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a single district composes the union graded-school district; and provided further, that the director, clerk and treasurer of the regular district board shall possess all the powers to manage the union graded-school district when a single district composes the union graded-school district as the director, clerk and treasurer have in union or graded-school districts composed of two or more districts. (Laws 1907, ch. 331, sec. 1.)

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CHAPTER XI.-Fines and Penalties. 8374. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. 8377. Officers prohibited from taking con. 375. Fines and pen alties, how collected.

tracts, doing work for profit, or 376. Penalty for receiving bonus from

furnishing material. publisher of school-books. SECTION 374. Jurisdiction. [7549] Justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction in all cases in which a school district is a party interested, when the amount claimed by the plaintiff shall not exceed $100; and the parties shall have the right of appeal, as in other cases. (Laws 1876, ch. 122, art. 9, sec. 1.)

SEC. 375. How Collected. [7550] All fines and penalties not otherwise provided for in this act shall be collected by an action in any court of competent jurisdiction. (Laws 1876, ch. 122, art. 9, sec. 2.)

SEC. 376. Penalty for Receiving Bonus. [7551] If the state superintendent, or any county superintendent of public instruction, shall receive from the publisher of any schoolbooks, or from any other person interested in the sale or introduction of any book into the public schools in the state, any money or bonus in any manner as an inducement for the recommendation or introduction of any such book into the public schools of the state, such superintendent shall, upon conviction thereof before any court of competent jurisdiction, be found guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined in a sum not less than $1000 nor exceeding $5000, or shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for any time not less than one year nor more than five years, or both such fine and imprisonment. (Laws 1876, ch. 122, art. 9, sec. 3.)

SEC. 377. Officers Prohibited from Taking Contracts, Doing Work for Profit, or Furnishing Material.[2873] That all officers, state and county, and all officers appointed or elected for the purpose of overseeing and directing any of the public improvements of the state, and all officers holding and exercising any office of trust or profit under and by virtue of any law of the state, be and they are hereby prohibited from taking any contract, or performing or doing or having performed or done for their own profit, any work in and about the office

holden by them, or in or about any work over which they have . in whole or in part the supervision, direction or control, and from furnishing any materials used in any such work, and from furnishing for the use of any institution, public work, county, township, or other interest, the protection of which interest is a part of the duties of his office, any firewood, clothing, materials for building, or other things required by such institution, public work, county, township or other interest so in the keeping, in whole or in part, of such person. (Laws 1867, ch. 123, sec. 4.)

CHAPTER XII.—Fire Protection.

8378. Doors of schoolhouses.
379. Exits, fire-escapes.
380. Furnaces.
381. Plans of buildings submitted to state

architect.
382. Inspection, duty of school boards.

$383. Fire-drills.
384. Penalty.
385. Time for compliance.
386. Duty of state fire marshal; fire-drills;

instruction in fire prevention.

SECTION 378. Doors of Schoolhouses. [7851] That the doors of all public or private schoolhouses of more than one story shall open outwards, and all doors of schoolhouses shall remain unlocked while school is in session. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 1.)

SEC. 379. Exits, Fire-escapes. [7852] That in every public or private schoolhouse of two or more stories every story above the first shall be provided with either two or more exits from the upper floor separate and distinct from the exits of the lower floor, or shall be provided with sufficient and suitable fire-escapes, 120 which shall be built of iron or steel. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 2.)

SEC. 380. Furnaces. [7853] That the tops of all furnaces in public and private schoolhouses shall be covered with asbestos covering or masonry, and the top of such furnace shall not be nearer than eighteen inches to the nearest woodwork above. The ceiling above said furnaces shall be covered with asbestos. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 3.)

SEC. 381. Plans of Buildings Submitted to State Architect. [7854] That no contract shall be let for the erection of any school building, nor shall any public funds be paid out for the erection of schoolhouses of two or more stories, until the plans for such buildings shall have been submitted to the state architect and approved as to all the requirements of this act. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 4.)

SEC. 382. Inspection; Duty of School Boards. [7855] That each county superintendent shall annually inspect each publicschool building, including the county-high-school building, in districts under his supervision; and the mayor or fire marshal shall annually inspect all public and private school buildings in cities of the second class; and the fire marshal shall annually inspect all public and private school buildings in cities of the first class.121 The examining officer under this section shall report to the respective school boards having jurisdiction any violation of this act, or any conditions which he may deem dangerous, or which will in any way prevent a speedy exit from the building, and it shall be the duty of said school board when thus notified immediately to make such changes as are required by this act, and such boards are hereby authorized to draw upon their general revenue funds, without further appropriation, to comply with all the requirements of this act. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 5.)

120. A ladder fire-escape is not a “suitable” fire-escape for a schoolhouse.

121. See sections 845-847, General Statutes of 1909, concerning the condemning of buildings in cities of the third class.

SEC. 383. Fire-drills. [7856] That in every public or private school having more than one hundred pupils (excepting colleges and universities) a fire-drill and summary dismissal from the building shall be practiced at least once each month at some time during school hours, aside from the regular dismissal at the close of the day's session. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 6.)

SEC. 384. Penalty. [7857] That any officer or member of a school board who shall permit any provision of this act to be violated for sixty days may be removed from his office by a civil action. Independent of such civil action, any officer, member of a school board, city superintendent, principal or teacher violating any provision of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars or more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in jail not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment; provided, however, that this act shall not prevent the prosecution and punishment of an officer or other person under the ordinary provisions of the crimes act for death or injury to any child in a public or private school occasioned by the negligence of such officer or other person. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 7.)

SEC. 385. Time for Compliance. [7858] That within sixty days after the taking effect of this act the provisions of section 1 of this act must be fully complied with, and within one hundred and twenty days the provisions of sections 2 and 3 must be complied with; and any neglect to comply with the provisions of this act beyond the times herein specified shall subject the officers and persons named in this act to the penalties prescribed in this act. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 8.)

SEC. 386. Duty of State Fire Marshal; Fire Drills; Instruction in Fire Prevention. It shall be the duty of the state fire marshal, his deputy or other assistants, to require all boards of education or school boards of all public and private schools in all buildings to see that all teachers of said schools shall have a fire drill at least once each month, and to keep all doors and exits to or from the room unlocked during school hours. The state fire marshal shall prepare a bulletin upon the cause and dangers of fires, arranged in not less than four divisions or chapters, and under the direction of the executive council, who shall have published and deliver the same to the public schools throughout the state, and the teachers thereof shall be required to instruct their pupils in at least one lesson each quarter of the school year with reference to the causes and dangers of fires. Any board of education or board of trustees failing to comply with the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed ten dollars for each offense. (Laws 1913, ch. 312, sec. 15.)

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