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recourse was had to parliament, to tarry the agreement into execution; The proceedings in the townineetings at Boston, in America, underwent the severest censure, and were declared illegal and unconstitutional, and calculated to excite sedition and insurrection. And the letters of the assembly to other pro-* vinces unwarrantable and danger^ ons; tending to create unlawful combinations: repugnant to the laws of Great Britain: and subversive of the constitution. The convention is held as a daring insult to his majesty's authority, and an audacious usurpation of the powers of government.
At a common hall of the
livery of London,Mr. Clavey in the chair, a set of instructions to the representatives of the city in parliament were read, and unanimously approved. At this meeting Mr. alderman Beckford attended, and spoke to the following effect: "This resolution of yours to inftruct your members, gentlemen, is tight; for it is constitutional. If *uyinstructions should be given to me which may be inconsistent with my own sentiments, I shall always take the liberty, with decency and humility, to fay, that, in my opinion, they are improper; but far be 11 from me to oppose my own judgment against that of six thousand of py fellow-citizens. That giving instructions was according to law, ?nd the custom of parliament; for which (he said) he had the authority of that great oracle of the law, lord Coke. That it must be so in the nature of things; for that formerly representatives were paid Wages by their constituents, but that "1 some late houses of parliament
[the present, he observed, wag the most incorrupt he ever knew], the representatives had rather chuse ta receive pay and pensions from ministers than from their constituents." He then advised, that the livery, in their instructions, should attend to measures, and not men; which he declared, he himself vhad always done ; and that he never would accept of place, pension, title, or any emolument whatsoever.
The greatcause depending .
between the hon. Mrs. Chudleigh, and the right hon. A. John Hervey, esq; was this day determined in the consistory court of London, in favour .of the lady; and she was declared to be free from any matrimonial contract with the said gentleman.
A subscription was set on foot at Cambridge, for a poor clergyman, at Brandon, in Suffolk, who, by two wives, has had eight-and-twenty children, and whose income is 65I. a year, for the service of two churches, nine miles apart, and the teaching a free-school besides.
Both houses of parliament . waited on his majesty with *' their address respecting the critical situation of American affairs. In. this address they approve the measures that have been taken to put a, stop to those disorders; and reconw mend to his majesty's wisdom the most effectual means of bringing to condign punishment the chief" authors and instigators of them j concluding, that, if it should be found necessary, a special commisi sion may be issued for enquiring, hearing, and determining their offences within this realm, pursuant to the provision of an act of parlia* ment, 5 Hen. VIII.
To which address his majesty was pleased to return the following most gracious answer.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"The sincere satisfaction you •xprefs in the measures which I have already taken, and the strong assurances you give in supporting me in those which may be still necessary to maintain the just legislative authority, and the due execution of the laws, in my province of Massachusett's-bay, give me great pleasure.
"I fliall not fail to give those orders, which you recommend as the most effectual method of bringing the authors of the late unhappy disorders in the province to condign punishment."
, At a very numerous meet
•' ' ing of the freeholders of the county of Middlesex at the Mileend assembly-room, it was unanimously resolved to confirm their former choice, by re-electing John Wilkes, esq. their representative ia parliament.
George Bellas, esq. was called to the chair. James Townsend, esq. member os parliament for Westlooe in Cornwall, recommended the reelection of Mr. Wiikes in a very elegant and animated speech; in vfl'lch he observed, that he had never seen nor spoken to Mr. Wilkes before his late expulsion; that he regarded his cause solely as the cause of the people, diveiied of every personal consideration or connection; that the oppression ,<nd injuries which PWr. Wilkes had suffered were sufficient to rouse the indignation of every man that had one generous sentiment in his breast, or the least fense of freedom and regard for the constitution; and that he
would assert the right os the freeholders to the choice of their representatives, by going to give his vote for Mr. Wilkes, in cafe of future expulsions, as long as he mould have a shilling left, or one leg to hop down to Brentford.
John Sawbridge, esq. member for Hithe in Rent, seconded this motion with great spirit, concluding with the words of Mr. Wilkes's address—That if once the ministry shall be permitted to fay whom the freeholders shall not chuse, the next step will be to tell them whom they Jhall chuse.
Mr. Home, Samuel Vaughan, esq. Sir Francis Blake Deiaval,— Eyre, esq.—Jones, esq. and many other gentlemen of property and character, spoke to the same effect.
