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Fees, fines and penalties, payment and disposal of regulated
Fines, acts enhancing
Fines and premiums in the several laws, regulated and stated
Ferries and ferriages regulated
Forgery, how punished
Fraudulent conveyances prohibited
Fence, act directing what shall be deemed lawful
Fences, division, act regulating
Fornication, act against

319
390-391

402
329
373
373
405
412
473

GAOUS and goalers, acts regulating
Gaol breaking, how punished
Guardians, act relating to the appointment of
Gaming, act to prohibit
Grand Jurors, choice of, and duty

320–458

300
321
361
368

.

HIGHWAYS, act for laying and altering

act for making and repairing
act to prevent encroachments on

act to settle and establish
Heiresses, act to prevent the sale of the real estates of
Heirship of the estate of Col. Wm. Syms, act directing

328
329
366
422
368
445

INCEST, acts for the punishment of

291-484
Impeding authority, how punished

300
Idiots, and impotent, distracted and idle persons, act for relieving
and ordering

302
Impresses for public service, act regulating

821
Inimical conduct, act for the punishment of

413
Insolvency, act of, in favor of T. Chandler

497

JUSTICES of the peace, act directing in their office and duty 288
two or three empowered to try causes of £100

390
Justice Courts, act defining jurisdiction of, and regulating proceed-
ings in

506
Jurors, grand and pettit, act regulating

351
Jurors, pertit, choice of regulated

357
Judgments, act directing in what money they shall be given 405
Judgments, acts nullifying in certain cases

499–500

LASCIVIOUS CARRIAGE, &c. act for punishment of

290
Listers, act directing in their office and duty

295
Lands, common and undivided, act to prevent encroachments on 366
Lands, unappropriated, act to prevent unlawful settlement on 395
Landed property, acts for quieting disputes respecting 424-500
Land, act confirming a right of, to R. Bloomer

455
Land titles (see titles of lands)
Limitation of criminal prosecutions in certain cases

369
Lying, act for punishment of

369

Lotteries, act for preventing and suppressing

374
Laws of February session, 1779, declared temporary

388

391-397-421-439-444
Laws, acts reviving and continuing in force}

467-496-504-510
Legislature constituted a Court of equity in certain cases

394
Law-suits, act for preventing multiplicity of

423
Laws, act directing the form of passing

487

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MARRIAGES, acts regulating

292_484
Militia, act forming and regulating

305
articles, rules and regulations for the discipline of

415
act, making draft of, for campaign of 1782

446
Military officers, field and staff, act regulating choice of

397
Mills and millers, act regulating

321
Mayhem, how punished

355
Marking cattle, swine and sheep, aet directing

366
Manslaughter, act for the punishment of

374
Murder, act for punishment of

375
Ministers of the Gospel, act enabling towns to tax themselves for
support of

472
Medical society, act incorporating

493

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NUISANCES in highways, act to prevent

359
Night-walking, &c. act to prevent and punish

359
Notes, negociable, aet to enable assignees of to maintain action
thereon

411
Notes, State, act directing Treasurer to issue

468
New trials granted

435-444–460-471
New-York, act restraining the privileges of the inhabitants of, in Vt. 475
New-York, act appointing commissioners to seize and sell lands of
citizens of, by way of reprisal

491
New-York, (see union
Negroes and mulattos, transportation of from State, prohibited 505

OFFSETTS, allowed and regulated

423—457
Order assessing damages on account of laying a certain road, set
aside and declared void

488

POLYGAMY, acts for punishment of

290--473
Probate of wills and settlement of estates, act relating to

339
Perjury, acts for punishment of .

355-377
Pleas and pleadings regulated

378
Poor, act for maintaining and supporting

378
Proclamation of Governor, requiring obedience to the laws

388
Provision tax for supply of troops, acts assessing, &c.

407-440
act exempting a certain town from payment of 438
Pardon, acts granting

467-470-490-494-495
Post offices, act establishing

489

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QUAKERS' affirmation, act admitting
Quieting acts

319
424-500

291
346
354

RAPE, act for punishment of
Riots and rioters, act for preventing and punishing
Rebellion, how punished
Return to the State of certain persons having joined the enemies

thereof, act to prevent and punish
Replevin, act concerning
Robbery, how punished
Redemption of certain lands sold at vendue, prolonged
Record of a certain deed vacated
Recovery of debts due the citizens of other States, prohibited in cer-

355
362
366

470
504

.

tain cases,

505

SABBATH, act to enforce the observance of

313
Securities to the State, to whom to be taken

316
Swine, act to restrain from going at large

323
Swearing and cursing, act against

331
Sheriffs, act for appointing, and regulating in execution of their office 348
Sheep, act for ordering and preserving

334
Sodomy, how punished

354
Stocks and sign posts, act providing for

359
Stallions, act to restrain the running at large

381
Suspension of all civil process, acts relating to

388-390-397
Suspension of process against I. Tichenor and J. Farnsworth 438-494
Streams of water, act to prevent turning from their natural courses 435
Sale of real estate of persons deceased, acts authorising for certain

439–460
Secretary of State, act pointing out office and duty of

444
Settlement of New lands, act relating to

475-505
Sureties and scire facias, act concerning

485

.

