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In addition to the number of letters written, as stated above, 27,857 were written in the various divisions of the office, making a total of 106,046.

The average number of clerks employed during the year was 140.

The usual monthly and annual reports and statements have been prepared.

The following figures exhibit, as well as figures may do, what has been the work of this office since its organization in 1817, and furnish interesting statistical information. The first table shows the number of settlements of money-accounts and claims during the forty-four years from 1817 to 1861, divided into two periods, prior and subsequent to the Mexican war. The second table is a condensed s‘atement of the money accounts and claims settled by the different divisions of the office from June 30, 1861, to June 30, 1877; and the third table shows the number of property-accounts adjusted, claims rejected, certificates furnished the Paymaster General and Commissioner of Pensions during the same period.

Number of account: settled from March 4, 1817, to June 30, 1861.

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Statement of accounts settled and amounts involved from June 30, 1861, to June 30, 1877.

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9. 606

141
645
773

4, 017
11, 302
15, 928
22, 059
7, 228

110, 771
91, 309

June 30, 1862
June 30, 1963,
June 30, 1804
June 30, 1965
June 30, 1806
June 30, 1867
June 30, 1808
June 30, 1-69
June 30, 1870
June 30, 1871
June 30, 1872
June 30, 1-73
June 30, 1874
June 30, 1875
June 30, 1876.
June 30, 1877.

$4, 181, 276 33
47, 275, 231 36
88, 944, 415 39
90,094, 47 46
110, 209, 718 02
183, 041, 470 09
146, 305, 528 14
183, 032, 959 46
141, 43, 60 99
124,063, 632 23
131, 057, 413 02
27, 116, 621 39
17, 237, 093 23
14, -37, 714 29
15, 563, 739 75
12, 604, 998 41

1,109

91
1, 451
1, 03
1, 216
1,083

813
2, 350
1, 033
1,005

5416
565
518

8:29, 128, 526 30
32, $ 17, 99 10
5., 339, 3:37 64
42, 617, 077 68
26,902, 781 54
23, 0.50, 181 18
20, 484, 02 13
8.59€, 706 04
3, 571, 107 13
2,023, 703 26
1, 566, 9:21 96
1, 968, 1R3 01 !
6, 125, 429 70
3, 164, 634 07
2, 346, 339 07
2, 193, 993 02

1, 897
1,990
1, 708
2, 394
1, 305

210, 293
91, 132

616 33, 335, 685 23 3,328 $249, 180 64
590 2, 099, 257 87 19, 151 2, 143, 293 39

9, 2012, 154 74 80, 756 10,970, 328 91
-66 3, 231, 449 00 i 81, 517 14,047, 599 35

2,881, 230 33 7, 335 16, 189, 247 17
821 4, 273, 208 91 39,121 10, 63, 782 78

5,301,722 -9 203,90 19, 338, 443 88
4,715, 039 43

8, 355, 618 22
1, 172
3,033, -27 41

4, 160, 776 31
1, 42 8, 194, 634 63 10,078 2, 318, 164 4:2
1, 649 5, 351, 816 32 22, 170 1, 278, 160 29
1,871

329, 1M8 21 32, 42 1, 664, 935 64
1, 648 4,974, 866 43 27, 315 1, 230.27 94
2, 107 6,033, 207 25 19 470 9H1, 407 74
2, 242 7,081, 003 57 11, 433 425, 084 65
2, 974 0, 508, 420 73 13, 799 577, 340 79

1, 504

$217,02 97
1, 356 398.785 94
1, 880 2, 20, 744 15
2, 594 8.019, 331 56
4, 317 21, 353, 127 68
3, 705 19, 91, 437 59
2, 416

5, 262, 140 63
1, 478 2,41, 079 24
946 2, 443, 906 48

957, 010 35
657, 266 02
103, 060 44
220, 4 75
223, 962 79
224, 877 89
132, 699 16

837, 111,957 47

91, 65+, 407 76
159,917, 380 83
15, 040, 305 03
177, 536, 134 34
210.805, 0-0 55
196, 9.52, 639 67
207, 561, 432 39
154, 04, 298 32
137, 5-7, 164 K9
139, 911, 580 61
40, 025, 703 77
30, 56, 710 35
26, 094.594 27
23, 912, 519 00
24, 313, 612 26

