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he and Mr. Calvert interpret with amaz- are the subjects of a grinding system of ing ease and fluency. I was surprised oppression, hard labour, demon-worship, to see this clumsy way of preaching pro- and most debasing superstition. But the duce such effects. All were listening Christian natives are free from this thral. with fixed and solemn attention; and dom, and they prize their liberty, and many, very many, were suffused in tears : love those whom they know to be their among these I noticed the Queen of liberators and their true friends. The Vewa, and Varani. In this respect, as present aspect of Christianity in Feejee in many others, the Feejeeans and New- is in no respect discouraging, and in some Zealanders very much resemble each places it is exceedingly cheering. other, and come much nearer than they 28th.—This morning early I walked do to the Friendly Islands. These go in over the little island of Vewa, containing multitudes to the public worship; but probably about four hundred acres. It they are less orderly, and are neither so is removed from the large land by only much impressed, nor melted down into a narrow sheet of salt water. If we are subdued weeping, as I have seen both in to judge of the soil by its productions, New Zealand and in Feejee. It must this land must be among the richest I not, however, be supposed that in the have ever seen. The bread-fruit abounds. Friendly Isles they have not order and The banana also is everywhere seen in feeling in their public worship: they great perfection. The pine-apple and have both; and there are times when sugar-cane luxuriate here. The land is they send forth a strong and bitter cry. almost covered with trees, fine and stately; I have seen a congregation of worship- but not mere forest-trees; for inost of pers so excited, that their cry might be them bear fruit, and the fruit is the food heard as far as the full voice of a multi. of man. tude could reach the ear.
The shores teem with excellent fish, In the afternoon Mr. Jaggar preached and the women are the chief fishers, when in the chapel, with ease, energy, and full the net only is used : the men fish with compass of voice.
baskets, spears, and hooks. One would 27th. I am surprised at the difference think that every body here would have between the native servants in the Friendly enough and to spare; but such is not Islands, and those of Feejee. In the for- the case. The Chiefs demand more than mer, they can only be obtained in rare they need, the people are improvident, cases, and for a short time; and then and war is not merely a destroyer of life, they do little, and expect much : more- but also of the bounties of nature, beover they are so trying in Tonga, that stowed by the Lord of all the earth. Mrs. Thomas can just as easily do her 29th.- A singularly clear case, illustratown work, as suffer the plague which ing the indirect influence of the Gospel, they give her. At Feejee the Mission is stated by Mr. Calvert. One of the families are well supplied with both native Teachers, sent by him to a Heathen male and female servants, who are re- part of the island, tried to prevent the spectful and kind, every way answering people from going to war; but they the end for which they enter the premises. would not hearken to him. All things The truth is, the Feejeeans are far more being ready, they were starting for the industrious than the Tongans, who, battle-field upon the Sabbath-day, when though they are more comely in our eyes, the Teachers warned them of the sin they are not so sharp, nor so well disciplined, would commit, and of their exposure to as the Feejeeans. Here they have no danger, closing his address by saying, difficulty in landing goods from the ves- "If you will go on the Lord's day, sel, and getting them conveyed to the should any of your opponents fall into Mission-stores, almost for nothing; but, your hands, the least you can do, is to in the Friendly Islands, such matters keep them alive, and bring them here." sadly plague the poor Missionaries, who Two of their enemies did fall into their have to pay, most exorbitanıly for all hands: they brought them home alive, they get done by the natives.
and well, and exhibited them to the The severe system of subjection to the Teacher, who said to them, “You did arbitrary club-law of the Feejeean Chiefs, well not to kill these men : my advice to who strike every one dead who offends or you now, is, to let them go home to their disobliges them, may in part account for friends, that they may tell them what a this difference. No eastern tyrants can fine religion this is, that teaches us to rule with more absolute terror than the love our enemies." They were accordChiefs do here ; and few people are ingly liberated, instead of being cooked, more thoroughly enslaved and trampled and are gone home to report what has upon, than are these islanders. They not often been so reported in Feejec. The parties bave not since been heard of; the same as that which our Saviour but no Act of Parliament could have taught to the gross Gadarenes, when he produced such a result, as this silent said to the man who had been possessed teaching by facts, clothed with benevo- with devils, “Go home, and show what lence and light. The moral hereby con- great things the Lord hath done for veyed to this gross people will be much thee."
(To be continued.)
