« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
; port of
385 | Spencer, J. C. declines bis election as senator 173
24 Seed of grain received at Albany from Spain 174
33 || Spain, decree of the king of, concerning fo-
reigne:s in the service of the patriots 248
35 | Spectacle of a beautiful night in the deserts of
59, 208, 336 | South America,-Morillo's invitation to British
, general Bollivar's address to
the congress on the form.
ation of a constitution 342
209 | Steam boats, mode of towing rafts of timber by 338
314 || Verses, selected
by Croaker & Co.
.97 || Weights and measures, British government
Subscriptions due to the National Register, from July 1, 1818, to June 30, 1819,
Editor and proprietor, a: Washington City.
July 1, 1819.
THE NATIONAL REGISTER.
Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Luwrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.
to absolute purity of thinking and writing, a hope Contents of this No. of the National Register.
may be allowed to the Proprietors of the National ORIGINAL.-Address to Patrons, 1-Song, 14-Minor Cri
ticism, 14-Editor's Cubinet-For igu News, 15--History Register, tha:, ia aiming to acquire an accurate of Congress, 15--Bank of the United States, 15.
diction and a sound mode of reasoning in their SELECTEN.- Miscellany-Astronomica Caleniation, 2-the sente of Georgir, 1- a finirs of the Bank of the United ally to the community at large; because, as they
Progress of crime, 3-Saty. Bovendien het pages, they recommend their print more effectu. pava: officers, 7-Rates and duties on articles imported I suppose, if it be an object to improve the intelfrom the United Statts into ''pper Canuda, 7- Home lect at all, it is an object to improve it in the best Affair:- Message of Gov. Find ay to the Legislature of Pennsylvania, 7.-Proceedings of Congress, 11.
manner; especially where the means of doing so
are as cheap and convenient as in cases where the Address of the Proprietors of the National means are worse. Register to their patrons.
In discarding reports, rumors, and surmises, in commencing a new volume of the NATIONAL nothing is lost to the reader; be, on the contrary, REGISTER at the beginning of a new year, the gains by just so much as there would subsequentPronrietors feel themseives called upon to thank ly be a necessity of contradicting in the perusal their friends and the public for the liberal patron. || of some of the daily gazettes, half a man's time is age whiols, for the short time they have had any lost in unreading what he had previously read.concern in it, has been bestowed upon their pa They exist upon all kinds of absurdilies and conper. Their industry will keep pace with this tradictions, and the extent of their devouring coliberality; and their efforts will be unceasing to lurns requires sich garbage wherewith to fill render the Register the first print of its class in them, as more salutary nutriment is not generally the United States. Time, however, must test within their reach. that fact.
When it is considered how very few people It may have been observed by the reader, per- reason vigorously upon every thing which they haps, that the National Register deals very peruse, and how much easier it is barely to relittle in surmises, rumors, and reports, which a. member than to reason efficiently, the fairness and bound so much in the ordinary newspapers, and the force of these observations must be admitted. which are mostly inserted, in the first instance, ll The human mind is never engaged, however with a view to deceive, or for the purpose of slightly, with impunity; if it is does not detect and speculation, and are copied to fill up dull co. resist error and falsehood, it is sure to receive kimns. The great object with the Proprietors of them, and to give to them a sanction, more or less this paper is to make it a record of political and weighty, hy recollection. other truths, as far as truth is attainable from the Like most others who have a commodity to disvarious publications which give currency to the pose of, the Proprietors do not altogether rely for incidents of human life and the transactions which success on mere utili.y: they seek, of course, to Inark the course and characters of nations. After make the contents of their sheet as pleasant, as the greatest care and sifting, however, the degre various, and thereby as agreeable, as possible, so of truth acquired is in most cases very imperfect, that the freshness of novelty may yield a zest to arising from either ignorance or design. The what is useful. In the publication of some of the propagation of error is wonderfully facilitated in larger documentary communications made by the the common journals, from the ease with which President to Congress during the session of that knavish and unlettered men glide into the ma.body, this print will not, it is probable, be so nyement of them. A certain bold and flippanit || rapid as some of its cotemporaries; but they will, air put on in a paragraph gives to it an apparent in it, be more correctly and completely printed. value, although it may be full of unjust thoughts | The garbled state in which some of the documents and ungrammatical expressions, which tend to are now thrown before the public by the daily corrupt the understanding and debase the lan- | newspapers, has determined the Publishers of the guage of the reader; for an ignorant and illiterate | National Register to insert them entirely, and in press has the same pernicious effect on the mind || their regular order. that low company has on the manners.
