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319

Fees, fines and penalties, payment and disposal of regulated
Fines, acts enhancing .

- : - - 390—391
Fines and premiums in the several laws, regulated and stated . . 402
Ferries and ferriages regulated . . . . . 329
Forgery, how punished . . . . . . . , 373
Fraudulent conveyances prohibited . . . . . 373
Fence, act directing what shall be deemed lawful

405
Fences, division, act regulating . . . . . . 412
Fornication, act against . . . .

. . . 473

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HIGHWAYS, act for laying and altering ..

- act for making and repairing .

- act to prevent encroachments on

- act to settle and establish . .
Heiresses, act to prerent the sale of the real estates of
Heirship of the estate of Col. Wm. Syms, act directing

328
329
366
422
368
445

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INCEST, acts for the punishment of . . . . 291-484
Impeding authority, how punished

.
.

. 300
Idiots, and impotent, distracted and idle persons, act for relieving

tracted
and ordering . . . . . . . . . 302
Impresses for public service, act regulating . . . 321
Inimical conduct, act for the punishment of
Insolvency, act of, in favor of T. Chandler . . . . 497

413

JUSTICES of the peace, act directing in their office and duty 288

two or three empowered to try causes of £100 390
Justice Courts, act defining jurisdiction of, and regulating proceed-
ings in . . . .

. . . . . 506
Jurors, grand and pettit, act regulating . . . . 351
Jurors, periit, choice of regulated . .

. . . 357
Judgments, act directing in what money they shall be given

405
Judgments, acts nullifying in certain cases . . . 499-500

LASCIVIOUS CARRIAGE, &c. act for punishment of . 290
Listers, act directing in their office and duty

295
Lands, common and undivided, act to prevent encroachments on 366
Lands, unappropriated, act to prevent unlawful settlement on . 395
Landed property, acts for quieting disputes respecting . 424-500
Land, act confirming a right of, to R. Bloomer . . . 455
Land titles (see titles of lands) .
Limitation of criminal prosecutions in certain cases .
Lying, act for punishment of . . . . . . so

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360

Lotteries, act for preventing and suppressing

. . 374
Laws of February session, 1779, declared temporary . 388

391-397-421-439-444
Laws, acts reviving and continuing in force

S

4 67-496-504-510
Legislature constituted a Court of equity in certain cases . . 394
Law-suits, act for preventing multiplicity of . . . . 423
Laws, act directing the form of passing

. . . . 487

305

321

MARRIAGES, acts regulating . . . . . 292—484
Militia, act forming and regulating

- articles, rules and regulations for the discipline of . 415
- act, making draft of, for campaign of 1782 .

446
Military officers, field and staff, act regulating choice of .. 397
Mills and millers, act regulating . . . . . . 321
Mayhem, how punished . .

. . . . 355
Marking cattle, swine and sheep, act directing

366
Manslaughter, act for the punishment of . . . . 374
Murder, act for punishment of . .
Ministers of the Gospel, act enabling towns to tax themselves for

support of . . . . . . . . . 472
Medical society, act incorporating . . . . 493

· 375

359

NUISANCES in highways, act to prevent

359
Night-walking, &c. act to prevent and punish ..
Notes, negociable, act to enable assignees of to maintain action
thereon . . . . . . . . .

411
Notes, State, act directing Treasurer to issue . . . . 468
New trials granted

. . 435-444-460-471
New-York, act restraining the privileges of the inhabitants of, in Vt. 475
New-York, act appointing commissioners to seize and sell lands of

citizens of, by way of reprisal . . . . . . 491
New-York, (see union)
Negroes and mulattos, transportation of from State, prohibited · 505

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. 488

OFFSETTS, allowed and regulated

. 423—457
Order assessing damages on account of laying a certain road, set

aside and declared void . . . .
POLYGAMY, acts for punishment of . . . . 290—473
Probate of wills and settlement of estates, act relating to .. 339
Perjury, acts for punishment of . . . . . 355—377
Pleas and pleadings regulated . . . . . . 870
Poor, act for maintaining and supporting .

378
Froclamation of Governor, requiring obedience to the laws . . 388
Provision tax for supply of troops, acts assessing, &c. . . 407–440

- act exempting a certain town from payment of . • 438
Pardon, acts granting . .

. 467-470-490-494-495
Post offices, act establishing . . . . . . 48

QUAKERS' affirmation, act admitting . .
Quieting acts . . . . .

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RAPE, act for punishment of

291
Riots and rioters, act for preventing and punishing

346
Rebellion, how punished

354
Return to the State of certain persons having joined the enemies

thereof, aot to prevent and punish . . . . . 355
Replevin, act concerning . . . . . . 362
Robbery, how punished . . . . . . · · 366
Redemption of certain lands sold at vendue

vendue, prolonged . 470
Record of a certain deed vacated

504
Recovery of debts due the citizens of other States, prohibited in cer:
tain cases, . . . . . . . .

505

313

331

SABBATH, act to enforce the observance of, .
Securities to the State, to whom to be taken . . . 316
Swine, act to restrain from going at large . . . . 323
Swearing and cursing, act against .
Sheriffs, act for appointing, and regulating in execution of their office 348
Sheep, act for ordering and preserving .

