Gambar halaman

about 36 miles from the Onyades. They plant abundance of Corne, which they sell to the Onyades. The Onondagos are said to be about 350 fighting men. They ly about 15 miles from Tshiroqui.

Of the Caiougos and Senecques, their Situacon and Strength, fyc.

The Caiougos have three townes about a mile distant from each other; they are not stockadoed. They do in all consist of about 100 houses; they ly about 60 miles to the southward of ye Onondagos; they intend the next spring to build all their houses together and stockade them; they have abundance of Corne; they ly within two or three miles of the lake Tichero. They pass for about 300 fighting men.

The Senecques have four townes, vict. Canagora, Tiotohatton, Canoenda and Keint-he. Canagora and Tiotohatton lye within 30 miles of ye Lake ffrontenacque, and ye other two ly about four or five miles apiece to ye Southward of those. They have abundance of Corne. None of their towns are stockadoed.

Canagorah lyes on the top of a great hill, and in that, as well as in the bignesse, much like Onondago, contayning 150 houses, northwestward of Caiougo, 72 miles. Here ye Indians were very desirous to see us ride our horses, wch wTee did: they made great feasts and dancing, and invited us yl when all ye maides wrere together, both wTee and our Indyans might choose such as lyked us to ly with.

Tiotohattan lyes on the brincke or edge of a hill; has not much cleared ground; is near the river Tiotehatton, wch signifies bending. It lyes to Westward of Canagorah about 30 miles, containing about 120 houses, being ye largest of all the houses wee saw, ye ordinary being 50@60 foot long with 12@13 fires in one house. They have good store of corne, growing about a mile to the Northward of the towne.

Being at this place the 17 of June, there came 50 prisoners from the South westward. They were of two nations, some whereof have few guns; the other none at all. One nation is about 10 days journey from any Christians and trade only with one greatt house, nott far from the sea, and the other trade only, as they say, with a black people. This day of them was burnt two women, and a man and a child killed with a stone. Att night we heard a great noyse as if ye houses had all fallen, butt itt was onely ye Inhabitants driving away ye ghosts of ye murthered.

The 18th going to Canagorah, wee overtook ye prisoners; when thesoudiers saw us they stopped each his prisoner, and made him sing, and cutt off their fingers, and slasht their bodies wth a knife, and when they had sung each man confessed how many men in his time hee had killed. Thatt day att Canagorah, there were most cruelly burnt four men, four women and one boy. The cruelty lasted aboutt seven hours. When they were almost dead letting them loose to the mercy of ye boys, and taking the hearts of such as were dead to feast on.

Canoenada lyes about four miles to ye Southward of Canagorah; conteynes about 30 houses, well furnished with Corne.

Keint-he lyes about four or five miles to ye Southward of Tietehatton; contayns about 24 houses well furnished with corne.

The Senecques are counted to bee in all about 1000 fighting men.

The French call the


Onondago town

By the > name of

Les Anniez
Les Onoyauts
Les Montagneurs

La Montagne
Les Petuneurs
Les Paisans
St. Jaques
La Conception

Note. The above paper will be found also in Chalmers' Political Annals, in which however, Greenhalo-h's name is misspelt. That paper differs likewise in other respects from the MS. now followed.



NATION. 1736.

[ Paris, Doc. VIII. ]

The Eskimaux, ^

The Micmacs, { These Nations are below Quebec, and beyond my knowledge.

The Amaleates or rather the Maneus. )

At Quebec. The Hurons. - 1 Village 60 a 70 men bearing arms, ------ 60

At the River St. John, near the English. The Abenabis. - - 1 Village called Panasamsket towards the mouth of said river. Warriors. 200

The vbenakis at the head of said River. 1 Village called Narentchsan. Warriors. --------- 150

Becancour. TheAbenakis. 1 Village. Warriors. 60

The bbenakis. At St. Francis. 1 Village. War. - 180

including those of Michikoui and those who migrate.

The armorial bearings (Totums) of this Nation, which is divided into two sections, are the Pigeon (toutre) and the Eear.

There are besides some tribes who carry the Partridge, the Beaver and the Otter.


[vol. 1.] 3

650 At Three Rivers. See Montreal.

The Algonquins. - fifteen men. - - . 15

The Tetes de Boule or tribes of the Interior. These are wandering Savages who have no knowledge either of the order or form of villages, and those who evince the least intellect [esprit); they inhabit the mountains and the lakes, from Three Rivers, in the interior, to Lake Superior. Their armorial bearings (Totums) are unknown, if they have any.

Boston and Orange. The Loups (Mohegans) who understand the Sabenakis and whom the 8benakis understand are dispersed from Boston to Virginia, which is equal to from Lake Champlain to the head of Lake Erie—300 leagues. This nation may be six hundred men, under British rule. No person could give me any information of their customs. This only by way of remark.

Montreal. Algonquins. They are twenty men settled with the Iroquois of the Two Mountains; this is all that remains of a nation the most warlike, most polished and the most attached to the French. They have ior armorial bearings an Evergreen Oak (chcne vert.) - 20

At the Lake of the Two Mountains.
The Nepissingues. A part of this Tribe is incorporated with the Iroquois. The remainder

has its village at the lake of the same name. There are here fifty men bearing arms. 50 The armorial bearings of this Nation are the Heron for the Achague, or Heron tribe; the Beaver for the Amekoves; the Birch for the Bark tribe (lafamille de PEcorce); Blood for the Miskouaha or the Bloody people.

