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have, to this day, preserved it in all nour even a sneeze, one os its ma
their colonies. nifest and sensible operations. This
The Rabbins, in speaking of this has given rife to the different forms
custom, do not give it the fame an- of compliments, used on like occa.
tiquity: they tell us, that after the sions, among the Greeks and Ro
creation, God made an universal law; the purport of which was, that every living man should sneeze but once; and that, at the same instant, he should render his foul to God, without any previous indisposition. Jacob, whom this abrupt manner of quitting the world by no means suited, and who desired to have it in his power to make his conscience easy, and settle his family affairs, humbled himself before the Lord, expostulated with him once again, and prayed with the utmost earnestness to be exempted from the general law. His prayers were heard, he sneezed, but did not die.. All the princes of the earth • being informed of the
mans; as live: be well: may Jupiter preserve yon.
Curious Account of the loft Decades of Livy's History.
TH E following letter is translated from a scarce little piece, entitled Lettres He la Reyne de Suede*, and may perhaps be acceptable for the singularity of its contents:
To M. Colomies.
SIR, Thank you for communicating to me your studies. I have fact, ordered, with one accord, that lately been informed by M. de la for the time to come, sneezing should Motte le Vayer, that you have'sent be accompanied with thanksgiving, to the press some pieces in which and wishes for the prolongation of you mention me as your authority
for what you advance, concerning the loss sustained in our days of what is wanting in the common editions of Livy's Roman History; I believe I told the story to you as I did to many others; I did not indeed fee the battledoors that were made of the skins, on which the
We may trace from these fictions, the origin of that tradition and history, which place, long before the establishment of Christianity, the rise of this piece of civility, which is at last become one of the duties of social life. It was looked
upon as very ancient in the time of lost Decades of that author were
Aristotle, who did not know its ori-
in favour of the head, as the chief marquis de Rouvile. This genfeat of the foul, that intelligent tleman assured me, in the most so
wntten; but I heard it from the mouth of a person of unquestionable veracity, almost forty years ago, who was then governor to the
substance, which governs and animates the whole mass, have carried their respect for it so far, as to ho
lemn manner, that being with hit pupil at one of his estates neat Saumur, and having an inclination
tjori so make him exercise himself both for your own glory, and for
at Tennis* he ordered some battle- their instruction.
doors to be bought for him at that T •
fcity. On examining the parch- *am'&C
ment of these, he imagined that Chapelain.
he saw upon the greater part of Paris,
them the Latin titles of the eighth> ,2 Sept. 1668.
tenth* and eleventh Decades of LU
vy, which made him ardently de. "~~
the°bott>LeXamining AiS matKr W Form of the Anathemas denounced
TT . ,i i . azainft Robbers in the middle Arcs.
Having immediately gorie to the ■* *
shop-keeper from whom the battle- ALL states are, at different
doors had been bought, he was told, JLX. times, infested with robbers*
that the apothecary of the abbey but they abound most under a feeble
of FonteVraud having found, in form of government, incapable of
the corner of a chamber in that framing or executing salutary laws
abbey, a large pile of parchment for suppressing them. It appears
MSS. and having read upon fe- from a letter of Lupus, abbot of
veral of them, that they were the Ferneres", in the ninth century, that
history of Livy, he begged them of the highways were so much infested
the abbess, telling her, that as the with banditti, that it became ne
book was already in print, they cessary for travellers to form them
were of no value; but that the selves into companies or caravans,
parchments might be of some ser- that they might be safe from the
vice to him. The abbess readily assaults of robbers. The nu
granted his request; and he sold merous regulations published by
them to the (hop-keeper, who or- Charles the Bald, in the fame
dered a great number of battle- century, discover the frequency of
doors to be made of them, whereof these disorders; and such acts of
he (hewed the gentleman upwards violence were become so common,
of twelve dozens, besides those that by many they were hardly
which he had already disposed of, considered as criminal; and for
and sent to other places. The re- this reason the inferior judges,
maining ones bore, some in one called Centenarii, were required
place, and some in another, the to take am oath, that they would
fame titles and Latin words, which neither commit any robbery them
confitmed the suspicions raised by selves, nor protect such as were
the' first; namely, that they were guilty of that crime. The histo
the lost Decades of Livy's history, rians of the ninth and tenth cen