With the best compliments of the season to The preceding reflections are not made with their Parrons, the Proprietors take this occasion sny particular view of assuming a superiority in to remind them of the conditions of subscription these respects over many other publishers of pe- to their paper. All wlio are in arrears on the 1st riodical works: but whilst no pretension is made Il of January, 1819, either by dues up to, or ard
vances from, that date, will oblige the concern by about 15 miles from this place, discovered, on the remitting or calling and paying the amount at an
site where he had fixed his dweliing, a number
of graves, the size of which appeared uncommonearly day. This request will, it is likely, be more
. This awakened his curiosity, and led particularly attended to, when it is recollected him to a minute examination, which convinced that the Register does not reap any profit from an
him they were the remains of human beings much advertising cristom. Another request, which is smaller than those of the present day. Tie seemed
warranted in Uis conclusion, as well fron the equally a condition, and very essential to the Pub, uniform appearance of the skeletons (the length lishers, is, that all letters addressed to them re of which in no case exceeds 4 feet) as from the specting the paper should be post-paid. They
teet, which bore the evident marks of those be. have been already subjected to heavy expenses ficis to a gentleman of this, lace, wbo, on Sunday
longing to adult persous He communicated these on this account.
hust, together with two other gentlemen, accompaLAWRENCE, WILSON, & Co. nied Drs. Ivaller and Graysou to the place of inCity of Washington,
terment. They found, as had been stated, in a January 2, 1819.
wood adjacent to the house, a great number of
graves, situated on small tumuli or billocks, raised MUSCELLANY.
about three feet above the surface; they examined
several the first of which, by actual measurement, of the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees. The grave was carefully cased on both sides, as
was discovered to be only 23 inches in length. of the latitude by observation (with a sextant, quadrant, or o her instrument proper for the
well as at the head and foot, with Hat stones; in purpose,) and the true latitude on that parallel, the bottom also a stone was fixed on which the taking into view the spheroidal figure of the body was lying, placed on the right side, with the
head to the east. Time had completely destroyed Earth
It we admit a degree of latitude on the Earth's all the soft parts of the bodly, as well as decom. surtice to be equal to 69 2 of our miles, the cir.
posed the bones, which, however, still preserved
their relative situation. cunference, supposing its form to be that of a
The teeth, which were expected to furnish the perfect sphere, is 219.12, and the diameter 7929.735 miles.
best abil perhaps only data to judge, were found Beit it has been ascertained, upon principles enamel, which seems only to yield to chemical de.
in a state almost perfect, being defended by the that will not, probably, be now controverted, that the true figure of the Carth is that of an oblite composition. To the astonishment of all, they spheroid, ihe ratio of whose polar axis to the
proved to be teeth of a being, wbo, if it had not equatorial diameter is as 318 to 319
attained the age of puberiy, bad unquestionably
The polar diameter, according to this proposition, is 7904 877 arrived at that period of life when the milk teeth
vield 10 the second or permanent set. The moof our miles, The duneter of a perfect sphere equal to the second teeb. Tlie jaw bone seemed to have its
lares and incisores were of the ordinary size of the spheroid above stated,
' is found, by taking a geofiul complement, unless it was the dentis sapienta, metrical mean of these two diameters, to be 7917. 296 miles: if we divide this by 636, twice the ra
or what is beiter understood by the wisdom teeth, tio of the pelar axis, we have 12 4185 miles, equal
which make their appearance from 18 to 22 or 23. to the diflerence, on the parallel of 45 degrees of
The next grave examined was on an adjacent thie latitude by observation, supposing the Earth | mound, and measured 27 inches; it resembled in to be a perfect sphere, and the true lautuve, ali every respect the first, except that the top of it lowing for its real spheroidal form. The lajtude
was covered with flat stones plac: d llorizontally.
