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(ACT of April 24th, 1820.) porary government has been, or hereafter shall be established, and which by virtue of the ordinance of congress of the thirteenth of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, or of any subsequent act of congress, passed or to be passed, now hath or hereafter shall have the right to send a delegate to congress, such delegate shall be elected every second year, for the same term of two years for which members of the house of representatives of the United States are elected; and in that house each of the said delegates shall have a seat with a right of debating but not of voting.
ACT of February 16, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 14. 7. Sec, 1. The citizens of the Michigan territory are hereby authorized to elect one delegate to the congress of the United States, who shall possess the qualifications, and exercise the privileges, heretofore required of, and granted to, the delegates from the several tértitories of the United States.
8. Stc. tt. Every free white male citizen of said territory, above the age of twenty-one years, who shall have resided therein one year next.preceding an election, and who shall have paid a county or territorial tax, shall be entitled to vote at such election for a delegate to the congress of the United States, in such manner, and at such times and places, as shall be prescribed by the governor and judges of said territory.
Sec. it. The person, duly qualified according to law, who shall receive the greatest number of votes at such election, shall be furnished, by the governor of said territory, with a certificate, under his official seal, setting forth that he is duly elected, by the qualified electors, the delegate from said territory to the congress of the United States, for the term of two years from the date of said certificate, which shall entitle the person to whom the same shall be given to take his seat in the house of representatives in that capacity.
ACT of April 24, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 53. 9. Séc. 1. The laws of the Michigan territory in force, shall be printed, under the direction of the secretary of state, and a competent number of copies thereof shall be distributed among the people of said territory, as the governor and judges thereof shall direct: Provided, That the expense of such printing shall not ex. ceed twelve hundred and fifty dollars.
Sec. 11. Fifteen sets of the laws of the United States, which were compiled by order of congress, and published by Bioren and Duane, in one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, shall be transmitted by the secretary of state, to said territory, to be distributed therein, as the local gvernment thereof may direct.
ACT of May 8, 1792. 2 Bioren, 293. An act more effectually to provide for the national defence, by establishing an
uniform militia throughout the United States. 1. Sec. 1. Each and every free able bodied white male citizen of the respective states, resident therein, who is or shall be of the age of eighteen years, and under the age of forty-five years, (except as is hereinafter excepted,) shall, severally and respectively, be enrolled in the militia by the captain or commanding officer of the company, within whose bounds such citizen shall reside, and that within twelve months after the passing of this act. And it shall, at all times hereafter, be the duty of every such captain or commanding officer of a company, to enrol every such citizen, as aforesaid, and also those who shall, from time to time, arrive at the age of eighteen years, or, being of the age of eighteen years and under the age of forty-five years, (except as before excepted) shall come to reside within his bounds; and shall, without delay, notify such citizen of the said enrolment, by a proper noncommissioned officer of the company, by whom such notice may be proved. That every citizen so enrolled and notified, shall, within six months thereafter, provide himself with a good musket, or firelock, a sufficient bayonet and belt, two spare flints, and a knapsack, a pouch, with a box therein to contain not less than twentyfour cartridges, suited to the bore of his musket or firelock, each cartridge to contain a proper quantity of powder and ball: or, with a good rifle, knapsack, shot pouch, and powder horn, twenty balls, suited to the bore of his rifle, and a quarter of a pound of powder; and shall appear, so armed, accoutred, and provided, when called out to exercise, or into service; except, that when called out on company days to exercise only, he may appear without a knapsack. (Infra, 25.] The commissioned officers shall, severally, be armed with a sword or hanger, and espontoon; and that, from and after five years from the passing of this act, all muskets for arming the militia, as herein required, shall be of bores sufficient for balls of the eighteenth part of a pound. And every citizen so enrolled, and providing himself with the arms, ammunition, and accoutrements, required as aforesaid, shall hold the same exempted from all suits, distresses, executions, or sales, for debt, or for the payment of taxes.
(ACT of May 8th, 1792.) 2. Sec. 11. The vice president of the United States; the officers, judicial and executive, of the government of the United States; the members of both houses of congress, and their respec. tive officers; all customhouse officers, with their clerks, all post officers, and stage drivers, who are employed in the care and conveyance of the mail of the post office of the United States; all ferrymen employed at any ferry on the post road; all inspectors of exports; all pilots; all mariners, actually employed in the sea service of any citizen or merchant within the United States; and all persons who now are, or may hereafter be, exempted by the laws of the respective states, shall be, and are hereby exempted from militia duty, notwithstanding their being above the age of eighteen, and under the age of forty-five years. [See Post office.]
3. Sec. in. Within one year after the passing of this act, the militia of the respective states shall be arranged into divisions, brigades, regiments, battalions, and companies; as the legislature of each state shall direct; and each division, brigade, and regiment, shall be numbered at the formation thereof; and a record made of such numbers in the adjutant general's office in the state; and when in the field, or in service in the state, each division, bri. gade and regiment shall, respectively, take rank according to their numbers, reckoning the first or lowest number highest in rank. That, if the same be convenient, each brigade shall consist of four regiments; each regiment of two battalions; each battalion of five companies; each company of sixty-four privates. That the said militia shall be officered by the respective states, as follows: To each division, one major general and two aids de camp, with the rank of major; to each brigade, one brigadier general, with one brigade inspector, to serve also as brigade major, with the rank of a major; to each regiment, one lieutenant colonel commandant; and to each battalion one major; to each company one captain, one lieutenant, one ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, one drummer, and one fifer or bugler. That there shall be a regimental staff, to consist of one adjutant and one quarter master, to rank as lieutenants; one paymaster; one surgeon, and one surgeon's mate; one sergeant major; one drum major, and one fife major. [Infra, 26, 28, 29.]