I take pleasure, Sir, in confirming turies give pathetic descriptions of
to you, by this detail, what I told their outrages. They became so
you in general, upon this subject; frequent and audacious, that the
that you may not be accused of authority of the civil magistrate
having, without reason, named me was unable to repress them. The
as your authority; meanwhile, con- ecclesiastical jurisdiction was called
tinue your labours, and oblige the in to aid it. Councils were held
public by your valuable productions, with great solemnity, the bodies of
L 2 the
the "saints were brought thither, and, in presence of their sacred reliques, anathemas were denounced against robbers, and other violators of the public peace. One of these forms of excommunication, issued in the year 988, is still preserved, and is so singular, and composed with eloquence of such a peculiar kind, that it will not perhaps appear unworthy of a place here. After the usual introduction, and mentioning the outrage which gave occasion to the anathema, it runs thus:
'Obtenebrescant oculi vestri, qui concupiverunt; arescant ma. nus, quæ rapuerunt; debilitentur crania membra, quæ adjuverunt. Semper laboretis, nee requiem inveniatis, fructuque vestri laboris privemini. Formidetis, & paveatis, a facie persequentis, & non persequentis hostis, ut tabescendo desiciatis. Sit portio vestra cum Juda traditore Domini, in terra mortis ac tenebrarum; donee corda vestra ad satisfactionem plenam
convertantur. Ne cessent a vo
•bis hæ maledictiones seclerum vestrorum persecutrices, quamdiu permanebitis in peccato pervasionis.
Amen. Fiat, Fiat,' Bouquet.
Recucil des hist. torn. x. p. 517.
Englished.. "May your eyes, that have coveted, be darkened; may the hands be withered up, that have robbed; may all the limbs be infeebled, that have helped. May ye always labour, yet never find rest; and may ye be deprived of the fruit of your labour. May ye be in fear and dread from the face of the enemy, whether he pursues or does not pursue you, that, by wasting away, you may at length be consumed. May your portion be with Judas, who
betrayed our Lord, in the land of death and darkness; till your heart! are converted to make full satisfaction. May these curses, taking
vengeance of your wickedness, never cease their effect on yon, so long as you remain in the sin of robbery. Amen. So be it, Se be it."
Report of a Journey into the Ntrtb of Ireland, written to Jufiice Cary, by Sir John Harington, 1599.
HAVING expected shipping till the eighth of this month, and meeting with none convenient, in respect that all were taken op with sick soldiers, or with my Lord Lieutenant's horses, I was desirous to make some use of the time that I should stay here, and there&te was easily persuaded to go with Sit William Warren, my kind friend, with whom I had been formerly acquainted in England, and to see some part of the realm northward, and the arch-rebel himself, with whom Sir William was to treat.
But staying at Dundalk till the 15th of this month, and no news certain of the earl's coming, I went to fee the Nevvry, and from thence to Darlingford, by the narrow water, and was hindered by waters that I could not come back to Sit William Warren before his first meeting with the earl Tyrone, which was on the 17th day; what time, how far they proceeded I knot' not, but it appeared that the earl was left in good disposition, because he kept his hour so well, the next morning. And, as I found after, Sir William had told him of me, and given such report of me above my desert, that next day, when I came, the earl used far greater respect to me, than I expected; and began debasing his own manner of hard life, comparing himself to wolves, that fill their bellies sometime, and fast as long for it; then excused himself to me that he could no better call to mind myself, and some of my friends that had done him some courtesy in England; and been oft in his company at my lord of Ormond's; faying, these troubles had made him forget almost all his friends; 'After this he fell to private communication with Sir William, to the effecting of the matters begun the day before: to which I thought it not fit to intrude myself, but took occasion the while to entertain his two sons, by posing them in their learning, and their tutors, which were one Friar Nangle, a Franciscan, and a younger scholar, whose name I know not; and finding the two children of good towardly spirit, their ages between thirteen and fifteen, in English cloths, like a nohitman's sons; with velvet gerkins and gold lace; of a good chearful aspect, freckled faced, not tall of stature, but strong and well-set, both of them their English tongue. _ I gave them, not without the ad vice of Sir William Warren, my English translation of Ariosto, which I got at Dublin: which their teachers took very thankfully, and soon after shewed it the earl, who called to see it openly, and would needs hear some part of it read; I turned, as it had been by chance, to the beginning of the 45th canto, and some other passages °f the book, which he seemed to »ke so well, that he solemnly swore his boys should read all the book over to him.
