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duty shall be allowed on the exportation of any spirit, distilled in the drawback of United States, from molasses; no drawback shall be allowed on any allowed on the quantity of sail duck, less than fifty bolts, exported in one ship or vessel, exportation of at any one time.

any spirits, &c. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the thirtieth

After June, day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, there shall be 30, 1828, on levied, collected, and paid, in lieu of the duties now imposed by law,

on

window glasses

of certain sizes. window glass, of the sizes above ten inches by fifteen inches, five dollars Proviso: all for one hundred square feet: Provided, That all window glass imported window glass in plates or sheets, uncut, shall be chargeable with the same rate of duty. imported. On vials and bottles not exceeding the capacity of six ounces each, one dollar and seventy-five cents per groce.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That from and after the thirtieth On all imday of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, there shall ported roofing be levied, collected, and paid, in lieu of the duties now inposed by law, on all imported roofing slates, not exceeding twelve inches in length, by six inches in width, four dollars per ton; on all such slates exceeding twelve, and not exceeding fourteen inches in length, five dollars per ton; on all slates exceeding fourteen, and not exceeding sixteen inches in length, six dollars per ton; on all slates exceeding sixteen inches, and not exceeding eighteen inches in length, seven dollars per ton; on all slates exceeding eighteen, and not exceeding twenty inches in length, eight dollars per ton ; on slates exceeding twenty inches and not exceeding twenty-four inches in length, nine dollars per ton; and on all slates On ciphering exceeding twenty-four inches in length, ten dollars per ton. And that, slatee. in lieu of the present duties, there be levied, collected, and paid, a duty of thirty-three and a third per centum, ad valorem, on all imported ciphering slates.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That all cotton cloths whatsoever, On cotton or cloths of which coiton shall be a component material, excepting nan

cloths, except

ing nankeens, keens, imported direct from China, the original cost of which, at the imported direct place whence imported, with the addition of twenty per cent. if imported from China, &c. from the Cape of Good Hope, or from any place beyond it, and of ten per cent. if imported from any other place, shall be less than thirtyfive cents the square yard, shall, with such addition, be taken and deemed to have cost thirty-five cents the square yard, and charged with duty accordingly.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That, in all cases where the duty In all cases which now is, or hereafter may be, imposed, on any goods, wares, or where the duty merchandises, imported into the United States, shall, by law, be regulated after may be, by, or be directed to be estimated or levied upon the value of the square imposed on any yard, or of any other quantity or parcel thereof; and in all cases where goods, &c. there is or shall be imposed any ad valorem rate of duty on any goods, wares, or merchandises, imported into the United States, it shall be the duty of the collector within whose district the same shall be imported or entered, to cause the actual value thereof, at the time purchased, and place from which the same shall have been imported into the United States, to be appraised, estimated, and ascertained, and the number of such yards, parcels, or quantities, and such actual value of every of them, as the case may require: And it shall, in every such case, be the duty of the appraisers of the United States, and of every of them, and of every other person who shall act as such appraiser, by all the reasonable ways and means in his or their power, to ascertain, estimate, and appraise the true and actual value,' any invoice or affidavit thereto, to the contrary notwithstanding, of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, at the time purchased, and place from whence the same shall have been imported into the United States, and the number of such yards, parcels, or quantities, and such actual value of every of them, as the case may require; and all such goods, wares, and merchandises, being manufactures of

Vol. IV.-35

wool, or whereof wool shall be a component part, which shall be imported into the United States in an unfinished condition, shall, in every such appraisal, be taken, deemed, and estimated by the said appraisers, and every of them, and every person who shall act as such appraiser, to have been, at the time purchased, and place from whence the same were

imported into the United States, of as great actual value as if the same Appraisement.

