Gambar halaman

session of the Senate-eligibility of General
Shields, 533 ; Prohibition of foreign immi-
grants to work the mines of California, 539;
Col. Fremont’s Expedition, 540 ; Reception

of the Diplomatic Corps by the President, ib.
Convict, The, verse, (Anna Maria Wells,) 310.
CRITICAL NOTICES.—The American Almanac

-Law of Debtor and Creditor in the United
States and Canada, 104 ; Half Hours with
the Best Authors—Duff's North American
Accountant, 105; Calaynos, a Tragedy-
Image of his father, and Model Mien-Rob-
ert Burns--Duties of Attorneys and Solicit-
ors-Friday Christian--Whipple's Essays
and Reviews-Irving's Works--Wayland's
University Sermons--Read's Lays and Bal-
lads, 106; Child of the Sea, and other Po-
ems-History of Charles the First--Grey-
slaer-Minstrel Pilgrim--History of Con-
gress-Cowper's Poems-Gothic Architec-
ture, applied to Modern Residences, 107;
The Forgery-Romance of Yachting, 108 ;
Classical Works, 109; Music and the Dra-
ma, ib.; Sacred Poets of England—Whit-
tier's Poems, 220 ; The Gorgias of Plato,
327; Labor and other Capital --Legends of
Montauk-Chalmers' Posthumous Works
Life and Landscape, by Rev. Ralph Hoyt,
328; Elementary Treatise on Mechanics
Rhymes of Travel, &c., by Bayard Taylor,
329; Industrial Exchanges and Social Rem-
edies-Lord Mahon's History of England-
Macaulay’s ditto-Guizot's Democracy in
France, 330; Poems, by William Thompson
Bacon, 434; Outlines of English Litera-
ture, 435 ; Noel's Essay on the Union of
Church and State-Gold Seeker's Manual-
California and Oregon Trail-Louis Napoleon
Bonaparte-Oregon and California in 1848–
God in Christ, 436; Catechism of the Steam
Engine--Theophany, 437; The Spy; a Tale
of the Neutral Ground-Dahcotah ; or Life
and Legends of the Sioux around Fort Snell-
ing, 648; Living Orators in America-The
Shakspearian Reader, 649; Adventures in
the Lybian Desert and the Oasis of Jupiter
Ammon, 650.

people, ib.; State sovereignties indispensable
to the permanence of the Constitution-con-
trast of Russia, 114. Elements supposed to
tend to disunion : 1st, excess of party spirit,
115; party spirit itself the living principle of
our being and growth, ib.; excess of it but
temporary, passing off with the excitement
of the question producing it, ib.; 2d, nullifi.
cation, 116; the power of the majority a
sufficient corrective, ib; the rule of com-
pensation for inevitable local evils arising
from general measures, ib.; 3d, enlargement
of our territorial limits, 117; its evils gene-
rally obviated by the subdivision of sove-
reignties, ib.; conditions upon which new
territories may be safely added, ib.; public
opinion will not permit a repetition of the
infraction of those conditions, ib.; 4th, sla-
very, ib.; the institution a local disease-not
vital to the general system, 118; does not
politically and directly affect the North, ib.;
should be approached with the law of kind-
ness, ib.; 5th, universal suffrage, 119; evils
arising from the injudicious exercise of the
right but temporary, and finally counteracted
by its moral effect in elevating the character

of its possessors, ib.
Dayton, Hon. William L., U. S. Senator from

New Jersey, biographical sketch of, 68.
Death of Shelley--a Vision, verse, (H. W. P.)