MISSIONS IN FRANCE. OUR veteran Missionary, the Rev. William Toase, after long and very useful labours in various departments of our French Work, has recently been compelled by age and growing weakness to retire from his official duties in France. He has the esteem and grateful respect of all who have marked his truly honourable course ; and we deem it to be only an act of justice to him and to our own feelings upon the occasion, to place on record the following valedictory Letter. May the blessing of Almighty God attend him in his comparative retirement! Extract of a Letter from the Rev. William Toase, dated Guernsey,
September 9th, 1848. Having terminated my official duties, might at once be embraced, if we had in connexion with the Wesleyan Mission suitable men to employ, and money to in France, I beg to express my best
support them. thanks to the General Secretaries, and to You will permit me to say, that from the Committee, for their uniform kind- the time of my Mission on board the ness, during the twelve years I have had prison-ships at Chatham, which begun the honour to labour under their direc. in 1809, and ended with the war in 1814, tion; and for the encouragement and I have always felt a deep interest in the support which at all times they readily spread of the Gospel in France. From gave me; and especially under circum- the year 1815 to 1822, while stationed stances of difficulty, arising very often in Guernsey and Jersey, I had many from quarters where better things might opportunities of visiting France; and, have been expected. My long residence during four of those years, I had the in Paris was not a sinecure, nor was my superintendence of the French Mission, position one of pleasure or of ease. I in connexion with the Guernsey District; was placed there by the will of my bre. and now having resided in the country thren ; and I can say truly, that in all twelve years, without interruption, the things I did the best I could. Through whole working of the Mission, as well the goodness of God, the Wesleyan as the state of the work in each Circuit, Mission in France has a name and an is familiar to my mind, and to the latest existence, such as a few years ago it had hour of my life will be the object of not. There is one fact connected with my anxious thoughts, and one great our Mission in France, which cannot be subject of my humble prayers. denied,many hundreds of sinners have And now, dear and honoured brethren, been converted to God by our instru- I once more thank you, very sincerely, mentality, and they are now walking in for all your kind attentions to me, and to the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort the brethren in France. May I earnestly of the Holy Ghost. Our societies are request of you, that when you have the not large anywhere; but, in point of map of the world before you, and are personal piety and Christian zeal, they considering what you can do for the conare not inferior to any of our people with version of mankind, you will still think whom I have been acquainted during the of France ? Convert France, and you will forty-four years of my ministry. Al do much for the conversion of the world. though the English work at Paris, I am now learning to be a Supernumerary; Rouen, and Calais, has been nearly de- but so long as I shall have a little strength stroyed by the Revolution, I am not left, I will endeavour to do something aware that the French work has suffered for France, especially on the coast which much anywhere. Many new and pro- is so near my present residence. mising openings are presented to us, and
MISSION IN SWITZERLAND. We regret to state that the position of our persecuted Brethren in Switzerland continues to be one of great trial and suffering, and demands our sympathizing and prayerful consideration. Nor should the WALDENSES of Italy, and the interesting labours of our Missionary MR. Massot in the country endeared to us as the scene of the toils and successes of the saintly Felix Neff, be forgotten in our plans of usefulness, or in our stated intercessions. SWITZERLAND.--Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Matthew Gallienne,
dated Lausanne, September 27th, 1848. It is now a long time since I last our retreat was discovered, and away made you acquainted with the state of went these infatuated people to the Mathings in the Circuit; and I would have gistrates for an order to enter the prewritten before, had not my second visit to mises. Through a merciful interposition, the Waldenses, and a few exploring the Magistrate was from home, and we excursions in the neighbourhood, caused escaped. me to delay till now. Besides, I really Another Sabbath, when I arrived at have no cheering intelligence to commu- the door of the house in which a friend nicate with respect to our situation in had lent her room for preaching, I found this country. The dark cloud still hangs it closed, and the police looking slyly out over us; and almost every week brings of a window opposite. These hints, of with it the sad history of meetings dis- course, sufficed, and I returned home, persed, Christian worshippers beaten and without having made any further attempts bruised, Pastors expelled, and led as at entering. It was providential that I did criminals to their place of exile! In 80; for, five minutes after, a posse of consome cases, doors have been broken open, stables had entered the premises in search and all the forms of equity and common of the meeting and the Minister ! Poor decency trodden under foot! All at- people, how blinded they are ! they wish tempts at obtaining redress are perfectly to detect us, and use the means the very useless. Only last month the Grand reverse of those likely to succeed. I Council, being assembledon extraordinary cannot account for their stupidity, otherState business, was petitioned by Mr. wise than that, like the Assyrians who Germond, the founder of the Echallens
were led by the Prophet in the midst of Hospital, for redress against the arbi- Samaria, they are blinded by our gracious trary and harsh measures employed in Protector, and prevented from doing us his case ; but his petition was rejected harm. Very lately, while we were holdby the famous majority of eighty, who ing family worship in our own dwelling, still stand forth in one formidable pha- where a few friends had met, after having lanx, against all attempts at toleration been driven from some other place, an and religious liberty! In fact, I now ill-disposed man was seen making the see no redeeming feature in the case ; round of our house, and looking into our some are hoping that the elections, and windows. He was afterwards traced in others that some other circumstance, will town, taking the direction of the police put an end to this monstrous state of office. Of course, we found it prudent things; but I see nothing below but to separate, after reading a psalm, and clouds and darkness; it is only when I offering up a fervent prayer to God for lift my eye above, that bright spots of ourselves and our cruel oppressors
. I hope are seen to cheer my heart, and afterwards went into the garden with our encourage me in this my work of pa- children, and waited in peace the arrival tience.
