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U.S. Code

National Defense Act

Military

law Section

Title

Section

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138. AIR CORPS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 768), sec. 13.
1922, June 10 (42 Stat. 692), sec. 20.
1926, July 2 (44 Stat. 780), sec. 2 (reenactment),
1926, July 2 (44 Stat. 782), sec. 6.
1993, June 16 (48 Stat. 807), sec. 10.
1936, June 16 (49 Stat. 1524), sec. 3.
1998, Apr. 18 (52 Stat. 216).

1938, June 11 (52 Stat. 641). Composition and organization.

Amended (52 Stat. 216).

Amended (52 Stat. 641).
Proportion of flying officers.
Detail to Air Corps...
Command of flying units
Flying officers, time of peace, defined.

Amended; sec. 3 (49 Stat. 1524).
Rating as pilot..
Flying officers, time of war, defined.
Flying pay (see also sec. 127a-1).

Amended; sec. 20 (42 Stat. 632).
Amended; sec. 6 (44 Stat. 782)
Amended; sec. 10 (48 Stat. 807).
Recurring provision limiting-
Flying cadets; saving clause
Pilots; proportion of enlisted men..
Rating as air mechanics.

Pay of air mechanics...
14. BUREAU OF INSULAR AFFAIRS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 176), sec. 14.

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 769), sec. 14.
(Transferred to Interior Department, act of Apr. 3, 1959.)
Composition...
15. CHAPLAINS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 176), sec. 15.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 769), sec. 15.
1922, June 30 (42 Stat. 721).

1935, July 31 (49 Stat. 606), 8Cc. A. Number authorized

Superseded (42 Stat. 721).
Promotion for length of service

Superseded; sec. 4 (49 Stat. 606)..
Chief of Chaplains; rank, pay and allowances
Filling of vacancies as of July 1, 1920 (executed).

Constructive service allowed for promotion.17. INFANTRY:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 177), sec. 17,
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 769), sec. 17.

1938, Apr. 13 (62 Slat. 216). Composition and organization

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Amended (62 Stat. 216).... 18. CAVALRY:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 178), sec. 18.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 770), sec. 18.

1938, Apr. 13 (52 Stat. 216). Composition and organization.

Amended (52 Stat, 216)..

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19. FIELD ARTILLERY:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 179), sec. 19.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 770), sec. 19.
1938, Apr. 18 (62 Stat. 216).

Composition and organization.

Amended (62 Stat. 216)-

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20. COAST ARTILLERY CORPS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 180), sec. 20.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 770), sec. 20.

1938, Apr. 13 (62 Stat. 216). Composition and organization.

Amended (59 Stat. 216)..

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22a. PHILIPPINE SCOUTS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 770), sec. 22.
1922 June 10 (42 Stat. 632), sec. 17.
1992, June 30 (42 Stat, 722).
1925, Mar. 3 (45 Stat. 1099), sec. &.
1925, Mar. S (Stat. 1100), secs. 3, 4.

1932, June 30 (47 Stat. 407), sec. 301, Pt. II.
Composition and organization...

Disbandment or reduction; sec. 301 (47 Stat. 407).
Recommission of officers as of July 1, 1920 (executed).
Service under Philippine Scout commissions (executed)
Appointment of officers.
Promotion and classification of officers

See also (42 Stat, 722).
Retired pay of officers

Amended; sec. 17 (42 Stat. 632).
Amended; sec. 2 (49 Stat, 1099)
Amended; sec. S (13 Stat. 1100)

Amended; sec. 4 (43 Stat. 1100).
Enlisted mon; saving clause.
23. PROVISIONAL APPOINTMENTS.

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 181), sec. 23.

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 771), sec. 23.
24. FILLING OF VACANCIES:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 182), sec. 24.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 771), sec. 24.

1926, May 19 (44 Stat. 564).
Appointments as of July 1, 1920 (executed)
Retired pay of officers over 45 when appointed.

Amended (44 Stat. 564).
Promotions as of July 1, 1920 (executed).
24a. PROMOTION LIST:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 771), sec. 24.

1935, July 31 (49 Stat. 505), sec. 1.
Promotion list.

Amended; sec. 1 (49 Stat. 505).
Constructive service allowed for relative rank (see also sec. 127a-6).-
24b. CLASSIFICATION OF OFFICERS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 773), sec. 24.
Classification of officers.
Discharge or retirement of officers in class B.
Active duty of officers retired in class B.

