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visions of this Act. Any individual violating any provision of this subdivision shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. (Mar. 3, 1925, 47 Stat. 1121, sec. Te; 6 D. C. Code, sec. 2446.)

115b. Nonresidents; exemptions.-(a) The owner or operator of any motor vehicle who is not a legal resident of the District, and who has complied with the laws of any State, Territory, or possession of the United States, or of a foreign country or political subdivision thereof, in respect of the registration of motor vehicles and the licensing of operators thereof, shall, subject to the provisions of this section, be exempt from compliance with section 7 [6 D. C. Code, sec. 244] and with any provision of law or regulation requiring the

registration of motor vehicles or the display of identification tags in the District. Such exemption shall cover the period immediately following the entrance of such owner or operator into the District equal to the period for which the director has previously found that a similar privilege is extended to legal residents of the District by such State, Territory, or possession of the United States, or foreign country or political subdivision thereof. The director'shall from time to time ascertain such privileges and cause his findings to be promulgated.

(b) Any operator of a motor vehicle who is not a legal resident of the District and who does not have in his immediate possession an operator's permit issued by a State, Territory, or possession of the United States, or foreign country or political subdivision thereof, having motor-vehicle reciprocity relations with the District, shall not operate a motor vehicle in the District unless (1) the laws of the State, Territory, or possession of the United States, or foreign country or political subdivision thereof, under which the motor vehicle is registered do not require the issuance of a motor-vehicle operator's permit or (2) he has submitted to examination within 72 hours after entering the District and obtained an operator's permit in accordance with the provisions of section 7 of this Act [6 D. C. Code, sec, 244]. Any individual who violates any provision of this subdivision shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than $5 nor more than $50 or imprisoned not less than 30 days, or both. (Mar. 3, 1925, sec. 8; 43 Stat. 1123, 6 D. C. Code, sec. 245.)

EX OFFICIO COMMISSIONER FOR ALASKA REPRESENTING DEPARTMENTS OF

INTERIOR, AGRICULTURE, AND COMMERCE

116. Designation of commissioners, residence.—That the Secretaries of the Departments of the Interior, Agriculture, and Commerce be, and they are hereby, authorized and empowered, each for his own department, to designate an employee thereof, employed in and residing in Alaska, who shall be styled ex officio Commissioner for Alaska for the department from which he is selected and who, from the date of his designation, shall reside and maintain an office in the capital of Alaska. (Feb. 10, 1927, sec. 1, 44 Stat. 1068; 5 U. S. C., sec. 119.)

117. Powers of commissioners.—That each of said Secretaries shall delegate and assign to the commissioner representing his department general charge of any or all matters in Alaska under the jurisdiction of such department, or of any bureau or agency thereof, to the extent, in the manner, and subject to such supervision and control as the Secretary may deem proper and expedient. (Feb. 10, 1927, sec. 2, 44 Stat. 1068; 5 U.S.C.sec. 120.)

118. Personnel under commissioners.—That, to the extent the respective Secretaries may determine, employees of the departments affected by this Act who are stationed in Alaska shall be placed under the direct supervision and control of the ex officio commissioner for his department, herein provided for, together with any additional force which may be detailed by the Secretary of the Interior, Agriculture, or Commerce, from the personnel of his department, 'should necessity therefor arise; but nothing herein contained shall be construed to authorize the employment of any additional personnel or to warrant the transfer of any clerk or other employee from one department to another, except in the manner provided by law. (Feb. 10, 1927, sec. 3, 44 Stat. 1068; 5 U. S. C., sec. 121.)

119. Transfer of records, property, and unexpended balances of appropriations. That the Secretaries named in section 1 hereof may transfer to the officer designated hereunder as his representative the records or transcripts of records, property (including office and field equipment), and unexpended balances of appropriations which they may deem necessary or proper to transfer to Alaska in order to carry into effect the provisions of this Act. (Feb. 10, 1927, sec. 4, 44 Stat. 1068; 5 U. S. C., sec. 122.)

