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lehe hospitais again under paid; and not commy foreig
(ACT of February 28th, 1803.) collector shall not grant a clearance to any foreign vessel, until the money due from such master or commander, in manner and form aforesaid, shall be paid; and the director of each hospital is hereby directed, under the penalty of fifty dollars, to make out the accounts against each foreign seaman that may be placed in the hospital, under his direction, and render the same to the collector.
Sec. vi. The collectors shall pay the money collected by virtue of this and the act to which this is an amendment, into the treasury of the United States, and be accountable therefor, and receive the same commission thereon, as for other money by them collected.
Sec. vii. Each and every director of the marine hospitals shall be accountable, at the treasury of the United States, for the money by them received, in the same manner as other receivers of public money, and for the sums by them expended shall be allowed a commission at the rate of one per cent.
ACT of February 28, 1803. 3 Bioren, 526. An act supplementary to the “ Act concerning consuls and vice consuls," and for
the further protection of American seamen. 16. Sec. 1. Before a clearance be granted to any vessel bound on a foreign voyage, the master thereof shall deliver to the collector of the customs a list, containing the names, places of birth, and residence, and a description of the persons who compose his ship's company, to which list the oath or affirmation of the captain shall be annexed, that the said list contains the names of his crew, together with the places of their birth and residence, as far as he can ascertain them, and the said collector shall deliver him a cer. tified copy thereof, for which the collector shall be entitled to receive the sum of twenty-five cents; and the said master shall, moreover, enter into bond with sufficient security, in the sum of four hundred dollars, that he shall exhibit the aforesaid certified copy of the list to the first boarding officer, at the first port in the United States at which he shall arrive, on his return thereto, and then and there also produce the persons named therein, to the said boarding officer, whose duty it shall be to examine the men with such list, and to report the same to the collector; and it shall be the duty of the collector at the said port of arrival, (where the same is different from the port from which the vessel originally sailed,) to transinit a copy of the list so reported to him, to the collector of the port from which said vessel originally sailed: Provided, That the said bond shall not be forfeited on account of the said master pot producing to the first boarding officer, as aforesaid, any of the persons contained in the said list, who may be discharged in a foreign country, with the consent of the consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, there residing, signified in writing, under his hand and official seal, to be produced to the collector with the other persons composing the crew, as aforesaid; nor on account of any such person dying
(ACT of March 30, 1813.) or absconding, or being forcibly impressed into other service, of which satisfactory proof shall be then also exhibited to the collector. 17. Sec. 11. &c. (See title CONSULS 7, &c. ante page, 146.]
ACT of March 2, 1805. 3 Bioren, 657. 18. Sec. 1. All the provisions, regulations, and penalties, which are contained in the eighth section of the act, entitled “ An act for the government and regulation of seamen in the merchant's service,” so far as relates to a chest of medicines to be provided for vessels of one hundred and fifty tons burthen, and upwards, shall be extended to all merchant vessels of the burthen of seventy-five tons, or upwards, navigated with six persons, or more, in the whole, and bound from the United States to any port or ports in the West Indies.
ACT of February 28, 1811. 4 Bioren, 339. 19. Sec. 1. In all cases where distressed mariners and seamen of the United States have been transported from foreign ports where there was no consul, vice consul, commercial agent, or vice commercial agent, of the United States, to ports of the United States; and in all cases where they shall hereafter be so transported, there shall be allowed to the master or owner of each vessel in which they shall or may have been transported, such reasonable compensation, in addition to the allowance now fixed by law, as shall be deemed equitable by the comptroller of the treasury.
ACT of March 3, 1813. 4 Bioren, 512. An act for the regulation of seamen on board the public and private vessels of
the United States. 20. Sec. l. From and after the termination of the war in which the United States are now engaged with Great Britain, it shall not be lawful to employ on board any of the public or private vessels of the United States, any person or persons, except citizens of the United States, or persons of color, natives of the United States.
SEC. II. From and after the time when this act shall take effect, it shall not be lawful to employ as aforesaid any naturalised citizen of the United States, unless such citizen shall produce to the commander of the public vessel, if to be employed on board such vessel, or to a collector of the customs, a certified copy of the act hy which he shall have been naturalised, setting forth such naturalization, and the time thereof.
Sec. III. In all cases of private vessels of the United States sailing from a port in the United States to a foreign port, the list of the crew, made as heretofore directed by law, shall be examined by the collector for the district from which the vessel shall clear out, and, if approved of by him, shall be certified accordingly. And no person shall be admitted or employed as aforesaid, on board of
vessel aforesaid, unless his name shall have been entered in the list of the crew, approved and certified by the col.
(ACT of March 30, 1813.) lector for the district from which the vessel shall clear out as aforesaid. And the said collector, before he delivers the list of the crew, approved and certified as aforesaid, to the captain, master, or proper officer, of the vessel to which the same belongs, shall cause the same to be recorded in a buok, by him for that purpose to be provided; and the said record shall be open for the inspection of all persons, and a certifed copy thereof shall be admitted in evidence, in any court in which any question may arise, under any of the provisions of this act.
Sec. iv. The president of the United States hereby is, authorised, from time to time, to make such further regulations, and to give such directions to the several commanders of public vessels, and to the several collectors, as may be
proper and necessary, respecting the proofs of citizenship, to be exhibited to the commanders or collectors aforesaid: Provided, 'That nothing contained in such regulations or directions shall be repugnant to any of the provisions of this act.
