Census Reports Tenth Census. June 1, 1880: Cotton production in the United States

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1884
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Halaman 70 - ... may be taken with less exactness, perhaps at some ditch or other easily accessible point, and should not be broken up like the other specimens. " Seventh — All peculiarities of the soil and subsoil, their behavior in wet and dry seasons, their location, position — every circumstance, in fact, that can throw any light on their agricultural qualities or peculiarities — should be carefully noted, and the notes sent with the specimens. Unless accompanied by such notes, specimens cannot, ordinarily,...
Halaman 78 - In sandy loams, 0.1 per cent, when accompanied by a fair supply of lime, secures fair productiveness for from eight to fifteen years; with a deficiency of lime, twice that percentage would only serve for a similar time. "The potash percentages of soils seem, in a large number of cases, to vary with that of 'clay...
Halaman 70 - The specimen should be taken in other respects precisely like that of the surface soil, while that of the material underlying this "subsoil...
Halaman 70 - Should the change of color occur at a less depth than six inches, the fact should be noted, but the specimen taken to that depth nevertheless, since it is the least to which rational culture can be supposed to reach. In case the difference in the character of a shallow surface soil and its subsoil should be unusually great, as may be the case in tule...
Halaman 78 - Iron, in the shape of ferric hydrate finely diffused, appears to be an important soil ingredient on account of its physical, and partly also its chemical, properties. The universal preference given to "red lands" by farmers is sufficiently indicative of the results of experience in this respect, and I have taken pains to investigate its causes. The high absorptive power of ferric hydrate for gases is probably first amoHg the benefits it confers.
Halaman 70 - But should the change of color occur at a greater depth than twelve inches, the " soil " specimen should nevertheless be taken to the depth of twelve inches only, which is the limit of ordinary tillage ; then another specimen from that depth down to the line of change, and then the " subsoil
Halaman 384 - September, especially in the more northern portions of the State, and the cotton crop often suffers more or less from them. The latitude of Tennessee is such that a fall of two degrees of temperature in the northern part of the State might cause a killing frost, resulting in the destruction of the cotton-plants, while the same fall iu the southern part would leave them intact.
Halaman 385 - ... the State, say parallel with a line running through Chattanooga and Trenton or thereabout. This shows the southwestern corner to be the warmest, and here is our greatest center of cotton culture. The greater warmth stimulates the cotton, and by throwing back the killing frosts increases the length of the growing season. The soils have their influence, but that they are not dominant in this distribution of percentage...
Halaman 544 - The prevailing winds are from the south, and, charged as they are with vapors of the Gulf, we find the greatest condensation or rainfall in the southern half of the State. As the result of many years of observation the following facts have been brought out by Mr. Schott in a...
Halaman 69 - The fundamental principle in these investigations is thus stated : " Taking for granted the soundness of the old farmer's judgment of the productiveness of a soil from its natural vegetation, I have sought to determine, by close chemical and physical examination of the soils in their natural condition, the causes that determine this natural selection on the part of certain species of trees and herbaceous plants ; while, at the same time, observing closely the behavior of such soils under cultivation,...

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