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Section 2170.-No alien shall be admitted to become a citizen who has not for the continued term of five years next preceding his admission resided in the United States.

Section 2171.-No alien who is a native citizen or subject, or a denizen of any country, state, or sovereignty with which the United States are at war, at the time of his application, shall be admitted to become a citizen of the United States.

Section 2172.—The children of persons who have been duly naturalized under any law of the United States, or who, previous to the passing of any law on that subject by the government of the United States, may have become citizens of any one of the States, under the laws thereof, being under the age of 21 years at the time of the naturalization of their parents shall, if dwelling in the United States, be considered as citizens thereof, and the children of persons who now are, or have been, citizens of the United States shall, though born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, be considered as citizens thereof (f).

Section 2174.-Foreign seamen who have served for three years on board a United States merchant vessel may be naturalized.

Since the passage of the foregoing Act of Congress of July 27, 1868, the United States have entered into treaty stipulations with nearly all the nations of Europe by which the contracting powers mutually concede to subjects and citizens the right of expatriation on conditions and subject to qualifications (g).

(f) Campbell v. Gordon, 6 Cranch, 176.
(8) Morse on Citizenship (Boston, 1882), p. 220.

FORMS.

1.

DECLARATION OF INTENTION.

*

State Court, County. I, A. B., do declare on oath (or affirm), that it is bona fide my intention to become a citizen of the United States, and to renounce forever all allegiance and fidelity to all and any foreign prince,potentate, state and sovereignty, whatever; and particularly to (name of sovereign or power of which he was formally a subject).

A. B.

Sworn (or affirmed) in open court this

C. D., Clerk.

before me,

2.

CLERK'S CERTIFICATE TO COPY DECLARATION.

State + Court, Clerk's Office, County, ss. I, C. D., Clerk of the above named court, do hereby certify that the same is a court of record having common law jurisdiction, and having a Clerk and seal, and I do also certify that the foregoing is a true copy of a declaration and of the whole of such declaration of intention of A. B. to become a citizen of the United States, now remaining of record in my office.

In testimony whereof, I have hereto subscribed my name and affixed the seal of said court the

day of

18 C. D. [L. S.]

Clerk. * As to Court, see p. 108 ante. + Ibid.

LAW OF UNITED STATES-NATURALIZATION FORMS.

113

3

CERTIFICATE OR PROOF OF DECLARATION.

State

Court,

County, ss. Be it remembered that A. B. appeared in the Court, on the day of in the year of our Lord 18 (the said court being a Court of Record, having common law jurisdiction, and a clerk and seal), and declared on oath in open court that it was bona fide his intention to become a citizen of the United States and to renounce forever, all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty whatever; and particularly to (name of sovereign or power of which he was formally a subject).

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name and the seal of the said

court is hereunto affixed, this

in the year of our Lord, 18

C.D., (L. S.]

Clerk.

day of

4.

OATH OR AFFIRMATION AT THE TIME OF ADMISSION.

State Court, County, ss. I, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and that I do absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, whatever; and particularly of

of whom I was formerly subject.

A. B. Sworn, &c.

10

H.N.A.

5.

PROOF OF RESIDENCE AND GOOD BEHAVIOR.

State
Court,

County, ss. E. F., of said county, being sworn (or affirmed), says that he is a citizen of the United States, and is, and for five years last past has been, well acquainted with A. B., now present; that said A. B. has resided within the United States for five years at least, last past, and for one year last past within the State of

and that during that time the said A. B. has behaved as a man of a good moral character attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same.

E. F.

Sworn, &c.

6.

OATH OF A PERSON AT THE TIME OF ADMISSION WHOSE RESIDENCE

BEGAN DURING MINORITY.

Same (18 No. 4, adding:

And I do also declare on oath (or affirmation), that it is bona fide my intention, and has been for the last three years, to become a citizen of the United States.

A. B. Sworn, &c.

LAW OF UNITED STATES-NATURALIZATION FORMS.

115

7.

PROOF OF RESIDENCE AND GOOD BEHAVIOR FOR SUCH PERSON.

Same as No. 5, inserting after 1:

And that said A. B. resided within the United States at least three years next previous to his becoming twenty-one years of age.

8.

AFFIDAVIT OF RESIDENT ALIEN TO HOLD REAL ESTATE.

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State
County of

A. B., being duly sworn (or affirmed), says that he is a resident of, and intends always to reside in the United States, and to become a citizen thereof as soon as he can be naturalized, and that he has taken such incipient measures as the laws of the United States require to enable him to obtain naturalization.

A. B. Sworn, &c.

9.

CERTIFICATE OF CITIZENSHIP.

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State

Court, County of Be it remembered, that on the day

in the year of our Lord 18 A. B. late of

in the kingdom of at present of the city of

State of appeared in the

Court of the
State of

(the said court being a Court

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