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HUSBAND AND WIFE-Continued.
7. -Liability of husband for repairs on wife's house.
Ross v. Janes (Buff. S. C.)....

97
8.--Valid mortgage by wifo rendered invalid by forgery

of note it was given to secure; jurisdiction. Mers-
man v. Werges (U. S. C. C., Iowa).

316
9.- Replevin does not lie between. Hobbs v. Hobbs (Me.
S. C.)....

135
See Contract; Conveyance; Criminal Conversation;

Criminal Law; Married Woman; Mechanics' Lien;
Recording Acts; Set-off.

470

PAGE.
EXECUTION. Officer's return on, conclusive until

directly, impeached. Barrows v. National Rubber
Co. (R. I.S.C.).....

274
EXEMPTION Attachment; sewing-inachines and

piano are household furniture, and exempt from.
Van Storck v. Winslow (R. I. S. C.)

202
2.- Execution ; unfinished burial cases; debtor's right

to exeniption not waived by neglect to claim it. Mc-
Abe v. Thompson (Minn. S. c.)....

262
EXPERT. See Evidence.
EXTRADITION. Detention of extradited pris-

oner under civil process; "offense,” what is, within
meaning of act; contempt. Pooley v. Whetham

(Eng. App.)...
2.-Inter-State ; duty of executive of whom fugitive is

demanded. State of North Carolina v. Perry (D.C.
S. C.).

513
FALSE PRETENSES. See Criminal Law.
FELONY. See Criminal Law.
FIDUCIARY DEBT. See Bankruptcy.
FISHERIES. See Constitutional Law,
FIXTURES: Erected by one in possession under

contract of purchase. Hinkley & E. Iron Co. v.
Black (Me, S. C.)..

15
2.-Wben machinery in factory is, as between vendor
and vendee. Shelton v. Ficklin (Va. S. C.)

175
See Real Estate.
FORECLOSURE. Defendant cannot set up para-
mount title. Yerks v. Roots (Buff. S. C.)...

97
2-Rights of mortgagees as to sale of parcels. Bern-
hardt v. Lymburner (Buff. S. C.)...

97
See Corporations; Former Adjudication.
FOREIGN JUDGMENT. See Contract.
FORGERY. See Criminal Law.
FORMER ADJUDICATION Action by pledgee

of mortgage to foreclose ; payment of judgment by
owner of mortgage restores his right to foreclose.

Dougherty v. Remington Paper Co. (N. Y. App.)..... 273
2.-What does and what does not constitute; estoppel.
Radford v. Folsom (U. S. D. C., Mich.)..

295
FRANCHISE. What is; right of railroad company

to lay track through city; right need not be exclu-
sive, but must be from sovereign power. Chicago &
W Ind. R. R. Co. y. Dunbar (III. S. C).

355
2.-Does not include immunity from taxation ; rail-

road. East Tenn., Va. & Ga. R. R. Co. v. Hamblin
Co. (U. S. C.).....

516
FRAUD. “Catching bargains ; loaning of money on

expectation." Nevill v. Snelling (Eng. Ch.D). 503
See Attorney ; Conveyance; Negotiable Instruments.
GAMBLING. Statutory construction ; poker not

game like faro, keno, etc. Nuckolls v. Comm. (Va.
S. C.)..

163
GIFT. Causa mortis ; of check ; of bills of exchange.
Re Mead Austin v. Mead (Eng. Ch. D).

358
2.--Of notes to take effect at death of donor. Merri-
wether v. Morrison (Ky. App.)..

463
See Will
GUARANTY. Conditional; necessity of notice of

acceptance; when not transferable. King v. Batter-
son (R. I. S. C.)

203
GUARDIANSHIP. Court must have jurisdiction ;

what does not constitute jurisdiction; infant sur-
reptitiously brought into State. In the Matter of

Guardianship of Hubbard Infants (N. Y. App.) .... 315
GRAND JURY. Statutory construction; irregular-

ity in drawing juror does not vitiate acts of jury.
United States v. Ambrose (U.S. C. C., Ohio)........ 318

See Criminal Law,
HIGHWAY. Alley in city not. Bagley v. People
(Mich. 8. C.)

95
2.-Dedication to use for specified persons not dedica-

tion to public. Talbott v. Richmond & D. R. R. Co.
(Va. S. *C.)..

57
HOMESTEAD. May be in building upon leased

ground; use of part of premises for business pur-
poses. Hogan v. Manners (Kans. S. C.)....

74
HUSBAND AND WIFE. Action of assumpsit not

maintainable between. Hobbs v. Hobbs (Mē. S. C.), 73
2.-Contract by wife before marriage; non-responsibil-

ity of husband. Biery v. Ziegler (Penn. S. C.). 398
3.-Clothing furnished by husband does not become

separate estate. Pratt v. State (Ohio S. C.).... 144
4.-Conveyance of land to them makes them tenants in
entirety. Marburg v. Cole (Md. App.)....

59
5.-Authority to pledge credit during cohabitation;

pecessaries; revocation of implied authority. Deben-
ham v. Mellor (Eng. App.)...

436
6.-That a wife living with her husband is authorized

to pledge his credit for articles suitable to her
station is a presumption of fact and may

be rebutted
by evidence. Debenham v. Mellor (Eng. App.)...... 91

ICE. See Negligence.
INDIANA. See Constitutional Amendments.
INDICTMENT. Seo Criminal Law.
INFANT. See Guardianship; Marriage; Married

Woman; Parent and Child ; Pleading.
INFANTICIDE. See Criminal Law.
INJUNCTION. May be issued in one equitable action

to restrain another in same court. Mann v. Flower
(Minn. $. C).....