had been entirely finished. And to the value of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, so ascertained, there shall, in all cases where the same are or shall be charged with an ad valorem duty, be added all charges, except insurance, and also twenty per centum on the said actual value and charges, if imported from the Cape of Good Hope, or any place beyond the same, or from beyond Cape Horn; or ten per centum if from any other place or country: and the said ad valorem rates of

duty shall be estimated on such aggregate amount, any thing in any act Proviso. to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided, That, in all cases where any

goods, wares, or merchandise, subject to ad valorem duty, or whereon the duty is or shall be by law regulated by, or be directed to be estimated or levied upon the value of the square yard, or any other quantity or parcel thereof, shall have been imported into the United States from a country other than that in which the same were manufactured or produced, the appraisers shall value the same at the current value thereof, at the time of purchase before such last exportation to the United States, in the country where the same may have been originally manufactured

or produced In cases Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That, in all cases where the actual where the ac- value to be appraised, estimated, and ascertained, as hereinbefore stated, tual value to be of any goods, wares, or merchandise, imported into the United States, goods, &c. im- and subject to any ad valorem duty, or whereon the duty is regulated by, ported into the or directed to be imposed or levied on, the value of the square yard, or United States, and subject to

other parcel or quantity thereof, shall, by ten per centum, exceed the ad valorem du- invoice value thereof, in addition to the duty imposed by law on the ty.

same, if they had been invoiced at their real value, as aforesaid, there shall be levied and collected, on the same goods, wares, and merchandise,

fifty per centum of the duty so imposed on the same goods, wares, and Proviso. merchandise, when fairly invoiced : Provided, always, "That nothing in

this section contained shall be construed to impose the said last-men-
tioned duty of fifty per centum, for a variance between the bona fide
invoice of goods produced in the manner specified in the proviso to the .
eighth section of this act, and the current value of the said merchandise
in the country where the same may have been originally manufactured
or produced! And, further, That the penalty of fifty per centum,
imposed by the thirteenth section of the act, entitled “An act supplemen-
tary to, and to amend the act, entitled 'An act to regulate the

collection of duties on imports and tonnage, passed the second day ch. 22. of March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine, and for other 1823, ch. 21. purposes,'” approved March first, one thousand eight hundred and twenty

three, shall not be deemed to apply or attach to any goods, wares, or merchandise, which shall be subject to the additional duty of fifty per

centum, as aforesaid, imposed by this section of this act. Duty of the Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of the President of the .

United States, from time to time, to establish such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, as the President of the United States'shall think proper, to secure a just, faithful, and impartial appraisal of all goods, wares, and merchandise, as aforesaid, imported into the United States, and just and proper entries of such actual value thereof, and of the square yards, parcels, or other quantities thereof, as the case may require, and of such actual value of every of them: And it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to report all such

1799,

rules and regulations, with the reasons therefor, to the then next session of Congress.

APPROYED, May 19, 1828.

STATUTE I.

mee.

Chap. LVI.-An Act making appropriations for the improvement of certain May 19, 1828.

harbours, the completion of the Cumberland road to Zanesville, the securing the lighthouse on the Brandywine Shoal, and the making of surveys.

[Obsolete.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America; in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to wit: For the completion of the Cumberland road, continued to Zanesville,

Completion in the state of Ohio, one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars : (a) of Cumberland which said sum of money shall be replaced out of the fund reserved, for road, &c. laying out and making roads, under the direction of Congress, by the several acts passed for the admission of the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri into the Union, on an equal footing with the original states. To complete the removal of obstructions at the mouth of Grand river, · Removal of

obstructions in the state of Ohio, nine thousand one hundred and thirty-five dollars

from Grand and eleven cents.

river. To complete the removal of obstructions at the mouth of Huron river, Removal of in the state of Ohio, four thousand four hundred and thirteen dollars and obstructions

from Huron thirty-five cents.

river. To complete the erection of piers, at the mouth of Dunkirk harbour, Piers at Dun. in the state of New York, six thousand dollars.

kirk harbour.

A road from To complete the construction of the road from Detroit to Maumee, Detroit to Maufive thousand nine hundred dollars.

