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AMERICAN MANUAL;

NEW ENGLISH READER:

CONSISTING OP

EXERCISES IN READING AND SPEAKING,

BOTH IN

Prose and Poetry;

SELECTED FROM THE BEST WRITERS

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

A SUCCINCT HISTORY OF THE COLOXIES,

FRON THE DISCOVERY OF NORTH AMERICA TO THE ON OR

THE WAR OF THE REVOLUTION;

THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE,

AND THE

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLA

BY MOSES SEVERANCE.

CAZENOVIA, N. Y.
PUBLISHED BY S. H. HENRY & Co.

BTEREOTYPED BY CONNER & COOKE.

Northern District of Nese. York, 10 mm!:

LE IT REMEMBERED, that on the eleventh day of January, in the nifty. fourth year of the independence of the Unitext Slales of Ancrica. A. D. 1832) MOES EVERANCE, of the said listrict, hath deposited in this office the title or a book, they will thereor he clains its antiros, in the words solo viny. to wit

“The American Manual, er New English Raider: congising of exercises ia Reading and speaking, buth in proe and poetry: Selected fron the best wintera. To which are addcd, a succinct ilistory of the Colonies, fron the discovery of North Arnerica to the close of the War of the Revolution; the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution of the United States. For the use of school By Mose severance."

In conformity to the act of the congress of the United States, entitled An som for the enrouvareinent of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and hooks, to the authors and proprietars of such copies, during the times therei. mentioned;" Anvalso ihe act, entitled, “An act supplementary to an ac:, en. uitleri. an act for encouragement of learning, by securing the ropies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, diring iha times therein meniione, and extending the bencfits thereof to the arts of de signing, ongraving, sus áching liatorical and other prints."

R. R. LAMING,
Cierk of the Dietrict Court of the United States

for the Northern Izbirict of Nom Yerk.

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PREFACE.

mature.

Pei ands lio book that has been introduced into the schools of thie country, has been more deserveelly held in high estimation, than the English Reader. It is ad.nitted to unite the host juclicious plan, with an excellent selection of matter; but as it has long been the primripad reading hank used in our schools, and as an occasional change is die lieved in have an enlivening and salutary, etiect upon the learner, I have venture to offer this compilation to the consideration of those, to whese hands the instruction of youtlı may liave been committed.

Confidence in the favorable rece; tion of this ofiering arises from the circuinstance, t! .: it presents a selection of nxitter, a portion of which 13 fren Arrerican authors. A just pride for the literary reputation of our own country, denies the neressity; or quen the propriets, of withholding from our youth, in the tooks of our primary schools specimens of cur own literature -none of which being found in the English Reader.

Of the character of the pieces bicetecalculated for the improvement of learners in reading, a diversity of oirion may le entertained. Shoul:l a vant of adaptation to juvenile este bue urgend, I would reply only, that I have designed il principally for these class of learners in our conmc:a schools, whose taste it is lojad it may have a tendency to

in making the selections, an avoidl:nce of what is ludicrous, and a injection of what is unchaste, imoral, or o ensive to the eye or ear of the most refined, taste, have been strictly observed.

With a view of auding essentially to the value of this volume, not enly ia the hands of the earner, but in the hands of the community, I have ätitledi a concise history of our country at a most interesting period, --the Declaration of Independence--a document which is justly esteemed our nation's boast,--and the Constitution of the Unied

States ; with all which Americans, neither in youth nor mature age La can be too familiar. Should the third part of this book, however, in

which these are embraced, be thought not to afford profitable lessoris for the exercise of young and inexperienced reaslers, it may be reserved for them, with undiminished value, wlien in a greater state of adrancement.

Several modern writers on the subject of school education, whose opinions are entit'ed to much regard, have expressed their belief that Do rules for the management of the voice in reading, can he of any

value. This opinion, so far as it relates to the younger classes of learn1 ors, is unde ubtedly correct : but as many of the first principles of halocution can be clearly illustrated, and applied to practical use by a

Ettle eflist on the part of the more advanced learner, it appears to me that there this kind, designed for the benefit of schools, must be

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deficient without them. Could every school in the cuntry be under the instruction of a master of Elocution, the necessity would in a measure cease to exist. But this, unhappily, is not the case. Many of those who engage in the instruction of youth, require themselves the instruction they are expected to giro, and have perhaps no other means of acquiring it, than from these elementary books from which it would be withheld.

In this stereotype edition, some few alterations have been made; but the vouk contains as much matter as the former edition, and its use with it will not he found very inconvenient. It is now offered to the public in a permanent shape; and from the very favorable reception of the first cifition, it will, I trust, continue to receive a patronage coin. mensurate with its value.

M. S.

REMARKS

OPON THE PRINCIPLIB OF GOOD READIYO.

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Ax ability to read in a correct and interesting manner, has been indispensably requisite for all who woulu hold a respectable station in society; and not only should its acquisition be considered as a police accomplishment, but as a talent, subservient to the purpoees c? busin ness, and of rational enjoyment.

There are indeed but few persons in this country, who are un able to read with some degree of correctess; yet those who may be called good readers, are less frequently met with than is generally inagined. Perfection in the art of rending, requires a natural talent, joined to the most persevering industry; and although it is a point in which few if any are ever able to arrive, yet every approach to i: is of comparative value, and worth the effort required for its attaimrent.

Perhaps there cannot be a more uncrring standard fixed for readh ing, than to adopt the same easy and natural inode that we would in common conversation. In the latter our cbject is to communicate our own thoughts; in the foriner to communicate the thoughts of others: -auid in both we wish to do it in the mariner cekulated to make us bent understood. L; this remačk we do not design to recommend to those, who have ado:ted a careless manner of conversatien, the avloption of a similar one in reading; but the same rules which serve to improve the one, may, by their application, have the same happ: eflect 17;son the other. But let it be distinc:l; understool, that no rules can li given for the management of the vcice in maling, which, independens of feeling, can insure the object desirce. “Emotion," says a distin guisheil writer, “is the thing. One fush of passion on the chcek, one beam of feeling from the ere, one thrilling note of sensibility froia the tongue, have a thousand times inore value than any exemplifica tion of mere rules, where ficling is alwent."

The observations which we shall make upon the principles of rrada ing, or manner, of delivery, will he comprised under the following heals: ARTICULATION, ACCENT, EmphasIS, INFLECTION, Movoronk, and MODULATION, with a few reinarks upon the READING OF VERSE.

1. Articulation. A Goor articulation consists in a clear and distinct utterance of the different sounds of the language; and is one of the most important particulars to be considered. No matter upon what subject, or upon what occasion a man may read or spcak to his follow men, he never Tvill be listenel to for any length of time, unices he he distinctly beard, and that without effort on the part of his lirarers, No interest of the subject can excuse a rapid and indistinct utterance. Many there are

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