136
2.-of publication injurious to trade ; jurisdiction.
Croft v. Richardson (N. Y. S. C.).

152
3.-Publication injurious to trade; not necessary to

prove actual damage in an action to restrain.
Thomas v. Williams (Eng. Ch. D)......

419
4.- Publication and circulation of a libel; patent laws.
Bell v. Singer Mfg. Co. (Ga. S. C.)...

436
5. -Street railroad, preliminary iujunction to prevent,

from running cars on rails made, without having
compensated owners of the fee, etc. Buffalo City
Cemetery v. Buffalo E. S. S. R. Co. (Buff. S. C.)..... 156

See Practice.
INSANITY. Of widow excuses laches in dissentiug
from husband's will. Wright v. West (Tenn. S. C.).. 123

See Evidence.
INSOLVENCY. Rights of creditor secured by lien.
Petition of Knowles (R. I. S. C.)...

317
See Partnership.
INSURANCE, FIRE: Action by insurer against

one negligently causing, fire; joinder of parties.

Swarthout v. Chicago & N. W. R. R. Co. (Wis. S. C.), 256
2. Contract between insured and mutual company may

be cancelled and note surrendered by agreement of

parties. Acker, Rec'r, v. Hite (Penn. s. C.).... 357
3.- Policy a contract of indemnity only. Darrell v.
Tibbetts (Eng. App.)...

257
4.-Agent, authority of; non-payment of premium;

waiver. Critchett v. American Ins. Co. (Iowa 8. C.), 137
5.-Concealment; stipulation against: fraud; articles

not concealed and actually destroyed, company

liable for Austrian case.
6.-Insurance of goods sold but not delivered; insur-

ance for another's benefit. Reitenbach v. Johnson
(Mass. S. C.)...

375
7.-Dower, inchoate right of, not an incumbrance

avoiding policy. Southern Mut. Ins. Co. v. Kloeber
(Va. S. C.)..

118
8.-Conditions as to incumbrances; waiver by examin-

ation of insured. Titus v. Glen's Falls Ins. Co. (N.Y.
App.)...

173
9.-Ownership of money for insurance as between ven.

dor and purchaser. Rayner v. Preston (Eng. Ch. D.) 339
10.- Riot," what constitutes. Lycoming Ins. Co. v.
Schwenk (Penn. S. C.).

403
11.-Loss after premium paid, but before issue of policy;

equity may enforce payment; misrepresentation;
title : notice of loss. "Woody v. Old Dominion Ins.
Co. (Va. 3. C.)

138
12.- Total loss, what is. Williams v. Hartford F. Ins. Co.
(Cal. S. C.)

256
13.- Payable to mortgagee; not defeated by mortgagor's

subsequent act. Black v. Nat'l Ius Co. (L. Can).... 123
14.-Over valuation without wrongful intent, in proof

of loss, does not avoid policy. Dogge v. Northwest-
ern Nat. Ins. Co. (Wis. S. C.)..

118
15.-Vacancy of dwelling, temporary absence of family

not. Stupetzki v. Transatlantic F. Ins. Co. (Mich.
S.C.)....

256
16.-Vacancy, condition against ; school-house; vaca-

tion. American Ins. Co. v. Foster (III. S. C.).. 164
17.-Waiver of condition; what is not. Farmers' F.
Ins. Co. v. Mispelhorn (Md. App.).

118
18.-Warranty, breach of, not defense in action on;

compromise of loss; misrepresentations as to owner-

ship. Stache v. St. Paul F. & M. Ins. Co. (Wis. S. C.) 37
INSURANCE, LIFE. Accident ; death by drown-

ing induced by epileptic fit. Winspear v. Accident
Ins. Co. (Eng. Ex. D.)

223
2.- For benefit of child; construed to include grand-
child; stipulation in policy contravening

charter of
company ; life policy construed like a will. Duvall
v. Goodson (Ky. App.)

479
3.- Domicile of insurance company from another State

complying with State laws as to business. Cowardin
v. Universal Life Ins Co. (Va. S. C.)..

37
4.- Evidence; condition against future intemperance ;

habitual drunkard. Odd Fellows Mut. Life Ins. Co. v.
Rohkopp (Penn. 8. C.).. .....

JOINDER. In actions for tort; release of one party

when not release of others. Ellis v. Essau (Wis.

S. C.).

339

2.- Judgment in joint action for tort not divisible.

McCool v. Mahoney (Cal. S. C.). ...

See Criminal Law ; Insurance, Fire.

JUDGMENT. Founded upon illegal contract, va-

cating of Bredier v. Dorsey (Penn. S. C.)...

431

2.- Of justice's court; cost beyond statutory limit

vitiates. Kunz v. Ech hert (Buff. S. C.).

115

3.- Of justice of the peace cannot be upheld by mere in-

tendment. Chappell v. Truscott (Buff. S.C.)..... 115

See Conflict of Laws; Criminal Law; Joinder ; Ju-

risdiction; Practice.

JURISDICTION. Admiralty; collisions on Ohio

river; Federal question. Schoonmaker v. Gilmore

(U. S. S. C.)

434

2.-Circuit Courts, suit brought by assignee of munici-

pal bond; acknowledgment of indebtedness. Porter

v. Jonesville (U. S. C. C., Wis.)......

435

3.-Federal court; suit founded on contract in favor of

an assignee when Circuit Court has no jurisdiction.

Stanley v. Supervisors (U.S.C. C, N. Y.)...., 441

4.-08 Federal courts over suits by States. New Orleans

M. & T. R. R. Co. v. State (U. S. S. C.).

489

5.--Of Federal courts not c nferable by consent of

parties, removal of cause from State court depend-

ent upon subject-matter. People's Bank of Belle-

ville v. Winslow (U.S.S. C.).