44, 797
27, 974
37, 91
32, 679

88, 541. 723 08

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85.1, 668 13 210,74 07 294, 100 15

16, 417 19, 498

Total

14, 889 1, 337, 645, 396 18

86, 017

268, 159, 828 93

21,118 79,587, 398 95 83., 024 95, 219, 444 12

20, 256 65, 469, 008 64

10,6-0, 370 71 977, 304 1,856, 761, 647 53

Statement of property-accounts adjusted and miscellaneous work performed in connection with

the settlement of accounts.

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In 1861 the files of this office were conveniently accommodated in two rooms. At the present time they consist of more than twenty-two thousand cubic feet, and weigh about three hundred tons. That portion of them which consists of officers' property-returns, that have been examined and adjusted, is in two rented buildings, outside of Winder's building, where the examinations were made. The larger portion, which embraces the settlements of claims and accounts for the disbursement of money, occupies the entire attic story of Winder's building and cases in the corridors of that part of the building assigned to this office. Neither of the buildings containing the officers' returns is fire-proof, nor is the upper portion of Winder's building, where the most valuable files of the office are necessarily deposited. It is earnestly hoped that steps will be taken at an early day to render Winder's building fireproof. The value of the files thus exposed will be appreciated, when it is understood that the money vouchers alone show the disbursement of over nineteen hundred millions of dollars, covering the pay of the Army; expenses of recruiting; collecting, drilling, and organizing volunteers; ordnance and ordnance stores, medical and hospital department, and the Indian service, with other miscellaneous matters since July 1, 1815.

The pay-rolls of the Army in the accounts of paymasters, besides furnisbing tbe only evidence which the government bas of the proper disbursement of some fifteen hundred millions of dollars, are, and will be in the future, of great value to the people of the country, especially to officers and soldiers, or their friends, as furnishing interesting and important incidents of personal history. There would seem to be no argument needed to demonstrate the importance of properly preserving them.

In consequence of the poor quality of paper employed in making these rolls, and their frequent handling in the office of the Paymaster-General and this office, while settling the accounts of paymasters and the various claims of soldiers and their heirs, they became so badly worn upon the

folds that most of them would fall into pieces upon being opened, often requiring great care to prevent the loss or displacement of some portion. This was especially true of those so frequently used in settling the various claims for bounty, since eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and I became satisfied that if what was called the "equalization of bounty bill” should become a law before the rolls could be repaired, they would be virtually destroyed before settlement of the claims under it could be made. It was not practicable to have photographic copies of them made until after they had been repaired, and an attempt to have them copied in any other way, besides involving an expense of twenty-five or thirty dollars apiece, would fail to secure the signatures, or fac-similes of them, of the officers and men who had been paid. An investigation showed that there must be over six hundred thousand mutilated rolls and vouchers in the office needing repairs to properly preserve them. Hav. ing satisfied myself that the best method would be to repair them with vellum, and that the work could be done cheaper and beater by women than men, I brought the subject to the attention of the Secretary in the summer of 1875, informing him orally of the whole matter, and in view of the magnitude and importance of the work, and that there was no appropriation for this office out of which it could be executed, it was determined to detail female clerks for the purpose of making the needed repairs. Work was commenced under this arrangement on the 17th of August, 1875, and has been done in a most satisfactory manner. On the 30th of September last, three hundred and eighty-five thousand eight hundred and seventy-five mutilated vouchers bad been repaired, which are really stronger and better fitted to bear future bandling than they were when first made, and there now remain about two hundred and ninety thousand, according to the best estimate that can be made, which need similar repairs. It is earnestly hoped that means will be furnished to complete this valuable and important work.

The condition of the work in the office is very satisfactory, and it affords me great pleasure to bear testimony to the ability, faithfulness, and efliciency of the gentlemen composing its clerical force. In fact all persons who are at present connected with it, are entitled to my special commendation. I am, sir, very respectfully,

E. B. FRENCH,

Auditor. Hon. John SHERMAN,

Secretary of the Treasury.

REPORT OF THE THIRD AUDITOR.

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