To continue the road from Detroit to Chicago, as far as the boundary Road from line of the state of Indiana, eight thousand dollars.

Detroit to ChiTo pay a balance due the commissioners for laying out a road from cago;

A balance Detroit to Saganaw river and bay, and a road from Detroit to Fort Gra- due for laying tiot, in the territory of Michigan, three hundred and two dollars and out a road, &c. sixty-nine cents.

To complete the building of two piers at the mouth of Oswego har- Two piers at bour, in the state of New York, authorized by an act of Congress, ap- Oswego har

the mouth of proved the twentieth [second] of March last, entitled “ An act to authorize bour. the improving of certain harbours, the building of piers, and for other Act of March purposes,” nine thousand five hundred and eighty-three dollars and thirty- 2, 1827, ch. 46. nine cents.(6)

For deepening the channel of entrance, into the harbour of Presque Deepening Isle, six thousand two hundred and twenty-three dollars and eighteen

near Presque cents.

Isle. For completing the removal of obstructions at the mouth of Ashta- Removal of bula creek, Ohio, two thousand four hundred and three dollars and fifty

obstructions in

Ashtabula cents.

creek, Ohio. For completing the removal of obstructions at the mouth of Cunning- Removal of ham creek, Ohio, one thousand five hundred and seventeen dollars and obstructions in seventy-six cents.

Cunningham

creek, Ohio. For removing obstructions to the navigation of Kennebec river, at Removing Lovejoy's Narrows, by removing the half tide and other rocks, in addition obstructions in

Kennebec river, to the appropriation of last session, three thousand five hundred dollars.

For preserving and securing the lighthouse on the Brandywine Shoal, Lighthouse on in the bay of Delaware, ten thousand dollars.

Brandywine For defraying the expenses incidental to making examinations and

Incidental er. surveys, under the act of thirtieth April, one thousand eight hundred and penses, &c.

(a) Notes of the acts which have passed relating to the Cumberland road, vol. ii. 357. B) This act was passed on the 2d March, 1827.

the channel

shoal.

46.

Act of April twenty-four, thirty thousand dollars: Provided, That this appropriation 30, 1824, ch.

shall not be construed into a legislative sanction of any examination or Proviso. survey which shall not be deemed of national importance, and within the

provisions of the aforesaid act of the thirtieth April, one thousand eight

hundred and twenty-four. Complete a To complete a pier adjacent to a pier at Buffalo, in the state of New pier at Buffalo. York, thirty-four thousand two hundred and six dollars.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the several sums, hereby To be paid

appropriated, shall be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherout of any money in the trea- wise appropriated. sury.

APPROVED, May 19, 1828.

STATUTE I.

May 19, 1828. CHAP. LVII.-An Act for the punishment of contraventions of the fifth article of

the treuty between the United States and Russia. Any one, a Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United citizen of the

States of America, in Congress assembled, That if any one, being a United States or trading under citizen of the United States, or trading under their authority, shall, in their authority contravention of the stipulations entered into by the United States with by virtue of 5th article of

the Emperor of all the Russias, by the fifth article of the treaty, signed treaty with

at St. Petersburg, on the seventeenth day of April, in the year of our Russia, of April Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, sell, or cause to be 17, 1824, not permitted to

sold, to the natives of the country on the north-west coast of America, sell to the na- or any of the islands adjacent thereto, any spirituous liquors, fire arms, tives on the or other arms, powder or munitions of war of any kind, the person so

coast of Ameri- offending shall be fined in a sum not less than fifty nor more than two ca, &c., spiri- hundred dollars, or imprisoned not less than thirty days, nor more than tuous liquors. six months. Superior ju

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the superior courts in each risdiction extended to the of the territorial districts, and the circuit courts and other courts of the superior and United States, of similar jurisdiction in criminal causes, in each district circuit courts,

of the United States, in which any offender against this act shall be first in each of the territorial dis- apprehended or brought for trial, shall have, and are hereby invested tricts, in crimi- with, full power and authority to hear, try and punish, all crimes, offences nal cases.

and misdemeanors, against this act; such courts proceeding therein in the same manner as if such crimes, offences and misdemeanors, had been committed within the bounds of their respective districts.