Dominican Republic in the Island of St. Do-

mingo, (S. A. Kendall,) No. I., 235. General
ignorance in relation to the Dominican Re.
public, 235; opportunities of the writer for
obtaining information, ib.; early history of
the city of St. Domingo, 236; its position,
ib.; remains of ancient edifices, 237; French
possession of the west end of the island, 238;
revolt of the blacks there in 1791-did not
extend to the eastern or Spanish portion, ib.;
the latter ceded to the French, and these
again expelled by the inhabitants in 1809,
ib.; independent government established in
1821, ib.; annexed to Hayti in the following
year, 239; compact of annexation violated
by the Haytiens, ib.; government overthrown
in 1843, 240; Constitution published Nov.
24th., 1844, 241 ; description of the country,
ib.; inhabitants, 242; general amalgamation
of the races, and its causes, ib.; creoles of
pure blood predominant in influence, 243;
rural population indolent, ignorant, and bigot-
ed, 244; mercantile more liberal and intelli-
gent, ib.; leading features of the Constitution,
ibid; citizenship--naturalization — political
rights--gratuitous public instruction--Cath-
olic religion, 245; Congress-its constitution
and powers, 246; executive power--mod-
elled upon that of the United States, 247;
the ministry, ib.; judiciary, 248 ; electoral
law, 249; imposts, ib.; jurisprudence, 250.

No. II., 368. Difficulties of the new gov-
erument-emission and depreciation of paper


Dangers and Safeguards of the Union, 111.

Elements which tend to union : 1st, unity
of language, 111; secures the general dif-
fusion and perpetuation of the ideas upon
which our instilutions rest, 112; 2d, unity of
civilization-Americans everywhere almost
identical in manners and habits of thought
upon topics of common interest, ib.; 3d, unity
of interest-found in the closest and freest
intercourse of trade between the remotest
sections, ib.; 4th, unity of government—the
confederation of "78 not a government, but
simply a league, 113; it acted upon States,
while the Constitution acts directly upon the

currency, 368 ; commerce, ib.; exports, 369; | English Novelists, Remarks on, (G. F. Deane)
deficiency of revenue, ib.; financial state- 21. Charles Robert Maturin, 21; The Bride
ment for 1846–7, 370 ; low state of agricul- of Lammermuir, 27; Anne Radcliffe, 28 ;
ture-indications of its former prosperity, ib.;

Mrs. Inchbald, 278.
inefficiency of free colored labor, and its
causes, 372; act of Congress for encourag-

ing immigration-failed of its object, 374 ;
opposition to the project, ib.; religious ob- Favorite Authors, Remarks on my, (G. F.
stacles, 375; feasibility of European colon- Deane,) 464. Thomson, author of the Sea-
ization, 376; practical operation of the con- sons, 464 ; Walton and Cotton, 470; Will-
stitution-favorable as compared with other iam Shenstone, 473.
Spanish-American Republics, 377; obstacles Ferdousi the Persian Poet, 54.
in the character of the people, ib.; instances Foreign Miscellany, 100, 216, 334, 430, 542,
of unconstitutional executive acts, 378; un- 644.
favorable influences—want of nationality in

Flower found in a Chest of Tea, To a, verse,
the constitution and laws, 379; the military (H. W. P.,) 407.
system-religious bigotry, 380 ; loose state Freedom of Opinion, 551. Union of Church
of domestic relations, 381 ; favorable indica- and State impossible in a free nation, 551 ;
tions—general interest in the cause of edu the ed of free states based upon ob a-
cation, ib.; readiness to copy after the better tion of the moral necessities of men, and .
established institutions of older countries, ib.; hence progressive, ib.; men necessarily di-
respect paid to energy and industry, 382; vided in religious creeds resting upon faith-
efforts to obtain recognition from other na- easily united in the ideas of liberty, justice
tions—so far unsuccessful, ib.; prospects of and progress, resting upon necessity, 552 ;
the permanence of the Republic, 383.

unreality of these ideas to abstractionists and

demagogues, ib.; elevated aims and fixedness

of principle of the true republican, 553; the

triumph of obedience over the domination of
Editorial Notices, 437, 548.

pride and will the grand idea of Milton's
England, the Policy of, and its Results, (Henry S. works, ib.; variety of sect--its tendency to