TOWNS and other communities authorised to sue and defend 293
Treason, acts relating to

293-413-483
Taxes, act authorising and regulating the collection of

312
towns empowered to assess, for certain purposes

396
on lands, towns authorised to levy, for building houses of
worship, school houses and bridges

440
Tax for purpose of making and repairing roads, &c. select-men
empowered to levy

509
Transient persons, act for the ordering and disposing of

315
Town and society meetings, act for preserving order therein 323
Theft, act for punishing

324
Town clerks directed in their office and duty

327
Trespasses, act for punishing in divers cases

338
Town officers, choice of regulated

357
Trials and appeals, act regulating

387
Taverns, act for licensing and regulating

370

.

Titles of lands, acts suspending trials of

388-403-488-494
-act appointing commissioners for regulating

392
act for ascertaining, in certain cases,

411
act empowering Courts to try, in a certain case 426
act repealing laws prohibiting trial of

443
Title of certain land confirmed to John Ashley

476
Trial of persons standing mute, regulated

395
Trover and conversion, act for better regulating process in actions of 405
Tender of real estate on execution, act authorising

406
Tender of specifick articles on executions, acts authorising

461-470

504-508
Tender of paper currency, act for taking off

446
Troops, acts to supply with provisions

407-429-440
Trade to and through the province of Quebeck, act for the purpose

of opening

496

UNION of part of New-York with Vermont, acts connected
with

430-431-434
Usury, excessive, act to restrain the taking of

459

WOLVES and panthers, act to encourage the destruction of 322
Worship, publick, acts empowering towns to levy taxes for build-
ing houses for

440-472
Will and testament of Rufus Rude, confirmed

469
Windham County, act for raising militia to enforce the laws in

476

AN ACT for collecting and perpetuating the records, relative to the assumption and cs-
INTRODUCTION.

tablishment of government, in this Suate, and such acts of the Legislature, as are not
in priot.

Section | It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the Slate of Vermont, That
Daniel Chipman, of Middlebury, in the county of Audison, be, and be hereby is appoint.
ed an agent, to examine and collect all the records of the Council of safely. by which the
people, in the then New Hampshire grants, were governed, and to make a contract for
printing and publishing a volume, containing not less than 450 pages, and to cootain the
first Constitution of this state, and such of the acts of the Legislature, passed previous to
the year, 1787, as said agent shall judge proper, and all the records of said Council of
safety, which can be found, and such of the early journals of the Council, and House of
Representatives, as such agent shall judge worthy of publication Provided, that the
whole expense to be incurred upder this aet, sball not exceed the sum of three hundred
dollarg :- And provided also, that said agent shall deliver to the Secretary of Stale, at
Montpelier, filiy full bound volumes of such records and laws, at the next session of the
Legislature. And the person, with whom said agent may contract to print such edition,
shall be entitled to the remaining part of the same, after deducting said bfty volumes ;
and shall be entitled to the copy right of the book, by him printed

Sec 2. It is hereby further enacted, that the Treasurer of Ibis State, be, and he here-
by is directed to pay to said agent, out of any movies in the Treasury not otherwise ap-
propriated, any sum, not exceeding tbree bundred dollars.-[Passed Nov. 15, 1821.)

The general diffusion of intelligence constitutes the life of a free government. Upon every department of such a government the people exert an unremitted influence, and stamp on all its measures the impress of their own character. Called upon to act, they should become accustomed to think ; and though they cannot, ordinarily, possess extended and com. prehensive views of other systems of government, they should, at least, understand their own. The whole science of government consists in a knowledge of the practical operation of principles. With the science, thus understood, the citizens of every free government owe it to themselves and their posterity to become familiarly acquainted. The preservation of their political institutions depends, under Divine Providence, on themselves. Those institutions therefore,—their origin, their nature, their practical operation, and their whole history, should be studied and un

The man who contemplates the subject in this light, will sit down to the examination of the successive constitutions and laws of a government, with a far higher aim than the gratification of an idle curiosity. By tracing them to their origin, and pursuing them through their various modifications, he will furnish himself with the best means of understanding the nature and practical tendency of existing institutions. Every government, therefore, should possess, and should place within the reach of the people, a complete history of its owo legislation. Without the possession of such a history, and a practical regard to the lessons it inculcates, legis. lation will be, at best, but a succession of experiments, and, as a necessary consequence, every operation of government will be characterised with instability and want of wisdom.

The early institutions of a government are peculiarly liable to be lost sight of, in the progress of improvement. Superceded by new systems, they are supposed to have lost their value, and are permitted to pass into oblivion. This has been, in a peculiar sense, true of the original constitution and laws of Vermont. The circumstances under which the gov. ernment was formed, were eminently calculated to give to its institutions an imperfect, unsettled character. At the expiration of seven years, the constitution was revised and altered; and at the end of the next septenary, was again revised, and adopted in the form which it still retains. In the

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