434

6--Foreign judgment on substituted service. Shepard

v. Wright (N. Y. 8. C.).

302

7.-State courts have, of actions in personam for mari-

time torts. Brown v. Gilmore (Penn. S. C.)...

338

8.-Service of process ; railroad company of one State

leasing railroad in another, not citizen of latter

State. Brownell v. Troy & B. R. R. Co. (U. S. C. C.,

Vt.).

497

See Conflict of Laws; Constitutional Law: Guard-
ianship; Injunction; Maritime Law; National Banks ;

Practice ; Waiver.
JUROR. Ignorance of English as affecting qualifica-
tion of. Town of Trinidad v. Simpson (Colo. s. C.) .. 409

See Criminal Law.

JURY. Must understand English. McCampbell v.

State (Tex, App ).

103

See Grand Jury.

JUSTICES' COURTS. Misjoinder of defendants.

Hammer v. Knell (Buff. s. C.).

97

See Judgment.

JUSTICE OF PEACE. See Judgment.

MALICIOUS PROSECUTION. Ground of; what

must be shown; failure of prosecution. Thaule v.

Krekeler (N. Y. App.)....

MANDAMUS. Will not lie against executive of State.

Western R. R. Co. v. DeGraff (Minn. S. C.)..

136

2.-Will lie against town board of audit to compel spe-

cific examination of claim. People ex rel. Thurston
v. Board of Town Auditors (N. Y. App.) ...

273
See Religious Society.

MANSLAUGHTER. See Criminal Law.

MAILS. Obstructing passage of; railroad train wrong.

fully passing over defendants' land; statutory con-

struction. United States v. DeMott (Com. Ct.,

N. J.).

263

MARINE INSURANCE. See Insurance, Marine.

MARITIME LAW. Contract for repair of vessel:

admiralty jurisdiction. Town of Pelham v. Schooner

(U. S. D. C.. N. Y.)...

316

2.- Bill of lading; for what goods owners of vessels re-

sponsible; authority of master; nature of instru-

ment; contradicting by parol. Witzler v. Collins

(Me. S. C.).......

135

3.--Bottomry bond; collision; order of liens. Force v.

Pride of the Ocean (U. S. D. C., N. Y )...

216

4.-Carrier of goods; stoppage in transitu. Ex parte Falk;
Re Keill (Eng. App.)...

257

5.-Charter of mortgaged ship. The Fanchon (Eng. Pro.

& Adm. D.)......

6.-Contract to furnish sails to vessels building; fur.

nished after launching, a land contract and lien

under State law valid. Wilson v. Lawrence (N. Y.

App.)....

7.-Duty of ship-owner to return mariner to port of ship-

ment. Worth v. Steamboat (U. S. D. C., Mo.).. 494

8.--General average, subject of. Atwood v. Sellar (Eng.

App.).

219

9.-Jurisdiction of admiralty as to crew of foreign ves-

sel. Amalia, The (U. S. D. C., Me.)

498

10.-Liability for loss of cargo; deviation from course to

save property. Scaramanga v. Stamp (Eng. App.).. 359

11.-Rule in case of collision. Shepherd v. Clara (U. S.

S. C.)....

497

12.-Sunday, seamen can be required to work on. Smith

v. Schooner (U. S. D. U., Penn.)

274

See Jurisdiction; Sunday.

MARRIAGE. Action for breach of promise; con-

sanguinity; nephew and aunt; conflict of law.

Campbell v. Crampton (U. S. C. C., N. Y.)...... 403

2.- Breach of promise ; infant; ratification or fresh

promise. Ditchain v. Worrall (Eng. C. P. D.).... 419

3.-Ante-nuptial settlement as against creditors; con-

sideration. Nat. Exchange Bank *. Watson (R, I.

S. C.)...

223

4.- Contract of, before witnesses without ceremonial

provided in statute, when no marriage. Common-

wealth v. Munson (Mass. S. C.)..

301

5.-- Oral contract made before witnesses in foreign

countries, and on ship crossing English channel ;

administration and succession; conflict of law (N.

Y. App.).

301

6.- By divorced party in another State. Kerrison v.

Kerrison (N. Y. Spec. Term).

502

7.-Verba de futuro and cohabitation do not constitute.

Hebblethwaite v. Hepworth (III. S. C.)....

303

8.- Validity of foreign : proof of handwriting; proof

of foreign law ; presumptions; evidence. Hynes v.
McDermott (N. Y. App.)

See Conveyance.

MARRIED WOMAN. Debt of a married

man, which she is not bound to pay, will prove a sum.

cient consideration to support an obligation under

seal, by a third person, to pay it. Leonard v. Duffin

(Penn. S. C.)

398

2.-- Deed by;

cannot be contradicted by parol. Ætna

Life Ins' Co. v. Franks (lowa S. C.).

117

3.--- Disaffirmance of contracts made by, when infant;

when need not be during coverture : estoppel ; in-

fant not bound by. Sims v. Everhardt (U. S. S. C.), 455

4.- Not liable for improvements to separate property

made on husband's credit. Holmes v. Bronson (Mich.

S. C.)....

198

5.- Divested of title to real estate only in statutory

mode ; estoppel. Innis v. Templeton (Penn. S. C.),

303, 377

6.- May be entitled to compensation for services per

formed in husband's family. Mason v. Dunbar (Mich.

S. C.).....

95

See Acknowledgment; Criminal Law; Statute of Lim-

itations.