Carey,) 34. England the largest grain-export- dogmatic exclusion and intolerance, ib.; free-
ing country in the world, by converting food dom of opinion a temporary refuge from per-
into manufactured products, 34; production secution and the differences of creeds, 555 ;
retarded in proportion to the cost and labor of never permits us to compel the adoption of
exchange, ib.; English idea of free trade, viz., our principles by another, ib.; slavery-its
forcing her colonies and other countries into control and amelioration left by the constitu-
dependence on her manufactures, 34; object tion to those immediately concerned, ib.; two
of the repeal of the corn laws—a failure, ib.; sects have arisen subversive of freedom of
has always looked abroad instead of at home opinion, the one to extend, the other to de-
for her prosperity, 36; immense waste of stroy this institution, 556 ; opinion usurping
means in consequence, ib.; practical results and despotic when it seizes the weapons of
of the separation of producer and consumer law to accomplish its ends, ib.; limits of the
-neglect of agriculture at home and exhaus- right of opinion---slaves, criminals, children,
tion of foreign dependencies, 37; the earth &c., debarred of necessity, 557; exclusive
the sole producer-man fashions the ma- right to political opinion conferred upon
chine of production, ib.; the less labor be- those who are qualified to use it, ib.; freedom
stowed upon fashioning the products, and of opinion a vital point of republican liberty,
the more upon the machine itself, the greater 558; impossible under a pure democraty, ib.;
the return for labor, 38; shown by the ex- the condition only of a free and intelligent
ample of England, while English economists mind, ib.; not secured to the press in all
teach the reverse, ib.; effect of the nearness cases by freedom from restrictions, ib.; ten-
of a market on the amount of production, 39; dency to confound liberty with license, 559 ;
advantages of cultivation in small farms, ib.; no liberty apart from justice and truth, ib.;
slowness of the adoption of agricultural im- the great conservative party of the Union-
provements, 40 ; the return for agricultural freedom of opinion its fundamental doctrine,
double that for manufacturing labor in Great ib.; American republicanism the golden mean
Britain, ib.; yet buys her food abroad, and between the radicalism and despotism of Eu-
starves her population in manufacturing
towns, ib.; consequent dependence upon for- French Revolution, Three Stages of the, (John
eign countries, and demoralization and an- M. Mackie, A.M.,) 299. Louis Philippe the
archy of trade and commerce, 42; falsity of king of the bourgeoisie, 299; definition of
the Malthusian theory, 43; present exhaus- this class-capitalists, small and large, 300;
tion of England, following upon that of her overthrew Louis XVI., and alternately ad-
dependencies, ib.

hered to and abandoned his successors, as

rope, 560.

the interests of trade dictated, ib.; revolution

of 1830 made by and for the bourgeoisie,
301; Louis Philippe_his government no Idioms and Provincialisms of the English Lan-
improvement upon the former, ib.; main-

guage, review, 251.
tained by blood and unlimited corruption Imitated from Fletcher, verse, 560.
wholly directed to the aggrandizement of Introductory to the Year 1849, 1.
his own family, 302; opposition of the bour Innocence, The Vale of, verse, (J. D. W.,) 81.
geoisie aroused, ib.; miserable condition of
the workingmen-their success a moral tri-

umph over physical resources, 303; opera-
tions of the republicans--made the Revolu- Macaulay's Essays, review, 499.
tion, but lost its benefits for want of a leader, Martineau, Miss, on Education, review, 604.
304; first stage—the Provisional Govern Middle-Asiatic Theology, (J. D. W.,) 71. Im-
ment—its composition a compromise between perfect development of the arts and sciences
the higher and lower classes, 305; its imbe in India, 71 ; Hindoo writings, 72; systems
cility in the midst of discordant elements, ib.; of philosophy, ib. ; analysis, 73; doctrine of
total derangement of the finances--want of the Buddhists--all things begin and end in
energy to meet the crisis, 306; magnificent nothing, 74; gross idolatry resulting from
promises to the work

