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child to the care of any association or individual, in accordance with the provisions of this act, the child shall, unless otherwise ordered, become a ward, and be subject to the guardianship of the association or individual to whose care it is committed. Such association or individual shall have authority to place such child in a family home, with or without indenture, and may be made party to any proceedings for the legal adoption of the child, and may by its or his attorney or agent appear in any court where such proceedings are pending and assent to such adoption; and such assent shall be sufficient to authorize the court to enter proper order or decree of adoption. Such guardianship shall not include the guardianship of any estate of the child. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 8.)

SEC. 485. The Child Committed to the Care of a Probation Officer. [5107] In case of a delinquent child, the court may continue the hearing from time to time, and may in the meantime commit the child to the care and control of a probation officer duly appointed by the court, and may allow such child to remain in its own home, subject to the visitation and control of the probation officer; such child to report to the court as often as may be required, and shall be subject to be returned to the court for further proceedings whenever such action shall appear to the court to be necessary; or the court may authorize the child to be placed in a suitable family home, subject to the friendly supervision of the probation officer and the further order of the court; or it may authorize the child to be boarded out in some suitable family home, in case provision is made by voluntary contribution or otherwise for payment of the board of such child until suitable provision may be made for the child in a home without such payment; or the court may commit the child to a suitable institution for the care of delinquent children; provided, that no child under the age of sixteen years shall be committed to the State Reformatory, and in no case shall a child be committed beyond his or her minority. A child committed to such institution shall be subject to the control of the board of managers thereof, and the board shall have power to parole such child on such conditions as it may prescribe; and the court shall, on the recommendation of the board, have power to discharge such child from custody whenever, in the judgment of the court, his or her reformation is complete; or the court may commit the child to the care and custody of some association that will receive it, embracing in its objects the care of neglected and dependent children, if such institution be duly credited as hereinafter provided, or to the care and custody of some discreet person. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 9.)

SEC. 486. The Court May Revoke the Custody. [5108] In any case where a dependent, neglected or delinquent child has been committed to the care and custody of any association or individual, the court may cause the child to be brought before it, together with the person in whose custody he may be, and if it shall appear that a continuance of such custody is not for the best interests of such child, the court may revoke and set aside the order giving such custody, and make such further orders in the premises as to the future disposition of the child as shall seem best. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 10.)

SEC. 487. Child under Sixteen Not to be Taken Before Courts Other than Juvenile Courts. [5109] When a child under the age of sixteen years is arrested, with or without a warrant, such child shall, instead of being taken before a justice of the peace or police magistrate or judge or any other court now or hereafter having jurisdiction of the offense charged, be taken before such juvenile court; or if the child shall have been taken before a justice of the peace or police magistrate or judge of such court, it shall be the duty of such justice of the peace or police magistrate or judge of such court to transfer the case to such juvenile court, and of the officer having the child in charge to take such child before said court; and in any such case the said court may proceed to hear the defense of the case in the same manner as if the child had been brought before the court upon the petition as herein provided. In any case the court shall require notice to be given and investigation to be made as in the several cases under this act provided for, and may adjourn the hearing from time to time for the purpose. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 11.)

SEC. 488. Appeal to District Court. [5110] An appeal shall be allowed to the district court by any child from the final order of commitment made by the juvenile court, and may be demanded on the part of the child by its parent, guardian, or custodian, or by any relation of such child within the third degree of kinship. Such appeal shall be taken within ten days after the making of the order complained of by written notice of appeal filed with the judge of the juvenile court; whereupon it shall be the duty of the judge of said court, without unnecessary delay, to transmit all papers, together with a transcript of his records of the case, to the clerk of the district court of his county, by whom the case shall be docketed in the order of its reception. Such appeal shall not suspend or vacate the order appealed from, but the same shall continue in force in all respects the same as if no appeal had been taken until final judgment has been rendered in the district court; provided, however, that the judge of the district court may, pending a hearing on appeal, make such modifications of the order of the juvenile court and up such conditions as to him may seem proper. Upon the final hearing on appeal the case shall be heard and disposed of in the spirit of this act and in the exercise of all the powers and discretion herein given to the juvenile court. In all cases of felony the judge of the juvenile court may remand the person apprehended to the district court or county court for trial. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 12.)

SEC. 489. Assistance of City and County Attorneys, and Other Officials. [5111] It shall be the duty of all county attorneys within their respective counties, and city attorneys within their respective cities, to give to the probation officers such aid in the performance of their duties as may be consistent with the duties of the office of such attorneys. It shall be the duties of the police officers and constables making arrests of children under sixteen years of age in the counties herein mentioned to at once give information of that fact to the probation officer or to the judge of the juvenile court herein provided, and also to furnish such probation officer or judge with all the facts in his possession pertaining to said child, its parents, guardian, or other person likely to be interested in such child, and also the nature of the charge upon which such charge has been made. Any probation officer may, without warrant or other process, at any time until final disposition of the case of any child over whom said juvenile court shall have acquired jurisdiction, take any child placed in his care by said court and bring such child before the court, or the court may issue a warrant for the arrest of any such child; and the court may thereupon proceed to sentence or make other disposition of the case. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 13.)

