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Fees, fines and penalties, payment and disposal of regulated
- : - - 390—391
. . . 473
HIGHWAYS, act for laying and altering ..
- act for making and repairing .
- act to prevent encroachments on
- act to settle and establish . .
INCEST, acts for the punishment of . . . . 291-484
JUSTICES of the peace, act directing in their office and duty 288
two or three empowered to try causes of £100 390
. . . . . 506
. . . 357
LASCIVIOUS CARRIAGE, &c. act for punishment of . 290
Lotteries, act for preventing and suppressing
. . 374
. . . . 487
MARRIAGES, acts regulating . . . . . 292—484
- articles, rules and regulations for the discipline of . 415
. . . . 355
support of . . . . . . . . . 472
NUISANCES in highways, act to prevent
. . 435-444-460-471
citizens of, by way of reprisal . . . . . . 491
OFFSETTS, allowed and regulated
aside and declared void . . . .
- act exempting a certain town from payment of . • 438
QUAKERS' affirmation, act admitting . .
RAPE, act for punishment of
thereof, aot to prevent and punish . . . . . 355
vendue, prolonged . 470
SABBATH, act to enforce the observance of, .
TOWNS and other communities authorised to sue and defend 293
- towns empowered to assess, for certain purposes . 396
- on lands, towns authorised to levy, for building houses of
. . . 509
. . . 324
Titles of lands, acts suspending trials of . . 388-405-488-494
-act appointing commissioners for regulating . 392 - act for ascertaining, in certain cases, . . 411
- act empowering Courts to try, in a certain case : 426
- act repealing laws prohibiting trial of . . 443 Title of certain land confirmed to John Ashley . . . 476 Trial of persons standing mute, regulated . . . . 395 Trover and conversion, act for better regulating process in actions of 405 Tender of real estate on execution, act authorising . . . 406
461-470 Tender of specifick articles on executions, acts authorising
§ 504-508 Tender of paper currency, act for taking off . . . . 446 Troops, acts to supply with provisions : 407-429-440 Trade to and through the province of Quebeck, act for the purpose of opening
. . . . 496
UNION of part of New-York with Vermont, acts connected
. 430-431-434 Usury, excessive, act to restrain the taking of . . . . 459
WOLVES and panthers, act to encourage the destruction of 322 Worship, publick, acts empowering towns to levy taxes for building houses for ani. :. .
. . 440-472 Will and testament of Rufus Rude, confirmed . . . . 469 Windham County, act for raising militia to enforce the laws in . 476
AN ACT for collecting and perpetuating the records, relative to the assumption and co
tablishment of government, in this state, and such acts of the Legislature, as are not in priot.
Section | It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont, That Daniel Chipman, of Middlebury, in the county of Addison, be, and he hereby is appoint. ed an agent, to examine and collect all the records of the Council of safely. by which the people, in the then New Hampshire grants, were governed, and to make a coutract for printing and publishing a volume, containing not less than 450 pages, and to contain the first Constitution of this state, and such of the acts of the Legislalure, passed previous to the year, 1787, as said agent shall judge proper, and all the records of said Council of safety, which can be found, and such of the early journals of the Council, and House of Representatives, as such agent shall judge worthy of publication Provided, that the whole expense to be incurred under this act, sball not exceed the sum of three hundred dollarg :- And provided also, that said agent shall deliver to the Secretary of Stale, at Montpelier, bliy full bound volumes of such records and laws, at the next session of the Legislature. And the person, with whom said agent may contract to print such edition, shall be entitled to the remaining part of the game, after deducting said fifty volumes ; and shall be entitled to the copy right of the book, by him printed
Sec 2. It is hereby further enacted, that the Treasurer of tbi State, be, and he hereby is directed to pay to said agent, out of any movies in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, any sum, not exceeding tbree bundred dollars.- [Passed Nov. 15, 1821.]
The general diffusion of intelligence constitutes the life of a free goyernment. Upon every department of such a government the people exert an unremitted influence, and stamp on all its measures the impress of their own character. Called upon to act, they should become accustomed to think ; and though they cannot, ordinarily, possess extended and com." prehensive views of other systems of government, they should, at least, understand their own. The whole science of government consists in a knowledge of the practical operation of principles. With the science, thus understood, the citizens of every free government owe it to themselves and their posterity to become familiarly acquainted. The preservation of their political institutions depends, under Divine Providence, on them. selves. Those institutions therefore,—their origin, their nature, their practical operation, and their whole history, should be studied and understood. The man who contemplates the subject in this light, will sit down to the examination of the successive constitutions and laws of a government, with a far higher aim than the gratification of an idle curiosity. By tracing them to their origin, and pursuing them through their various modifications, he will furnish himself with the best means of understanding the nature and practical tendency of existing institutions. Every government, therefore, should possess, and should place within the reach of the people, a complete history of its owo legislation. Without the possession of such a history, and a practical regard to the lessons it inculcates, legislation will be, at best, but a succession of experiments, and, as a necessary consequence, every operation of government will be characterised with instability and want of wisdom.
The early institutions of a government are peculiarly liable to be lost sight of, in the progress of improvement. Superceded by new systems, they are supposed to have lost their value, and are permitted to pass into oblivion. This has been, in a peculiar sense, true of the original constitution and laws of Vermont. The circumstances under which the gov. ernment was formed, were eminently calculated to give to its institutions an imperfect, unsettled character. At the expiration of seven years, the constitution was revised and altered; and at the end of the next septenary, was again revised, and adopted in the form which it still retains. In the