334
Sodomy, how punished . . . . . . . 354
Stocks and sign posts, act providing for . . . . . 359
Stallions, act to restrain the running at large . . . 381
Suspension of all civil process, acts relating to ... 388-390-397
Suspension of process against I. Tichenor and J. Farnsworth 438-494
Streams of water, act to prevent turning from their natural courses 435
Sale of real estate of persons deceased, acts authorising for certain
purposes . . . . .

. 439–460
Secretary of State, act pointing out office and duty of . . 444
Settlement of New lands, act relating to . . . 475-505
Sureties and scire facias, act concerning . . . . . 485

TOWNS and other communities authorised to sue and defend 293
Treason, acts relating to . . . . . 293-413-483
Taxes, act authorising and regulating the collection of . . 312

- towns empowered to assess, for certain purposes . 396

- on lands, towns authorised to levy, for building houses of
worship, school houses and bridges .
Tax for purpose of making and repairing roads, &c. select-men
empowered to levy . .

. . . 509
Transient persons, act for the ordering and disposing of . . 315
Town and society meetings, act for preserving order therein . 323
Theft, act for punishing . . .

. . . 324
Town clerks directed in their office and duty

327
Trespasses, act for punishing in divers cases

338
Town officers, choice of regulated . .

357
Trials and appeals, act regulating . . . . . 387
Taverns, act for licensing and regulating . . . . . 370

Titles of lands, acts suspending trials of . . 388-405-488-494

-act appointing commissioners for regulating . 392 - act for ascertaining, in certain cases, . . 411

- act empowering Courts to try, in a certain case : 426

- act repealing laws prohibiting trial of . . 443 Title of certain land confirmed to John Ashley . . . 476 Trial of persons standing mute, regulated . . . . 395 Trover and conversion, act for better regulating process in actions of 405 Tender of real estate on execution, act authorising . . . 406

461-470 Tender of specifick articles on executions, acts authorising

§ 504-508 Tender of paper currency, act for taking off . . . . 446 Troops, acts to supply with provisions : 407-429-440 Trade to and through the province of Quebeck, act for the purpose of opening

. . . . 496

UNION of part of New-York with Vermont, acts connected

. 430-431-434 Usury, excessive, act to restrain the taking of . . . . 459

with

WOLVES and panthers, act to encourage the destruction of 322 Worship, publick, acts empowering towns to levy taxes for building houses for ani. :. .

. . 440-472 Will and testament of Rufus Rude, confirmed . . . . 469 Windham County, act for raising militia to enforce the laws in . 476

AN ACT for collecting and perpetuating the records, relative to the assumption and co

tablishment of government, in this state, and such acts of the Legislature, as are not in priot.

Section | It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont, That Daniel Chipman, of Middlebury, in the county of Addison, be, and he hereby is appoint. ed an agent, to examine and collect all the records of the Council of safely. by which the people, in the then New Hampshire grants, were governed, and to make a coutract for printing and publishing a volume, containing not less than 450 pages, and to contain the first Constitution of this state, and such of the acts of the Legislalure, passed previous to the year, 1787, as said agent shall judge proper, and all the records of said Council of safety, which can be found, and such of the early journals of the Council, and House of Representatives, as such agent shall judge worthy of publication Provided, that the whole expense to be incurred under this act, sball not exceed the sum of three hundred dollarg :- And provided also, that said agent shall deliver to the Secretary of Stale, at Montpelier, bliy full bound volumes of such records and laws, at the next session of the Legislature. And the person, with whom said agent may contract to print such edition, shall be entitled to the remaining part of the game, after deducting said fifty volumes ; and shall be entitled to the copy right of the book, by him printed

Sec 2. It is hereby further enacted, that the Treasurer of tbi State, be, and he hereby is directed to pay to said agent, out of any movies in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, any sum, not exceeding tbree bundred dollars.- [Passed Nov. 15, 1821.]

INTRODUCTION.

The general diffusion of intelligence constitutes the life of a free goyernment. Upon every department of such a government the people exert an unremitted influence, and stamp on all its measures the impress of their own character. Called upon to act, they should become accustomed to think ; and though they cannot, ordinarily, possess extended and com." prehensive views of other systems of government, they should, at least, understand their own. The whole science of government consists in a knowledge of the practical operation of principles. With the science, thus understood, the citizens of every free government owe it to themselves and their posterity to become familiarly acquainted. The preservation of their political institutions depends, under Divine Providence, on them. selves. Those institutions therefore,—their origin, their nature, their practical operation, and their whole history, should be studied and understood. The man who contemplates the subject in this light, will sit down to the examination of the successive constitutions and laws of a government, with a far higher aim than the gratification of an idle curiosity. By tracing them to their origin, and pursuing them through their various modifications, he will furnish himself with the best means of understanding the nature and practical tendency of existing institutions. Every government, therefore, should possess, and should place within the reach of the people, a complete history of its owo legislation. Without the possession of such a history, and a practical regard to the lessons it inculcates, legislation will be, at best, but a succession of experiments, and, as a necessary consequence, every operation of government will be characterised with instability and want of wisdom.

The early institutions of a government are peculiarly liable to be lost sight of, in the progress of improvement. Superceded by new systems, they are supposed to have lost their value, and are permitted to pass into oblivion. This has been, in a peculiar sense, true of the original constitution and laws of Vermont. The circumstances under which the gov. ernment was formed, were eminently calculated to give to its institutions an imperfect, unsettled character. At the expiration of seven years, the constitution was revised and altered; and at the end of the next septenary, was again revised, and adopted in the form which it still retains. In the

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