of the police. In a few minutes two As to our cause in particular, we have constables in plain clothes, and an armed to sing of mercy as well as of judgment. soldier, came towards our dwelling. But, Many & time have we been wonderfully thank God, their designs were fruitless. kept. On one Sunday, both our morn- Again had the shield of God's protecting ing and evening meetings were closely arm been around us, and we beheld the watched. All attempts to detect us in scene, not without emotion certainly, but the morning proved ineffectual : our with 'thankfulness to our God, and, I enemies ferreted everywhere, except in trust, with feelings of pity for our the very place where we had met. In enemies. the evening, they were more successful : These particulars will give you some
idea of the present state of things. You same regular and fixed way as she now see that they are not improving. But, does to those of the French Alps. though cast down, we are not disheart- On my way back to Lausanne, I ened. Our society is small, and far crossed the French frontier, and visited from being in a situation to help us my old friends of Queyras and Fressgreatly in this fight of faith. Besides, mières, in our Station of the Upper we are surrounded with professing Chris- Alps. I found our dear brother, Mr. tians, who take advantage of our state of Massot, in good health, notwithstanding weakness and of these times of combat, his multiplied labours.
He is quite to discourage persons from uniting with alone to administer to the spiritual wants us; and unhappily they often too well of both Valleys. He preaches, baptizes, succeed. If we had full scope for action, administers the sacrament of the Lord's we would not heed them ; but all we can supper, catechises the young, from St. now do is to take patience, and go on our Veran to Dormillouse, throughout the way as best we can. From all quarters year, and even in the depth of winter, the angry billows dash over us, and our with an activity and devotedness which weather-beaten ship seems hardly able to is highly honourable. He really is, in face the storm. Thank God, however, point of labour, the successor of that we feel that the best of all is, that He is devoted man of God, Felix Neff, whose with us.
parish is now entirely left under his care. Aigle continues to be an exception to May he largely imbibe his spirit and the above painful situation. It does walk in his steps! The Sabbath I spent one's heart good to witness the simple in Mr. Massot's large “parish ” (shall I piety and the firmness of our people call it?) I joined him in dedicating to there. Circumstances favour us greatly the worship of God a neat little church in that locality. We are left perfectly which the few Protestant families of quiet ; ravening wolves are become harm. Pierre-Grosse have built in that village. less. Our congregations are somewhat Up to the present time, the people of that on the increase, and hopes may be enter. village had met with those of Fongillarde tained that our cause will gain ground in the church which they built in Neffos firmly though slowly. How kindly does time, at their joint expense, and of which our heavenly Father deal with us! If at Dr. Gilly gives an account in his “MeLausanne we are tried, at Aigle we are moirs of Felix Neff,” pages 129, 130, encouraged. Trials are mercifully mixed edition of 1833. Now they claim the up with blessings by His skilful hands. privilege of having regular visits from
My second visit to the Piedmont their Missionary Pastor, and feel happy Valleys has been even more encouraging to be able to offer a better sanctuary for than the first. I have been received by worship than a dark barn or a dirty stable. an affectionate people with open arms; and The new church is a small but neat the word, especially, has been received building, whose whitened walls and with all gladness. The political agita- pretty steeple present an interesting piction is very great in the country ; some ture, and are quite an ornament to the of our friends I met in my first visit had Valley. People from St. Veran and left for the army, and others were called Fongillarde, and even from Arviez, flocked to the seat of war; some had lost in the together to the Lord's house, which was, late battles a father, and others a hus- of course, unable, that day, to contain band; but all was forgotten while we the congregation. I found liberty while drew nigh the Lord's table, and read the expounding the eighty-fourth Psalm, promises of His blessed word. How and passed a happy morning among this often tears of joy were to be seen stream- interesting people. During the week, I ing down the dark features of these was at Pallons, the Voilins, and DormilChristian peasants, while sitting under louse. How many recollections burst the preaching of the word! Truly it upon me at the sight of all these places ! was good for us to be there. There is and how honoured I felt to have been evidently in these Valleys a field of labour able, on different occasions, to minister, made ready of the Lord; and I have no in common with other Wesleyan Misdoubt that, should the prohibitory enact. sionaries, to the spiritual necessities of ments of former days be abrogated, as I these poor but well-disposed flocks ! believe they soon will be, our Society Should you think that my journals or seems called upon, in the order of Pro- any further details of my visit to the vidence, to administer to the spiritual Vaudois might be of use, I shall be wants of the Waldenses of Italy, in the happy to communicate particulars.
