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note for any business college, commercial school or any commercial department of any other school without first having this permit from the state superintendent of public instruction, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars and not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not to exceed thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Laws 1909, ch. 204, sec. 4.)

SEC. 44. Notes or Contracts Void, When. [7761] Any note or contract taken by any such business college or the commercial department of any other school, or their agents or representatives, for tuition without first having complied with the provisions of this act shall be void. (Laws 1909, ch. 204, sec. 5.)

CHAPTER III.-Certification of Teachers.

ARTICLE I.-State Certificates. $45. Authority of State Board of Educa- $62. State normal schools; three-year certion; validity of state certificates.

tificates. 46. Three-year certificates.

63. State normal schools; life certificates. 47. Three-year certificates renewable for 64. State normal schools; life diplomas. life.

65. State normal schools; when act shall 48. Life diplomas.

take effect. 49. Special certificates.

66. State normal schools; special certifi. 50. Normal training teachers' certificates.

cates. 51. Three-year elementary certificates.

67. Normal-school certificates signed and 52. Certificates of high-school teachers.

registered by state superintendent. 53. Temporary certificates.

68. Recognition of certificates from other 54. Accredited colleges : approval of course

states. of study.

69. Registration of state certificates. 55. Subject to examination; standard.

70. Duty of certain officers to register 56. Certificates issued to college graduates.

state certificates. 57. Eligible institutions.

71. Unlawful to pay salary unless certifi. 58. Graduates of school of arts in certain

cate is registered. institutions.

72. Report of registration. 59. Normal courses with practice teaching. 73. Certificates void, when. 60. State Normal schools; common-school 74. Certificates canceled, when. certificate.

75. No revival of lapsed certificates by 61. State normal schools; one-year cer

statute. tificates. SECTION 45. Authority of State Board of Education; Validity of State Certificates. The State Board of Education shall have authority to hold examinations and to issue teachers' certificates to persons of good moral character who may give satisfactory evidence of the requisite scholarship, culture, professional attainments and ability, as provided in this act; and all certificates issued by the State Board of Education shall be valid in any township, county, school district, or city of the first or second class for the time specified in the certificate unless sooner revoked by the State Board of Education.

All certificates issued by the State Board of Education shall be countersigned by the state superintendent of public instruction and such certificates shall supersede the necessity of all examinations by county, city or other local boards of examiners. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 1.)

SEC. 46. Three-year Certificates. Three-year certificates may be issued by the State Board of Education to persons who, by written examination in branches prescribed by the board, may show satisfactory evidence of their qualifications for such certificate. In lieu of all or part of such examination the State Board of Education shall accept satisfactory evidence showing that the applicant has completed a four-year high school course of study approved by the board, and in addition thereto has completed at least a two years' course of study in a normal school, college, or university accredited by the State Board of Education. The three-year certificates thus issued shall be valid in any elementary school, and may become valid in high schools under such regulations as the state board may prescribe. The three-year certificates herein provided for may be renewed successively for three-year periods provided that the holders comply with such requirements as may be made by the State Board of Education for such renewal. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 3.)

SEC. 47. Three-year Certificates Renewable for Life. Threeyear certificates renewable for life may be issued by the State Board of Education to persons who, by written examination in branches prescribed by the state board, may show satisfactory evidence of their qualifications for such certificates. In lieu of all or part of such examination the state board shall accept satisfactory evidence showing that the applicant has completed a four-year high school course approved by the board, and in addition thereto has completed a four-year course of study in a normal school, college, or university accredited for this purpose by the State Board of Education. The certificates thus issued shall be valid in any elementary school or high school in the state. At the expiration of said certificate the State Board of Education shall issue a life certificate provided that the holder has taught successfully at least two years after the three-year certificate was issued and has complied with the requirements of the state board for the renewal of such certificates; provided, that such life certificates shall lapse if for three consecutive years the holder thereof is not engaged in teaching or in some form of educational work; but lapsed life certificates or diplomas may be revived by the State Board of Education. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 4.)

SEC. 48. Life Diplomas. The State Board of Education may issue life diplomas to teachers of eminent ability who possess the qualifications required for three-year renewal certificates as provided in section 4 of this act, and who have been engaged in teaching for not less than five years and who have taught not less than two years in Kansas. Such diplomas shall be valid as teachers' certificates in any township, county, school district, or city of the first or second class during the lifetime of the holder, unless revoked by the State Board of Education. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 5.)