4. Sec. iv. Out of the militia enrolled, as is herein directed, there shall be formed, for each battalion, at least one company of grenadiers, light infantry, or riflemen, and that, to each division, there shall be at least one company of artillery, and one troop of horse: there shall be to each company of artillery, one captain, two lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, six gunners, six bombardiers, one drummer, and one fifer. The officers to be armed with a sword, or hanger, a fusee, bayonèt and belt, with a cartridge hox, to contain twelve cartridges; and each private, or matross, shall furnish himself with all the equipments of a private in the infantry, until proper ordnance and field artillery is pro(ACT of May 8th, 1792.) vided. There shall be, to each troop of horse, one captain, two lieutenants, one cornet, four setgeants, four corporals, one saddler, one farrier, and one trumpeter. The commissioned officers to furnish themselves with good horses, of, at least, fourteen hatids and an half high, and to be armed with a sword, and pair of pistols, the holsters of which to be covered with bearskin caps. Each dragoon to furnish himself with a serviceable horse, at least fourteen hands and an half high; å good saddle, bridle, mail pillion, and valise, holsters, and a breast plate and ctupper, a pair of boots and spurs, a pair of pistols, à sabre, and a cartouch box, to contain twelve cartridges for pištols. That each company of artillery and troop of horse shall be formed of volunteers from the brigade, at the discretion of the commander in chief of the state, not exceeding one toinpany of each to a regiment, nör more in number than one-eleventh part of the infantry, and shall be uniformly clothed in regimentals, to be furnished at their own expense; the colour and fashion to be determined by the brigadier commanding the brigade to which they belong.
5. Sec. v. Each battalion and regiment shall be provided with the state and regimental colors, by the field officers, and each com. pany with a drum and ffe, or hugle hotn, by the commissioned officers of the company, in such manner as the legislature of the respective states shall direct.
6. Sec. Vt. There shall be an adjutant general appointed in each state, whose duty it shall be to distribute all orders from the com. mander in chief of the state to the several corps; to attend all public reviews, when the commander in chief of the state shall review the militia, or any part thereof; to obey all orders from him, relative to carrying into execution and perfecting the system of military discipline established by this act; to furnish blank forms of different returns, that may be required, and to explain the principles on which they should be made; to receive from the several officers of the different corps, throughout the state, returns of the militia under their command, reporting the actual situation of their arms, accoutrements, and ammunition, their delinquencies, and every other thing which relates to the general advancement of good order and discipline: All which, the several officers of the divisions, brigades, regiments, and battalions, are hereby re: quired to make, in the usual manner, so that the said adjutant general may be duly furnished therewith: From all which returns, he shall make proper abstracts, and lay the same annually before the commander in chief of the state. [Infra, 24.]
7. Sec. VII. The rules of discipline, approved and establish by congress, in their resolution of the twenty-ninth of March, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, shall be the rules of discipline to be observed by the militia throughout the United States; except such deviations from the said rules as may be rer dered necessary by the requisitions of this act, or by some oth unavoidable circumstances. It shall be the duty of the comma
(ACT of January 20, 1795.) ing officer, at every muster, whether by battalion, regiment, or single company, to cause the militia to be exercised and trained agreeably to the said rules of discipline. * [Repealed, See Infra, 31.]
8. SEC. VIII. All commissioned officers shall take rank according to the date of their commissions; and when two of the same grade bear an equal date, then their rank to be determined by lot, to be drawn, by them, before the commanding officer of the bri. gade, regiment, battalion, company, or detachment.
9. SEC. IX. If any person, whether officer or soldier, belonging to the militia of any state, and called out into the service of the United States, be wounded or disabled while in actual service, he shall be taken care of and provided for at the public expense.
[See title PENSIONS.] 10. Sec. X. It shall be the duty of the brigade inspector to attend the regimental and battalion meetings of the militia composing their several brigades, during the time of their being under arms, to inspect their arms, ammunition, and accoutrements; superintend their exercise and manuævres, and introduce the sys. tem of military discipline, before described, throughout the bri. gade, agreeable to law, and such orders as they shall, from time to time, receive from the commander in chief of the state; to make returns to the adjutant general of the state, at least once in every year, of the militia of the brigade to which he belongs, reporting therein the actual situation of the arms, accoutrements, and ammunition, of the several corps, and every other thing which, in his judgment, may relate to their government and the general advancement of good order and military discipline: and the adjutant general shall make a return of all the militia of the state, to the commander in chief of the said state, and a dupli. cate of the same to the president of the United States. [Infra 24.]
And whereas sundry corps of artillery, cavalry, and infantry, now exist in several of the said states, which, by the laws, customs, or usages thereof, have not been incorporated with, or subject to, the general regulations of the militia.
11. Sec. 11. Such corps shall retain their accustomed privileges, subject, nevertheless, to all other duties required by this act in like manner with the other militia.
ACT of January 2, 1795. 2 Bioren, 458. An act to regulate the pay of the noncommissioned officers, musicians, and privates, of the militia of the United States, when called into actual service, and for otber purposes.
12. Seç, 1. From and after the passing of this act, the allowance of bounty, clothing, and pay, to the noncommissioned officers, musicians, and privates, of the infantry, artillery, and cavalry, of the militia of the United States, when called into actual service,
* The regulations, or system of exercise and discipline, formed by baron Steu. ben, at that time (March 29, 1779) inspector general of the army.