classes—the na this notion, ib.; opposing system of Gau-
tional workshops, 307; insurrection of June tama-distinguishes between soul and body,
caused by their inevitable closure, ib.; gene ib.; recognizes the true idea of Divinity,
ral policy negative and time-serving, 308 ; 75; theological system, called Vedanta-the
second stage-meeting of the Constituent Supreme pure essence-nature an appear-
Assembly, a restoration of the bourgeoisie, ance, or delusion, ib. ; the Vedanta Sara-its
ib.; popular rights reduced to the old stand idea of salvation-absorption in contempla-
ard, ib.; the Constitution-restoration of the tion of the Ineffable, ib.; mixture of actual
inonarchy under a republican guise, 309 ; vice and apparent piety in their sacred books,
concentrates the powers of the Government 76; the Divinity one with life, ib. ; opposed
in a single irresponsible Assembly, 358; to the orthodox doctrine, ib. ; three different
danger from the absence of local checks, ib.; notions of divinity held by Hindoos, the na-
feasibility of more popular institutions-a tural, the pantheistic, and the ideal, 77;
skeleton of them already in existence, 359; fatalism of the Hindoos, 78; the eternal war
sketch of the local jurisdictions, ib.; despotic between Siva and Vishnu, or death and life,
powers of the President and Council over ib.; worship of the two principles, ib.; the Mi-
local elections, 361; Proudhon and the Social mansa, or method of interperting mysteries,
ists in favor of a still more consolidated gov 79; the Hindoo mythology, ib. ; idolatry a
ernment, ib.; third stage-restoration of the corruption of Brahminism, 80; heathenism
Bonapartes, 362; signification of the election -its various forms, resulting from as many
of Louis Napoleon, ib.; its cause-enthusias false philosophies, ib.
tic recollection of Bonaparte and the Empire, Mozart, review, (G. A. Macfarren,) 44.
363; political effect of the election—a new
historical era, ib.; based upon the attachment
of the French peasantry—the most reliable
portion of the population, 364; probable National Finance, a Plan for Improving the,
course of the new party--will overthrow the (Ammiel J. Willard, Esq.,) 193. Disas-
Constitution lawfully or by force, ib.; want trous condition of our financial interests,
of political convictions in France, 365 ; her brought about by radical theorists, 193; the
immediate future in the hands of her new sub-treasury-its origin--acts as a depletive
chief, 366; is he competent to the task ? 367. when a restorative is needed, 194; the rem-

edy proposed-establishment of a sound na-

tional currency, ib. ; the Free Banking sys-
tem of New York—the best yet devised for

the security of the bill-holder-outline of its
Giaffer al Barmeki, verse, 384.

organization, 195; application of the prin-
Gold Hunting in California in the Sixteenth ciple to the finances of the general govern-
Century, (E. G. Squier,) 84.

ment, 196; would not materially alter the
present organization of the Treasury de-

partment, ib.; advantages to the govern-

ment and the community at large, 197;

anarchy of business, caused by the hoarding
Hunt, Hon. Washington, sketch of his life and of specie in the sub-treasury, ib.; produces
services, 522.

sudden contractions and expansions, 198;
Handel and his « Messiah," review, (G. A. makes the interests of government hostile to
Macfarren,) 135.

those of private individuals, 199; want of a

national currency-an unobjectionable one 12; the first high protective tariff passed by
offered by the plan proposed, ib.; safety of that party and signed by Mr. Madison, ib. ;
this system, 200; would retain specie in its Cumberland road and other internal improve-
legitimate channels, 201.

ments warmly supported by his Administra-

tion, ib.; change of Constitutional principles

involves necessarily a change of political

faith, 13; did all the most distinguished men
Ohio Legislature, Organization of the, 290. of the country change their faith on the ac-
A new

apportionment required by the Consti- cession of Jackson ? 14; Jackson's cabinet
tution every four years, 290; no difficulty composed of Federalists, 15; all the powers
arising from this until 1836, ib. ; the gerry-

