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United States Statutes, thirty-one), are hereby conferred on the Secretary of Agriculture, to be exercised exclusively by him. He is hereby authorized and directed, from time to time, to establish such rules and regulations concerning the exportation and transportation of live stock and/or live poultry from any place within the United States where he may have reason to believe such diseases may exist into and through any State or Territory, including the Indian Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia and to foreign countries, as he may deem necessary, and all such rules and regulations shall have the force of law. Whenever any inspector or assistant inspector of the Bureau of Animal Industry shall issue a certificate showing that such officer had inspected any cattle or other live stock and/or live poultry which were about to be shipped, driven, or transported from such locality to another, as above stated, and had found them free from Texas or splenetic fever infection, pleuropneumonia, foot and mouth disease, or any other infectious, contagious, or communicable disease, such animals, so inspected and certified, may be shipped, driven, or transported from such place into and through any State or Territory, including the Indian Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia, or they may be exported from the United States without further inspection or the exaction of fees of any kind, except such as may at any time be ordered or exacted by the Secretary of Agriculture; and all such animals shall at all times be under the control and supervision of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Agricultural Department for the purposes of such inspection. (Feb. 2, 1903, sec. 1, 32 Stat. 791; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat, 59; 21 Ú. S. C., secs. 120, 121.)

1400. Punishment for violations.--That any person, company, or corporation knowingly violating the provisions of this Act or the orders or regulations made in pursuance thereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Feb. 2, 1903, sec. 3, 32 Stat. 192; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U.S. C., sec. 122.)

1401. Quarantine.—That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to quarantine any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or any portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, when he shall determine the fact that cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry in such State or Territory or District of Columbia are affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease; and the Secretary of Agriculture is directed to give written or printed notice of the establishment of quarantine to the proper officers of railroad, steamboat, or other transportation companies doing business in or through any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and to publish in such newspapers in the quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, as the Secretary of Agriculture may select, notice of the established quarantine. (Mar. 3, 1905, sec. 1, 33 Stat. 1264; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U. S. C., sec. 123.)

1402. Transportation from quarantined State of stock and live poultry, except as provided, prohibited. That no railroad company or the owners or masters of any steam or sailing or other vessel or boat shall receive

for transportation or transport from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation deliver for such transportation to any railroad company, or to the master or owner of any boat or vessel, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation drive on foot, or cause to be driven on foot, or transport in private conveyance or cause to be transported in private conveyance, from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry except as hereinafter provided. (Mar. 3, 1905, sec. 2, 33 Stat. 1264; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U. S. C., sec. 124.)

1403. Regulations for inspection, disinfection, certification, etc., and delivery and shipment of livestock and live poultry from quarantined State. That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture, and he is hereby authorized and directed, when the public safety will permit, to make and promulgate rules and regulations which shall permit and govern the inspection, disinfection, certification, treatment, handling, and method and manner of delivery and shipment of cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia; and the Secretary of Agriculture shall give notice of such rules and regulations in the manner provided in section 2 of this Act for notice of establishment of quarantine [21 U. S. C., sec. 124]. (Mar. 3, 1905, sec. 3, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U. S. Č., sec. 125.)

1404. Moving livestock and live poultry from quarantined State under regulations.—That cattle or other live stock and/or live poultry may be moved from a quarantine State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, under and in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, made and promulgated in pursuance of the provisions of section three of this Act [21 V. S. C., sec. 125]; but it shall be unlawful to move, or to allow to be moved, any cattle or other live stock and/or live poultry from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, in manner or method or under conditions other than those prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. (Mar. 3, 1905, sec. 4, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U. S. C., sec. 126.)

1405. Punishment for violations of provisions of sections 2 or 4 of act.That any person, company, or corporation violating the provisions of sections two or four of this Act (21 U.S. C., secs. 124, 126) shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dol

lars, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and'imprisonment. (Mar. 3, 1905, sec. 6, 33 Stat. 1265; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U.S. C., sec. 127.)

