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wholesome liquors, which make it extremely durable. By this art, it seems, wood can be tempered, in some respects, like metals, as it can be rendered soft and hard alternately. Common copper hoops have been thus made to bend and twill resembling cordage. The timber of a second-rate (hip at Woolwich has actually been surprizingly hardened, and the plank rendered flexible as well as durable; elm water pipes have been converted into a kind of petrified state, the durability of which it is supposed may extend to 100 years. Wheels of coaches, carts, masts, &c. have been altered to a hard, tough, and elastic nature,. which several brewers of this city have experienced; while brewers butts and pipe-staves receive such firmness, as to last several years longer than usual, besides being perfectly sweet: and oak timber, the growth of our colonies, which is naturally too soft and porous, acquires by this process such a compadt, tough state, as nearly to be the rival of English oak in (hip-building, which at present is become a national concern on account of its scarcity.
They write from Vienna, that during the last passion weak, the empress, according to custom, performed the ceremony of washing thetfeet of twelve women, when it was rertitokable that their ages, when together, amounted to 1052 years; one of them was 104, and another 106 years of age.
The wife of one Mr. tJmith, mason, in Oxford-road, was delivered * of four sons, who are all likely to do well; the husband is 53 years of age, and the woman forty-seven.
The wife of ons Simpson of South Kingston, of three boys and a girl.
Died lately, at Putney, aged 93,
Robert Patton, Esq: formerly S scarlet dyer in Southwark; htf died worth 50,0001.
As also, after a lingering illness, in the 89th year of his age, Jacob Hervey, Esq; of Cookham, in the county of Berks (the oldest justice of the peace for the county of Middlesex).
Forty-seven public and pii- vate bills received the royal assent by commission, among which are the following, viz.
For granting a certain sum out of the sinking fund to his majesty,for the service of the present year.
For applying certain monies for the service of 1769.
For applying the money granted for the militia.
For reducing into one act the laws relating to the militia.
For farther encouraging the growth of silk in America.
For granting 780,cool, by way of lottery.
. For making a new road from Blackfriars-bridge.
For better securing the duties of customs.
For permitting the free importation of raw hides from Ireland and America.
For discontinuing,- upon the exportation of iron imported in foreign (hips,- the drawbacks of such parts of the duties payable thereon, as exceed the duties payable upon iron imported in British ships, &<r.
For preventing abuses in making' bricks and tiles.
For punishing persons destroying mills.
For improving the navigation of the Clyde.
For permitting from Jersey and Guernsey, the export of goodo to Newfoundland.
For carrying rice from South and North Caroiina and Georgia,, to any part of America.
For the preservation of harboupmoorings, and punishing persons stealing his, majesty's naval stores.
Arnd »n act for the relief of insolvent debtors.
A brace of young woodcocks was fliot in Chellenden-wood, by Thomas Smith, game-keeper to Horatio Mann, efq; another bra«e were (hot next day near the fame spot; there were found seven young ones, and the old bird was seen feeding them. —An event of the like kind is related by Borlasc, in his Antiquities of Cornwall. 1 Near five hundred of the livery of this city met at the Hilfraoou Tavern, Cheapside, when Edw. Bond, efq; was chosen chairman. A request for a commonhall was agreed to and immediately signed. Soon after, the whols company waited on the lord mayor at the Mansion-house; his lordship received them with great.politeness, »ad informed them, that he apprehended this method of requestlag a common-hall to he rather unprecedented, though the present times may require a new method; that he should do every thing in Ms power to oblige so respectable a body as the livery of London; that; he would call a court of commoncouncil as soon as he conveniently wuld, and lay their request before that court, and abide by their determination.
Naples, March 18. This metropolis has been thrown into great confusion, from the apprehensions «f the common people, who have
given great credit to a prediction, that tius tii; , .0 be entirely ruined by an earthquake:., i.hich„ it is said, will happen ci the 20th instant. This has struck such a v>auic, that several thousands have lei t :he place, and a.great number of families have moved their effects into the country. As this report is supposed to have beenpropagated byi gang of thieves, in order to profit by the absence of the credulous, we have doubled our guards; and all the troops who compose the garrifon.hav.-: orders to hold themselves in readiness to march, whenever their assistance r.iav be necessary, at a moment's warning.
A court of common-council , was held at Guildhall, in con- ^ sequence of the application of the livery to die lord mayor, for calling a common-hali, when a motion was moved, " That the right honourable the lord mayor be desired to issue a precept to assemble the livery in common-hall pursuant to their application to him," which, after long debate, was carried in the negative; six aldermen and eighty-six commoners, against three aldermen and sixty-nine commoners,.
