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of the juvenile court. The inmates of the detention home shall be controlled as far as possible through parental care. The children shall be placed in the public schools where possible, or, if it be so determined, the commissioners may provide for separate instruction within the home. The detention home is to supplement the work of the juvenile court and to be used in lieu of any jail or prison, but it shall be the policy of the judge of the juvenile court, probation officer and the matron or superintendent of the detention home to make the said house of detention a temporary home, and as soon as possible to provide for the return of the inmates of the home to their natural parents or to parents by adoption. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 8.)
SEC. 500. Record of Inmates of Detention Home.  It shall be the duty of the matron or superintendent of the detention home to keep a complete record of all inmates of the home, including age, sex, time of admission, and time of discharge, conduct and character, state of health at time of admission and dismissal, and shall make a monthly report to the judge of the juvenile court on a blank provided for the same. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 9.)
SEC. 501. Tax Levied for Detention Home or Juvenile Farm; Salary of Matron or Superintendent.  For the support and maintenance of the detention home or juvenile farm, the county commissioners shall make an estimate of the cost and levy a tax, as in the case of providing for other expenses of the county, and all expenses of the said detention home or juvenile farm shall be accorded as a part of the expenses of the said juvenile court of the said county. The salary of the matron or superintendent shall be fixed by the county commissioners, and warrants drawn for the payment of said salary and all other bills regularly allowed by the said commissioners on account of said expenses for the maintenance of said detention home or juvenile farm. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 10.)
SEC. 502. Annual Report of Judges of Juvenile Court.  That the judge of the juvenile court shall make an annual report on the 1st day of July to the governor of the state, which shall be complete history of the proceedings of the court for the preceding year; that the said report shall contain statistics of the number of cases, the nature of the cases, and the disposition of the same. It shall also contain a financial statement of the court, including all expenses, expenditures made, and fines collected. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 11.)
SEC. 503. Jurisdiction After the Age of Sixteen.  When any offender before the age of sixteen has been brought before the judge of the juvenile court, the jurisdiction of said court over said offender shall not expire on account of the child's arriving at the age of sixteen, but said offender shall continue in the charge of said court until he is finally discharged by the same. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 12.)
SEC. 504. Compensation in Counties Having a Population of Over 25,000.  In counties having twenty-five thousand people or over, the probation officer who is appointed for said county shall receive compensation not to exceed three dollars a day for time of actual service. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 13.)
SEC. 505. Jurisdiction.  The juvenile court shall have jurisdiction over all dependent children under sixteen years of age. All applications for the admission of children to the Soldiers' Orphans' Home shall be made to the juvenile court of the county of which any child is a resident. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 14.)
SEC. 506. Police and Sheriff Entitled to Witness Fees.  When the police of any city or the sheriff of any county in the state of Kansas shall appear before the judge of the juvenile court to make complaint of, to report on or to testify on account of dependent, defective or delinquent children, they shall receive ordinary witness fees for such services. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 15.)
SEC. 507. Blanks.  Blanks shall be used by the juvenile court in the several counties in Kansas which shall be furnished by the State Board of Control. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 16.)
SEC. 508. Procedure in Juvenile Court. The procedure in the juvenile court for the trial of any person charged with causing, encouraging or contributing to the delinquency, dependency or neglect of any child shall be substantially the same as the procedure provided for the trial of misdemeanors before justices of the peace.. (Laws 1911, ch. 236, sec. 1.)
SEC. 509. Appeal. Any person convicted in the juvenile court of causing, encouraging or contributing to the delinquency, dependency or neglect of any child may appeal from such judgment in substantially the same manner as is now provided for appeals from the judgment of justices of the peace in misdemeanor cases. (Laws 1911, ch. 236, sec. 2.)
SEC. 510. Parental Home in Certain Counties. In every county having a city whose population is not less than eighty thousand, the board of county commissioners may, by unanimous vote, procure the necessary ground and erect suitable buildings for a parental home for homeless, dependent, neglected or delinquent children within such county and shall conduct and maintain the same. (Laws 1915, ch. 276, sec. 1.)
SEC. 511. Inmates. At the home herein provided for homeless, dependent, neglected or delinquent children who are under the age of sixteen, may be kept all such children as shall have been found by the judge of the juvenile court, to be proper inmates of said home. (Laws 1915, ch. 276, sec. 2.)
SEC. 512. Tax for Buildings and Support. That for the purchase of the necessary ground and the erection of a suitable building or buildings for the purposes herein provided for, the board of county commissioners may, by unanimous vote, levy and collect a tax of not exceeding three cents on the hundred dollars on all taxable property of the county, and also may, by unanimous vote, levy and collect an annual tax of not to exceed one and one-half cents on the hundred dollars for the support and maintenance of such home, which taxes shall be levied and collected as in case of providing for other expenses of the county. (Laws 1915, ch. 276, sec. 3.)
