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Also a tract beginning at a point which is south five degrees thirty minutes west of the center of section 33, township 8 north, range 47 east of Montana principal meridian, and distant therefrom two thousand two hundred and eighty feet; thence south forty-one degrees thirty minutes west one thousand and eighty feet; thence north seventy-three degrees twenty minutes west one thousand nine hundred and twenty-five feet; thence north sixteen degrees forty minutes east two thousand three hundred and seventy-five feet; thence north sixtyeight degrees ten minutes east three hundred and forty feet; thence south thirty-five degrees forty-five minutes east two thousand six hundred and fifty-five feet, to the point of beginning, containing ninety-six and one-tenth acres, more or less. (Apr. 15, 1924, 43 Stat. 99.)

548. Tags of Government motor vehicles in District of Columbia.That all motor vehicles owned and officially used by the United States or by the District of Columbia shall carry registration tags of the same character and the operator of any such motor vehicle shall be subject to the same regulations and provisions as apply to all other motor vehicles operated within the District of Columbia, all such registration tags and all registration certificates to be furnished without charge. (Apr. 23, 1924, sec. 13, 43 Stat. 109; 20 D. C. Code, sec. 843.)

549: Motor-vehicle fuel sold by Government agencies in District of Columbia for use in private vehicles; collection of tax.-That when under authority of law gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel is sold by an agency of the United States within the District of Columbia, for use in privately owned vehicles, such agency of the United States shall, by agreement with the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, arrange for the collection of the tax of 2 cents per gallon herein authorized to be imposed, and for accounting to the collector of taxes of the District of Columbia for the proceeds of such tax collections. (Apr. 23, 1924, sec. 14, 43 Stat. 109; 20 D. C. Code, sec. 844.)

EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE ON ARLINGTON ESTATE

550. Portion of Arlington estate transferred to Secretary.—That jurisdiction is hereby transferred and given to the Secretary of Agriculture and his successors in office over so much of the Government land in Alexandria County, Virginia, known as the Arlington estate, as lies east of the public road, leading from the Aqueduct Bridge to Alexandria, Virginia, otherwise called the Georgetown and Alexandria road, and between said road and the Potomac River, containing about four hundred acres, with the exception, however, of a strip of land as follows, commencing at the point where the Georgetown and Alexandria road enters the Arlington estate on the north side, thence along said road six hundred and twenty-five yards, thence in a line perpendicular to said road to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, thence along said canal to the south line of the reservation, jurisdiction over which is retained by the Secretary of War. (Apr. 18, 1900, sec. 1; 31 Stat. 135.)

551. Purpose of act.—That the declared purpose of this Act is to set apart said tract of land as a general experimental farm in its broadest sense, where all that pertains to agriculture in its several and different branches, including animal industry and horticulture, may be fostered and encouraged, and the practice and science of farming in the United States advanced, promoted, and practically illustrated. (Apr. 18, 1900, sec. 2; 31 Stat. 136.)

552. Property to be controlled by Secretary of Agriculture; improvements not to interfere with natural waterways, etc.; rights of electric railway company not impaired.-That the Secretary of Agriculture will take immediate and absolute control of said property described in section one, and by clearing, underdraining, grassing, laying out proper roads and driveways, constructing proper bridges and buildings, and in other ways as his judgment may dictate bring said property as rapidly as possible into the

proper condition to answer the purposes for which it is set apart: Provided, That all improvements of or which may at any time be made upon said premises, as herein contemplated, shall be so located, constructed, and maintained as not to interfere with or obstruct the natural waterways or the sewers or other means now established or which may hereafter be provided, constructed, or maintained for the purpose of affording proper drainage and sewerage to the other portions of said estate: And provided further, That this Act shall not impair or interfere with any of the rights heretofore granted by Act of Congress to the Washington, Alexandria and Mount Vernon Railway Company to construct, maintain, and operate its electric railroad across the said portion of the estate lying east of said public road. (Apr. 18, 1900, sec. 3, 31 Stat. 136.)

553. Secretary of Agriculture given discretion to carry act into effect.That in the development, improvement, and management of said property full discretion is hereby given the Secretary of Agriculture and his successors in office to carry into effect the declared purposes of this Act. (Apr. 18, 1900, sec. 4, 31 Stat. 136.)