120. Additional powers conferred on commissioners by order of President; construction and maintenance of roads.—That the President of the United States may, by order in writing, should he deem it conducive to economical and effective administration, and with the concurrence of all the Secretaries of the respective departments involved, place under the supervision and direction of one of the three ex-officio commissioners provided for in section 1 hereof, and subject to the provisions of section 2 of this Act, any governmental activity relating to Alaska provided for by law now under the direction of the Secretaries named in section i hereof, and to transfer to the officer so selected, the necessary personnel, records, or transcripts of records, property (including office and field equipment), and unexpended balances of appropriations: Provided, That the charge and control of all matters relating to the construction and maintenance of roads in Alaska which may now be under the jurisdiction of any other department, bureau, or agency of the Government, together with the records or transcripts thereof, the property, including field and office equipment, and the unexpended balances of appropriations pertaining thereto, may, with the concurrence of the Secretaries of the respective departments involved, be assigned and transferred to the Board of Road Commissioners for Alaska, created by and in pursuance of the provisions of section 2 of the Act of Congress entitled “An Act to provide for the construction and maintenance of roads, the establishment and maintenance of schools, and the care and support of insane persons in the District of Alaska, and for other purposes", approved January 27, 1905, as amended by the Act approved May 14, 1906 [48 U. S. C., sec. 321]. (Feb. 10, 1927, sec. 5, 44 Stat. 1068; 5 U.S. C., sec. 123.)

TREASURY DEPARTMENT

121. Commencement of fiscal year.— The fiscal year of the Treasury of the United States in all matters of accounts, receipts, expenditures, estimates, and appropriations, except accounts of the Secretary of the Senate for compensation and traveling expenses of Senators, and accounts of the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives for compensation and mileage of members and delegates, shall commence on the first day of July in each year; and all accounts of receipts and expenditures required by law to be published annually shall be prepared and published for the fiscal year, as thus established. (R. S., sec. 237; Oct. 1, 1890, 26 Stat. 646; 5 U. S. C., sec. 256.)

122. Reports by Secretary of Treasury to Congress of officers delinquent in rendering accounts.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall, on the first Monday of January in each year, make report to Congress of such officers and administrative departments and offices of the Government as were, respectively, at any time during the last preceding fiscal year delinquent in rendering or transmitting accounts to the proper offices in Washington and the cause therefor, and in each case indicating whether the delinquency was waived, together with such officers, including postmasters and officers of the Post-Office Department, as were found upon final settlement of their accounts to have been indebted to the Government, with the amount of such indebtedness in each case, and who, at the date of making report, had failed to pay the same into the Treasury of the United States. (July 31, 1894, sec. 12, 28 Stat. 209; May 28, 1896, 29 Stat. 179; 5 U. S. C., sec. 267.)

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

123. Opinion and advice of Attorney General to heads of executive departments. The head of any Executive Department may require the opinion of the Attorney General on any questions of law arising in the administration of his Department. (R. S., sec. 356; 5 U. S. C., sec. 304.)

124. Department of Justice to perform legal services for departments.The officers of the Department of Justice, under the direction of the Attorney General, shall give all opinions and render all services requiring the skill of persons learned in the law necessary to enable the President and heads of Departments, and the heads of Bureaus and other officers in the Departments, to discharge their respective duties; and shall, on behalf of the United States, procure the proper evidence for, and conduct, prosecute, or defend all suits and proceedings in the Supreme Court and in the Court of Claims, in which the United States, or any officer thereof, as such officer, is a party or may be interested; and no fees shall be allowed or paid to any other attorney or counselor at law for any service herein required of the officers of the Department of Justice, except in the cases provided by section three hundred and sixty-three. [5 U. S. C., sec. 312.] (R. S., sec. 361; 5 U. S. C., sec. 306.)

125. Attendance of counsel.—Whenever the head of a Department or Bureau gives the Attorney General due notice that the interests of the United States require the service of counsel upon the examination of witnesses touching any claim, or upon the legal investi

gation of any claim, pending in such Department or Bureau, the Attorney General shall provide for such service. (R. S., sec. 364; 5 U.S. C., sec. 313.)

126. Counsel fees restricted.—No compensation shall hereafter be allowed to any person, besides the respective district attorneys and assistant district attorneys for services as an attorney or counselor to the United States, or to any branch or Department of the Government thereof, except in cases specially authorized by law, and then only on the certificate of the Attorney General that such seryices were actually rendered, and that the same could not be performed by the Attorney General, or Solicitor General, or the officers of the Department of Justice, or by the district attorneys. (R. S., sec. 365; 5 U.S. C., sec. 314.)

