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Clark was sure that the delaved boat would arrive in three days, when he would be reinforced with men, ammunition, stores and artillery, and could well afford some delay on that account, yet he was so confident that he was master of the situation, he determined to press his advantage to the utmost, and accordingly returned the following answer:

"Colonel Clark's compliments to Lieutenant-Governor Hamilton, and begs leave to inform him that he will not agree to any terms other than Mr. Hamilton surrenders himself and garrison, at discretion. If Mr. Hamilton is desirous of a conference with Colonel Clark, he will meet him at the church with Captain IIelm. (Signed) G. R. Clark.”

This note had the effect to bring about a conference at the church. When they met Clark had little to say, as he considered Hamilton and his officers as murderers, and intended to treat them as such. The conference brought about no agreement, although Hamilton was disposed to surrender on conditions favorable to himself and followers. After stating the terms and Clark not agreeing, he asked: “What more do you want?" plied: “I want sufficient cause to put all the Indians and partisans to death, as the greater part of these villains are with you.” All of Hamilton's propositions being rejected, he asked Clark if nothing would do but fighting. To which Clark replied: "I know nothing else." Clark then states that Hamilton begged him to stay until he should go to the garrison and consult with his officers.

The Kickapoo Indians, who were friendly to the Americans, about this time discovered a party of Indians, whom

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Hamilton had sent out for scalps, coming over the hills back of the village, and gave the information to Clark, and a party was sent out to meet thein on the commons. They conceived our troops to be a party sent by Hamilton to meet and conduct them in-an honor commonly paid them. “I was,” said Clark, "highly pleased to see each of the party whooping, hallooing and striking each others' breasts, as they approached in open field, each seeming to outdo the other with the greatest signs of joy. The poor devils never discovered their mistake until too late for many of them to escape. Six of them were made prisoners, two escaped and the rest were so badly wounded, as we afterwards learned, that but one lived. I had now as fair an opportunity of making an impression on the Indians as I could have wished for—that of convincing them that Governor Hamilton could not give them that protection he had made them believe he could; and, in some measure, to incense the Indians against him for not exerting himself to save their friends; and I ordered the prisoners to be tomahawked in the face of the garrison. It had the effect I expected. Instead of making their friends inveterate against us, they upbraided the English for not trying to save their friends, and gave them to understand that they believed them liars and not warriors.” A thrilling incident, it is said, occurred at the execution of the captured warriors. The leader of them proved to be the son of a Frenchman named St. Croix, a member of Captain McCarty's volunteer company from Cahokia, Illinois. He was painted like an Indian, and not even his father recognized him while standing guard over him with a drawn sword, to see that he did not escape. At the critical moment, when the ax was about to fall, he cried out: "O, save me.” The father recognized his voice, and you may easily guess at the agitation and behavior of the two persons. Clark, who had so little mercy for such murderers, and had such a valuable opportunity for example, knowing that there would be great solicitation to save him, says he immediately absconded; but so exceedingly well had the father performed his duties in the service, at his earnest request, the officer in charge granted a reprieve on certain conditions.

After this episode the chief officers met in council again, consisting of Lieutenant-Governor Hamilton and Major Hays, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, on the part of Great Britain, and Colonel George Rogers Clark and Captain Joseph Bowman, representing the Americans, and Captain Leonard Helm, mutually selected as a witness. Hamilton produced articles of capitulation, which were rejected by Clark, and they separated.

Towards the close of the evening Clark sent Hamilton the following articles:

"1st. That Lieutenant-Governor Hamilton engages to deliver to Colonel G. R. Clark, Fort Sackville, as it is at present, with all the stores, etc.

“2d. The garrison are to deliver themselves up as prisoners of war, and march out with their arms and accouterments.

“3d. The garrison to be delivered up to-morrow at 10 o'clock a. m.

"4th. Three days' time to be allowed the garrison to settle their accounts with traders and inhabitants.

“5th. The officers of the garrison to be allowed their necessary baggage, etc."

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These terms were accepted by Hamilton, and he deliv

the fort at 10 o'clock a. m., February 25, 1779, and the stars and stripes, which had been hauled down when Captain Helm delivered up the fort to Hamilton, and so dear to that ideal patriotic heroine, “Alice of Old Vincennes," mounted up the flagstaff again to kiss the morning breezes, fanned by the wings of Liberty, as she hovered over and welcomed home and blessed Old Glory with benisons of love.

Colonel Clark immediately changed the name of the fort to that of Patrick Henry, in honor of the then Governor of Virginia, dating his official papers at Fort Patrick Henry.

Soon after capitulation was effected it was learned that an expedition was on its way from Detroit, and was expected shortly, in aid of Hamilton, by the way of the lakes and the Wabash, composed of soldiers, stores, munitions of war, etc. Captain Bowman, who had been promoted to the office of Major, was ordered by Colonel, now General, Clark, by promotion after the capture of the town, to intercept it. Accordingly, on the evening of the 26th, with three boats, armed with swivels, taken from the fort (the bateau from Kaskaskia had not yet arrived), under the command of Major Legare and fifty volunteer militia, started on the expedition up the river.

Goodspeed says in his history: “They journeyed up it and stopped at the foot of an island at Belgrade, under overhanging willows, and there the boats were tied up and a party with light canoes were sent to explore the waters above.” At Point Couppe, about sunrise the next morning, the descending fleet, consisting of seven bateaux, was descried. Frederick Mehl, one of the Virginia troops, who led the reconnoitering party, pulled rapidly back to Bowman and gave information of the strength of the approaching fleet. On the evening of the 2d day of March the unsuspecting Canadians came into the narrow channel between the island and main shore, where the Americans lay entrenched. A cry of "Round to and come ashore," was the first intimation the party from Detroit received that an enemy of the King's lay in these waters. The hail was quickly responded to when followed by a shot fired across the path of the descending fleet, and a demand made for its surrender. Bowman sent out boats with Major Legare, who ordered those in charge to make fast to the shore. When this was done Adimar, a captain of the commissary, formally turned over the fleet, with thirtyeight private soldiers as prisoners, and stores and provisions and baled goods.

The expedition returned at once to the town and the soldiers and boats, filled with booty, were turned over to the American commander. This capture, with that of the fort in the town, yielded Clark seventy-nine prisoners, besides officers, twelve pieces of artillery and stores to the amount of 50,000 pounds.

On March 7th Captain Williams and Lieutenant Rogers, with a detail of twenty-five men, were ordered to escort the prisoners to the Ohio Falls, among whom were Governor Hamilton, Major John Hay, Captain Lamont, Lieutenant Schiflin, Monsieur de Jean, the Grand Judge of Detroit, Pierre Andre, his partner, Dr. McEboth, Francois Masonville and Mr. Bell Fenibb, together with eighteen privates; many others were paroled.

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