Several others were openul, all of which present by observation should, therefore, be 45° 10 47"!
an uniform appearance, and none, although many 61 dec. The following rule will give the corresponding
were in asured, proved to be in length more than
4 feet 2 or 3 inches From these facts the mind Jatitude, by observation, on any parallel, from u is brought to the ti resistible conclusion, that these to 90 degrees: Let z represent the equatorial diameter, and yaad inferior in general size to, ourselves. For, if
are the remains of being differing altogether from, the polar axis of the earth.
in the subjeci first mentioned, we suppose it to be tangent of the true latitude on the paral a being of the usual growth, the fact of its having lel, langent latitude, by observation Accord-atiined the age of 7 or 8 years, as seems proved ing to this rule, 45 degrees (allowing for tlie
from the teetli, is directly opposite to and at war spheroical fornı of the Firth, and the ratio of the with the circumstance of its being only 23 inches diameters above stifted) wili correspond with 45° | long, the usual length of a child 8 or 10 months TV'27" 606 dec. by observation
oli, and justifies the conclusion that, by nature, WILLIAM LAMBERT.
it was destined to be of interior size. December 28, 1818.
As to the time that those bodies have been de.
posited, there is no clue by which to form any Explanation of the algebraical signs.
certain opinion. The bones have been thoroughof the equaterial diameter, divided by the square | ly changed by time, nothing remaining but the oi ine polar axis; S multiplied by, equal to. line or earthy particles of them, which can under.
go no further change, and may as well be supDILIRF S. ELUTONS.
posed to have been in this state five centuries as For the Jissouri Gazelle, printed at St. Louis, oni one:-It is certain they bave been there an im. the oth of Vovember, 1813.
mense lengih of time from the large growth of A sliort time since, vir. Long, the proprietor of tinder on the mounds, and the roots of trees that a farm on the south bank of the Meramec river, ll had made their way through the graves. This
subject certainly invites the attention of the || That she considered marriage as the socied in. learned and curious, and opens an ample field for stitution of Heaven, and it would be betraying investigation, at least to form some plausible con- | the feelings of her heart if she ever bestowed jecture of a race of beings who have inhabited our her hand on another. She breathed forth pray. country at a period far beyond that of which tra- ers for his happiness, and wished hiin to remem. dition gives us any account.
ber her in his supplications to the Throne of
Grace. There never was a more pathetic and From the Albany Daily Advertiser of Dec. 2, 1818. eloquent appeal to the feelings of an audience,
or which called more loudly for exemplary damaBreach of Promise of Marriage.
ges from a jury. The tear of sympathy stole from The circuit court in and for the county of every eye, the glow of honest indignation fushed Montgomery, was opened before his honor Mr. I every countenance. The counsel of the defenJustice Spencer, on Monday, the 16th inst. and dant, by the introduction of this letter, were continued during the week. Among the trials | truly heaping damages on the head of their which excited a great degree of interest and client. The letter of the lady evinced a mind feeling, was that of an action brought by a lady | highly cultivated and refined, a heart possessing, residing in Canajoharie, against a physician living in an eminent degree, the softness of her sex, and at Saratoga, for a breach of promise of marriage. Il a composure and tranquillity, which could alone The respectability and standing of the parties, be derived from religion and virtue. the novelty of the case, and the peculiar circum His honor the judge, in a very feeling and elo. stances attending it, engaged a more than ordi- quent charge to the jury, after remarking on the nary attention On the part of the plaintiff it was rare occurrence of actions of this nature, dwelt prored that the defendant had paid his ad. with much force on the peculiar circumstances at, dresses to her, and cven solicited the consent 'uftending the one before ihem. A lady of refined her father to a uniwn, which was given.
manners and good education, alive to every noble ber of letters written by the defendant to the sentiment, and, to add to the interest which she plaintiff, were read in evidence, which contaired excited, being in delicate health, had been made the warmest professions of friendship and esteem, | to pine in solitude, and consigued to celibacy, and breathed in every line the soft accents of love. throngh the faithless conduct of one who had This correspondence, which had continued for a gained her affections, and solemnly promised to considerable length of time, was broken off by be her companion and protector through life. In the defendant. From some pretended cause, his summing up the evidence, he adverted, with inach heart became estranged from the former object emotion, to the letter of the lady, to which he of his love-he had met with another young lady paid the highest tributes: observing, at the same (the friend of the plaintiff,) whose glittering time, that so far from evincing a disposition to re. purse perhaps dazzled his eyes, and with a mag- lease the defendant from bis engagement, it netic power attracted his wavering heart. He showed the very reverse-it presented the deaddressed her-gained her heart and added to fendant in a more odious view, and exhibited the his faithless conduct the sanction of matrimony, brightest part of the lady's character. That the leaving the former idol of his affections a prey to receipt of such a letter, written under such cir. tender anguish.