367

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PAGE

MASTER AND SERVANT. Negligence; con-

tributory negligence by employee; what does not

constitute. Hawley v. North. Cent. Ky. Co. (N. Y.

App.).

433

2.– Negligence; one assisting servant at request of

master, not co-servant. Kelly v. Johnson (Mass.

S. C.)......

75

3.- Negligence; master liable for injury to servant from

defective machinery through negligence of co-ser-

vant contributes. Cone v. Del. L. & W. R. R. Co.

(N. Y. App.)...

54

4.- Negligence ; duty as to safe machinery; inspector

and brakeman not co-servants. Braun v. Chicago,

R. I. & P. R. R. Co. (Iowa S. C.).

117

5.— Negligence; defective machinery, contributory

negligence of co-servant. McMahon v. Henning (Ư.

S.C.C., Kans.)

243

6.-On what liability of master for injury to servant

depends; superintendent performing duty of opera-

tive fellow-servant. Crispin v. Babbitt (N. Y. App.),

394, 404

MECHANICS' LIEN. Right of mechanic to as-

sign. Pearsons v. Tincker (Me. S.C.)

2.-Inchoate right to, not assignable ; assignment of

installment due on contract. Merchant v. Ottum-

wa Water Power Co. (Iowa 8. C.)

397

3.-Husband and wife; wife's land not subject to lien

for repairs without her authority or consent. Stein-

man v. Henderson (Penn. S. C.).

463

MERGER. Of mortgage securing note Dickerson

V. Williamson (Mass. S. C.).

375

MINOR. Deed of land not appearing upon its face

to be prejudicial to him, not void but voidable.

Davis v. Dudley (Me.)....

23

MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS. Agent's lia-

bility for trespass of Sprague v. Tripp (R. I. S. C.).. 236

2.-Bonds; issue in excess of constitutional limit of

municipal liability; recital in bonds; bona fide

holder; estoppel. Buchanan v. Litchfield (U.S.S. C.) 516

3.-Irregular exercise of power in issuing bonds does

not invalidate bonds; recitals in deed do not estab-

lish deed. Singer Manuf. Co. v. Elizabeth (N.J.S.C.) 517

4.- Power of, in charter as to regulation of slaughter-

houses, included power of total prohibition within

specified limits Cronin v. People (N. Y. App.). 430

5.-Contempt, cannot be guilty of. Bass v. Shakopee

(Minn. s. 0)

398

6.-Limit of duty as to highways; evidence ; commu-

nication of patient to physician. Wilson v. Granby

(Conn S. C.)..

416

7.-Negligence: liability for contractors, in repair of

street. City of Logansport v Dick (Ind. S. C.). ... 183

8.-Negligence; liability for defective cross-walk; bur-

den of proof. Luedecke v. Buffalo (Buff. S.C.). 97

9.-Not liable for injury from defective approach to

bridge not owned by it in its limits. Bishop v. Cen-

tralia (Wis. S. C.)......

136

10.-Ordinance excluding slaughter-houses from fixed

area in city; statutory construction; power to regu-

late includes power to prohibit; reason for statute

need not be set forth. Cronins v. People (N. Y.

App ).

417

11. Set-off in action against city; that preliminary steps

must precede action does not preclude set-off ; claim

against county not actionable subject of. Taylor v.

Mayor (N. Y. App.)

354

12.- Street railroad; permission to lay tracks not a fran-

chise but a license. Buffalo C. Ř'y Co. v. N. Y. C.

R. R. Co. (Buff. S.C.)......

134

13.-Exemption of cemeteries from taxation; assess-

ments for local improvements. Olive Cemetery Co.

v. Philadelphia (Penn. S. C.)..

349

14. Town; action for personal injuries sustained by

falling into a trench near a public building; when

town or city is liable for defects. Larrabee v. Pea-

body (Mass. S. C.)......

83

15.-Town; liability of, for injuries caused by defects in

public places; negligence. Clark v. Waltham (Mass.

S. C.)

83

16.-Village cannot embrace disconnected track of land.

Smith v. Sherry (Wis. S. C.)

356

See Bonds ; Constitutional Law; Eminent Domain ;

New York City; Patent.

MORTGAGE, Chattel. Power of mortgagee to pos-

session when he feels insecure, not arbitrary. Roy

v. Goings (Ill. S. C.).

504

2.-Chattel; rights of joint mortgagees. Hanrahan v.

Roche (Buff. S. C.)....

134

3.-Chattels, on merchandise with privilege to sell; deed

of trust. Scott v. Alfred (Tex. s. C.)....

18

4.-Chattel, of subsequently-acquired personal prop-

Lazarus v. Andrade (Eng. C. P. D.)

293

5. Of goods to be manufactured when valid in equity.

First National Bank of Alexandria v. Turnbull (Va.

S. C.)

96

6.-of merchandise, when not fraudulent. Hastings v.

Parke (Buff. S. C.).

7.-Real estate; change of form of indebtedness does

not discharge. Heirly v. Mattison (Iowa S. C.)..... 397

NATIONAL BANKS. Construction of Federal

statute; State court has jurisdiction in action against
bank in another State; attachment against property

of bank. Robinson y National Bank (N. Y. App.), 15

2.-Jurisdiction of Federal courts. Foss v. First

National Bank (U. S. C.C., Col.)...

216

3.-Jurisdiction of State courts, as to offenses by off-

cers of. Commonwealth ex rel. Torrey v. Kettner

(Penn. S. C.) 292; Luberg v. Commissioner (Penn.

$. C.)