One Samuel Stockton, of Astley, in Lancashire, a fustian trader, was barbarously murdered by one Hooton, a villain, whom he had entertained as an itinerant preacher. This hypocrite, by his pretended sanctity, had gained the entire confidence of the deceased, who was persuaded by him to raise a large sum of money to lay out in corn in his (Hooton's) country, which, he said, would bring him double in the neighbourhood where he lived; but in his journey to buy the corn, the miscreant murdered and robbed his benefactor, to the ruinofhis family. Ke has since been tried at Lincoln assizes, convicted, and executed; bat denied the fact, and closed his life with an ejaculation to God to receive his innocent foul.
Mr. Wilkes was re-elected at Brentford,member for the county of Middlesex, by the unanimous voiceof aboye two thousand
ef the most respectable freeholders, who, notwithstanding it proved a rery wet day, attended at their own expence early in the morning to fapport the re-election, lest any candidate in the opposite interest should have been, by a party, attempted to be surprized upon the county at the hustings. Every thing was conducted with the molt strict and singular good order. He was put up by James Townsend, esq. member for Westlooe; and when the re-election was declared, they all around testified their joy by the most loud and unanimous shouts of applause. It may be truly said that this re-election has not cost Mr. Wilkes a single shilling, so unanimous and so hearty are the people in his favour. Depreffus nfurgam.
Mr. Wilkes was this day declared' incapable of being a member.
At a very large and respectable meeting of gentlemen at the London tavern, (friends of Mr. Wilkes and the constitution) and at which meeting many members of the house of commons attended, a subscription was set on foot to support the cause, when the sum of 3340I. was immediately subscribed, arid a committee appointed to carry on the same throughout the
kingdom. The preamble to the
subscription paper runs in the following mar.ner: "Whereas John Wilkes,efq. has suffered very greatly in his private fortune, from the severe and repeated proiecutions he has undergone in behalf of the public; and as it ieems reasonable to us, thf.: the rrnn who suffers for the public g&od, Ihould be supported by the public t'We, &c. &c."
At the session of the peace at Guildhall, one of the windowbreakers on Mr. Wilke's birth-day was tried, and sentenced to pay a. fine of 5I. to ask pardon in the public papers, and to give security for his good behaviour for two years.
Was erected in the nave of York cathedral, an entire new painted window, not inferior in point of colour and execution to the most admired works of the fame kind ia ancient structures.
This day five of the capital , convicts were executed, pursuant to their sentence, at Tyburn. W Cooper, Wilks, Perkins, werer*3fr spited, and Balfe and M'Quirk postponed till further enquiry.
At a numerous meeting of the freeholders of Middlesex, at the assembly-room at Mile-end, James Townsend, esq. in the chair, it was again unanimously resolved to support the election of John Wilkes, esq.—At this meeting Sir F. Dela«val pledged his honour that he never would oppose Mr. Wilkes, either in the county of Middlesex, or elsewhere.
A packet with dispatches was received at Lord Hillsborough's office from his excellency gov. Wright, of Georgia, which brought an account of the dissolution of the as- • sembly of thatprovince, on the 24th os Dec. on account os their having answered in a respectful manner the letter from the,assembly at Boston.
The sessions ended at the , Old Bailey, when three per-25' sons were capitally convicted, twenty-two were ordered to be transported, five to be burnt in the hand, ten to be privately whipped, and
twenty to be discharged by profclamation.
i The great cause depending ''before the house of peers, by way of appeal from the sentence of the lords of sessions in Scotland, between the families of Hamilton and Douglas, was finally decreed in favour of the latter. The joy expressed on the news of this much wished for event in Scotland, is not to be Expressed. The lord president, who gave the casting vote on the decision of that affair at Edinburgh, has been insulted ; and it has been with great difficulty that the populace there have been restrained from committing violence on several of the members of that court.
The estate in contest is said to amount to 17,0001. a year. A private letter from Scotland concludes thus; " This judgment has endeared to us the happiness of having a house of peers, and has rendered contemptible, the court of sessions and its commissioners."
Lady Jane Douglas, mother of Archibald Douglas, esq.' who is now the determined heir of the Douglas estate, was daughter of James, marquis of Douglas, by lady Mary Kerr, daughter of Robert, marquis <>f Lothian. Lady Jane's brother succeeded his father as marquis of Douglas, and was in 1703 created Duke of Douglas. His grace died in 1761 without issue. In 1746 jady Jane married Mr. Stewart, afterwards sir John Stewart, of Grand fcully, Bart, and in 174 8 was delivered of a son, the above-mentioned Archibald.
