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the cadets seen here was (X693), who at present is living at the (X694) hotel with a girl called Marcella (X695). This girl is a pros: titute in a house at (X696) avenue. (X697), the proprietor, seems to have ample police protection. One of his right hand men is a mounted policeman by the name of (X698). Two plain clothes men were seen drinking at the bar of the saloon one night, while a dance was going on upstairs.

(X699) hall," (X700) 35th street. This dance hall is frequented by clandestine, semi-professional and professional prostitutes. The conditions are open and flagrant. On October 23rd, Officer No. (X701) in uniform was seen sitting at a table drinking beer with

Another officer, No. (X702), stood at the entrance of the hall and later went into the ladies' retiring room where he stayed about ten minutes.

(X703) 22nd street. This notorious dance hall situated in the restricted district caters to professional prostitutes who take men to nearby hotels or to assignation rooms or flats.1

women.

SUMMARY.

First. Custom and precedent has established in Chicago certain restricted districts, where the laws and ordinances of the state and city are practically inoperative in suppressing houses of prostitution.

Second. Because of his condition certain public officials have given a certain discretion to the Police Department and have allowed police rules and regulations to take the place of the law and ordinances in these districts.

Third. As a result of this discretion certain members of the police force have become corrupt and not only fail to strictly obey the rules and regulations in the restricted districts themselves, but have failed to adequately enforce the law and ordinances, outside the restricted districts.

Fourth. This attitude has not only been assumed toward the law and the rules and regulations, but has resulted in failure to report to headquarters places in all sections of the city where immoral and dissolute persons congregate.

Fifth. In addition, officers on the beat are bold and open in their neglect of duty, drinking in saloons while in uniform, ignoring the solicitations by prostitutes in rear rooms and on the streets, selling tickets at dances frequented by professional and semi-professional prostitutes; protecting "cadets,” prostitutes and saloon keepers of disorderly places.

1See Chapter IV, "Sources of Supply," page 194.

Chapter IV.

Sources of Supply.

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CHAPTER IV.

SOURCES OF SUPPLY.

1. Purpose of Report. The purpose of this report is to discover and report as nearly as possible all the sources which supply the victims of the social vice; and also to recommend measures to restrict and suppress the supply.

2. Sources of Information. As far as possible the Commission has sought first hand sources of information, from which to discover the facts which it reports and classifies, and from which its conclusions are drawn. These sources of information are:

(a) Personal histories secured from 30 women, who are either now inmates of houses of prostitution, or have been until very recently. These histories have been secured and carefully verified through repeated interviews by a woman who is the confidential friend of these women, and who has carefully safeguarded their confidence.

(b) Accounts of themselves given by prostitutes to the investigators on the Commission: (1) in amusement parks under private management,

5 (2) in dance halls,

40 (3) in saloons and on the street,

49 (4) flats and assignation hotels,

15 (5) in houses of prostitution,

19 128

51

(c) Delinquent girls investigated by the Juvenile

Protective Association,
A total of 179 cases whose careers, both be-

fore and after their downfall have been

studied intensively.
Records of young girls in the custody of the

Juvenile Court of Cook County during
the first ten years of its operation,

2,241

Total number of cases reviewed,

2,420 While many of these girls were personally interviewed, and their cases thoroughly investigated by the Department of Social Investigation in the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, the conclusions regarding the delinquency of the total number are

based upon a careful study of official and other records regarding them during an investigation continued for more than two years, and reported to the Russell Sage Foundation, by which the results of the inquiries are about to be published.

(e) The investigations of the Commission on panders and cadets, dance halls, employment agencies, department stores, amusement parks under private management, lake steamers, and reports of other committees bearing on the sources of supply.

(f) Investigations of the United States Immigration Commission and the Immigrants' Protective League of Chicago on the relation of immigrant women and colonies of foreign laboring men in construction camps, lodging houses in cities, and elsewhere.

(g) Alienists' inquiry into the sub-normal physical and mental condition of boys and young men committed to the State Reformatory of Minnesota.

(h) As the basis of estimates of the profits and male patronage of houses of prostitution:1

(1) Brief and argument of plaintiff in error before the Supreme Court of Illinois, October Term, 1908, in case of People v. Bessie Lee and Leona Garrity.

(2) Books and papers of a keeper of a disorderly house showing daily and monthly receipts, which were seized by the authorities and form part of the records of the case of the prosecution.

(3) Verified reports of investigators.

(4) Statements made at conferences with madames and inmates of disorderly houses. (i) Conferences with representatives of reform and philanthropic agencies and other interested individuals. 3. The tabulation and classification of the data derived from these sources.

4. Summary of conditions involved in the personal histories and investigated records of 2,420 women and girls under review which suggest the recommendations herein submitted.

(a) Home conditions ;
(b) Economic conditions ;
(c) Pursuit of pleasure and provision for recreation;
(d) Procuring;

(e) Involuntary entrance upon or continuance in prostitution under so-called "white slavery";

(f) Sub-normality as a factor in the social evil;
(g) The supply of male patrons of prostitution;

(h) Education in sex physiology and hygiene. 1See Chapter I, Existing Conditions, page 95.

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