RESEARCH INTO LAWS AND PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING BASIC PROBLEMS OF

AGRICULTURE

554. Secretary of Agriculture authorized to conduct research into basic problems.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to conduct research into laws and principles underlying basic problems of agriculture in its broadest aspects; research relating to the improvement of the quality of, and the development of new and improved methods of production of, distribution of, and new and extended uses and markets for, agricultural commodities and byproducts and manufactures thereof; and research relating to the conservation, development, and use of land and water resources for agricultural purposes. Research authorized under this section shall be in addition to research provided for under existing law (but both activities shall be coordinated so far as practicable) and shall be conducted by such agencies of the Department of Agriculture as the Secretary may designate or establish. (June 29, 1935, sec. 1, title I, Public, 182, 74th Cong.)

555. Similar research by experiment stations. The Secretary is also authorized and directed to encourage research similar to that authorized under section 1 to be conducted by agricultural experiment stations established or which may hereafter be established in pursuance of the Act of March 2, 1887, providing for experiment stations, as amended and supplemented, by the allotment and payment as provided in section 5 to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories for the use of such experiment stations of sums appropriated therefor pursuant to this title. (June 29, 1935, sec. 2, title I, Public, 182, 74th Cong.)

556. Appropriation.-For the purposes of this title there is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $1,000,000 for the fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this title, and for each of the four fiscal years thereafter $1,000,000 more than the amount authorized for the preceding fiscal year, and $5,000,000 for each fiscal year thereafter. Moneys appropriated in pursuance of this title shall also be available for the purchase and rental of land and the construction of buildings necessary for conducting research provided for in this title, for the equipment and maintenance of such buildings, and for printing and disseminating the results of research. Sums appropriated in pursuance of this title shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, appropriations for research or other activities of the Department of Agriculture and sums appropriated or otherwise made available for agricultural experiment stations. (June 29, 1935, sec. 3, title I, Public, 182, 74th Cong.)

557. "Special research fund.”-Forty per centum of the sums appropriated for any fiscal year under section 3 shall be available for the purposes of section 1: Provided, That not to exceed 2 per centum of the sums appropriated may be used for the administration of section 5 of this title. The sums available for the purposes of section 1 shall be designated as the “ Special research fund, Department of Agriculture”, and no part of such special fund shall be used for the prosecution of research heretofore instituted or for the prosecution of any new research project except upon approval in writing by the Secretary. One-half of such special research fund shall be used by the Secretary for the establishment and maintenance of research laboratories and facilities in the major agricultural regions at places selected by him and for the prosecution, in accordance with section 1, of research at such laboratories. (June 29, 1935, sec. 4, title I, Public 182, 74th Cong.)

558. Allotments.-(a) Sixty per centum of the sums appropriated for any fiscal year under section 3 shall be available for the purposes of section 2. The Secretary shall allot, for each fiscal year for which an appropriation is made, to Puerto Rico and each State and Territory an amount which bears the same ratio to the total amount to be allotted as the rural population of Puerto Rico or the State or Territory bears to the rural population of Puerto Rico and all the States and Territories as determined by the last preceding decennial census. No allotment and no payment under any allotment shall be made for any fiscal year in excess of the amount which Puerto Rico or the State or Territory makes available for such fiscal year out of its own funds for research and for the establishment and maintenance of necessary facilities for the prosecution of such research. If Puerto Rico or any State or Territory fails to make available for such purposes for any fiscal year a sum equal to the total amount to which it may be entitled for such year, the remainder of such amount shall be withheld by the Secretary. The total amount so withheld may be allotted by the Secretary of Agriculture to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories which make available for such year an amount equal to that part of the total amount withheld which may be allotted to them by the Secretary of Agriculture, but no such additional allotment to Puerto Rico or any State or Territory shall exceed the original allotment to Puerto Rico or such State or Territory for that year by more than 20 per centum thereof.

(b) The sums authorized to be allotted to Puerto Rico and the States and Territories shall be paid annually in quarterly payments on July 1, October 1, January 1, and April 1. Such sums shall be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury upon warrant of the Secretary of Agriculture in the same manner and subject to the same administrative procedure set forth in the Act of March 2, 1887, as amended June 7, 1888. (June 29, 1935, sec. 5, title I, Public 182, 74th Cong.)

