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I ain wishful to endure all things for the in the prime of my days, I came to Lord's sake, and endure unto the end. ascertain whether a door was open among This is a joyous day. I am glad to see them to receive the message of mercy at the Ministers of the Lord and his people the hands of Missionaries, or whether this day. Praise the Lord !”
they were disposed to murder them now 7. Rhoda Ungounga, a Leader and as they had formerly murdered those of Chief, from Vavau, said, “I was ill the London Society, sent out in the yesterday, and feared I should not be " Duff,"_I may set down a few of the able to attend this love-feast, and I impressions which this visit has made prayed to the Lord about it; for I much on my mind, while I have been observwished to be present, lest I should suffer ing everything in connexion with the loss by it. And now I praise the Lord, natives and the Mission with the attenwho has heard me, and brought me here. tion of deep interest and earnest solici.
This is a great day, and a good day to tude. my soul. I am happy now. I was blessed . In point of CIVILIZATION, their ad. at Hapai, on my way hither, and have vance, at first, appears but small. The found the word very good here : my soul natives of Tonga are an idle people ; has been made very happy. I do not and, as such, they must of necessity be, fear to die. I love the Lord, and he less or more, a degraded people. But at loves me. He is with me. I thank him the same time, their love of ease, rather that I have come to Tonga at this time, than of toil, arises from the wasting heat I am nearly blind ; but I bless the Lord of their climate, which unfits them for I am happy in him. I believe I shall labour, as labour is performed among us. praise him for ever.”
They are not so strong as they are well8. Jone Taubula, of Vavau, the Fee- grown and beautifully formed; and havjee Chief, said, “ Friends, I rise to thank ing such abundance of fruit on their the Lord, and to speak of his work in luxuriant trees, their bays also and shores my soul. I love the Lord, and praise teeming with various fish, they have all the Lord, and will continue to praise that they need, and almost all that they him. I belong to Christ. I give up desire; therefore they cannot, in their myself to him, and to his work. I live, present state, have any adequate motive yet not I, but Christ liveth in me.' I to endure wasting labour. Their soil is am his; let him do with me as he rich, and sends forth food with little pleases."
culture. In the evening I preached in English, What they need, to make them indusexpecting to depart on the morrow. This trious, is education, and instruction in the parting of the Mission families, who useful arts, which will lead to new had been so long together, was not with wants : then they will not only desire out feeling ; which could not be won- books, but commerce also. They will dered at, considering the trials of the begin to imitate those who are above way, and the untried scenes upon which them. This indeed, they have begun to they were about to enter. But they trust do: the Chief men and Teachers wear in the living God, and follow the Master an upper linen garment, in addition to who never deserts, nor fails to succour, their usual dress; the females often do his servants. While at Nukualofa, Mrs. the same. This will spread, and reMalvern and Mrs. Amos have been con- quire them to get cocoa-nut oil, and the fined, under the maternal attentions of like; as they have already begun to Mrs. Thomas. Both mothers and babes do. Many tups per year are being are doing well.
shipped off, for which they get calico and A copy of those parts of the Scrip- cutlery. Here is incipient commerce. tures which are already in print in the They are certainly not merely keen, but Tonga language, was placed in my hands greedy, traders. This arises partly from by the Chairman of the District, with a desire to have our wares, partly from the following inscription :
their ignorance of the relative value of “ To the Rev. Walter Lawry, General their articles and ours, and partly from Superintendent of the New Zealand the foolish, and worse than foolish, things Missions, &c., and the first Wesleyan which they have picked up from foreign Missionary in the Friendly Islands: traffickers. They have been often duped Presented to him on the first official visit and not upfrequently misled. In these to his old station, after twenty-four years' matters they are spoiled children, which absence, by his unworthy brother and is a cause of grief and trouble to their fellow-labourer, John Thomas.” Pastors. Their country has resources
On leaving the Friendly Islands, of wealth to a great extent : beef, pork, where my life was held in jeopardy, when, and poultry might be raised in abun
dance : cotton and sugar-cane thrive well among this people; while, on the other here. To the cocoa-nut there is hardly hand, I am bound to record my testiany end : cordage and shells are plenti. mony, that a great work of God is mani. ful. Perhaps Divine Providence will fest on every side, and that there is much favour New Zealand and the Australian more to cheer than to discourage those colonies with these islands as their West who labour among the Tongans. The
spirit of the people is generally open and The comparison which I have been benevolent, cheerful and happy. In able to make between the Heathen for their devotional exercises, they are sotresses and the Christian villages, is lemn and earnest, like men who think as greatly in favour of the latter. These well as feel. Their attendance is genehave comforts about them, and an air of rally very good, fully equal to anything superiority which leaves the Pagan far I have ever seen in the best days of behind.
