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the boy repeatedly absented himself from home, and he could do nothing with him. Boy ran away from home three days when the father found him at police headquarters. Boy, when called to the stand, said he “run away for fun." "The defense" said that the boy seemed mentally defective, and that it was “not right to convict a boy of crime when he is weak minded." The father said, "he ran away from home for nothing but pure mischief." The judge laid this case over for one week until the county physician could examine the boy for weakmindedness.

While these cases were being tried the court room was crowded to the doors. It had all the appearances of a criminal court. There was a noticeable lack of decorum, the bailiff having constantly to call the spectators to order. Several men were brought hand-cuffed into the room while the cases were being tried. A number of young boys and girls having apparently nothing to do with the cases were also present.

March 24, 1902.

Case 6.---Colored boy charged with habitual truancy from home, etc. This case left over from last week. Two physicians testified that they had examined the boy and found him mentally sound. One said, "he was exceptionally bright for a boy of his age.” When the physicians asked him why he ran away from home, he said that his parents “beat him so.” They examined him and found marks on his body. Boy told the Court that he wanted to go to the Industrial School. Jury returned a verdict of "guilty as charged,” and the boy was sentenced to the Industrial School at Lansing

Case 7.--A boy 14 years old absented himself from home for two weeks at a time. Slept at the Messenger Service, where he was employed, off and on. Sometimes "he hung about the office of the Evening News until two o'clock some mornings.” He was brought into the police station on suspicion of larceny. Boy said he would rather go to the Industrial School than stay at home. He left the Franklin school when in grade A4. Seemed to take the whole trial as a joke. Two trashy novels found in his pocket. He was convicted, as charged, of being an habitual truant.

Case 8.--Boy 12 years old charged with being a juvenile disorderly person. Left home on March 2. Had been sleeping under a house with some other boys. Was found by the officers along the railroad tracks. Had been enrolled in some school, but was habitually truant. Was arrested about a week ago and taken to the police station. Jury returned a verdict of "guilty as charged.'

Case 9.—Two boys, of ages about 12 and 14, charged with simple larceny. Policeman claimed he saw the boys going out of a house with 90 pounds of paper, valued at $2.50. Boys said they took the paper to draw on. It was brought out in the testimony that they were not bad boys and went regularly to school. This was the first time the boys had ever been on trial. The prosecuting attorney asked to give the boys another chance. Jury found the boys “not guilty.”

Case 10.-Two boys, of ages II and 15 years, accused of stealing seven bicycle tubes from a hardware store. Value of tubes $4.20. The boys had watched the store all evening. They went to the rear, broke one of the windows with a stone when a car was passing in front and then drew out the boxes of tubes through the hole they had made. Policeman caught the boys in the act, but they ran away and hid tubes behind an alley-box. He afterwards went to their homes and arrested them. A colored lawyer appeared in their defense. He asked the jury to "bring in a verdict of guilty and recommend the boys to the mercy of the Court.” The jury found both boys guilty and asked the Court to be easy with them.

Case 11.—Boy 13 years old accused of being an habitual truant. Was enrolled at the Pitcher School; but the principal testified that he had been absent 60 half days since January 6th. Notice was served on the boy to attend school, but he would not attend regularly. Boy. "found guilty as charged and recommended to the mercy of Court.”

Case 12.—Two boys, of ages 12 and 13 years, charged with stealing a number of bottles of whiskey and beer to the value of $21. Boys went upstairs and broke into locker containing liquors. Took them to the alley and distributed them to some other boys. One of the boys drank so much that he had to be taken home in a wagon. His father said, "He wasn't drunk, he was almost dead." Both boys found guilty.

Case 13.—Two boys, each 15 years old, accused of having received the stolen whiskey of boys involved in case 12. A gross negro fellow testified that one of the boys had sold him a bottle for 50 cents, but swore he did not know it was stolen. A young fellow bought another bottle from one of the boys for 15 cents. Both boys confessed having received the whiskey, and were found guilty by the jury.

Case 14.-A colored boy almost 14 years old charged with assault and battery upon a Jewish peddler. The Jew claimed that the boy struck him in the back with a stone. The colored boy was "with a gang of whites” when it happened. The peddler turned around and naturally identified “the black sheep” as the one who threw the stone. Jew had four boys, all under 14 years, placed on the witness stand to testify that the “nigger" threw the stone. A colored lawyer made "an eloquent plea" for the boy, and succeeded in influencing the jury to a verdict of "not guilty.”

April 7, 1902. Case 15.-Irving S., charged with habitual truancy. Age 12 years. Continually absented himself from school. Truant officer notified the boy to attend school on March 12. Said he had visited boy's home several times and did all he could to get him to attend. Principal of school testified to the boy's repeated absences. The only reason the boy gave for not attending was, “I don't want to go." "He has a fair home and his father is a hard working man,” said the county agent. Boy found guilty. He was "let off on suspended sentence" as this was his first offense.

Case 16.-Leo B., Joseph C. and Richard S., charged with stealing brass patterns valued at $25. Boys 16, 16 and 14 years of age respectively. “This is the seventh time Mr. B. has appealed to this court to take care of his son.” Leo was arrested twelve times before, twice for simple larceny, twice for vagrancy and a number of times for truancy and on suspicion of stealing. Joseph C. "has been up before the court five times previously.” Three boys found guilty. Leo B. was sentenced to the Industrial School, Joseph C. given 60 days in the House of Correction and Richard was let off on suspended sentence.

Case 17.—John F. and Arthur P., charged with stealing from a Syrian novelty dealer four knives, a chain, a bank, two puzzles, a mouth organ and ten cents in money; total value, $2.50. The witnesses were Syrians and needed an interpreter. As no interpreter could then be found the case was adjourned until next Monday.

Case 18.—John C., charged by another small boy with assault and battery. This is simply a boys' quarrel which ended in a fight, one boy having struck the other with a baseball bat. The fight started, it seems, on the provocation of one boy calling the other boy's brother a liar. Several boys 12 years of age, who had never been in a court room before, were placed on the witness stand to tell their story. The case was promptly dismissed.

April 14, 1902. Case 19.--Chas. S., age 13, John L., age in, and Harry E., age 14, charged with stealing 20 pigeons, valued at $5.00. Fourteen of the pigeons were recovered by the officer. No defense was offered. The boys were “found guilty as charged.”

Case 20.—Carl B., charged as an habitual truant. The Principal of the truant school testified as to numerous absences. Carl convicted twice before of the same offense. Found guilty as charged, and recommended to the mercy of the Court.” Sentenced to the Industrial School.

Case 21.-A girl charged with having stolen a finger ring, value $10, from another girl. Found "guilty as charged."

Case 22.-A boy 12 years old charged as a juvenile disorderly. Was away from home two nights without consent of parents. “Gets in at 1 and 2 o'clock in the morning.” Mother said she could not keep him at home. Truant officer said he very often saw the boy on the streets about The Evening News and Whitney's Opera House. “Guilty as charged” and sentenced to the Industrial School.

Case 23.-Boy away for eleven days at a time. Took tramps to Michigan City, Mt. Clemens and to Ann Arbor. Parents claimed they could not control him.

He gives no reason for running away.

Case 24.—John and Joseph K., Polish boys, charged

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