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(ACT of April 18th, 1814.) the contrary, notwithstanding; and also the bonds which they, or either of them, have given, or may give, for the faithful execution of their several duties and offices, shall continue to have the same force and effect, to all intents and purposes, as though this act had not been made.

ACT of February 27, 1813. 4 Bioren, 508. An act in addition to an act regulating the post office establishment. 35. Sec. 1. The postmaster general is hereby authorised, to contract for carrying mails of the United States in any steam boat or boats, which are or may be established to ply between one post town and another post town: Provided, That such contract shall not be made for a longer period than four years: And provided also, That the pay for such service shall not be at a greater rate, taking into consideration distance, expedition, and frequency, than is paid for carrying the mail by stages, on the post road or roads adjacent to the course of such steam boats.

ACT of January 14, 1813, 4 Bioren, 486. 36. Sec. 1. The president of the United States, during the existence of the war in which the United States are engaged, or of any war in which they may be engaged, shall be, and is hereby, authorised to direct the postmaster general to send a mail between the headquarters of any army of the United States and such post office as he may think proper; and the route or road on which the same shall be conveyed, shall, to all intents and purposes, be an established post road, so long as the mail shall be sent on the same, conformably to the authority hereby given.

ACT of April 18, 1814. 4 Bioren, 699. 37. Sec. 111. The postmaster general shall cause a mail to be carried from the nearest post office on any established post road, to the court house of any county which is now, or may hereafter be, established in any of the states or territories of the United States, and which is not, or will not otherwise be accommodated with the mail: and the road on which the same shall be so carried, shall thereupon become a post road, and so continue, until other provision shall be made by law for the accommodation thereof with the mail.

38. Sec. iv, The secretary of state is hereby authorised to transmit by mail, free of postage, one copy of the documents hereafter mentioned, being on subjects of a general nature, and which may be ordered to be printed by either house of congress, namely, of communications, with the accompanying documents, made by the president of the United States to congress, or either house thereof; of reports made by the secretary of state, by the secretary of the treasury, by the secretary of war, by the secretary of the navy, by the postmaster general, by the commissioners of the sinking fund, to congress, or either house thereof, in pursuance of any law or resolution of either house; affirmative (ACT of April 9th, 1816.) reports on subjects of a general nature made to congress, or either house thereof, by any committee, respectively; for each of the judges of the supreme court, and of the district courts, and of the territories of the United States, to any post office within the United States, they may, respectively, designate.

ACT of February 27, 1815. 4 Bioren, 816. 39. Sec. II. The postmaster general shall be authorised to have the mail carried in any steam boat, or other vessel, which shall be used as a packet, in any of the waters of the United States, on such terms and conditions as shall be considered expedient: Provided, That he do not pay more than three cents for each letter, and each packet, and more than one half cent for each newspaper, conveyed in such mail.

Sec. iv. It shall be the duty of every master or manager of any steam boat, packet, or other vessel, which shall pass from one part or place to another part ur place, in the United States, where a post office is established, to deliver, within three hours after his arrival, if in the day time, and within two hours after the next sunrise, if the arrival be in the night, all letters and packets addressed to, or destined for, such port or place, to the postmaster there, for which he shall be entitled to receive of such postmaster two cents for every letter or packet so delivered, unless the same shall be carried or conveyed under a contract with the postmaster general; and if any master or manager of a steam boat, or other vessel, shall fail so to deliver any letter, or packet, which shall have been brought by him, or shall have been in his care, or within his power, he shall incur a penalty of thirty dollars for every such failure.

Sec. v. Every person employed on board any steam boat, or other vessel employed as a packet, shall deliver every letter, and packet of letters, intrusted to such person, to the master or ma. nager of such steam boat, or other vessel, and before the said vessel shall touch at any other port or place; and for every failure, or neglect so to deliver, a penalty of ten dollars shall be incurred for each letter and packet.

ACT of April 9, 1816. Pamphlet edit. 26. An act in addition to an act to regulate the post office establishment 40, Sec. 1. From and after the first day of May next, the fol. lowing rates of postage shall be charged upon all letters and pack. ets, (excepting such as are now excepted by law) conveyed by the posts of the United States, viz:

For every letter composed of a single sheet of paper, conveyed not exceeding thirty miles, six cents; over thirty and not exceed. ing eighty, ten cents; over eighty and not exceeding one hundred and fifty, twelve and a half cents; over one hundred and fifty and not exceeding four hundred, eighteen and a half cents; over four hundred miles, twenty-five cents; and for every double letter, or

I (ACT of April 10th, 1812.) letter composed of two pieces of paper, double those rates; and for every triple letter, or one composed of three pieces of paper, triple those rates; and for every packet composed of four or more pieces of paper, or one or more other articles, and weighing one ounce avoirdupois, quadruple those rates: and in that proportion for all greater weights. Provided, That no packet of letters conveyed by the water mails shall be charged with more than quadruple postage, unless the same shall contain more than four distinct letters.

No postmaster shall be obliged to receive, to be conveyed by the mail, any packet which shall weigh more than three pounds; and the postage marked on any letter or packet, and charged in the post bill which may accompany the same, shall be conclusive evidence, in favour of the postmaster who delivers the same, of the lawful postage thereon, unless such letter or packet shall be opened in presence of the postmaster or his clerk.