MISSIONS IN INDIA. The following specimen of the various and assiduous occupations of a young Missionary in India will be acceptable and interesting. MADRAS.-Extract of a Letter from the Rev. E. E. Jenkins,
dated Royapettah, June 7th, 1848. With respect to our Missionary work going on, I gave a few of these little in Royapettah, we live principally on Gospel messengers to as many as were hope. This neighbourhood is a source able to read, and then began to tell them of painful interest to us.
There are why I went about circulating books and fields on every hand, white unto the har. talking to the people; that I was sent to vest; but we want vigorous reapers to preach the Gospel to them; and, taking gather in the grain. Nevertheless, my out a little copy of the Gospel of St. hands hang not down, nor does my heart John, I read to them a portion of the despair. A great door and effectual has third chapter, which enforces upon us all been opened ; and God in answer to the necessity of a new birth ; and while prayer will, we doubt not, soon enable I was endeavouring to show the nature of you to send us help.
sin, and of a carnal heart at enmity with The inhabitants of this town are, for God, and what God had done to save us the most part, low ignorant people, un. from his displeasure and from hell, they taught even in their own language; and all, men and women, (for the latter had apparently indifferent to all religions, crept out of their huts while I was while they profess to practise the rites of preaching,) listened with gratifying eagertheir own. The condition of the pariahs The old man never took his eyes or outcasts here is truly pitiable. They from me, and, by signs which I could not indeed drink an unmixed cup of woe. mistake, discovered that he understood There are many thousands of this class and appreciated the truth. One noisy around us. If any picture of depravity fellow wished to disturb us: one of the and ignorance can wring the heart's sor- women exclaimed, “He is an enemy!” row, it is a group of these miserable but we concluded in peace. I gave the beings; no one has a kind word for Gospel to one of the young men, who such ; nor will any degree of want and promised to read it. My caste comaffliction excite to a deed of mercy. In panion had withdrawn, and stood at a one of my evening walks, I turned from distance. “ The people were so wretched the public road leading to the Mount, and dirty,” said he,“ that I could not and entered into what may be called go nearer.” Blessed be God for a relicompound-ground : following a narrow gion which levels on moral ground all path, it conducted us (I was accompanied distinctions, and commands us to “honour by a respectable Heathen of caste) to a all men.” I left them, thankful, I trust, few wretched huts. A little further on for an opportunity of letting the light we saw a singular exbibition of misery shine, even through an imperfect medium, and squalor. There was an elderly man where perhaps it had hardly ever dawned and his family, consisting of several young before. men, and a few smaller children, sitting The people are generally desirous of round what appeared to be a bundle of hearing; with some few exceptions I sticks, which they were cutting and shap- have hardly met with any other than an ing, I suppose for sale. But their extreme encouraging reception. Every week I poverty, and their dirty, ragged, and soli- preach out of doors and distribute tracts, tary appearance, touched my heart; they and sometimes see signs of good. But hardly looked like human beings, yet I our hands are So cramped, and our knew that even these were precious souls, labours so confined for want of help, that redeemed by the blood of Christ. i we cannot hope for any great amount of stopped and spoke to the old man, who good till we have succour from God and seemed surprised that any kind word from you. Would that our friends at could be addressed to him. After a few home could see us in the midst of a words had passed, I showed them a tract, willing people perishing for that which and inquired whether there were any we have not the means to supply them there that could read. The father called with! I am sure they would renew their a boy to him, and telling me the lad efforts and their sacrifice for the cause of could, I gave the little fellow the book, Missions. If the church sow sparingly who began to read up before us all. As on the Indian field, she will reap sparother people drew near to see what was ingly. Let this interesting Mission