1406. Extension of act March 3, 1905, to carriers in interstate commerce.—That hereafter all the provisions of the said Act approved March third, nineteen hundred and five [21 U. S. C., secs. 123-127; 18 U. S. C., sec. 118], shall apply to any railroad company or other common carrier, whose road or line forms any part of a route over which cattle or other live stock and/or live poultry are transported in the course of shipment from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia. (June 30, 1914, 38 Stat. 419; 21 U. S. C., sec. 128.)

1407. Pleuro-pneumonia and other contagious diseases in the District of Columbia.—That whenever any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease affecting domestic animals, and especially the disease known as pleuro-pneumonia, shall be brought into or shall break out in the District of Columbia, it shall be the duty of the Commissioners of said District to take measures to suppress the same promptly and to prevent the same from spreading; and for this purpose the said Commissioners are hereby empowered to order and require that any premises, farm, or farms, where such disease exists, or has existed, be put in quarantine; to order all or any animals coming into the District to be detained at any place or places for the purpose of inspection and examination; to prescribe regulations for and to require the destruction of animals affected with contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and for the proper disposition of their hides and carcasses; to prescribe regulations for disinfection, and such other regulations as they may deem necessary to prevent infection or contagion being communicated, and shall report to the Secretary of Agriculture whatever they may do in pursuance of the provisions of this section. (May 29, 1884, sec. 8, 23 Stat. 33; Feb. 7, 1928, 45 Stat. 59; 21 U. S. C., sec. 130.)

1408. Fences along international boundary lines to keep out diseased animals.—Hereafter

the Secretary of Agriculture may permit the erection of fences along international boundary lines, but entirely within the territory of the United States, for the purpose of keeping out diseased animals. (May 26, 1910, 36 Stat. 440; 21 U. S. C., sec. 131.)

IMPORTATION OF MILK AND CREAM 1410. Prohibition of importation without permit from Secretary.—That on and after the date on which this Act takes effect the importation into the United States of milk and cream is prohibited unless the person by whom such milk or cream is shipped or transported into the United States holds a valid permit from the Secretary of Agriculture. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 1, 44 Stat. 1101; 21 U. S. C., sec. 171.)

1411. Milk or cream unfit for importation.—Milk or cream shall be considered unfit for importation (1) when all cows producing such milk or cream are not healthy and a physical examination of all such cows has not been made within one year previous to such milk being offered for importation; (2) when such milk or cream, if raw, is not produced from cows which have passed a tuberculin test applied by a duly authorized official veterinarian of the United States, or of the country in which such milk or cream is produced, within one year previous to the time of the importation, showing that such cows are free from tuberculosis; (3) when the sanitary conditions of the dairy farm or plant in which such milk or cream is produced or handled do not score at least fifty points out of one hundred points according to the methods for scoring as provided by the score cards used by the Bureau of Dairy Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture at the time such dairy farms or plants are scored; (4) in the case of raw milk if the number of bacteria per cubic centimeter exceeds three hundred thousand and in the case of raw cream seven hundred and fifty thousand, in the case of pasteurized milk if the number of bacteria per cubic centimeter exceeds one hundred thousand, and in the case of pasteurized cream five hundred thousand; (5) when the temperature of milk or cream at the time of importation exceeds fifty degrees Fahrenheit. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 2, 44 Stat. 1101; 21 U. S. C., sec. 142.)