The lord mayor, on opening the court, desired the act 13 Car. 11, to be read, whereby it is enacted,'' that no person shall solicit or procure hands, or other consent of persons above the number of .twenty, to any petition, remonstrance, or other addrcfsjto the king, unless the matter thereof has been first consented to by the sord mayor, aldermen, and common-council assembled; and that no person or persons whatever shall repair to his majesty, or both or either houses of parliament, upon pretence of presenting any petition, complaint, or other address, with excessive numbers of people, not at [//] 2 any any one time with above the number of ten persons, upon pain of incurring a penalty not exceeding iool. in money, and three months imprisonment."
Naples, April ". The emperor, accompanied by the English envoy the hon. William Hamilton,'went to view Mount Vesuvius, and the ruins of Pompeia, which was destroyed by the eruption of that volcano, in the time of Pliny the Naturalist. The British envoy afterwards dined with his imperial majesty, and in the evening accompanied him to the theatre. , , Their majesties, accompanied by the princes of Mecklenbourgh Strelitz, dined at Richmond, and afterwards went to Epsom, and were present at the races there. A fellow, who stood near his majesty, had the audacity to hollow out '* Wilkes and liberty for ever!' On which some of the light-horse drew their swords, but the fellow made his escape.
The court of King's-bench gave judgment in the cause of the riot at the last general election at Preston; when Mr. Justice Yates, after a. most nervous and pathetic speech bn the turpitude of riots at elections, pronounced sentence: an officer was fined ioool. four other defendants iool. each, and three months imprisonment; and three other rioters, On account of their low circumstances, fix months imprisonment.
On Wednesday was tried a cause in the court of common-pleas, Guildhall, before lord chief justice Wilmot, wherein the master of a north country vessel was plaintiff, and several custom-house officers 'defendants, for entering his boat, and illegally searching the same, and himself likewise; when a ver
dict was given for the plaintiff, with 500I. damages.
The grand question on the „<. petition of the Middlesex electors was decided in the house of commons, in favour of colonel Luttrell, who was then declared the sitting member, on a majority of legal voices. The first precedent of the kind in the journals of the house.
George Williams, for rob- . bing Jonah Hodgkings on the' highway; and Richard Bruce, for forging an indorsement to a note for the payment of 9I. 16s. 6d. with an intent to defraud Messrs. Owen and Foot, linen-drapers in Holborn, were executed at Tyburn pursuant to their sentence at the Old Bailey.
This day his majesty went to the house of peers, ancUgave the royal assent to such private bills as were ready. ,
After which his majesty was pleased to make a most gracious speech; and the lord chancellor, by his majesty'scommand, prorogued the parliament to the 14th of June next.
A baronet was convicted, by a bench of justices at Barnet, in the penalty of 3iool. for making his own candles; but the penalty was mitigated to 110I. before the justices left the court.
A most curious watch has been delivered to his majesty, which has a hand that is a year in making its revolution, and points to the month and the day of the month throughout the year; a second hand acts in the fame manner of a regulator, by means of a pendulum, and is adapted to move, or not, at pleasure, without preventing the other parts of the work from going. It has also a plate, on which, by means of
1 a brila brilliant, is represented the sun, which regularly performs its diurnal revolution, and on which is placed a moveable horizon, to shew the variation of the days, according to the seasons of the year: and though it has so many motions, the watch is only of a common size.
A letter from Bristol gives an account of a very destructive fire at Crediton in Devon ; the letter is dated May 2, eleven at night. All the best part of the town (generally called West Town) is reduced to ashes; from the top of Bowden-hill, to the corn-market, and all BackLane, for about three-eighths of a mile; by which it is supposed upwards of two hundred houses are destroyed. The person who wrote this account fays, "we have scarce saved any thing, and what little we have is broken in pieces. Wo have lain in an orchard two days and one night."
This day captain Allan was discharged from Newgate; the session of parliament being ended.
nth ^aS ^e^ t'le anniyer'"ary meeting of the sons of the clergy. The collection at the church and hall amounted as follows;
/. s. d. At the rehearsal, 157 16 3
On Thursday at St. Paul's, 148 15 o At Merchant taylor's hall, 487 11 9
794 3" which is ml. 16s. id. short of last year's collection.