559. Territory defined.-As used in this title the term “ Territory means Alaska and Hawaii. (June 29, 1935, sec. 6, title I, Public 182. 74th Cong.)

560. Rules and regulations.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out this Act. (June 29, 1935, sec. 7, title I, Public 182, 74th Cong.)

561. Right reserved to alter, etc., act.—The right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act is hereby expressly reserved. (June 29, 1935, sec. 8, title I, Public 182, 74th Cong.)

COTTON STATISTICS AND ESTIMATES

562. Statistics and estimates of grades and staple length of cotton; collection and publication.—That the Secretary of Agriculture be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to collect and publish annually, on dates to be announced by him, statistics or estimates concerning the grades and staple length of stocks of cotton, known as the carryover, on hand on the 1st of August of each year in warehouses and other establishments of every character in the continental United States; and following such publication each year, to publish, at intervals in his discretion, his estimate of the grades and staple length of cotton of the then current crop: Provided, That not less than three such estimates shall be published with respect to each crop. In any such statistics or estimates published, the cotton which on the date for which such statistics are published may be recognized as tenderable on contracts of sale of cotton for future delivery under the United States Cotton Futures Act of August 11, 1916, as amended [26 U. S. C., ch. 14], shall be stated separately from that which may be untenderable under said Act as amended." (Mar. 3, 1927, sec. i, 44 Stat. 1372; 7 U. S. C., sec. 471.)

563. Information furnished of confidential character.—That the information furnished by any individual establishment under the provisions of this Act shall be considered as strictly confidential and shall be used only for the statistical purpose for which it is supplied. Any employee of the Department of Agriculture who, without the written authority of the Secretary of Agriculture, shall publish or communicate any information given into his possession by reason of his employment under the provisions of this Act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than $300 or more than $1,000, or imprisoned for a period of not exceeding one year, or both so fined and imprisoned, at the discretion of the court. (Mar. 3, 1927, sec. 2, 44 Stat. 1373; 7 Ú. S. C., sec. 472.)

564. Persons required to furnish information; request, failure to furnish; false information.—That it shall be the duty of every owner, president, treasurer, secretary, director, or other officer or agent of any cotton warehouse, cotton ginnery, cotton mill, or other place or establishment where cotton is stored, whether conducted as a corporation, firm, limited partnership, or individual, and of any owner or holder of any cotton and of the agents and representatives of any such owner or holder, when requested by the Secretary of Agriculture or by any special agent or other employee of the Department of Agriculture acting under the instructions of said Secretary to furnish completely and correctly to the best of his knowledge, all of the information concerning the grades and staple length of cotton on hand, and when requested to permit such agent or employee of the Department of Agriculture to examine and classify samples of all such cotton on hand. The request of the Secretary of Agriculture for such information may be made in writing or by a visiting representative, and if made in writing shall be forwarded by registered mail, and the registry receipt of the Post Office Department shall be accepted as evidence of such demand. Any owner, president, treasurer, secretary, director, or other officer or agent of any cotton warehouse, cotton ginnery, cotton mill, or other place or establishment where cotton is stored, or any owner or holder of any cotton or the agent or representative of any such owner or holder, who, under the conditions hereinbefore stated, shall refuse or willfully neglect to furnish any information herein provided for or shall willfully give answers that are false or shall refuse to allow agents or employees of the Department of Agriculture to examine or classify any cotton in store in any such establishment, or in the hands of any owner or holder or of the agent or representative of any such owner or holder, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $300 or more than $1,000. (Mar. 3, 1927, sec. 3, 44 Stat. 1373; 7 U.S.C., sec. 473.)

565. Powers of Secretary of Agriculture; appropriation.— The Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person; and shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for the purchase of samples of cotton, for rent outside the District of Columbia, printing, telegrams, telephones, books of reference, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses as shall be necessary to the administration of this Act in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and there are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for such purposes. (Mar. 3, 1927, sec. 4, 44 Stat. 1373; 7 U. S. C., sec. 474.)

566. Cotton crop reports. That, of the reports issued by the Secretary of Agriculture, pursuant to the Act entitled “ An Act authorizing the Department of Agriculture to issue semimonthly cotton crop

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