SEC. 49. Special Certificates. Special certificates may be issued by the State Board of Education to persons who, by examination, or otherwise, may show satisfactory evidence of their qualifications as teachers of kindergartens, manual training, domestic science, domestic art, agriculture, commercial branches, physical training, music, drawing, and such other highly specialized subjects as may be designated by the state board. Such certificates shall be valid in any public school of the state for teaching in the departments or subjects specified in the certificates and in no other departments or subjects than those thus specified, for [one year] and they may be renewed from year to year on conditions prescribed by the State Board of Education. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 6.)

SEC. 50. Normal Training Teachers' Certificates. Normal training teachers' certificates may be issued by the State Board of Education as herein provided to graduates om normal training courses in high schools and academies accredited for this purpose by the State Board of Education. Said certificates shall be valid in elementary schools in any county of the state, for a period of two years, and shall be renewable for successive two-year periods, on conditions prescribed by the State Board of Education. On the third Friday in May and the succeeding Saturday of each year an examination of applicants for normal training certificates shall be held in the county seat of each county in which there is located one or more accredited normal training schools under such rules as the State Board of Education may prescribe. This examination shall be conducted by the county board of examiners, each of whom shall receive for his services the compensation provided by law for holding county teachers' examinations. Each applicant for a certificate shall pay a fee of one dollar, and the money so collected shall be turned into the county normal institute fund. The examination questions shall be prepared by the State Board of Education and shall be forwarded to county superintendents by the state superintendent of public instruction. The package containing the questions shall not be opened except in the presence of a majority of the examining board on the day and hour for the examination. Immediately at the close of the examination the manuscripts shall be properly wrapped and sealed and sent, carriage prepaid, to the state superintendent of public instruction, and said manuscripts shall be graded under the direction of the State Board of Education. A fee of seven dollars shall be sent to the state superintendent of public instruction from the funds of each school participating in the examination and all money received from this source shall be turned into the state treasury, and shall become available to pay the expenses incurred by the State Board of Education in the grading of said manuscripts. All moneys or so much thereof as necessary received from such source during the fiscal years ending June 30, 1916, and June 30, 1917, are hereby appropriated to pay for said expenses of said State Board of Education. Said expenses shall be paid on the warrants of the state auditor upon duly certified vouchers approved by the state superintendent of public instruction. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 7.)

SEC. 51. Three-year Elementary Certificates. Three-year elementary certificates may be issued by the State Board of Education to persons who hold first grade certificates issued by boards of county examiners and to persons holding certificates issued by examining boards in cities of the first or second class, provided that such persons have completed a fouryear course of study in a high school approved by the State Board of Education and in addition thereto have completed a two-year course of study in a normal school, college, or university accredited by the State Board of Education; or who in lieu of taking such two-year course in a normal school, college, or university have had four years of successful experience in teaching, satisfactory evidence of which shall be submitted to the State Board of Education. The three-year elementary certificate thus issued shall be valid in any elementary school of the state. The three-year elementary certificates herein provided for may be renewed successively for three year periods, provided that the holders comply with such regulations as the State Board may make for such renewal. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 8.)

SEC. 52. Certificates of High School Teachers. After September 1, 1916, no person shall teach in any four year accredited high school in any township, county, district, or city of the first or second class who does not hold a certificate as a high school teacher issued by the State Board of Education or by one of the Kansas State Normal Schools; and after September 1, 1916, it shall be unlawful for any township or county high school board, district board, or board of education of any city of the first or second class to use any part of the public funds to pay any high school teacher in any four year accredited high school who does not hold a certificate as herein provided authorizing such person to teach in the public high schools of the state; provided, that no person holding a valid teacher's certificate at the time when this act shall take effect who at that time shall be employed as a teacher in any four year accredited high school in this state, shall be prohibited from teaching in any high school; nor shall any board be prohibited from employing such person as a high school teacher or from paying him from public funds. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 9.)

NOTE.—This act took effect on its publication in the official state paper March 26, 1915.

SEC. 53. Temporary Certificates. The State Board of Education may issue temporary teachers' certificates valid for one year only in such schools and departments as may be specified in said certificate, provided that such temporary certificates shall be issued only in an emergency in order to supply the schools with legally qualified teachers; and the State Board shall have power to make all rules and regulations relating to such temporary certificates; provided, that no person shall receive more than one such certificate. (Laws 1915, ch. 298, sec. 10.)

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