cumstances, was enough to break the heart of any The defence relied on was, that the plaintiff other man. He told the jury that this was the had released him from his engagement, by ad- most aggravated case which had ever come bevising him to marry her friend. As evidence of fore him, and that it was their duty to lay a heathis, but most fatally for the defendant, and most vy band on the defendant. To the honor of a ju. unfortunately for his learned counsel, a letter was ry, composed of the honest yeomanry of the coinintrodaced written by the plaintiff to him. Ittry, be it said, they reruned to the bar with a was the last which she had addressed to him, verdict for the fair plaintiff of five thousand dol. composed at a time when her heart was wrung
lars, with the painful conviction that she had ceased Breach of Promise of Marriage. In the report to interest him, and when the more painful intel. of this trial in our paper of yesterday, the names Tigence was communicated that he was on the eve of the parties were omitted. Many inquiries have of being united to another. Under these truly been since made respecting them, which it was afflicting circumstances, so trying to the tender not in our power to answer; but we learn by a sensibilities of the female bosom-she addressed Johnstown paper now before us, that the name of hia--not with harsh epithets of censure and re the lady is Miss Lucy dubbard, of Cana jonarie, proach; but in the most tender and affectionate i and that of the defendant Dr. John 11. Steele, of langgage. In the spirit of grief, she told him of Saratoga.--[Ed. Alb. D. Adv. the inforination which she had received, requesting him to inform her without reserve, whether
PROGRESS OF CRIME. he was indeed about to be united to another; and From the Charleston City Guzitie of the 14th Dewtbout evincing a spark of jealousy or resent
cember, 1818. ment, she offered the warmest tribute of friend.
DIGIWAY ROBBERY! ship and respect to the amiable qualities of her On Saturday last, two men, namel Solomon friend-recommending her as every way calculat- | Cumbo and Daniel James, were brought before ed to make him happy, and if he had determined J. 11. Mitchell, esq. justice of peace, for having to make her nis wife, telling him to do so with committed a robbery on the Georgetown road, out delay. As for herself, she had become re- near this towo. The subjoined are the particile conciled to her unhappy situation, though lan- lars, as they came ont on the examination: guage was inadequate to describe the deep an It appears that fuur men, of the names of Dan: guisha wluch had rent her bosom The fair prosiel James, John Robinson, and Jim pects of connubial happiness which smiling hope | men, and Beil, a jeweller by trade, left kad held up to her view, were biasted forever.
this city early on Friday evening, in a small boat,
STATISTICS. anui inizled opposite the barracks, near Haddrell's From the Georgia Journal of December 15, 1818. Point, where they secured their boat, and left
REPORT her, crossing over, through the woods, to the of the State Commissioners to the Executive, renorthern post road. Having reached it, they dis- lative to the Boundary between this State and guised themselves, by blacking their faces with the Creek Indians. gunpowder, and hanging moss round their hats, William Rabun, Governor, &c. of the State of which hung down over their faces. Soon after
Georgia. they arrived at the road, Solomon Cumbo, who Sin,-The honorable Wilson Lumpkin, United had been down to market, came up: they stopped States' commissioner for determining the lines of and robbed him of about 25 dollars During the il the Creek lands, treated for by general litchell, act, Cumbo's borse took fright, and ran back 10 in January of the present year, having notified us, the Ferry, leaving him with the robbers. They that he should leave Milledgeville on the 20th ult. took hiin with them into the bushes, and if the for the purpose of visiting the southern tract, and evidence of Daniel James is to be relied upon, designating the boundary between that part of the who was admitted as States' evidence, Climbo state and the Indians, we accompanied him to joined them in eating and drinking through the Fort Hawkins The route by Fort Hawkins was night, and proposed to them that they should adopted, that he miglit obtain necessary explana. way-lay the mal, which would pass that spot about tion fiom the agent, arrange the attendance of the 7 o'clock next morning, and rob it-stating to in commissioners, an interpreter and a mili. them at the same time, that he left a traveller at ary escort. These dispositions being effected, the Ferry house, who was to come on early in the we lefi Fori llawkins for Hartford, wirich place . morning, and who had a considerable sum of mo. we reached on Monday, 25d uit. and were ihere ney