At Hicks's Hall, a bill of indictment was found by the grand jury of Middlesex against Edward M'Quirk for the murder of George Hopkins on the 8th of last December at Brentford. This is the fame man who was lately tried and convicted for the murder of George
Clarke at the fame time and place and received his majesty's pardon" A reward of an hundred pounds is advertised for taking him.
The sessions ended at the , OldBailey. Ninety prisoners $ were tried, of whom seven received sentence of death, two to be transported for fourteen years, thirtyone for seven years, and two branded.
The mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of Stratford-upon-Avon, in Warwickshire, have lately elected David Garrick, esq. an honorary burgess of that corporation; and this day the proper officers of the corporation waited on Mr. Garrick, with his freedom inclosed in a box of curious workmanship, made from a mulberry-tree planted by Shakespeare himself. On the front. Fame holding the bust of Shakespeare, and the three Graces crowning him with laurel, are prettily displayed; on the ends emblematical figures repreientingTragedy and Comedy; on the back p^rt Mr. Garrick in the character of Lear in the storm scene; and the*top and corners were ornamented with devices of Shakespeare's works, allcurioufly carved and highly finished, by an eminent carver in Birmingham. This box was accompanied by the following letter;
"To David Garrick, Esq. > "Sir*
"The mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of the ancient borough of Stratford-upon-Avon, a town that glories in giving birth to the immortal Shakespeare, whose memory you have so highly honoured, and whose conceptions you have ever so happily expressed—rejoice in a,n pp» portunity of adding their mite to that universal applause your inimi""3 table taHS. powers have most justly merited; and, as a mark of their esteem fcnd gratitude, • have respectfully transmitted to you the freedom of their borough, in a box made from a mulberry tree, undoubtedly planted by Shakespeare's own hand, •which they hope;, os v. ill do them the honour of accepting. "By order of the mayor, aldermen,
and burgesses in common-council, '\. - 'W. Hunt, Town-clerk.
'In consequence os the ebovei a jubilee in honour and to the menfo•fry of Shakespeare will be appointed •at Stratford the beginning -of Septomber next, to be *ept up every seventh year. Mr. Garric'k, at the particular request of the corpora-r lion and gentlemen of the rieighrjcruThood, haiacceptedthe fteWa*d'tbijp. " At tire first jubilee','' a large Handsome tdiilce, lately erected in ^iratford by subscription:, will 4ae Wtried Shakespeare's Hall; and de"dttated to his memory.'
■i/Oh i'"'The great duchess was 1 ■'brought to bed of a prince at Flctferfce, between'three and four "t.his morning, which was immediately announced t» the public by a ^triple discharge of the cannon from ^the fortress. The chriiiening of the.young prince, for which every thing has been Ictog prepared, is to be performed this morning.
, Cardinal Ganganelli is
-J9 "• -proclaimed pope, and has "taken the title of'Clement XIV. He was born at St. ArchAngelo, in the diocese'* of Rimini, the 31ft of October 1705, is of the order of Freres Mineurs Conventuals, and was created cardinal in 1759. Extract of a letter from Hull, May ?, 1769.
*' We'have this day, from the marshal of the admiralty in Holderness, the following melancholy scene; five sailon, who landed at Hornsea a few days ago, are seized -and committed prisoner; to Beversey goal. Upon a preeognitkm tak^-n before the magistrates, they consesitd, they belonged to the Tsebeila, Alexander Henderson of Leith, master; that the master had •hired them at Hamburgh, for Daowick; that they left Hamburgh the 18th of April, and, on the 2 i-st, got near the latitude of the Naze, whein one of them stabbed the captain when asleep, and ■rfjrew him overboard: Upon which they intended to make for Holland and turn smugglers: but providentially they Were' driven on the coast of Holdernefs, whore they determined to sink-the vessel, and for that .purpose opened her ports, hove the ballast to one side,' and then quitted her; but the day after •she was discovered floating about eight miles from the shores The ruffian's' disposed of the captain's clothes, &c. and besides had got •feme p»unds in casli. The ship's boat and some other trifles are in the marshal's possession."
four Colliers, at work in a pit near Whitehaven, were all suffocated by the foul air of an old adjoining work. They have left 2& children and four widows unpro•vided for.
A whirlwind raised up into the -air; from a bleach-field at Paisley, "22 pieces of silk lawn, and carried some of the pieces four miles oflfc and others five.
The petition of the county ^1 of Middlesex was presented * to the king at St. James's, by the following gentlemen; Mr. serjeant