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jects for which the Union was created, and specified
in the preamble to the constitution, and the per-
jured oaths of our American people ; consequently,
the Union was null and void, and the forts reverted
to the states to which they belonged prior to their
admission into the Union. Besides, each state
reserved to itself the sovereign right to manage its
own affairs, and to exercise supreme jurisdiction
over its own dominions, which was ignored when
the Federals marched their armies through the
sovereign state of Maryland to invade the Southern
States, in defiance of the Governor, whilst all who
resisted were driven into exile or thrust into prison.

The Southerns showed noble pluck and daring
throughout the entire bloody and devastating war,
whilst they were being girdled with our Northern
Anaconda, which ultimately smoothed its jaws in
their final overthrow and defeat, but not before the
Southerns had won imperishable honours on many
a well-contested battle-field, and caused the names
of General Lee and the late Stonewall Jackson to
be inscribed on the page of history, as the noblest
and bravest generals made conspicuous in the
bloody drama.

Our Northern States and people having conduct-
ed the war to a triumphant end, all worshippers of
success have had a lively time of it in the blowing
of trumpets amidst what are called the "shoutings
of the free," but the fearful mortality which has ob-
tained amongst liberated slaves, the hostility and
discontent which still remain amongst the white population of the Southern States, who continue to think it hard that they should bave suffered wrongfully, despite the advice of the Hon. Neal Dowe, not to do so under the circumstances; the accumulated debt which must be a heavy drag on the wheels of industrial progress for some time to come; the resolutions adopted in Congress during the second year of the war, to receive the Southern States and people into the Union with slavery if they would come back; the letter of the late President Lincoln to the Hon. Horace Greely, to restore the Union with slavery if he could, or in part, etc., and his advice to the coloured delegates who waited on him at the White House, to go to Abbeokuta or Liberia; the after thoughts which associated freedom to the slave with penal consequences to enforce obedience to Federal autbority and power; the amendment to the Constitution which proclaims their own dishonour, and makes the names of patriot, traitor, and treason, a mockery and delusion on the lips of Federals and their abettors and promoters; the continued imprisonment of Jefferson Davis, and the present irrepressible conflict still going on in America in connection with the negro, coupled with the prospect of another outbursting volcano, or a long history of penal legislation, civil disabilities, oaths, tests, discord, agitation, and reform, to be repeated in the New World—these things must of necessity abate the enthusiasm and sober somewhat the imaginations of these worshippers of Federal success, as well as interfere with their overdrawn pictures and feverish dreams, that " England ought to envy America," as the Rev. Mr Brock is said to have avowed recently at a Baptist Convention held in Liverpool.

Desperate is the necessity when Mrs Stowe, the late Mr Cobden, and others had to speak of the war as an atonement, and freedom as a compensation for all its horrors and calamities.

When a fire breaks out on a prairie, and the devouring flame sweeps along, all kinds of reptiles come out of their holes.

Even so, as the war.passions have been kindled and swept from east to west and from north to south, it has made us more acquainted with the dispositions, habits, and distinctive characters of our neighbours.

Some, to all human appearance, like George Stewart, Esq., of Philadelphia, and Bishop Janes, an official dignitary in the Northern branch of the Methodist Episcopal Church, would have died in their holes or well-feathered nests of pro-slavery proclivity without finding an use for their tongues, to express their condemnation and horror of slavery, but for the stern and absolute necessity to which the Federal executive was driven in the late war (viz.) to use freedom as a war measure to conquer the South.

Such men are very emphatic in their avowals that freedom could not be achieved without the

dread arbitrament of the sword. Like John Bright, M.P., these men hold it to be as clear as the trumpets of the revelator's angels, that "it is no more immoral for a people to use force in the last resort for the obtaining and securing of freedom than it is for a government by force to suppress and deny that freedom." Our government in the United States did do this latter very strange and wicked thing; and yet, would he or his friends avow that it was not as immoral on the part of the Federal executive and the people who sustained it to do the wrong thing in regard to those who held property in man, as it was to help them to create a property in human chattels so called.

Moreover, war would have been utterly impossible in America, and also slavery and negro-hating, if the grand, vital, essential elements of Christianity had been faithfully diffused and practically recognised by our five millions of avowed disciples of Christ in that land. This is a process which would have left no stains of guilt or shame, no plague spots of blood or crop of heart-burnings behind it, and yet, this grand remedial process was either ignored or tampered with, so as to neutralise its mighty power and efficacy, whilst those who professed to hold a commission to make it known were first and foremost to cry,

war to the knife," "war to the bitter end."

Some resort to strange assumptions and to deep strategy, to mask their true position and to justify their irrationality and blood-thirstiness. One of these is to be found in the person of the Hon. Neale Dowe, one of the latest arrivals from our American Golgotha of human skulls, bones, and blood.

In a speech recorded in the Alliance News, Oct. 27th, Mr Dowe says, " that in the early stages of the anti-slavery conflict, it was announced to be so irrepressible that it must go on to a physical issue.” By the use of this language he designs to convey the impression that the anti-slavery conflict was a progressive one in America on moral grounds, than wbich no statement or assumption can be more false, as at no period of our anti-slavery conflict was the great cause of freedom at a lower ebb on moral grounds than at the period when the war broke out. John Brown was put to death, Dr Cheever driven to the necessity of passing his bat round in England, and others of us driven into exile, whilst the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher was painting our Northern States and people in the blackest colours, as shown in his Harper's Ferry sermon, which the Revs. Brock, Chown, and Federal visionaries would do well to read and ponder.

Methinks I see them, however, pointing to the sentiments contained in the late President Lincoln's oft-repeated predictions at Springfield, Illinois, June 17, 1858.

The paragraph reads as follows :-"If we could first know where we are, and whither we are tending, we could better judge what to do and how to

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