of the executive exerted for the overthrow of
mandering system introduced in that year measures of the Democratic party, ib. ; that
by the Democracy, ib.; the House carried party revived under the name of Whig--that
by the Whigs in 1843, and a just apportion- of Democrat assumed by the Jackson party
ment partially restored, 291; apportionment under Van Buren, ib.; miraculous meta-
of 1848—passes the Senate in the form of a morphoses wrought thereby, ib.; the new
compromise-amended in the House-with- Democracy in a perplexity to find their prin-
drawal of Democratic senators to prevent a ciples, ib.; persistent and boastful in their
quorum to act upon the amendments, ib. ; the support of the veto power, 16; that power
House recedes from its amendments, and the used by them twenty-three times in eighteen
bill becomes a law, 292; the Democracy years, and always for party purposes, ib. ;
declare the action unconstitutional-call a most important measures carried by Exec-
State Convention, and pass resolutions deny- utive dictation, ib. ; the people intend to be
ing the existence of any apportionment law, right, ib. ; summary-necessity of every real
&c., ib.; election in Hamilton county-the power in the State being represented in the
law set aside by the Democracy, 293; their Central Power, 17; presidential power-
candidates returned by a minority of the placed by the one above the legislative, as
canvassers, 294; meeting of the House- the head of the party-considered by the
double organization, ib.; constitutionality of other as the head of the ascertained will of
the law acknowledged by the Democratic the people, ib.; rights of conquest incom-
members taking their seats, 295; argument patible with a free government, 18; protec-
for, ib. ; anarchical course of the Democracy tion a silent war against a foreign monopoly
in preventing a legal decision of the ques- of our markets, ib. ; its effects beneficial to

tion, 297; their revolutionary purposes, ib. other nations as well as to ourselves, ib. ;
Origin of the Two Parties : Contrast of their importance of extending facilities for internal

Doctrine--Speech of Mr. John P. Kennedy, commerce, 19; policy of England, founded
at Hagarstown, Md., September 27, 1818,6; by Cromwell, the basis of her wealth and
Every power in a state must be represented freedom, ib.; uses every effort to keep us in
in its government-hence, “universal suf- dependence upon her commerce and manu-
frage" among a free people, a growth of factures, ib. ; immense production of raw
necessity, 6; the Whig Party—its general material in this country, 20; our ad valorem
principles, ib.; needs no new platform every duties-go up or down as the wires are
fourth year, 7; owes its origin to the early pulled by foreign capitalists, ib.; impover-
contests in England for popular rights, ib. ; ishment of our farmers the necessary conse-
the Declaration of Independence its mani-

quence, ib.
festo in the same quarrel in this country, ib. ;
the veto supposed to have been suppressed

by the establishment of our independence-
only allowed in the Constitution as its “ex- Passion, verse, (H. W. P.,) 452.
treme medicine," 8; the Whig party re-em- Philosophical System of Leibnitz, (from the
bodied by its abuse, ib. ; the old 'Democratic French of Maine de Birau,) 575.
and Federal parties—the question of Ex- Plan for Improving the National Finance,
excutive prerogative the ground of their (Ammiel J. Willard, Esq.,) 193.
division, 9; the doctrine of Jefferson that of Poetry.—The Vale of Innocence, (J. D. W.,)
the modern Whigs, ib. ; Locofocoism a step 81; To —, 99; Sonnet, 207; The Con-
beyond Federalism, ib. ; the Baltimore plat- vict, (Anna Maria Wells,) 310; Sonnets,
form-opposition to a national bank, to inter- 312; Sonnet to a Bas-Bleu, 367; Giaffer al
nal improvements, to protection of home in- Barmeki, 384; To a Flower found in a
dustry, 10; radically antagonistic to the old Chest of Tea, (H. W. P.,) 407; Passion,
Democratic party on all these points, ib. ; (H. W. P.,) 452; The Shadow, (H. W. P.,)
internal improvements and the protective 487; The Child and the Aurora Borealis,
policy recommended and sustained by Jef- (A. M. W.,) 498; The Death of Shelley--A
ferson, ib.; the entire Democratic party Vision, (H. W. P.,) 530; Imitated from
united in favor of the bank under Madison, Fletcher, 560; The Birth of Freedom, (J.
D. W.,) 561; Sentiment, 574; To Miss 401; fundamental principles unprogressive,
with a Hyacinth, 587; Sonnets, 594.

ib. ; politics but a particular department of
Policy of England and its Results, 34.

ethics--duty its paramount principle, 402;
Political Proscription, 439.