293

4.-When liable for frauds of officers. Steckel v. First

National Bank (Penn, S. C.), 313; Zeigler v. First Na-

tional Bank (Penn. S. C.), 314 , Resh v. First National

Bank (Penn. S. C.)...

314

5.-When liable for special deposits. Pattison v. Syra-

cuse National Bank (N. Y. App.)..

506

6.- Taxation of shares, remedy for illegal ; Constitu-

tional Law. National Albany Exchange Bank v.

Hills (U. S. C. C., N. Y.)...........

441, 451

NEGLIGENCE. Bailment; a gratuitous bailee only

liable for gross negligence ; question for jury. Car-

rington v. Ficklin's Executor (Va. S. C.)....

96

2.-Contributory, of parents; railroad company owes

no duty of protection to children trespassing upon

its track. Cauley v. Pitts., Cin. & St L. R. R. Co.

(Penn. S. C.)....

518

3.-Contributory, when a question for jury. Haskell

V. New Gloucester (Me, S. C.)

135

4.-Dangerous article ; gas; contributory; affirmative

proof of want of. Smith v. Boston Gas-Light Co.

(Mass. S. C)....

396

5.-Firing cannon in public street, town not liable for

negligence of officer in not preventing. Borough of

Morristown y. Fitzpatrick...

6.-Ice, negligent breaking of crop by steamboat.

People's Ice Co. v. Excelsior (Mich. s. C.)

342

7.-Objects liable to frighten horses; turnpike com-

pany liable after notice. Eggleston v. Columbia

Turnpike Road (N. Y. App.)....

416

8.-Omission to ring bell and keep flagman at street

crossing, if not contributing to injury from railroad

train, not negligence. Pakalinskey v. N. Y. C. &

H. R. R. R. Co. (N. Y. App.).

496

9.-Proximate cause; fire communicated by burning

oil on stream. Kuhn v. Jewett (N. J. Ch.)..

518

10.-Remote cause; burning oil carried by stream. Kuhn

v. Jewett, Rec'r (N. J. Eq).

11.-Railroad company not liable for damages from

sparks of engine leased to run on private road. Mar-

quette, etc., R. R. Co. v. Spear (Mich. S. C.)

43

12.-Railroad engine sparks setting fire ; that fire occurs

not evidence of negligence. Reading & C. R. R. Co.

v. Latshaw (Pend. S. C.)....

116

13.-Engine on railway near highway making noise with-

out notice; question of fact. Hart v. Chicago, R. I.

& P. Ry. Co. (Iowa S. C.)

436

See Action ; Aitorney: Bailment ; Carrier of Passen-

gers ; Insurance, Fire ; Master and Servant, Municipal

Corporations; New York City; Railroads; Waier-

course.

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS. Unreason-

able delay to present bill discharges drawer. Allan

v Eldred (Wis. S. C.)...

378

2.-Notice by mail of dishonor of biii. Forbes v.

Omaha Nat. Bank (Neb. S. C.)

169

3.-Payment of debt by certified check; loss of check;

payment on forged indorsement; rights and liabili-
ties of parties. Thompson v. Bank of British N. A.
(N. Y. App.)....

294

4. -Promissory note, what is stipulated in; notice.

Parker v. Plymall (Kans. S. C.).

157

5. ---Promissory note; immaterial alteration adding

"annually

to "interest » Leonard v. Phillips

(Mich. S.C.)...

122

6.-Promissory note; words “ bearer" or " order not

essential to negotiability of. Porter v. Jonesville (U.

S.C. C., Wis.)....

435

7.- Defense that maker was induced to sign by fraud,

when unavailable. Fayette Co. Sav. Bank v. Steffes

(Iowa S. C.)....

317

8.- Presentment and notice by a disqualified notary;

evidence; protest of promissory note unnecessary.

Falk v. Lee (Penn. S. C.)

157

9.-Holder for value, creditor surrendering note of

debtor is, but not if surrendering dishonored check;

conflict of law. Phoenix Ins. Co. v. Church (N. Y.

App.) .....

17

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS-Cont'd. PAGE.
10.- Holder for value; bar to action ; estoppel; conflict

of law. Brooklyn C. & N. R. R. Co. v. Nat'l Bank (U.
S. S. C.)....

189
11.- Holder for value ; liability of indorser to, when

identity of maker falsely represented by payee.
Monnen y. Conner (Buff. s. C.)

156
12.- Transfor in payment of antecedent debt shuts out
equities. Blumn v. Loggins (Tex. S. C.)..

317
13.- Receiver's certificate not. Turner v. Peoria & S. R.
R. Co. (N1, S. C.)..

378
See Banks and Banking; Mortgage ; Partnership ;

Pleading; Usury.
NEWSPAPER. Law Weekly not. Beecher v. Steve
ens Minn. S. C.)

1
NEW YORK CITY. Removal of officer must be
for cause; supervising engineer not answerable for
negligence of subordinates; review of removal. Peo-

ple ex rel. Campbell v. Campbell (N. Y. App.)........ 354
NOTICE. When notice of mortgage to soliciter not

notice to client; equitable interest. Cave v. Cave
(Eng. Ch. D.)

297
See Recording Acts; Suretyship.
NUISANCE. Obstructing highway, when private
action lies for. Shepherd v. Barnett (Tex. S. C.). ... 19

See Statutory Construction,

OFFICE AND OFFICER. Eligibility; removal of

disabilities after election and before entering on du-
ties. State v. Trumpf (Wis. S. C.)...

339
2.- De facto, validity of acts of. Carli v. Rhener
(Minn S. C)

453
3.- When official term commences; statutory construc-
tion. Ball v. Kenfield, controller (Cal. S. C.)