Eemark, Sir, if you please, that besides the bearings of the principal stocks to which I exclusively confine myself, leisure not permitting me to obtain thorough details, each tribe distinguishes itself by peculiar devices. The Iroquois who are masters of this village, amount to no more than sixty-three—I mean warriors. 60

At Sault St. Louis.
The Iroquois, who compose exclusively the village are nearly three hundred and three

bearing arms. .-. 300

These two villages proceeding from the Iroquois of Lake Ontario, or Trontenac, have the
same artfiorial devices. Three principal tribes carry the Wolf, the Bear and the Tortoise.
Note.Argent, to the Wolf gules, &c.
They usually ornament them merely with charcoal.

The Great river of the Outawas.
At Lake Nepissingue there is one small village of thirty men, who bear a Squirvel, AtchitamS. 30

River and Lake Themiscaming.

The Tabittibis are one hundred warriors. 100

They have for device an Eagle.

At the mouth of the Themiscaming there are twenty warriors. 20

At the head of the Lake twenty domiciled. 20


1265 These savages are what are called Tetes de Boule) who amount to over six hundred in the Northern country. --- ..--•-..-. 600

I shall speak of them hereafter without reference to their numbers.

At Missilimakinak.
The Outawas of this village amount to one hundred and eighty warriors; the two principal

branches are Kiskakous (1) and Sinago (2); the Bear (1) and Black Squirrel (2). 180

River Missisague.
The Missisagues on the river number thirty men, and twenty men on the Island called Mani-

touatim of Lake Huron. ----50

And have for device, a Crane.

Lake SuperiorAt the Mouth.

At Sault St. Mary are the Sauteurs, to the number of thirty; they are in two divisions,

and have for devices, the Crane and the Vine, (la Barbue.) 30

North of this Lake is Michipicoton.

The Papinakois and those of the interior; the first are twenty warriors, and have for device, a Hare. - - - - - - 20

River Ounepigon.

The Oskemanettigons are domiciled there to the number of forty warriors. 40

They have for device, the bird called the Fisher.

The Monsonies, who are migratory, estimate themselves two hundred men, and have for

device, the Moose. - - . 200

The Abettibis and the Tetes de Boule come there also. Some have informed me that the first have for arms the Partridge with the Eagle. I have already stated that they are in all one hundred warriors.

The Name8ilinis have one hundred and fifty fit to bear arms. They have for device, a

Sturgeon. ------------- 150

The tribes of the Savannas, one hnndred and forty warriors strong, have for armorial device, a Hare. - - 140

The Ouacee are in number sixty men, and have for device a Vine, (tine Barbue.) 60

Tecamomiouen, or Rainy Lake(Lac de la Pluie.)
These savages are the same as those who come to Nepigon. They are about this lake to the

number of one hundred men. 100

Lake of the Woods(Lac des Bcis.)
The Cristinaux are scattered hereabout, to the number of two hundred warriors. They

have for device the Bustard, (V Outarde.) --- 200

Lake Ounepigon.

The Cristinaux are around this lake to the number of sixty men. 60

Assenipoels. See Scioux.

3095 3095

South of Lake Superior,

Kiouanan. In this quarter there are domiciled forty Sauters, who have for device the Crane

and the Stag. - - - - - . 40

The Sauters of Point Chagouamigon are one hundred and fifty warriors, - - - 150

The Scioux are at the head of this lake in the woods and along the lakes. Though scattered they are computed at three hundred men. ------ 300

The Scioux of the Prairies are, in the opinion of voyageurs, over two thousand men, - - 2000 Their armorial devices are the Buffalo, the Black Dog, and the Otter.

The Assenipoels, or Pouans according to others, can vie with the Scioux, from whom they

formerly sprung. They number one hundred and fifty to the south of Lake 150 Ounepigon, and have for device, a Big Stone or a Rock.

The Puans have withdrawn, since 1728, to the Scioux, to the number of eighty; they have

for armorial bearings, the Stag, the Polecat (Pichoux), the Tiger, - 80

The head of Lake Superior.
The Ayo8ois are settled at the south of the River de Missouris, at the other side of the

Mississippi. They are no more than eighty. They have for device a Fox. 80

Lake Michigan with its dependancies.
The Folles Avoines, north of this lake, number one hundred and sixty warriors. The most

considerable tribes have for device, the Large tailed Bear, the Stag, a Kiliou—that is 160 a species of Eagle (the most beautiful bird in this country,) perched on a cross. In explanation of a cross forming the armorial bearings of the savages, it is stated that formerly a Chief of the Folles Avoines finding himself dangerously sick, consented, after trying the ordinary remedies, to see a Missionary, who, cross in hand, prayed to God for his recovery, and obtained it from his mercy. In gratitude for this benefit, the Chief desired that to his arms should be added a Cross on which the Kiliou has ever since been always perched. Poute8atanis. In 1728 there was a village of this name retired on an island to the number of 20 The Bay. At the head of this Lake is the sojourn, or rather the country of the Sakis. This nation could put under arms one hundred and fifty men. Others do not count but one 150 hundred and twenty. They have for device, a Crab, a Wolf, and a She-Bear.

Fox River. Fox river discharges into this Lake. This nation now migratory, consists, when not separated, still of one hundred men bearing arms, -------- 100

They have for device, a Fox. The Kickapous, formerly their allies, may be eighty men. They bear for device the Pheasant and the Otter, - - -80

The Maskoutin has for armorial device the Wolf and the Stag. This nation is estimated at

sixty men, 60

River St. Joseph, south of Lake Michigan.
The Potte8atamies, who call themselves the Governor's eldest sons, compose the village of

St. Joseph, to the number of one hundred warriors, 100

The principal families have for device the Golden Carp ,the Frog, the Crab, the


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