Cornwall, when the Spirit was specially They are now in a transition-state : poured from on high. The morals of these their old habits are broken up, and their islanders are greatly improved, not to new state of things is only formed in say revolutionized. They were much embryo. Formerly they were ruled by given to lying and theft, to treachery and terror : the Chief dealt death to whomuncleanness. But now they are for the he would with the end of his club; a most part truthful and straightforward man who was found refractory was in what they say. I am not aware that quickly despatched. But, now that they they are a whit behind the New-Zeaare freed from the reign of terror, it would landers in their high sense of justice and be too much to expect that such an integrity: a double-dealing man is emancipation would not be abused. It pointed at by public consent, and imis abused by certain young Chiefs, who purity hides itself. I speak of the geneare merely nominal Christians; and it is ral state of public morals, when I say also abused by a few disorderly persons that I have never seen the wheat so free here and there: but order is rising out from chaff in any part of the world, as I of disorder. A code of laws is under have seen it in these islands. Of course, consideration; and I am to seek assist there are some scapegraces here as every. ance from one of our Judges, on my re- where ; but the Sabbath is observed as turn to New Zealand. Governors are a holy day, consecrated to the Lord, and appointed at Vavau and Hapai, and there is a conformity of heart and life to courts of justice are set up. All this the Christianity of the New Testament, needs much to make it complete ; but surpassing all that I have elsewhere the matter is advancing as fast as such seen, and such as it is truly gratifying to matters usually do, and the movement is witness. In passing up and down among in the right direction.
them, I often ask myself, “ What but As to EDUCATION, I have no fear the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ whatever. There are and will be some could have produced such a change in obstacles in the way; but the mass of this once deeply-polluted people ? " Tonga children and adults are not merely Surely Acts of Parliament could not ; willing to be at school, but they delight counting beads and making crosses could in learning. They have both leisure not; baptismal regeneration and priestly and capacity; and, being densely crowded assumption could not; the teaching of a in their colo, we need little more than a Christless morality could not. No: the good system and a proper Teacher, and Author of this work is God; and the all will go on cheerfully. These we work is worthy of him : and those whom now possess; and the fields are white he has honoured as his agents in this unto the harvest.
mighty moral change of an entire people As to the success of our Mission in can change places with but few on earth, the Friendly Islands, I am far from without being losers by the change. thinking that it is as great as it might " They that be wise shall shine as the have been, because I am familiar with brightness of the firmament; and they some hinderances, which could not fail to that turn many to righteousness as the check the great work of the Holy Spirit stars for ever and ever."
(To be continued.)
BRITISH KAFFRARIA. We have more than ordinary pleasure in publishing the two following letters from our beloved Missionary, the Rev. William Shaw. To the first letter we annex the “Official Correspondence," relative to the singular transaction to which it refers. The whole reflects honour both on the Kaffir Chief, and on Sir H. G. Smith; and tends to confirm the hope that, after all the desolations of the recent war, our Missions in Kaffraria will yet, by God's blessing, revive and prosper. Extract of a Letter from the Rev. William Shaw, dated Plaatberg,
Bechuana Country, May 8th, 1848. I LEFT Graham's-Town about the kinnon thought I would decline receiving 20th of March, on the journey to Natal; compensation, now that it was offered by the necessity for taking which at this the Chief. My arrival was therefore very period I have already explained to you opportune, with reference to this quesin former letters. As it was essential to tion; and I immediately proceeded with make some arrangements relative to the Mr. Gladwin to King William's Town. resumption of our Border Stations, in After an interview with Colonel Macwhat is now called British Kaffraria, I kinnon, in which I explained that we proceeded thither in the first instance, would receive the compensation which that the work might not be delayed by was now voluntarily offered by the Chief, my long absence. Having arrived at although I had previously declined reMount-Coke, I had the pleasure to meet ceiving the cattle offered to me, they Mr. Gladwin, who, with the Government having been captured in war by the Commissioner of Butterworth, had come troops, which, as