Every four folio pagés, or eight quarto pages, or sixteen octavo pages, of a pamphlet or magazine, shall be considered a sheet, and the surplus pages of any pamphlet or magazine shall also be considered a sheet; and the journals of the legislatures of the several states, not being stitched or bound, shall be liable to the same postage as pamphlets. Any memorandum which shall be written on a newspaper, or other printed paper, and transmitted by mail, shall be charged letter postage; and any person who shall deposit such memorandum in any office for the purpose of de. frauding the revenue, shall forfeit, for every such offence, the sum of five dollars.

41. Sec. it. The postmaster general is hereby authorised, to allow to each postmaster such commission on the postages by him collected, as shall be adequate to his services: Provided, That his commission shall not exceed the following several rates on the amount received in one quarter; that is to say:

On a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, thirty per cent.

On any sum over and above the first hundred dollars, and not exceeding four hundred dollars, twenty-five per cent.

On any sum over and above the first four hundred dollars, and pot exceeding two thousand four hundred dollars, twenty per cent.

On any sum over and above the first two thousand four hundred dollars, eight per cent,

Except to the postmasters who may be employed in receiving and despatching foreign mails, whose compensation may be augmented not exceeding twenty-five dollars in one quarter; and excepting to the postmasters at offices where the mail is regularly to arrive between the hours of nine o'clock at night and five o'clock in the morning, whose commission, on the first hundred dollars collected in one quarter, may be increased to a sum not exceeding fifty per cent.

post office.

(ACT of March 20, 1819.) The postmaster general may allow to the postmasters, respectively, a commission of fifty per cent. on the moneys arising from the postage of newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets; and to the postmaster whose compensation shall not exceed five hundred dollars in one quarter, two cents for every free letter delivered out of the office, excepting such as are for the postmaster himself; and each postmaster who shall be required to keep a register of the arrival and departure of the mails, shall be allowed ten cents for each monthly return which he makes thereof to the general

The postmaster general may allow to the postmaster at New Orleans, at the rate of eight hundred dollars, and to the postmaster at Warrenton, in North Carolina, at the rate of two hundred dollars, and to the postmaster at Wheeling, in Virginia, at the rate of two hundred dollars a year, in addition to their ordi. nary commissions. The postmaster general is hereby authorised to allow to the postmaster at the city of Washington, in addition to the allowance made by this act for postage collected, and for free letters received by him for delivery, a commission of five per centum on the amount of mails distributed at his ofice: Provided, nevertheless, That the whole annual emoluments of the said postmaster, including the extra compensation heretofore allowed to him by law, shall always be subject to the restriction imposed by the fortieth section of the act of congress approved the thirtieth of April, one thousand eight hundred and ten, to which this act is in addition.

42. Sec. iu. Letters and packets to and from any member of the senate, or member or delegate of the house of representatives of the United States, the secretary of the senate, and clerk of the house of representatives, shall be conveyed free of postage, for thirty days previous to each session of congress, and for thirty days after the termination thereof: Provided always, That no letter or packet shall exceed two ounces in weight, and in case of excess of weight, that excess alone shall be paid for.

ACT of March 1, 1817. Pamphlet edit. 211. All letters and packets to and from James Madison, now president of the United States, after the expiration of his term of office, and during his life, shall be carried by the mail free of postage.

ACT of February 20, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 23. 43. [Fixes the salaries of the postmaster general, assistant postmaster general, and additional assistant postmaster general. See title SALARIES, 15.]

ACT of March 2, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 48. 44. Sec. 1. The postmaster general may, and he is hereby authorised to contract for the transportation of the mail in steam boats, between New Orleans, in the state of Louisiana, and Louis

(ACT of March 1st, 1792.) ville, in the state of Kentucky, for any term of time, not exceed. ing four years in any one contract, in the same way and manner as he lawfully may, for the carriage of it, by land; but the whole expense of sending the mail in steam boats, shall not exceed that of transmitting the same by land.,

ACT of December 14, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 4. The members of congress, the delegates from territories, the secretary of the senate, and the clerk of the house of representatives, are hereby authorised to transmit, free of postage, to any post office within the United States, or the territories thereof, any documents which have been, or may be, printed by order of either house, during the present congress.

ACT of March 13, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 22. 45. During the present and every subsequent session of con. gress, all letters and packets to and from the president of the senate pro tempore, and the speaker of the house of representatives, for the time being, shall be received and conveyed by mail, free of postage, under the same restrictions as are provided by law, with respect to letters and packets to and from the vice president of the United States.

PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT.

1. SEC. lof the United States: hall be appointech

Electors, when and how many appointed, 1 Vacancy how supplied pro tempore, 6 When and where to vote,

2 Special election, Lists to be made, &c.

3 | Evidence of resignation, Votes counted,

4 Term of office, Penalty on not delivering lists, 5 President may discharge debtors,

ACT of March 1, 1792. 2 Bioren, 253. 1. Sec. 1. Except in case of an election of a president and vice president of the United States, prior to the ordinary period, as hereinafter specified, electors shall be appointed in each state for the election of a president and vice president of the United States, within thirty-four days preceding the first Wednesday in December, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, and within thirtyfour days preceding the first Wednesday in December in every fourth year succeeding the last election, which electors shall be equal to the number of senators and representatives to which the several states may, by law, be entitled at the time when the president and vice president, thus to be chosen, should come into office. Provided always, That where no apportionment of representatives shall have been made after any enumeration, at the time of choosing electors, then the number of electors shall be according to the existing apportionment of senators and representatives.

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