SEC. 513. Managers; Advisory Board. The home herein provided for shall be in charge of a man and his wife, to be selected by the juvenile judge; provided, however, that such managers shall receive and have the advisory assistance of a board consisting of five women residents of such county who shall be named by the board of county commissioners, one whose term shall be for five years, and one whose term shall be for four years, and one whose term shall be for three years, and one whose term shall be for two years, and one for one year, and on the first of January each year thereafter one for five years, and such advisory board shall at all times have access to the home and every department thereof and shall be entitled to familiarity with every detail in its management. (Laws 1915, ch. 276, sec. 4.)
SEC. 514. Supervision. The home herein provided for shall be under the supervision of the board of county commissioners, except as otherwise provided for in the provision of chapter 177, Session Laws of 1907, entitled “An act amendatory of and supplemental to chapter 190 of the Laws of 1905, entitled 'An act to establish a juvenile court and to provide for dependent and neglected children,'" and chapter 190 of the Laws of 1905. (Laws 1915, ch. 276, sec. 5.)
SEC. 515. Salaries; Expenses. The members of the advisory board shall receive no compensation. The salaries of the managers in charge shall be fixed by the board of county commissioners and warrants shall be drawn for the payment of such salaries and all other bills regularly allowed by said board of county commissioners, on account of expenses incurred for the maintenance of said home. (Laws 1915, ch. 276, sec. 6.)
$516. Free kindergartens. SECTION 516. Free Kindergartens.  That the school [board] of any school district141 in the state shall have power to establish and maintain free kindergartens in connection with the public schools of said district, for the instruction of children between four and six years of age residing in said district, and shall establish such courses of training, study and discipline and such rules and regulations governing such preparatory or kindergarten schools as said board may deem best; provided, that nothing in this act shall be construed to change the law relating to the taking of the census of the school population or the apportionment of state and county school funds among the several counties and districts in this state; provided further, that the cost of establishing and maintaining such kindergartens shall be paid from the school fund of said districts, and the said kindergartens shall be a part of the public-school system, and governed, as far as practicable, in the same manner and by the same officers as provided by law for the government of the other public school[s] of the state; provided further, that no person shall be employed as a teacher in such kindergarten schools who has not passed a satisfactory examination in such subjects as the State Board of Education shall require. The State Board of Education shall adopt rules governing the examination of kindergarten teachers and shall furnish county superintendents with examination questions, and the examination shall be held in the manner provided by law for the examination of teachers in the public schools, provided further, that any person who shall complete the course of training for kindergarten teachers at the State Normal School or its auxiliaries shall be entitled to teach in the kindergarten schools of this state without examination. (Laws 1907, ch. 325, sec. 1.)
141. Kindergartens may also be established in cities of the first and second class.
$517. Levies, general limitation.
8520. County clerk, excessive levies. 518. Levies, exceptions to limitations.
521. Penalty, officers. 519. Increasing the levy.
SECTION 517. Levies, General Limitation.  All levies authorized in any taxing district by statute, and which are not expressly limited herein, are hereby limited so that no such levy shall be made in excess of twenty-five per cent of the rates so authorized. (Laws 1909, ch. 245, sec. 25.)
SEC. 518. Levies, Exceptions to Limitations.  No limitation imposed by this act shall in any wise apply to or in any way limit any levy which is authorized by statute for the purpose of creating sinking- and interest-funds necessary to liquidate at maturity the principal and interest of any indebtedness authorized by law; nor shall any provision of this act apply to or in any way limit special taxes levied by ordinance in any city. And nothing in this act shall be construed to limit the levy provided by any special act heretofore passed for the construction of roads, and under which any county is now operating. (Laws 1909, ch. 245, sec. 26.)
SEC. 519. Increasing the Levy.  If any board of levy, or any officer that is charged with the duty of levying tax in any taxing district, shall be of the opinion that the amount of tax limited by this act will be insufficient for the needs of such taxing district for the current year, the question of an increased levy may be submitted to the voters of such taxing district at a general election or at a special election called for the purpose in the manner provided by law for calling special elections in such taxing district; provided, that under the provisions of this section a vote may be had upon the question of an increased levy at the annual meeting of any school district. If any such question of increasing the levy shall be submitted at any election or meeting as above set forth, dụe notice thereof shall be given for at least thirty days in advance of such election or meeting by publication in the official county paper for all taxing districts, except school districts; but in school districts by posting a notice in the manner provided by law for other elections or meetings; said notice shall also give the proposed increase in the levy. If three-fourths of the votes cast at any such election shall be in favor of the increased levy, as named in said election notice, then the officers charged with levying taxes may make such increased levy for the year voted upon, and thereafter the limitation of this act shall apply, unless an increased levy for a particular year shall be voted at another election in like manner. (Laws 1909, ch. 245, sec. 27.)