Retirement of second lieutenants, Quartermaster Corps (executed).
24c. PROMOTION OF OFFICERS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 774), sec. 24.
1935, July 31 (49 Stat. 505), sec. 1.

1935, July 31 (49 Stat. 506), sec. 3.
Promotions prior to June 30, 1920 (executed).
Promotions after July 1, 1920.

Amended; sec. 3 (49 Stat. 506).
Examination for promotion.

See also sec. 1 (49 Stat. 505).
Examination of oflicers, Medical Department.

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U.S. Code

National Defense Act

Military

law Section

Title

Section

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24e. APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS-Continued.
General provision...
Appointment from Reserve officers; sec. 2 (49 Stat. 1028)

Recurring provision; appointment of aliens...
Judge Advocate General's Department.
Medical Corps..
Dental Corps.
Veterinary Corps

Superseded; sec. 4 (49 Stat. 506)
Medical Administrative Corps..

Superseded (49 Stat. 1902). Chaplains...

From former and retired officers (impliedly repealed)
25. DETACHED OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 183), sec. 25.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 775), sec. 25.

121

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Enlisted men..

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27. ENLISTMENTS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 185), sec. 27.
1918, Mar. 30 (40 Stat. 501).
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 775), sec. 27.

1922, June 10 (42 Stat. 629), sec. 9. Term (see also secs. 55, 127a-13). Enlistment allowance

Superseded; sec. 9 (42 Stat. 629) Reenlistment in grade..

See also (40 Stat. 501). Enlistment of minors under 18.

Vocational training...--
29. DISCHARGE ON ACCOUNT OF DEPENDENT RELATIVES

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 187), sec. 29.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 775), sec. 29.

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30. REGULAR ARMY RESERVE.

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 187), sec. 30.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 775), sec. 30.

1938, Apr. 25 (62 Stat. 221).
35. ENLISTED MEN PROHIBITED FROM CIVIL EMPLOY.

MENT.

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 188), sec. 35. 37. OFFICERS' RESERVE CORPS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 189), sec. 37.
1919, July 11 (41 Stat. 109).
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 775), sec. 32.
1922, Sept. 22 (42 Stat. 1033), sec. 2 (reenactment).
1930, July 1 (46 Stat. 841).
1933, June 15 (48 Stat. 154), sec. 3 (reenactment).

1934, June 12 (48 Stat. 939). Composition and organization.. Reserve officers:

Commissions in Army of the United States.
Authority to appoint
Period of service..
Discharge...
Citizenship and age limits

Amended (48 Stat. 939).
Grades in which commissioned
Classes eligible...

Flying cadets (41 Stat. 109)
Promotion and transfer.
Assignment...
Saving clause
Commissions in National Guard (repealed).
Status when not on active duty.

Added (46 Stat. 841)

Amended; sec. 3 (48 Stat. 154)
37a. RESERVE OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 776), sec. 32.
1922, June 10 (42 Stat. 627), sec. 3.
1924, May 31 (43 Stat. 250), sec. I.
1926, July 2 (44 Stat. 783), sec. 8.

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U. 8. Code

National Defense Act

Military

law section

Title

Section

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37a. RESERVE OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY-Continued.

1935, Aug. 30 (49 Stat. 1028), sec. 1.
1956, June 16 (49 Stat. 1607).
1936, June 16 (49 Stat. 1624), secs. 1, 2.

1996, June 26 (49 Stat. 1974).
Authority to order (see also secs. 3a, 5, 552, 81).

Combaiant arms; sec. 1 (49 Stat. 1028).
Air Corps Reserve; sec. 8 (44 Stat. 783); sec. 1 (49 Stat. 1524).
Recurring prorision limiting term to 15 days.

Engineer Reserve (49 Stat. 1974)..
Active duty pay..
Superseded in part; sec. 3 (4. Stat. 627); sec. 1 (43 Stat. 260)
Continuation when disabled (49 Stat. 1607).
Lump sum of $500; sec. ? (49 Stat. 1624).
Recurring provision denying pay to recipients of pension, disability, or

retirement benefits Mileage from and to home.

Recurring provision limiting to 4 cents per mile Retirement rights (see also sec. 47b)... 38. OFFICERS, NATIONAL GUARD OF THE UNITED STATES:

1933, June 15 (48 Stat. 155), sec. 4 (reenactment).

1935, June 19 (49 Stat. 391), sec. 1.
Commissions in Army of the United States.
Authority to appoint...
Period of service...
Active duty with General Staff and National Guard Bureau (see also

sec. 81): Authority.