275
See Attachment; Constitutional Law ; Corporations;

Postmaster.
PARENT AND CHILD. Infant, custody of; sup.

posed welfare of children, the parents being on an
equality. English v. English (N. J. Eq.)...,

243
2.--Custody of infant; conflicting rights. Common-

wealth ex rel. Drummond v. Ashton (Phila. Qr.
Sess.)...

183
3.-Step-child; when step-father stands in loco pa-
rentis. Smith v. Rogers (Kans. 8. C.)....

477

PLEADING-Continued.

PAGE
2.- Amended answer: when may be disregarded; sham

and frivolous. Becker v. Weisner (Buff. S. C.)....... 156
3.-Evidence; allegation of libel published after suit

brought, irrelevant, etc, Storck v. Buffalo German
R. P. Asso. (Buff. S. C.)

135
4.- Executor de son tort, declaration against. Sawyer v.
Thayer (Me S. C.)....

138
5.- Infancy; evidence not objected to. Cutler v. Getz
(Buff. s. C.)

97
See Criminal Law; Tender.
PLEDGE. See Title.
POSTMASTER. Not "officer of revenue," statu-

tory construction; certificate of probable cause.
Campbell v. James (U. S. C. C., N. Y.)......

983
PRACTICE. Appeal to Court of Appeals; order dis-

charging arrest; opinion of court below cannot

control order. In re Nebenzahl (N. Y. App.). 114
2.- Time when judge must sign exception; writ of

error before exceptions signed no waiver; date of
signature; evidence; proof of boundary lines by
reputation ; adverse possession ; true owner in pos-
session of part of lot. Hunnicut v. Peyton (U. S.

S. C.)
3.-Injunction, notice of, by telegraph. Tonkinson v.

Cartledge (Eng.)
4.-Imperfect service of copy, when sufficient. Osgoodby
v. Seifert (Buff. S. C.)

135
5.- Jurisdiction of court over orders made at same

term ; appeal. Phillips v. Ordway (U. S. S. C.) .... 56
6.- Entry of judgment; Aling memorandum by judge

not sufficient. Knapp, Rec., V. Roche (N. Y. App.). 454
7.- Rehearing after judgment; when petition should

be filed. Brooks v. Burlington & $. Ry. Co. (U.S.

S. C.)...
8.- Order for publication under old Code, 8 135 ; what

sufficient to authorize. Belmont v. Coenen (N. Y.
App )

516
9.-- Order not modified by opinion ; when opinion may

be referred to for explanation; discretion of court
governed by rule ; granting leave to plead after
judgment on demurrer. Fisher v. Gould (N. Y.
App.)

55
10.- Statutory construction; "extraordinary motion or

case.” Cox v Hillyer (Ga. S. C.)
11.- Vacating order of arrest ; reference; entry of
order. Stafford v. Amles (Buff. S. C.).

135
12.- Writ used and Aled may not be used in new pro-
ceeding. In re Marson (Me. S. C.)......

See Executor ; Criminal Law ; Tender.
PRESCRIPTION. See Easement.
PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION. See Slan-

der and libel.
PROCESS. Not protection to party, but only to off-
cer. Barr v. Boyles (Penn. S. C.).....

519
PROMISSORY NOTE. See Negotiable Instru-

ments.
PROTEST. See Negotiable Instruments.
PROXIMATE AND REMOTE CAUSE. See

Negligence.
PUBLIC CHARITY, Sectarian institutions; word

purely Burd Orphan Asylum v. School Dist.
(Penn. SC.)......

64
PUBLIC POLICY. Money paid by third person to

creditor to induce him to join in compromise, not

recoverable back. Solinger v Earle (N. Y. App.).... 474
2.-Compounding crime ; agreement not to prosecute

misdemeanor; right to return of securities deposited.
Whitmore v. Farley (Eng. Ch. D.)...

437
PUBLIC RECORDS. A person has no common-

law right to a copy or abstract of entire records in
which he has no special interest. Webber v. Town-
ley (Mich. S. C.)

..44, 68

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PARTIES. To suit to determine validity of will, per-

sons not in esse. McArthur v. Allen (U. S. C. c.,
Ohio)

274
PARTITION. See Trust.
PARTNERSHIP. Agreement between partner and

third person; sub-partnership ; sub-partner not

liable as partner. Burnett v. Snyder (N. Y. App.)... 337
2.-Dissolution; when party dealing with firm bound

by agreement of dissolution; vesting one partner
with control of liquidation; factor. Hilton v. Van-
derbilt (N. Y. App.)

515
3.-Dormant and ostensible partner; bill of exchange;

firm in name of single member. Yorkshire Bkg. Co.
v. Beatson (Eng. App.). ...

9
4.-Expulsion of member; Common Law Procedure

Act, 1851, 8 11 ; arbitration clause; order of reference.
Russell v. Russell (Eng. Ch. D.)

19
5.-Partners signing notes in individual names; when

creditor may erect between firm and individual liabil-
ity; insolvency. First Nat. Bank of Portland; In
re Thompson (Me. S. C.)....

73
6.-Joint and several note given by partners; when

creditor may hold both firm and individual partners;
insolvency. E.c parte Nason; In re Thompson (Me. S.
C).

74
7.-When joint enterprise is not. Boston & C. s. Co.

V. SI th (R. I. S. C.)..
8 -Statute of limitations, power of one partner to take

debt out of, by payment. Goodwin v. Parton (Eng.
App.).

158
See Bankruptcy; Banks and Banking; Voluntary

Association.
PASSENGER Mail agent on railroad. Price v.
Penu. R. R. Co

391
PATENT. License, breach of covenant does not for-
feit. White v. Lee (
US. C. C., Mass.)

295
2.- Invention in form of a book; municipal corpora-

tion liable for infringement. Munson v. Mayor
(U. S. C. C., N. Y.).