with him, of which they might easily become detained until Friday, the Indian deputation not possessed --He accordingly blacked his face, as presenting themselves to accompaay lis before the others had done, and decorated his head with that time. Receiving no intelligence from our moss. Wien the mail came along in the morn escort, it was resolved to pursue our cou se down ing in a sulkey, driven by a lad of 15 or 16 years the Ocmulgee without them, leaving directions old, they all went out into the road, and stopped for them to follow us. We crossed the river the boy, making some inquiries of him how soon || about 27 miles below Hartford, piloted by major the stage from Charleston might be expected Cothran, a gentleman minutely acquainted with along, prett nding they were desirous of getting a the country we were about investigating. Propassa be in it to Georgetown. They did not take gressing about 8 miles further down, brouglit us hold of the horse, altho Cumbo advanced verv to a creek, which the Indians had been accusnear to his head; but one of the sailors told the || tomed to call the Al.ca-sak a li-kic, and on which hoy they would not trouble him, and lie might the whites, who explored the country some years drive on.
James, in his deposition before the back, appeared to have bestowed the name of magistrate, said it was him who gave this order, Bighouse creek. This stream, from its position,
is be conceived it would be a pity to rob the bearings, length and direction of its prongs, and mail, thereby breaking the chain of correspond.indeed in most of its localities and natural circui. ence throughout the Union.”
stances, presents a striking correspondence with Soon after the mail bad passed on, the expect. || the signification of its Indian name, the map fored traveller, mentioned above, rode up-they | warded from the war department, and with the stopped him, and, according to their account, ageni's description; "the first considerable creek, robbed him of 17 dollars--when, getting alarmed, || above Blackshear's road,” given in conversation the four first named retreated through the woods || with the United States' commissioner, and still to their boat, pushed off, and pulled towards more particularly in his communication to the ex. James Island. Cumbo immediately went down ecutive of Georgia, under date February 30, 1818. to the Ferry, and informed that he had been rob. Though these coincidences, and an accumulation bed, as above stated, (carefully concealing, howe
of evidence derived from the most respectable ver, that he had any agency in the second rob sources, that this creek, had been commonly menbery) and that the jobbers were then pulling a. tioned by the Indians as the Alca-sak-a-li-kie, cross the harbor for the opposite shore. A fer. I left no doubt in our own minds of this being the ry-boat was instantly manned, into which three identical creek contemplated in the treaty, yet it or four public spirited inhabitants of the village was judged eligible to accompany the Indian comjumped, and pushed off in pursuit; but before missioners to the one, which they were instructed they could overtake them, they had landed on to designate, on the present occasion. They at James Island, and fed into the bushes. After length conducted us to a small water course, some time spent in the search, one of them, Dan- | about 5 miles below Blackshear's road, presenting iel James, came out from his hiding place, sup- more the appearance of a gully, or branch, than posing they were gone, and was secured. The a considerable creek, and bearing so much down rest have not yet been taken. James immediate- the river, that a line passing by its head must inly charged Cumbo, who had aiso gone in the pur- tersect the Ocmulgee from 10 to 12 miles below suing boat, with being an accomplice, and with the before mentioned road, and informed us that having recommended the robbery of the mail; || this was the Alca-sak-a-li-kie. As a line passing and this was in part confirmed by the depositlon || by any point of this creek would compleiely deof the post-boy, who described Cumbo as being feat the objects of the purchase, and its position disguised like the others, and of having evinced flaily contravened the agent's criterion of “the some disposition to stop his horse. On his part, first considerable creek above Blackshear's road," however, Cumbo disclaimed all intention to par.
• Alca-sa-ka-li-kie, signifies, we are informed, “a kettle ticipate in the robbery, and asserts that they had boiling in a crech"-and the creek called by the whius, Bigmacie a prisoner of him, and compelled him to
house, has sveral springs, rising from limestone cavities,
nearly circular, which imitating torrents of gas, present a take the part he did in the business.
striking resemblance to a large kettle in a state of ebullition.