127. Appointment and oath of special attorneys or counsel.-Every attorney or counselor who is specially retained, under the authority of the Department of Justice, to assist in the trial of any case in which the Government is interested, shall receive a commission from the head of such Department, as a special assistant to the Attorney General, or to some one of the district attorneys, or as a special attorney, as the nature of the appointment may require; and shall take the oath required by law to be taken by the district attorneys, and shall be subject to all the liabilities imposed upon them by law. Foreign counsel employed by the Attorney General in special cases shall not be required to take the oath required by this section. (R. S., sec. 366; Apr. 17, 1930; 46 Stat. 170; 5 U. S. C., sec. 315.)

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

128. Establishment of the Department of Agriculture.—There shall be at the seat of Government a Department of Agriculture, the general design and duties of which shall be to acquire and to diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture, in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate, and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. (R. S. sec. 520; 5 U. S. C., sec. 511.)

129. Executive Department under Secretary.--That the Department of Agriculture shall be an Executive Department under the supervision and control of a Secretary of Agriculture, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and section one hundred and fifty-eight of the Revised Statutes [5 U. S. C., sec. 1] is hereby amended to include such Department, and the provisions of title four of the Revised Statutes [5 U. S. C., ch. 1], including all amendments thereto, are hereby made applicable to said Department.

That all laws and parts of laws relating to the Department of Agriculture now in existence, as far as the same are applicable and not in conflict with this act, and only so far, are continued in full force and effect. (Feb. 9, 1889, secs. 1, 4, 25 Stat. 659; 5 U. S. C., sec. 512.)

130. Seal.—The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized and directed to procure a proper seal, with such suitable inscriptions and devices as he may approve, to be known as the official seal of the

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Department of Agriculture, and to be kept and used to verify official documents, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe. (Aug. 8, 1894, sec. 1, 28 Stat. 272; 5 U. S. C., sec. 513.)

131. Duties of the Secretary of Agriculture. --The Secretary of Agriculture shall procure and preserve all information concerning agriculture which he can obtain by means of books and correspondence, and by practical and scientific experiments, accurate records of which experiments shall be kept in his Office, by the collection of statistics, and by any other appropriate means within his power; he shall collect new and valuable seeds and plants; shall test, by cultivation, the value of such of them as may require such tests; shall propagate such as may be worthy of propagation; and shall distribute them among agriculturists. (R. S., sec. 526; 5 U. S. C., sec. 514.)

132. Under Secretary of Agriculture; compensation.—There is hereby established in the Department of Agriculture the position of Under Secretary of Agriculture, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and whose compensation shall be at the rate of $10,000 per annum. (Mar. 26, 1934, 48 Stat. 467; 5 U. S. C., sec. 514a.)

133. Secretary to perform duties of former Commissioner of Agriculture. The authority granted to the Secretary of Agriculture by the act of May twenty-ninth, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, establishing the Bureau of Animal Industry, and by the provisions of the appropriation act for the Agricultural Department, approved July eighteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight, relating to said Bureau, is hereby vested in the Secretary of Agriculture; and the said Secretary is hereby authorized and directed to perform all the duties named in said acts and all other acts of Congress in force on February ninth, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, to be performed by the Commissioner of Agriculture. (July 14, 1890, 26 Stat. 288; 5 U. S. C., sec. 515.)

134. Custody of property.— The Secretary of Agriculture shall have charge, in the building and premises appropriated to the Department, of the library, furniture, fixtures, records, and other property appertaining to it, or hereafter acquired for use in its business. (R. S., sec. 525; 5 Ú. S. C., sec. 516.)

135. Assistant Secretary.—That there shall be in said Department an Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall perform such duties as may be required by law or prescribed by the Secretary. (Feb. 9, 1889, sec. 2, 25 Stat. 659; 5 U.S. C., sec. 517.)

136. Duties of the Assistant Secretary of Agriculture.—The Assistant Secretary is hereby authorized to perform such duties in the conduct of the business of the Department of Agriculture as may be assigned by the Secretary of Agriculture. (June 30, 1906, sec. 2, 34 Stat. 670; 5 U.S. C., sec. 517.)

137. Solicitor.—Hereafter the legal work of the Department of Agriculture shall be performed under the supervision and direction of the solicitor. (May 26, 1910, 36 Stat. 416; 5 U. S. C., sec. 518.)

138. Chief clerk.—The Secretary of Agriculture shall appoint a chief clerk. (R. S., sec. 523; 5 U. S. C., sec. 519.)

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