295
3.-Reissue by commissioners must be for same inven-
tion. Ball v. Langles (U.S. S. C.)...

476
4.-Right of patentee to threaten legal proceedings

against purchasers from other manufacturers; when
such notice restrained. Halsey v. Brotherhood (Eng.
Ch. D.)....

519
See Injunction.
PERJURY. See Criminal Law.
PERSONAL PROPERTY. See Conversion ; Sale.
PLEADING. Action upon promissory note. Allis v.
Leonard (N. Y. App.).......

28

RAILROADS. Action lies to compel construction

of farm crossing. Jones v. Seligman, Trustee (N. Y.
App.).

196
2.-Construction of statute relating to fences ; owuer

of leased road liable for cattle killed by failure to

fence, Fontain v. Southern P. R. R. Co. (Cal. S. C.), 57
3.--Removal of snow by street railway company; when

company pot liable for injury to adjoining property.
Short v. Balt. City Pass. Ry. Co. (Md. App.).

90
See Carrier of Passengers : Constitutional Law : Emi-

nent Domain; Franchise ; Injunction; Jurisdiction ;

Municipal Corporations; Negligence.
RATIFICATION. See Constitutional Amendments.
REAL ESTATE. Building erected by license on

highway; right of way not. Walton v. Wray (Iowa
S. C.)..

436
2.- Fixtures treated as personalty by all parties, not;
estoppel. Smith v. Waggoner (Wis, S. C.)

357
RECEIVER. Actions against; jury trial. Kennedy

v. Indianapolis & L. F. R. R. Co. (U. S. C. C., Ohio).. 216

RECEIVER- Continued.

PAGE.
2.-Of corporation; estate in hands of, liable upon cov-

enant of corporation to pay rent. People v. Nat'l
Trust Co. (N. Y. App.).....

455
3.-Takes subject to claim of lienholder not party.

Snow v Winslow (Iowa S. C.).
4.-Where mortgage conditioned that mortgagee may

take possession upon default, receiver may be ap-
pointed if default occurs. Sacramento & P. R. R.
Co. v. Superior Court (Cal. S. C.)......

477
RECEIVER OF STOLEN GOODS. See Crim-

inal Law.
RECORD. Mistake of register in recording does not

prejudice mortgagee. Sinclair v. Slawson (Mich.
S.C.)...

255
RECORDING ACT. Assignment of mortgago;

unauthorized discharge by assignor after assign-
ment; contents of assignment and record; estoppel;
silence of assignee after unauthorized discharge.
Bryan v. Judson (N. Y. App.)...

295
2.- Notice; husband and wife ; purchase by debtor of

surety's land under mortgage sale. Hassey v. Wilke,
(Cal. S C.).....

417
REGISTRATION. See Elections.
RELIGIOUS SOCIETIES. Mandamus does not

lie to compel restoration to membership. State ex

rel. Soares v. Hebrew Congregation (La. S. C.). 483
REMOVAL OF CAUSE. Act of Congress relat-

ing to, from State to Federal courts, does not pro-
vide for removal of criminal action on the ground of
alienage. State of New Hampshire v. Grand Trunk
R. R. Co. (U.S.C. C., N. H )...

493
2,-Under acts of 1866 and 1867; what is final trial or

hearing. Jifkins v. Sweetser (U.S. S. C.).... 516
3.-Counter-claim establishing amount in dispute.
Clarkson v. Manson (U. S. C. C., N. Y.)...

492
4.-Mistrial not trial to prevent removal; amount. Bray-
ley v. Hedges (Iowa s. C.)...

18
3.-The amount in a petition for, to Federal court, as to

citizenship of the parties cannot be controverted.
Dickey y. Robbins (Buff.s C.)......

157
6.-When cause removal on account of distinction in
color. Fitzgerald v. Allman (N. C. S. C.)...... 218

See Criminal Law, Jurisdiction.
RES ADJUDICATA. What constitutes.

Star y.
Hinshaw (Kaus. S. C.)

74
REWARD. Voluntary surrender of wrong-doer;

party bringing about entitled to. Austrian case... 422
REPLEVIN. In State court of goods seized under
Federal process. Heyman v. Covell (Mich. S. C.)... 392

See Husband and Wife.
RIGHT OF WAY. Over granted land surrounded

by land of grantor, when not allowable. Mayor v.
Riggs (Eng.)...

111
See Easement; Real Estate.
RIOT. See Insurance, Fire.
RIPARIAN RIGHTS. Custom as to use of streams;

necessary age. Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Sanderson
(Penn. S. c.).....

249
2.-When artificial water-course treated as natural; com-

pensation for appropriation ; eminent domain. City
of Reading y. Althouse (Penn. S. C.)........

296
See Water-course.

SEDUCTION. See Evidence.

PAGE.
SET-OFF In action by husband and wife; debt owed
by one only. Bentz v. Bentz (Penn. S. C.)

377
See Municipal Corporations; Statute of Limitations.
SLANDER AND LIBEL. An attorney, who is

also an editor of a newspaper, cannot be summarily
disbarred on account of his publishing in his news-
paper a libel on a judge, not designed to acquire an
influence over him in the exercise of his judicial
functions through the instrumentality of popular
prejudice. In the Matter of the Rules disbarring
Steinman aad Hensel, attorneys (Penn. S. C.)

311
2.-Damages recoverable only for the slanderous words

charged; evidence of repetition of words admissible
to show malice. Ward v Dick (Coon. S. C.)

