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(ACT of July 11th, 1798.) the nineteenth day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, entitled, “ An act relating to the separation of the District of Maine from Massachusetts Proper, and forming the same into a separate and independent state," the people of that part of Massachusetts heretofore known as the District of Maine, did, with the consent of the legislature of said state of Massachusetts, form themselves into an independent state, and did establish a constitution for the government of the same, agreeably to the provisions of the said act—Therefore,
From and after the fifteenth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, the state of Maine is hereby declared to be one of the United States of America, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatever.
(See CONGRESS, 26, ante page 132.]
ACT of July 11, 1798. 3 Bioren, 95.
An act for the establishing and organizing a marine corps. 1. Sec. 1. In addition to the present military establishment, there shall be raised and organized a corps of marines, which shall consist, &c. (see Infra, 12.] and the said corps may be formet into as many companies, or detachments, as the president of the United States shall direct, with a proper distribution of the commissioned and noncommissioned officers and musicians to each company or detachment.
2. Sec. 11. The pay and subsistence of the said officers, privates, and musicians, shall be as follows, to wit: to a major, fifty dollars per month, and four rations per day; to a captain, forty dollars per month, and three rations per day; to a first lieutenant, thirty dollars per month, and three rations per day; to a second lieutenant, twenty-five dollars per month, and two rations per day; and to the noncommissioned officers, privates, and musicians, conformably to the act, entitled, “ An act providing a naval armament," as shall be fixed by the president of the United States: and the president of the United States shall be, and is hereby authorised
(ACT of July 11th, 1798.) to continue the enlistment of marines, until the said corps shall be complete; and, of himself, to appoint the commissioned officers, whenever, in the recess of the senate, an appointment shall be necessary. And the enlistments, which shall be made by virtue hereof, may be for the term of three years, subject to be discharged by the president of the United States, or by the ceasing or repeal of the laws providing for the naval armament. And if the marine corps, or any part of it, shall be ordered by the president to do duty on shore, and it shall become necessary to appoint an adjutant, paymaster, quartermaster, sergeant major, quartermaster sergeant, and drum and fife major, or any of them, the major or commandant of the corps is hereby authorised to appoint such staff officer or officers, from the line of subalterns, sergeants, and music, respectively, who shall be entitled, during the time they shall do such duty, to the same extra pay and emoluments which are allowed by law to officers acting in the same capacities in the infantry.
3. Sec. 111. Detachments of the corps of marines hereby authorised, shall be made in lieu of the respective quotas of marines which have been established or authorised for the frigates, and other armed vessels and galleys, which shall be employed in the service of the United States: and the president of the United States may detach and appoint such of the officers of this marine corps to act on board the frigates, and any of the armed vessels of the United States, respectively, as he shall, from time to time, judge necessary, any thing in the act “providing a naval armament” to the contrary hereof notwithstanding.
4. Sec. iv. The officers, noncommissioned officers, privates, and musicians, aforesaid, shall take the same oath, and shall be governed by the same rules and articles of war, as are prescribed for the military establishment of the United States, and by the rules for the regulation of the navy, heretofore, or which shall be, established by law, according to the nature of the service in which they shall be employed, and shall be entitled to the same allowance, in case of wounds or disabilities, according to their respective ranks, as are granted by the act “to ascertain and fix the military establishment of the United States."
5. Sec. v. The commissioned officers, musicians, seamen, and marines, who are or shall be enlisted into the service of the United States; and the noncommissioned officers and musicians, who are or shall be enlisted into the army of the United States, shall be, and they are hereby exempted, during their term of service, from all personal arrests, for any debt or contract.
6. Sec. vi. The marine corps, established by this act, shall, at at any time, be liable to do duty in the forts and garrisons of the United States, on the seacoast, or any other duty on shore, as the president, at his discretion, shall direct.
ACT of April 22, 1800. 3 Bioren, 344. 7. Sec. i. A lieutenant colonel commandant shall be appointed to command the corps of marines, and shall be entitled to the same pay and emoluments as a lieutenant colonel in the army of the United States; any thing in the act for the establishing and organizing a marine corps to the contrary notwithstanding; and that the office of major of the said corps shall thereafter be abolished.
ACT of March 3, 1809. 4 Bioren, 224.
An act authorising an augmentation of the marine corps. 8. Sec. 1. [Provides for the augmentation of the corps. (See Infra, 12.)
9. Sec. 11. From and after the passage of this act, all enlistments in the said corps shall be for the term of five years, unless sooner discharged; any law to the contrary notwithstanding.
ACT of April 16, 1814. 4. Bioren, 685. An act authorising an augmentation of the marine corps, and for other purposes.