Pay and allowances.
Active duty in an emergency (see also sec. 111):

Authority; added, sec. 1 (49 Stat. 391).
Pay and allowances; added, sec. 1 (49 Stat. 391)
Status when not on active duty--
40. RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS: ORGANIZATION:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 191), sec. 40.

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 776), sec. 33. Establishment of units..

Recurring provision limiting number 40a. RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS: COURSES.

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 777), sec. 33. 40b. PERSONNEL FOR DUTY WITH RESERVE OFFICERS'

TRAINING CORPS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 777), sec. 33.
1922, June 10 (42 Stat. 6$2), sec. 17.
1925, Mar. 3 (43 Stat. 1099), sec. 1.

1928, May 26 (46 Stat. 774).
Active personnel
Retired personnel..

Philippine Scout officers included; sec. 1 (43 Stat. 1099).
Detail to recruiting duty
Active duty pay of retired personnel..

Superseded; séc. 17 (42 Stat. 632); (45 Stat. 774).
44. ELIGIBILITY FOR MEMBERSHIP IN R. O. T.C.

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 192), sec. 44.
47. SUPPLIES FOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 192), sec. 47.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 777), sec. 34.

1920, June 5 (41 Stat. 967). Issue of supplies..

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2030 2030 2044 1592

Recurring provision; issue from sur plus stocks without charge

Recurring provision; issue of animals. Commutation of uniforin.

Reenacted (41 Stat. 967). Bond for safekeeping ---47a. RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS CAMPS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 778), sec. 34. Maintenance, medical treatment, etc. Transportation of members...

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U.S. Code

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Military

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47b. APPOINTMENT OF GRADUATES OF R. O. T. C. AS RE

SERVE OFFICE 3:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 778), sec. 34.
Qualifications for appointment
Retirement of Reserve officers (see also sec. 37a)
Pensions for reserve officers and enlisted men (see also sec. 112, and Pt.

II, V. R. 1 (a), M. L. sec. 1140).
47c. PAY AND COMMUTATION OF SUBSISTENCE, R. O. T. C.:

1916, Sept. 8 (39 Stat. 853).
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 778), sec. 34.
1928, May 12 (45 Stat, 501).

1956, June 16 (49 Stat. 1607). Commutation of subsistence. Interruption of course..

Added (45 Stat. 501)
Medical, dental, veterinary units.

Recurring provision limiting enrollments.
Commutation of subsistence, medical, etc., units.
Admission of Reserve officers.
Training camp pay.

Continuation when disabled (49 Stat. 1507)
Credit for training at educational institutions (39 Stal. 853)
47d. CITIZENS' MILITARY TRAINING CAMPS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 779), sec. 34.
1928, Mar. 9 (45 Stat. 251).

1936, June 15 (49 Stat. 1607). Establishment, maintenance, and eligibility.

Recurring provision limiting admissions. Use of Government equipinent; uniforms.

Recurring provision; issue from surplus stocks without charge
Transportation and subsistence of members..

Amended (45 Stat. 251).
Expenses of maintenance
Sale of supplies to members
Courses of instruction.
Rules and regulations..
Detail of Army personnel
Continuation of pay and allowances and medical treatment when disabled

(49 Stat. 1609)

1248 1247 1947 1591 1246 1592a 1088 1249

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55. THE ENLISTED RESERVE CORPS:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 195), sec. 55.
1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 780), sec. 35.

1926, June 8 (44 Stat. 705) (reenactment).
Composition...
Enlistment; term and qualifications.

Qualified as to railway operating units (44 Stat. 705) Enlistments continued in case of war. 55a. ORGANIZATION OF THE ENLISTED RESERVE CORPS:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 780), sec. 35.

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55b. RESERVISTS ON ACTIVE DUTY:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 780), sec. 35.

1938, June 15 (49 Stat. 1607). Authority. Pay and allowances.

Continuation when disabled (49 Stat. 1507) 550. MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUCTORS AT OTHER

SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES:

1920, June 4 (41 Stat. 780), sec. 35. Issue of supplies and equipment. Detail of active personnel

Detail of retired personnel. 57. COMPOSITION OF THE MILITIA.

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 197), sec. 57. 58. COMPOSITION OF THE NATIONAL GUARD AND THE

NATIONAL GUARD OF THE UNITED STATES:

1916, June 3 (39 Stat. 197), sec. 58.
1925, Feb. 28 (43 Stat. 1075), sec. 1 (recnactment).
1933, June 15 (48 Stat. 155). sec. 5 (recnactment).
1935, June 19 (49 Stat. 391), sec. 2.

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