here engaged in the manufacture of all firstclass styles of garments. The One-Price system is always observed, and a new and uniform scale of prices is arranged and adapted to the market each season. The Brooks Brothers sell their goods almost everywhere, and number the most fastidious among their regular customers, some of whom are of thirty years'standing; and while the ancient warehouse in Cherry Street maintains the character and enjoys the benefit of the old associations, that on Broadway sustains more conspicuously the reputation of a house, the memory of whose probity and utility will remain long after the descendants of its founders have passed beyond a world of toil.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Tilton's Patent Guitars, Child's Piano, etc.,



Manfactories at Mount Vernon, Westchester Co., and at Hester Street, New York. Warehouse at

No. 10 Maiden Lane, New York.

THE celebrated manufacturing house of ZOGBAUM & FAIRCHILD was established as far back as 1845, when its importing and manufacturing house was located in Charleston, S. C., and Savannah and Athens, Ga. The trade was there conducted with success until 1853, when the headquarters were changed to New York City, the metropolis of the country affording greater facilities to meet the requirements of the rapidly increasing business of the firm. For the last fifteen years they have occupied three floors of the large white marble building at No. 10 Maiden Lane, while they have established manufactories at Mount Vernon, Westchester County, and in Hester Street, New York City. This is unquestionably the most extensive and most highly reputed manufacturing and importing house in this line in America, and its goods have obtained an enviable celebrity among the trade, throughout the Atlantic, Western, and Southern States, California, South America, Canada, and the other British Provinces. The proprietors are possessed of a thorough practical knowledge of the mechanical as well as the mercantile details of their business, and employ resident agents in Germany and France, who have all European articles made to special order for this house, paying for them in cash.

One unacquainted with the intricate details of this branch of business, would be surprised to discover the number and variety of articles indispensable to compose a completely assorted stuck of the kind. Among the leading articles may be specially noticed the Child's Piano, which though but two feet high, two and a half long, and sixteen inches wide, is complete in every respect; Violins comprising over fifty different kinds and sizes, of German, French, and Italian manufacture, and from the cheapest to the most costly. The two most important features in the business of the firm are TILTON'S GUITAR, and Violin and Guitar Cases; the former Messrs. Zogbaum & Fairchild have the sole right to manufacture, having purchased the patent at a heavy expense. They have been making them during the past three years at their factories. The demand increases rapidly, and far exceeds their present ability to supply it in full; but their facilities for making them are greatly enlarged. These Guitars are admitted to be the best now manufactured in the world. They have received the highest prize, whenever and wherever brought into competition with the instruments of the other must noted makers, never failing to give perfect satisfaction. The latter has been a branch in which such has been their triumph in competing with the noted manufacturers of Violin and Guitar Cases in Germany, France, &c., that the importation of these goods has entirely stopped, and this house may he said to monopolize the trade of this continent by their cheaper and much superior productions. Brass instruments are manufactured at their New York factory by the experienced workman. Musical boxes between thirty and forty different styles. Strings for Violins, Guitars, Harps, etc., which are chiefly imported from Italy, Germany, and France. The German manufactures of Accordeons and Concertinas, are exclusively imported by Zogbaum & Fairchild from the best maker, and this empowers them to supply instruments equal to the best French, and at the most moderate terms.

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Bankers and Dealers in U. S. Securities and Gold,

Nos. 30 and 32 Wall Street, New York.

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