The title of the duke of Douglas became extinct upon the death of the late duke; but the titles of marquis of Douglas and earl of Angus
descended to the duke osHamilton. The estate, which was the point in contest, is said to be about 140001. per annum, old rents.
The master, wardens, and examiners of the surgeons company (ten in number) met at their hall in the Old Bailey, in pursuance of a letter from the earl of Rockford, one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state, desiring their opinion in relation to a doubt that had arisen whether the blow which Mr. Clarke received at the election at Brentford, was the cause of his death ;,and the above gentlemen, after .examining the surgeons, apothecary, and several other persons, returned an answer the same evening to his^ lordship, giving it as their unanimous opinion, that the blow was not the cause of Mr. Clarke's death.
Mr. Foot's deposition at the trial was as follows:
Counsel. Did- you examine the wound r
Foot. I did. The hair on his head was full of sand. I found upon thecrownof the head wasa contused wound; I raised the scalp round the wound, and examined it with my probe; and sound the scalp about four inches round the pericranium, the immediate covering of the skull, was much inflamed. After removing the pericranium, I examined the Ikull itself; I found no fissure, nor fracture. I then raised the scalp opposite to the wound the contrary side, in-order to discover, if I could, what we call a contra fracture or fissure, I found neither. I then raised the sc^lp round the whole of the head, and found none at ajl. I then opened the head the usual way. I found under the dura mater, which is the first covering
thatlies under the skull, a quantity of extravasated blood, and the dura mater itself was much inflamed. I then examined the first covering of the brain. The interior covering I found to be in a great state of inflammation, and the vessels quite swelled with blood: and that one part of it was ruptured, but the rest of the braia was y» a healthy state. Counsel. Do yon, from any or all of the appearances, apprehend what occasioned his death?
Foot. To the best of my opinion, the wound he received on his head was the cause os his death, j. , The election of a knight of 1 'the shire for Middlesex, in the room of Mr. WilkcJ, who has been incapacitated, which was fixed for this day, is postponed to the 16th of March.
Hague, Feb. 16. We received a few days ago an account of the city of Aix-la-Chapelle being besieged and taken by the Palatine troops: the following are the^ circumstances which gave rife to this extraordinary event. The elettor palatine has the appointment of an officer called the grand majeur of Aix, and has a place in the city called Malfwyer, where there is a house fitted np with proper cpnveniencies for carrying on the business oi dying, which thegrand majeurletstowhom he pleases for the prosit of the elector. He happened to let it to a .Protestant, who dyed in all colours'. The magistrates cf Aix maintained that he has no right to dye any othexcblours but scarlet, and that to dye other colours he must be admitted of the dyers company, which no Protestant could be at Aix. The dyer complained to the Palatine court of the obstructions he met
with, upon which the elector took cognizance of the affair, and finding that the magistrates persisted in refusing what he thought he had a right to demand, he sent a body of 2000 men,* who invested the town, and finding the gates shut, opened them by force. These troops are not burtbensome to the burghers, being; all quartered upon the burgomaster* and other members ofthe magistracy; some of whom have forty Of fifty soldiers lodged in their houses. The Esquimaux women, latelybrought over from' file Lebrador coast, was presented to her R. H. the princess dowager of Wale?, who was much gratified at the sight i of a person so different in manners and appearance, from the inhabitants of this part of the world. Her royal highness gave her a gokj medal of her majesty, and ordered! a rich habit to be made for her, after the manner of her country.
Married lately, at Chaddefley Corbett, in Worcestershire, Mr. Thomas Lamb, aged i3, to Mrs. Jane Bibb, aged above 65.
At Clerkcnwell-church, Mr. Boys, of Lincolnshire, aged upwards of 3o, to Mrs. Air, a wido\y lady, aged 70, she being his third wife, and he her third husband.
At Chew, Magna in the county of Somerset, John Thatcher, aged 80, to Mrs. Waller, of the fame £iace.
In Ireland, Robert Judge, esq. of Cookiborough, near Kilbeggan, who served in King William's wars, and received a ball in hi* nose, aged 95, to Miss Ann Nugent, of Mountaston, aged 15.
Died lately of a tedious illness, at his house in Pilgrim-street, Newcastle, in the eighty-first year os