10. Sec. 1. (Provides for the further augmentation of the corps, See Infra, 12.]
Sec. 11. The adjutant, paymaster, and quartermaster, of the marine corps, may be taken either from the line of captains or subalterns, and the said officers shall, respectively, receive thirty dollars per month, in addition to their pay in the line, in full of all emoluments.
11. SEC. 11. The president of the United States is hereby au. thorised to confer brevet rank on such officers of the marine corps as shall distinguish themselves by gallant actions or meritorious conduct, or who shall have served ten years in any one grade: Provided, That nothii g herein contained shall be so construed as to entitle officers so brevetted to any additional pay or emolumerts, except when commanding separate stations or detachments, when they shall be entitled to and receive the same pay and emol. uments which officers of the same grades are now, or hereafter may be, allowed by law.
ACT of March 3, 1817. Pamphlet edit, 251.
An act to fix the peace establishment of the marine corps. 12. Sec. 1. The peace establishment of the marine corps shall consist of the following officers, noncommissioned officers, musicians and privates, viz: one lieutenant colonel commandant, nine captains, twenty-four first lieutenants, sixteen second lieutenants, one adjutant and inspector, one paymaster, and one quarter-master, to be taken from the said captains and lieutenants, seventy-three cor.
(ACT of August 7th, 1789.) porals, forty-two drums and fifes, and seven hundred and fifty privates.
Sec. 11. The president of the United States shall cause the provisions of this act to be carried into effect on the first day of April next, or as soon thereafter as circumstances will admit, and cause any supernumerary officers to be discharged from the service of the United States; and to all persons so discharged, there shall be paid three months' additional pay.
Ordinance of 1787, adapted to the con
stication, Secretary to act as governor, Territory constituted,
ACT of August 7, 1789. 2 Bioren, 33. Ad act to provide for the government of the territory northwest of the river
1. Whereas in order that the ordinance of the United States in congress assembled, for the government of the territory northWest of the river Ohio may continue to have full effect, it is requisite that certain provisions should be made, so as to adapt the same to the present constitution of the United States; [See Ap. pendix 11.]
Sec. 1. In all cases in which by the said ordinance, any infor. mation is to be given, or communication made by the governor of the said territory to the United States in congress assembled, or to any of their officers, it shall be the duty of the said governor to give such information and to make such communication to the president of the United States; and the president shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall apo point all officers which by the said ordinance were to have been appointed by the United States in congress assembled, and all officers so appointed, shall be commissioned by him; and in all cases where the United States in congress assembled, might, by the said ordinance, revoke any commission or remove from any office, the president is hereby declared to have the same powers of revocation and removal.
2. Sec. 11. In case of the death, removal, resignation, or neces. sary absence of the governor of the said territory, the secretary thereof shall be, and he is hereby authorised and required to execute all the powers, and perform all the duties of the governor,
(ACT of March 3d, 1817.) during the vacancy, occasioned by the reinaval, resignation or necessary absence of the said governor.
ACT of January 14, 1805. 3 Bioren, 632. 3. Sec. I. From and after the thirtieth day of June next, all that part of the Indiana territory which lies north of a line drawn east from the southerly bend or extreme of lake Michigan, until it shall intersect lake Erie, and east of a line drawn from the said southerly bend through the middle of said lake to its northern extremity, and thence due north to the northern boundary of the United States, shall, for the purp use of temporary government, constitute a separate territory, and be called Michigan.
4. Sec. 11. There shall be established within the said territory, a government in all respects similar to that provided by the ordinance of congress, passed on the thirteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, for the government of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio; and by an act passed on the seventh day of August, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, entitled “ An act to provide for the government of the territory northwest of the river Ohio,” and the inhabitants thereof shall be entitled to, and enjoy, all and singular the rights, privileges, and advantages, granted and secured to the people of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio, by the said ordinance. [See Appendix, 11.)
5. Sec. 11. The officers for the said territory, who, by virtue of this act, shall be appointed by the president of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the senatę, shall, respec. tively, exercise the same powers, perform the same duties, and receive for their services the same compensations, as, by the ordinance aforesaid, and the laws of the United States have been provided and established for similar officers in the Indiana territory; and the duties and emoluments of superintendent of Indian affairs shall be united with those of governor.
Sec. iv. Nothing in this act contained shall be construed so as in any manner to affect the government now in force in the Indiana territory, further than to prohibit the exercise thereof within the said territory of Michigan, from and after the aforesaid thirtieth day of June next.
6. Sec. vt. Detroit shall be the seat of government of the said territory, until congress shall otherwise direct.
[See ACT of April 18, 1818, Sec. vir. ante page 343. ILLINOIS, 6.]
ACT of March 3, 1817. Pamphlet edit. 228. An act further to regulate the territories of the United States, and their electing
delegates to congress. Sec. 1. In every territory of the United States in which a tem