APPROVED, May 19, 1828.

to cause to be

STATUTE I.
May 19, 1828. CHAP. LVIII.-- An Act to authorize the President of the United States to run

and mark a line, dividing the territory of Arkansas from the state of

Louisiana. (a) President of Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United United States States of America, in Congress assembled, That the President of the

United States of America be, and he is hereby, authorized, in conjuncrun, &c., the line dividing the tion with the constituted authorities of the state of Louisiana, to cause territory of Ar- to be run, and distinctly marked, the line dividing the territory of kansas, from

Arkansas from the state of Louisiana ; commencing on the right bank Louisiana. of the Mississippi river, at latitude thirty-three degrees north, and run

ning due west on that parallel of latitude, to where a line running due

north from latitude thirty-two degrees north, on the Sabine river, will Commission- intersect the same. And, for that purpose, he is hereby authorized, to er to be ap

appoint a commissioner, or surveyor, or both, as in his opinion may be pointed.

necessary: Provided, The compensation to be allowed to the person or

the state of

Proviso.

(a) See notes of the acts relating to the territory afterwards the state of Arkansas, vol. iii. 493.

persons so to be appointed by the President of the United States, shall not exceed in amount the compensation allowed by the government of Louisiana to the person or persons appointed, on its part, for the same object.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the person or persons, so to Person apbe appointed by the President of the United States, with such as have pointed to been or shall be appointed for the same purpose, on the part of the state certified drafts, of Louisiana, after they, in conjunction, shall have run, and distinctly one of which marked said line, shall make two fair drafts, or maps thereof, both of shall be depowhich shall be certified by them, and one of which shall be deposited in Secretary of the office of the Secretary of State for the United States, and the other State's office, delivered to the governor of Louisiana.

and the other

with the goverSec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of carrying nor of Louisithis act into execution, the sum of one thousand dollars be, and the same ana. is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury, not

1000 dollars otherwise appropriated.

appropriated. APPROVED, May 19, 1828.

STATUTE I. Chap. LIX.-An Act concerning the orphans' court of Alexandria county, in the May 19, 1828.

District of Columbia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Judge authoStates of America, in Congress assembled, That in addition to the regular rized to hold

. monthly sessions of the orphans' court of Alexandria county, in the district a foresaid, as now authorized by law, that the judge of the aforesaid court be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered, to hold extra sessions thereof, whenever the public interest may require it.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in lieu of the per diem To receive allowance of six dollars, as now established by law, that he be allowed a

in lieu of per

diem allowance fixed salary of five hundred dollars per annum, payable in the same man- of six dollars, a ner as heretofore the per diem allowance has been, any law to the con- fixed salary of trary notwithstanding.

500 dollars per

annum. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That this law shall be in force from

Law to be in and after the passing of the same.

force after the APPROVED, May 19, 1828.

passing of the

same.

STATUTE I. CHAP. LX.–An Act to reduce the duty on Greek and Latin books, printed previous May 19, 1828.

to the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Duty on States of America, in Congress assembled That the act, entitled “ An act Greek and Latin to amend the several acts imposing duties on imports,” passed twenty- previous to second of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, shall not be 1775, not to be construed to impose upon books printed in Greek and Latin, which the imposed in cerimporter shall make it satisfactorily appear to the collector of the port at Act of May 22, which the same shall be entered, were printed previous to the year one 1824, ch. 136. thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, a higher duty than four cents per volume.

APPROVED, May 19, 1828.

STATUTE I. Chap. LXVII.-An Act to continue the mint at the city of Philadelphia, and for May 19, 1828.

other purposes. (a) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of March, States of America, in Congress assembled, That the act, entitled “An act 3, 1801, ch. 21. (a) See notes of acts relating to the mint, and to coins of the United States, vol. i. 246.

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