Then they fell to communication again, ami calling me to him, he. said, that I should witness, and tell my lord lieutenant, how, against all his confederates wills, Sir William had drawn him to a longer cessation, which he would never have agreed to, but in confidence of my lord's honourable dealing with him; for, faith he, now is my harvest time, now have my men their fix weeks pay afore-hand, that they have nothing to. do but fight; and if I omit this opportunity, and then you (hall prepare to invade me the mean time, I may be condemned for a fool.
Also one pretty thing I noted, that the paper being drawn for him to sign, and his signing it with O'Neal, 3ir William (though with very great difficulty) made him to new write it, and subscribe Hugh Tyrone. Then we broke our fasts with him, and at his meat he was very merry, and it was my hap to thwart one of his priests in an argument, to which he gave reasonable good ear, and some approbation. He drank to my lord's health, and bade me tell him he loved him, and acknowledged this cessation had been very honourably kept. He made likewise a solemn protestation, that he was not ambitious, but sought only safety of his life, and freedom of his conscience, without which he would not live though the queen would give him Ireland.
Then he asked of Sir Henry Harington, and said he heard he had much wrong, to have an imputation of want of courage, for the last defeat at Arkloo: pretesting that himself had known Sir Henry serve as valiantly as ever any man did, naming the time, place, and persons, all known to Sir William
L 3 Warren.
Warren- Other pleasant and idle tales were needless and impertinent, or to describe his fern table, fern form? spread under the stately canopy of heaven. His guard, for the most part, were beardless boys without shirts; who, in the frost, wade as familiarly through rivers as water spaniels. With what charm such a master makes them love him I know not; but, if he bid come, they come, if go, they do go; if he fay do this, they do it. He makes apparent mow to be inclinable to peace; and some of his nearest followers have it buzzed amongst them, that some • league of England with Spain or Scotland, or I know not where, may endanger them. But himself, no doubt, waits only to hear what my lord lieutenant intends, and according to. that will bend his course.
Fryar Nangle swears all oaths^ that he wilj do all the good he can, and that he is guiltless of the heinous crimes he is indited of; for, if he had his pardon, perhaps there might be made good use of him. This is all I remember any way worthy the writing to you, not doubting but Sir WiUiam Warren, that had the sole charge of this business, will give you much better account of the weightier affairs, than I that only went to fee their tnanner of parting.
I remain in much duty,
Pay and Clothing of the Army in Ireland, in Queen Elizabeth's Reign ; from the fame*
I Must not forget, nor cease to tell her majesty's good, wife, and gracious providings for os her
captains and our soldiers, In sum. mer heats and winter colds, in hunger and thirst, for our backs and our bellies. That is to fay, every captain of an hundred footmen doth receive weekly, upon every Saturday, his full entertainment of twenty-eight (hillings. In like cafe, every lieutenant fourteen shillings; an ensign seven shillings; our serjeant, surgeon, drum, and fife, five shillings pay by way of imprest; and every common soldier three shillings delivered to all by the pole weekly. To the four last lower officers two shillings weekly, and for every comrnoi) soldier twenty pence weekly is to be answered to the full value thereof, in good apparel of different kinds, part for winter, and part for summer, which is ordered of good quality and stuff for the prices; patterns whereof must be sent to the lord-deputy to be compared and prepared as fo|loweth.
Apparel for an officer in winter.
A «afsock of broad cloth with bays, and trimmed with silk lace, twenty-seven shillings seven-pence.
A doublet of canvass with silk buttons, and lined with white linnen, fourteen (hillings five-pence.
Two shirts and two bands, nine shillings and six-pence.
Three pair «f kersy stockings, at two shillings and four-pence a pair, seven shillings.
Three pair of (hoes neats leather, at two shillings and four-pence per pair, seven shillings.
One pair of Venetians of broad Kentish cloth, with silver' lace, fifteen shillings four-pence.