1412. Inspection, certified statement in lieu thereof; waiver of requirements of section 2; regulations, suspension, and revocation of permits.The Secretary of Agriculture shall cause such inspections to be made as are necessary to insure that milk and cream are so produced and handled as to comply with the provisions of section 2 of this Act [21 U.S.C., sec. 142), and in all cases when he finds that such milk and/or cream is produced and handled so as not to be unfit for importation under clauses 1, 2, and 3 of section 2 of this Act [21 U. S. C., sec. 142], he shall issue to persons making application therefor permits to ship milk and/or cream into the United States: Provided, That in lieu of the inspections to be made by or under the direction of the Secretary of Agriculture he may, in his discretion, accept a duly certified statement signed by a duly accredited official of an authorized department of any foreign government and/or of any State of the United States or any municipality thereof that the provisions in clauses 1, 2, and 3 of section 2 of this Act have been complied with. Such certificate of the accredited official of an authorized department of any foreign government shall be in the form prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, who is hereby authorized and directed to prescribe such form, as well as rules and regulations regulating the issuance of permits to import milk or cream into the United States.

The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized, in his discretion, to waive the requirement of section 2, paragraph 4, of this Act when issuing permits to operators of condenseries in which milk and/or cream is used when sterilization of the milk and/or cream is a necessary process: Provided, however, That no milk and/or cream shall be imported whose bacterial count per cubic centimeter in any event exceeds one million two hundred thousand: Provided further, That such requirements shall not be waived unless the farm producing such milk to be imported is within a radius of fifteen miles of the condensery in which it is to be processed: Provided further, That if milk and/or cream imported when the requirements of section 2, paragraph 4, have been so waived, is sold, used or disposed of in its raw state or otherwise than as condensed milk by any person, the permit shall be revoked and the importer shall be subject to fine, imprisonment, or other penalty prescribed by this Act.

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The Secretary of Agriculture is directed to waive the requirements of paragraphs 2 and 5 of section 2 of this Act [21 U. S. C., sec. 142] insofar as the same relate to milk when issuing permits to operators of, or to producers for delivery to, creameries and condensing plants in the United States within twenty miles of the point of production of the milk, and who import no raw milk except for pasteurization or condensing: Provided, That if milk imported when the requirements of paragraphs 2 and 5 of section 2 have been so waived is sold, used, or disposed of in its raw state, or otherwise than as pasteurized, condensed, or evaporated milk by any person, the permit shall be revoked and the importer shall be subjected to fine, imprisonment, or other penalty prescribed by this Act.

The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized and directed to make and enforce such regulations as may in his judgment be necessary to carry out the purpose of this Act for the handling of milk and cream, for the inspection of milk, cream, cows, barns, and other facilities used in the production and handling of milk and/or cream and the handling, keeping, transporting, and importing of milk and/or cream: Provided, however, That unless and until the Secretary of Agriculture shall provide for inspections to ascertain that paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of section 2 [21 U. S. C., sec. 142] have been complied with, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue temporary permits to any applicants therefor to ship or transport milk and/or cream into the United States.

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to suspend or revoke any permit for the shipment of milk or cream into the United States when he shall find that the holder thereof has failed to comply with the provisions of or has violated this Act or any of the regulations made hereunder, or that the milk and/or cream brought or shipped by the holder of such permit into the United States is not produced and handled in conformity with, or that the quality thereof does not conform to, all of the provisions of section 2 of this Act [21 U. S. C., sec. 142]. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 3, 44 Stat, 1102; 21 U. S. C., sec. 143.)

1413. Unlawful receiving of imported milk or cream.-It shall be unlawful for any person in the United States to receive milk or cream imported into the United States unless the importation is in accordance with the provisions of this Act. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 4, 44 Stat. 1103; 21 U. S. C., sec. 144.)

1414. Penalties.—Any person who knowingly violates any provision of this Act shall, in addition to all other penalties prescribed by law, be punished by a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $2,000, or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 5, 44 Stat. 1103; 21 U. S. C., sec. 145.)

1415. Appropriation.— There is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $50,000 per annum, to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out the provisions of this Act. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 6, 44 Stat. 1103; 21 U. S. C., sec. 146.)

1416. Repeal of inconsistent laws.-Any laws or parts of laws inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed. (Feb. 15, 1927, sec. 7, 44 Stat. 1103; 21 U. S. C., sec. 147.)

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