SEC. 490. Discretion of Juvenile Court as to Penalties of State Laws and City Ordinances. [5112] All punishments and penalties imposed by law upon persons for the commission of offenses against the laws of the state, or imposed by city ordinances for the violation of such ordinances, in the case of delinquent children under the age of sixteen years, shall rest in the discretion of the judge of the juvenile court, and execution of any sentence may be suspended or remitted by said court. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 14.)

SEC. 491. Care and Custody of Child to be Parental. [5113] This act shall be liberally construed, to the end that its purposes may be carried out, to wit, that the care, custody and discipline of a child shall approximate, as nearly as may be, proper parental care; and in all cases where the same can be properly done that a child may be placed in an approved family home, by legal adoption or otherwise. And in no case shall any proceedings, order or judgment of the juvenile court, in cases coming within the purview of this act, be deemed or held to import a criminal act on the part of any child; but all proceedings, orders and judgments shall be deemed to have been taken and done in the exercise of the parental power of the state. (Laws 1905, ch. 190, sec. 15.)

SEC. 492. Parents Responsible for Delinquency of Children; Penalty. [5114] In all cases where any child shall be a delinquent, dependent or neglected child, as defined by the statutes of this state, the parent or parents or other persons responsible for or by any act causing, encouraging or contributing to such


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delinquency, dependency or neglect shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon trial and conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not to exceed one thousand dollars, or imprisoned in. the county jail for a period not to exceed one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. The juvenile courts shall have jurisdiction of all cases coming within the provisions of this act. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 1.)

SEC. 493. Suspension of Sentence; Release; Bond. [5115] The court may suspend any sentence hereunder or release any person sentenced under this act from custody upon condition that such person shall furnish a good and sufficient bond or undertaking to the people of the state of Kansas in such penal sum, not exceeding two thousand dollars, as the court shall determine, conditioned for the payment of such amount as the court may order, not exceeding twenty-five dollars per month for each child, for the support, care and maintenance of such child while under the guardianship, or in the custody of any individual or any public, private or state home, institution, association or orphanage to which the child may have been committed or entrusted under the provisions of the laws of this state concerning dependent and neglected children. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 2.)

SEC. 494. Custody of Child During Suspension of Sentence. [5116] The court may also suspend any sentence imposed under this act, and may permit any dependent child to remain in the custody of any such person found guilty upon conditions to be prescribed or imposed by the court as seem most calculated to remove the cause of such dependence or neglect, and while such conditions are accepted and complied with by any such person such sentence may remain suspended and such person shall be considered on probation in said court; in case a bond is given as provided herein, the conditions prescribed by the court may be made a part of the terms and conditions of such bond. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 3.)

. SEC. 495. Forfeiture of Bond and Term of Probation. [5117] Upon the failure of any such person to comply with the terms and conditions of such bond or of the conditions imposed by the court, such bond or the term of probation may be declared forfeited and terminated by the court, and the original sentence executed as though it had never been suspended, and the term of any jail sentence imposed in any such case shall commence from the date of the incarceration of any such person after the forfeiture of such bond or term of probation. There shall be deducted from any such period of incarceration any part of such sentence which may have already been served. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 4.)

SEC. 496. Judgment in case of Forfeiture of Bond. [5118] It shall not be necessary to bring a separate suit to recover the

penalty of any such bond so ferfeited, but the court may cause a citation to issue to the surety or sureties thereon, requiring that he or they appear at a time named therein by the court, which time shall not be less than ten nor more than twenty days from the issuance thereof, and show cause, if any there be, why judgment should not be entered for the penalty of such bond and execution issued for the amount thereof against the property of the surety or sureties thereon, as in civil cases, and upon failure to appear or failure to show any such sufficient cause, the court shall enter such judgment in behalf of the people of the state of Kansas against such surety or sureties, or in case of default or refusal to pay the said bond, action may be taken in any court of competent jurisdiction in behalf of the people of the state of Kansas to compel the payment of said bonds. Any moneys collected or paid upon any such execution or in any case upon said bond shall be turned over to the county treasurer of the county in which such bond is given, to be applied to the care and maintenance of the child or children for whose dependency such conviction was had, in such manner and upon such terms as the juvenile court may direct; provided, that if it shall not be necessary in the opinion of the court to use such fund or any part thereof for the support and maintenance of such child, the same shall be paid into the county treasury and become a part of the funds of such county.' (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 5.)

SEC. 497. Acts Not Repealed. [5119] Nothing in this act shall be construed to repeal any acts providing for the support by parents of their minor children or any part of the acts concerning delinquent children or persons contributing thereto; and nothing in said acts shall prevent proceedings under this act in any proper case. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 6.)

SEC. 498. Detention Home; Juvenile Farm. [5120]. That the county commissioners of every county of the state having a population of more than twenty thousand may provide a detention home or a juvenile farm for the purpose of caring for homeless children under sixteen years of age in the custody of the judge of the juvenile court; provided, however, that a juvenile farm may be established only in counties having a city whose population is twenty-five thousand or over. Until a building is erected for the purpose of a detention home, or until a juvenile farm with suitable and convenient buildings has been provided, the commissioners may lease or rent a suitable and convenient building or a part thereof for a term not to exceed five years for any one period, which shall be used as a detention home. (Laws 1907, ch. 177, sec. 7.)

SEC. 499. Government of Detention Home. [5121] That the detention home shall be in charge of a matron or of a man and his wife, who shall be under the supervision of the judge

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