A perfect theo-

pent-up indignation at foreign abuses vented
ry requisite to a perfect practice, 439; im- in torturing our own institutions, ib.; no
propriety of urging a partisan employment fundamental principle improved or made
of authority on the new government, ib. ; securer after all the patching, 403; facility
reasons of those who do so—right of the of the original construction of our institu-
majority to office, 440; such a right not in- tions--the foundation already laid in our
herent in any individuals, but conferred solely colonial freedom--the times favorable, ib. ;
by election or appointment, ib.; men in power as perfect at first as they are ever likely to
bound in honor to carry out the measures of be--why attempt to reform them ? 404 ;
the majority they represent, ib. ; the jealousy these révisions said to concern secondary
of the majority not to be extended to every matters only, ib. ; why then pull down and
petty office, 441; illustration-case of John reconstruct the whole fabric ? 405; too much
Smith and John Brown, ib. ; necessity that concerned to have our rights look well upon
all offices of political influence should be paper, ib. ; important matters mistaken for
filled by the prevailing party, 442; this prin- trifles, 406.
ciple independent of the doctrine of rotation No. II.—General Aspect of the Govern-
in office, 443; analysis of that doctrine- ment, and of the difficulties attending its Con-
views offices in the light of pensions or an- struction, 476. Impracticability of pure
nuities, ib.; absurdities resulting from this Democracy as a form of government, 476;
-impossibility of a genuine rotation-leaves how should our fathers act to form a govern-
no remedy for malversation, ib. ; argument ment securing its benefits without its dan-
from party expediency-views offices as in- gers ? 477; the English government--its
centives to and rewards for party services, House of Commons presented the germ of a
444; political organization of office-holders new form of political organization, ib.; con-
-its necessity doubtful, ib.; influences most fusion of ideas as to the character of our
operative in effecting a change of public economy, 478; an agency government--the
opinion: first, the desire of the great in- people acting upon its men but not its meas-
terests of the country to secure a govern- ures, ib.; the peculiarity of this, ib; pre-
ment that will protect and sustain them, ib. ; eminently a republic, 479; views of the
second, the interest of office-nearly every fathers : Jefferson--Democracy not a word
elector bribed with an office under Louis in his vocabulary, ib.; Madison--distinction
Philippe, ib.; third, popularideas and schemes between a republic and a democracy, 480;
of reform, &c., ib. ; unnatural force acquired difficulties of adjusting our system-all de-
by these when united with the two former pended upon structural contrivance, 481;
influences-ultimate instability of popular proneness of free governments to change,
enthusiasm, ib.; physical interests the in- ib. ; division of the sovereignty between the
struments of the skilful party leader, ib. ; people and their delegates, 482 ; has its dis-
means to be employed by the far-sighted advantages as well as its advantages, 483 ;
politician--general diffusion of a knowledge natural yearning of officials for undivided
of the common interests, ib.; success of the power, ib. ; frequency of election, ib.; not a
Whigs attributable solely to a conviction of reliable check, but tends to demagoguism,
the ruinous policy of the late administration 484; the electoral sovereignty-danger of
-imminent danger of relying upon any other its felt incompleteness goading its possessors
means for its permanence, ib.

to trench too far upon the liberty of its

agents, 484; complicated mechanism of our
Porter, Hon. Benjamin F., sketch of, 417. system-difficulties in arranging it, 485;
Papils of the Guard, from the French of St.

proper division of legislative, executive, and
Hilaire, (Mrs. St. Simon,) 490.

judicial powers, ib.; the elective franchise--
Principles of Rhetoric, 597.

how to be adjusted and guarded, 486.

REVIEWS.-Mozart, (G. A. Macfarren,) 44;

Sartor Resartus, (Joseph Hartwell Barrett,)

121 ; Handel and his " Messiah,” (G. A.
Republic, The, (H. W. Warner,) No. I., 399. Macfarren,) 135; Whipple's Essays and

General prevalence of a blind trust in the Reviews, 148; Idioms and Provincialisms
inherent stability of our institutions, 399; of the English Language, 251; Carlyle's
no power in mere forms to perpetuate them- Heroes, (J. H. Barrett,) 339 ; Macaulay's
selves, ib. ; fearful departure from the patri- Essays, 499; Philosophical system of Leib-
archal platform, 400 ; propensity to tamper- nitz, 575; Miss Martineau on Education,
ing with the mechanism of our institutions, 604.
ib. ; constant making and repairing of State Rhetoric, The Principles of, Hon. B. F. Porter,
Constitutions, upon slight or no occasion, 597.

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