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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I.

SECTION I. 1. (Legislative power.)-All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives.

SECTION II. 1. (House of representatives.]-The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year, by the people of the several states; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

2. (Representatives-Qualifications.]-No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

3. (Apportionment.}-Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, six ; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three.

4. (Vacancies.]—When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

5. [Speaker-Power of impeachment.]-The house of representatives shall chuse their speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

SECTION III. 1. (Senate.]—The senate of the United States shall be composed of two

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PREAMBLE.
We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union,
establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense,
promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and
our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of
America.

ARTICLE I.

SECTION I.

1. [Legislative power.)-All legislative powers herein grante all be

vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a and

house of representatives.

SECTION II.

1. House of representatives.]— The

apresentati

composed of members chosen every second ye

people of
states; and the electors in each state shall have

ations re
electors of the most numerous branch of the stat
2. Representatives-Qualifications.]-

all be a r
ative who shall not have attained the age of twen

and bee
years a citizen of the United Stats- and who shall

sted, be
habitant of that state in which be chosen.
3. [Apportionment.)

tives and direc

appor
among the several states which

uded within

cordi
their respective numbers, whi

etermined

he
number of free persons, includin

d to servi
and excluding Indians not taxed,

Fall other

80
enumeration shall be made within

after the
congress of the United States, and

sequenti
such manner as they shall by law dii

er of re
not exceed one for every thirty thousan

shall
representative; and until such enumera

le, th
Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse thre

eight
and Providence Plantations, one; Connecti
four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, one;
Carolina, five; South Carolina, five; and Geor

4. (Vacancies.]—When vacancies henne

state, the executive authority thereof 8

vacancies.

5. [Speaker-Power of impea

shall chuse their speaker and other offic

impeachment.

SECTION

1. (Senate.]—The senate of the Unit

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