417
3.-Mitigation of damages ; reputation of plaintiff un-

known to defendant not provable. Hatfield v.
Lasher (N. Y. App.)......

196
4.-
Privileged communication ; criticism of conduct of

public officer. Hamilton v. Eno (N. Y. App.)..... 196
5.- Privileged cominunication ; indorsement written

by naval officer on resignation of plaintiff. Maurice
v. Worden (Md. App.).

403
See Injunction.
SLAUGHTER-HOUSE. See Easements; Munici-

pal Corporations.
SPEC. PIC PERFORMANCE. Mortgage, agree-

ment to purchase subject to, not agreement to
assume. Lewis v. Day (Iowa S. C.)....

18
See Action.
STATUTE OF FRAUDS. Contract invalid by;

can only be avoided by parties to; marine insurance:
insurable interest. Amsink v. American Ins. Co.
(Mass. S. C.)....

296
2.-Conveyance of realty with rents reserved ; implied

contract. Providenco Christian Union v. Elliott (R.
I. S. C.)...

274
3.-Defense under, personal. Rickards v. Cunningham
(Neb. S. C.).

338
4.-Sale of real estate; price to be fixed by arbitration;

notice of arbitration, when unnecessary. Morton v.
Gale (III. S. C.)......

217
See Contract.
STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS. Acknowledge

ment of debt to person other than creditor. Din-
guid v. Schoolfield (Va. S. C.).

176
2.-Action against indorser of forged paper by drawee.

Merchants' Nat. Bank of Baltimore y. First Nat.
Bank (U. S. C. C., Md.)....

197
3.-Begins to run on check at time of making, if drawer

has no funds with drawee. Brush v. Barrett (N. Y.
App.)...

475
4.-Ceases to run against a set-off from the date of the

commencement of the action in which it is pleaded.
McEwing v. James (Ohio S. C.)..

356
5.- Married woman, under old Code as to statutory con.

struction; old Code, 8 101; new Code, 88 381, 414; Laws
1870, chap. 741; 1851, chap. 479; payment. Acker v.
Acker (N. Y. App.)

35
6.- Note payable three months after demand ; payment

of interest not evidence of demand. Brown v.
Rutherford (Eng. Ch. D.).,

219
See Partnership.
STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION. Special act

controlling general – majority of official board act
in absence of direction otherwise. Talcott v. Bland-
ing (Cal. S. C.)..

58
2.- Old Code, 8 101 ; new Code, 88 381, 414; Laws 1870,

ch. 741; 1851, ch. 479. Acker v. Acker (N. Y. App.).. 35
3.- Lunatic's estate, sale of; when this court will not

follow State courts as to State statutes Mohr v.
Manierre (U.S.S. C.)

36
4.-Nuisance ; oriel window. Goldstraw v. Duckworth

(Eng: Q. B. D.)......
See Civil Damage Act ; Criminal Law; Gambling;
Grand Jury; Mails ; Municipal Corporations ; Na-
tional Banks; Office and Officers; Postmaster; Prac-

tice ; Railroads.
STOCK EXCHANGE. Legality of rules as to

debts between members. Ex parte Grant; Re Plum-
bly (Eng. App.)...

70
STOCKS. See Corporations.
SUBMISSION. See Arbitration.
SUNDAY. Laws affecting ono class only invalid. Ex
parte Westerfield (Cal. S. C.)

374
2.- Maritime law; obligation of seaman to work on Sun-
day. Smith v. Schooner (U. S. D. C.)...

163
3.- Travel on ; accident, while returning from funeral

by unreasonable and indirect route. Davis v. Somer-
ville (Mass. 8. C.)

102
- Injury by dog to traveller on; contributory negli-
gence.' White v. Lang (Mass. 8. c.).

236
See Maritime Lav.
SURETYSHIP. Assumption of debt by one acquir-

ing contract to sell real estate from vendee as secu-

rity ; Statute of Frauds. Roe v. Barker (N. Y. App.), 495
2.- Forbearance does not discharge surety. Winton
v. Little (Penn. 8. C.)........

298

SABBATH BREAKING. See Criminal Law.
SALE. Of business and good-will. Ginesi v. Cooper
(Eng. Ch. D.)

171
2.-Judicial; when advance bid after sale ground for

opening; intervention of third person. Blackburn
v. Selma R. R. Co. (U.S.C.C., Tenn.).

497
3-of personal property; conditional sale of a horse

delivered; death of horse before sale became abso-
lute. Elphick v. Barnes (Eng. C. P. D.)....

419
4.-01 personal property; special contract; waiver;

when part delivery gives right of action. 'Avery v.
Wilson (N. Y. App.)...

35
5.-Of personal property; title of innocent vendee from

fraudulent purchaser good delivery. Old Dominion
S. S. Co. v. Burckhardt (Va. S. C.)..

57
6.-Fraudulent against creditors. Marvin v. Smith
(Buff. S.C.)

115
7.--Or return; evidence of sale. Kahn v. Klabunde
(Wis. S. C.)...

396
8.-of personal property; title of innocent vendee

from fraudulent purchaser good delivery. Old Do-
minion S. Co. v. Burckhardt (Va. App.)........ 57
See Conflict of Laws, Trade-mark; Consignment; Stat-

ute of Frauds.
SAVINGS BANKS. Degree of care required from

trustees. Hun, Rec'r, v. Cary (N. Y. App.).... 329
2.-What it is; rights of depositors; preferences ; in-

solvency; special deposits. Stocton, Att’y-Gen.,
V. Mechanics & L. Sav. Bank (N.J. Ch.)...

158
See Ultra Vires.

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