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United States tables:

Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in the United States, 1955-56
Grade and staple of American-Egyptian cotton ginned, by States and United States, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in the United States, during specified periods, 1955-56
Grade and staple of American-Egyptian cotton ginned in the United States, during specified periods, 1955-56.
Grade of upland cotton ginned in the United States, by states, crops of 1953-55.
Staple of upland cotton ginned in the United States, by States, crops of 1953-55
Grade index and average staple of upland cotton ginned in the United States, by States, crops of 1951-55
Preparation of upland cotton ginned in the United States, during specified periods, by states, 1955-56
Tenderability of upland cotton ginned, by States, 1955-56.
Tenderability of upland cotton ginned in the United States, 1943-55.

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State tables:

Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Alabama, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Arizona, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Arkansas, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in California, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Florida, 1955-56 .
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Georgia, 1955-56 .
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Illinois, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Kentucky, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Louisiana, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Mississippi, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Missouri, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in New Mexico, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in North Carolina, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Oklahoma, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in South Carolina, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Tennessee, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Texas, 1955-56 .
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned in Virginia, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Alabama and Arizona, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Arkansas and California, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Florida and Georgia, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Illinois and Kentucky, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Louisiana and Mississippi, 1959-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Missouri and New Mexico, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in North Carolina and Oklahoma, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in South Carolina and Tennessee, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, during specified periods, in Texas and Virginia, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, by districts, in Alabama and Arkansas, 1955-56 .
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, by districts, in Georgia and Louisiana, 1955-56.
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, by districts, in Mississippi and North Carolina, 1955-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton ginned, by districts, in Oklahoma, South Carolina and Tennessee, 1955-56
Grade and staple' of upland cotton ginned, by districts, in, Texas, 1955-56. .

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Carry-over tables:

Grade and staple of upland cotton in the carry-over, United States, August 1, 1955
Grade and staple of upland cotton in the carry-over, United States, August 1, 1956
Tenderability of upland cotton in the carry-over, United States, August 1, 1946-56
Staple of cotton of foreign growth in the carry-over, August 1, 1946-56.
Grade and staple of American-Egyptian cotton in the carry-over, United States, August 1, 1955.
Grade and staple of American-Egyptian cotton in the carry-over, United States, August 1, 1956.
Grade and staple of upland cotton in the carry-over, by places of storage, United States, August 1, 1953-56.

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Supply and disappearance tables:

Carry-over, crop, supply and disappearance of upland cotton, by grade groupings, United States, 1937-56.
Carry-over, crop, supply and disappearance of upland cotton, by staple groupings, United States, 1937-56
Grade and staple of upland cotton in the supply, United States, 1955-56.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, V. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

:D STATES OF AMERICA

Cotton Quality Statistics, United States

1955-56

Introduction

This report contains information on the quality of cotton ginned during the 1955-56 season, and on the quality of cotton on hand in the United States on August 1, 1956. To facilitate comparison certain data contained in the reports for previous years are included. This information should be helpful to cotton growers and breeders and to merchants, consumers, research workers and others interested in the quality of the crop and the carry-over.

Estimates of the quality of the ginnings for most of the States are based on the classification of samples representing approximately 10 percent of the crop of upland cotton. These samples were submitted by gins selected to represent a cross-section of the quality of total ginnings by districts and States. In the case of upland and American-Egyptian cotton in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and District 6 of. Texas, where from 95 to 100 percent of ginnings is classed under another program, the total samples classed are adjusted to ginnings and used in preparing the estimates. The proportions of the various qualities found in the samples classed were applied to total ginnings as reported by the Bureau of the Census for upland and American-Egyptian cotton. For the purpose of preparing the estimates most cotton-producing States are divided into districts. Samples classed were weighted by ginning periods for all cotton-producing States as well as by districts for most cotton-producing States.