Sec. v. From and after the time when this act shall take effect, no seaman or other seafaring man, not being a citizen of the United States, shall be admitted or received as a passenger on board of any public or private vessel of the United States, in a foreign port, without permission, in writing, from the proper officers of the country of which such seaman or seafaring man may be subject or citizen.
Sec. vt. From and after the time when this act shall take effect, the consuls or commercial agents of any nation at peace with the United States shall be admitted, (under such regulations as may be prescribed by the president of the United States) to state their objections to the proper commander or collector as aforesaid, against the employment of any seaman or seafaring man on board of any public or private vessel of the United States, on account of his being a native subject or citizen of such nation, and pot embraced within the description of persons who may be lawfully employed, according to the provisions of this act; and the said consuls or commercial agents shall also be admitted, under the said regulations, to be present at the time when the proofs of citizenship, of the persons against whom such objections may have been made, shall be investigated by such commander or collector.
Sec. vn. If any commander of a public vessel of the United States shall knowingly employ, or permit to be employed, or shall admit or receive, or permit to be admitted or received, on board his vessel, any person whose employment or admission is pruhi. bited by the provisions of this act, he shall, on conviction thereof, forfeit and pay the sum of one thousand dollars for each person thus unlawfully employed or admitted on board such vessel.
Sec. vii. If any person shall, contrary to the prohibitions of this act, he employed or be received on board of any private ves. sel, the master or commander, and the owner or owners of such vessel, knowing thereof, shall respectively, forfeit and pay five
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(ACT of March 3d, 1813.) hundred dollars for each person thus unlawfully employed or received, in any one voyage; which sum or sums shall be recovered, although such seaman or person shall have been admitted and en. tered in the certified list of the crew aforesaid by the collector for the district to which the vessel may belong; and all penalties and forfeitures arising under, or incurred by virtue of, this act, may be sued for, prosecuted, and recovered, with costs of suit, by ac. tion of debt, and shall accrue and be, one moiety thereof to the use of the person who shall sue for the same, and the other moiety thereof to the use of the United States.
Sec. ix. Nothing in this act contained shall be construed to prohibit any commander or master of a public or private vessel of the United States, whilst in a foreign port or place, from receiving any American seaman in conformity to law, or supplying any deficiency of seamen on board such vessel, by employing American seamen, or subjects of such foreign country, the employment of whom shall not be prohibited by the laws thereof.
Sec. X. The provisions of this act shall have no effect or operation with respect to the employment, as seamen, of the subjects or citizens of any foreign nation which shall not, by treaty or special convention with the government of the United States, have prohibited, on board of her public and private vessels, the employment of native citizens of the United States, who have not become a citizen or subject of such nation.
Sec. 81. Nothing in this act contained shall be so construed as to prevent any arrangement between the United States and any foreign nation, which may take place under any treaty or convention, made and ratified in the manner prescribed by the constitution of the United States.
21. Sec. Xir. No person who shall arrive in the United States, from and after the time when this act shall take effect, shall be admitted to become a citizen of the United States, who shall not, for the continued term of five years, next preceding his admission as aforesaid, have resided within the United States, without being, at any time during the said five years, out of the territory of the United States.
22. Sec. xiti. If any person shall falsely make, forge, or counterfeit, or cause, or procure to be falsely made, forged, or couna terfeited, any certificate or evidence of citizenship referred to in this act; or shall pass, utter, or use as true, any false, forged, or counterfeited certificate of citizenship, or shall make sale or dispose of any certificate of citizenship to any person other than the person for whom it was originally issued, and to whom it may of right belong, every such person shall be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony; and, on being thereof convicted by due course of law, shall be sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for a period not less than three, or more than five, years, or be fined in a sum not less than five hundred dollars, nor more than
(ACT of July 16th, 1790.) one thousand dollars, at the discretion of the court taking cognizance thereof.
23. Sec. xiv. No suit shall be brought for any forfeiture or penalty incurred under the provisions of this act, unless the suit be commenced within three years from the time of the forfeiture.
ACT of April 4, 1818. Pamphlet edit. 52. 24. Sec. I. The assent of congress is, granted and declared to an act of the legislature of the state of North Carolina, entitled “ An act for the relief of sick and disabled American seamen," and passed on the twenty-third day of December last; and the said act is hereby ratified and confirmed.
Sec. II. This act shall be in force for five years, and no longer.
SEAT OF GOVERNMENT.
6 Purchase to be made,
Commissioners, Public buildings,
2, 9, 10, 13 Superintendent, Removal, 3, 6 Building lots,
12 ACT of July 16, 1790. 2 Bioren, 113. 1, Sec. I. A district of territory, not exceeding ten miles square, to be located as hereafter directed, on the river Potowmac, at some place between the mouths of the Eastern Branch and Connogochegue, is hereby accepted for the permanent seat of the government of the United States: Provided nevertheless, That the operation of the laws of the state within such district, shall not be affected by this acceptance until the time fixed for the removal of the government thereto, and until congress shall otherwise by law provide.
2. Sec. 11. [The president of the United States authorised to appoint three commissioners to survey, define and limit a district of territory, and such district deemed to be accepted, &c.]
Sec. uit. The said commissioners, or any two of them, shall have power to purchase or accept such quantity of land on the eastern side of the said river, within the said district, as the president shall deem proper, for the use of the United States, and according to such plans as the president shall approve, the said commissioners, or any two of them, shall, prior to the first Monday in December, in the year one thousand eight hundred, provide suitable buildings for the accommodation of congress, and of the president, and for the public offices of the government of the United States.
Sec. iv. For defraying the expense of such purchases and buildings, the president of the United States be authorised and requested to accept grants of money.