The report for the carry-over includes statistics on the grade and staple of upland and American-Egyptian cotton and on the staple of cotton of foreign growth on hand in the United States on August 1, 1956. The bulk of the 1956 carry-over was cotton in ccc stocks (owned and held as collateral against outstanding loans). Estimates of the quality of this cotton in the carry-over were based on the grade and staple classification under which this cotton originally entered the government loan program. "Free stocks" of cotton in public storage and compresses were sampled and classed in every instance in which the cotton was segregated from CCC stock in such places of storage. Quality estimates for cotton stored at mills on August 1, 1956, were based on the classification reported by individual mills. Sample data for each State and for the principal types of storage were raised to correspond with the number of bales reported by the Bureau of the Census.

The official Cotton Standards for Grades of American Upland Cotton were revised effective August 15, 1953. The revision abolished the Middling Fair and Strict Good Middling standards for White cotton and all standards for Extra White cotton, and changed the remaining standards so as to reflect the characteristics of the recent cotton crops insofar as color, leaf and preparation are concerned.

The tables in this report that contain figures on the tenderability of cotton on futures contracts indicate only the total quantities tenderable and untenderable.

Throughout this report the official grade designations are abbreviated as follows: Good Middling, 3-G.M.; Strict Middling, 4-S.M.; Middling, 5-M.; Strict Low Middling,

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Table 1. -

Orade and staple or upland cotton ginned in the United States, 1955-56

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Total

283, 737

600, 820

451, 416

393, 705

139,082

147, 222

205, 889

136, 546

20, 250

5,993

1, 526

213

86

31

2,386,518

16.3

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Spotted:

3-2.X.
4-5.X.

45
5,622
54, 465
158, 148
65,457

124
29, 960
207, 193
305, 620
57,923

183
41, 842
218,327
173,654
17,410

241
44,853
200, 119
118,616
29,876

139
16,114
66, 552
37, 436
18,841

135
12, 154
50, 340
44,587
40,006

458
32, 554
77,352
52,689
42,836

5-M...

971
35, 601
55, 635
30, 350
13,989

6-9.L.M.
7-L.M.

Oray:

3-0.M.
4-3.M.
5-M.
6-S.L.M.

11
65
203

74
410
652

O

625
4,046
5, 118

577

159 428 156 31

1,800 25, 945 103,246 44,986

1

20,119 10,319

.2 .7 .3

1

Total

279

1,136

1,411

4,887

7,516

33, 508

66, 443

49, 889

10,366

774

740

28

175, 977

1.2

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Tabi. 1.

- Orade and staple of upland cotton pinned in the United States, 1955-56 - Continued

13/16 inch

and
shortor

7/8
Inoh

29/32
Inon

15/16
Inoh

31/32 Inoh

1
Inoh

1-1/32
Inohos

1-1/16
inohos

1-3/32
Inohes

1-1/8 Inches

1-3/32 Inohen

1-3/16 Inohos

1-7/32
Inohos

1-1/4
Inches and
lonces

All staplus

Poroent

Persont

Percent

Leroont

Poroont

Persont

Poroont

Maroont

Percent

Percont

Percent

Percont

Paroant

Poroont

Percent

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Orad.

White:

3-0.1.
4-8.1.
5-
6-9.L.L.
7-4.4.
8-9.0.0, .
9-0.0.

total

.

Spotted:

3-0.1,
4-8.1.
5-X.
6-8.L.K.
7-L...

1.5
14.6
42.6
17.6

3.5
24.0
35.4
6.7

1.2
5,1
4.5

3.1
26.5
21.1
2.1

19.6
11.6
2.9

3,0
12.3
6.9
3.5

1.2
2.7
1.9
1.5

total

Tinged,

3-0,X.
4-3.1.
3-.
6-3.L.K.
7-L.X.

.2
3.7
5.4
1.6

.
1.2

.9
.2

.3
.2

Total

Yollow Stainod:

3-0.1.
4-5.X.
3-1..

Total

Oray:

3-6.K.
4-8.X.
3-K.
6-8.L.K.

Total

Below Orde.

Al grades

Less than 0.05 percont.

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