affecting the views down from the country beyond the Bashee, and plans of a Missionary Society, I where they had been shut up during the considered, made a great difference in the late war. You will be gratified to learn two cases ; the Chief Commissioner dethat they had visited the Chief Krielie, sired me to communicate my views on who earnestly desired that the Butter- the subject in a letter to His Excellency, worth Mission might be resumed; and Sir H. Smith, which should accompany of his own mind, without any suggestion his Dispatch on this question. from them, proposed to compensate the Accordingly, I immediately wrote a Mission and Mr. Fynn for the destruc- short letter to the Governor, giving my tion of the Mission premises and Mr. reasons why I thought it desirable that Fynn's property, which, he stated, had in this instance His Excellency should been done without his orders, and con- permit the Chief to make compensation. trary to his intentions, by some of his Since my arrival in the Bechuana counpeople, under the direction of a branch of try, I have learned that my views, and his family connexions. He said he the recommendation of Colonel Macshould regard the payment of compensa- kinnon, prevailed with His Excellency, tion as an indispensable point, prepara- who issued the necessary instructions ; tory to the re-establishment of the Mis- and I hope, therefore, when, on my return sion. His Excellency the Governor hay. from Natal to Graham's-Town, I shall ing deemed it expedient to direct that no visit Butterworth, the cattle to be paid question should be raised with the Kaffir by the Chief will be ready for my accepte Chiefs on the subject of compensation, ance; in which case I will direct them it became necessary to refer Krielie's to be sold to the best advantage ; and of proposal to the decision of the Governor, course the General Treasurers will be through Colonel Mackinnon, the Chief credited with the amount arising from Commissioner of British Kaffraria, who the sale, resides at King William's Town, near Mr. Gladwin estimated the loss of Mount-Coke. As I had previously re the Society at £600; which is, however, fused a large number of cattle which had less, by, perhaps, £150, than the actual been offered as compensation for our loss ; but he acted judiciously in not losses at Butterworth, by the express stating it at its highest amount, since desire of Sir P. Maitland, about the time £600 will be a sufficiently heavy fine for he left this government, Colonel Mac- the Amagcaleka Kaffirs to pay: at least. sufficient to teach them bereafter to re- miles; and, in the new arrangements, spect the property of the Missionary will be admirably situated with regard Society, so as to render it comparatively to our work amongst that portion of the safe, in case of any future commotions Kaffir nation, who are now become our in the land.
fellow-subjects. We also made some That you may fully understand this preparatory arrangements for the erection business, I inclose a copy of the official of a small chapel at King William's correspondence, which has appeared in Town, the capital of British Kaffraria, the Government Gazette, together with and which is likely to grow into a town Sir H. Smith's Message to Krielie, which and garrison of great importance. It is I think you will read with interest, as distant about seven miles from Mountshowing the decided tone he assumes Coke. in favour of Missions, and the spread Leaving British Kaffraria, we travelled of Christianity and civilization in Kaf- round the north-east side of the Amatela fraria,
Mountains, by way of the Moravian Mr. Impey accompanies me on this Institution of Shiloh, to Haslope-Hills, journey to Natal; and as he is to take where I also made some needful arrangecharge of the Mount-Coke station, we ments for the future prosecution of this selected a new site for this Mission; Mission,—the settlement of the Chief the late site on the Buffalo River bav. Kama in its neighbourhood,—and other ing been selected by the Governor for matters connected with our stations at a military fort and station. Our new the western extremity of the Tembookie slation is distant from it about three country.
(From the Cape-Town Government Gazelle.) The following correspondence is pub- whether it arose from any communication lished by order of Her Majesty's High which he had had with, or any suggesCommissioner :
tion which had been made to him by,
Mr. Gladwin or Mr. Fynn ?
Thirdly. Whether he was aware of the March 19th, 1848. value of the property, and was prepared His Excellency the High Commis- to make compensation to so large an sioner.
amount ? (Mr. Gladwin states the Sir, I have the honour to report, that losses incurred by the Mission at £600, Vonya and Matawana, Counsellors of and Mr. Fynn estimates his loss at Kreili, arrived here on the 17th instant, £150.) with a message from that Chief, to the Fourthly. In what way he proposed to effect that he was desirous of making collect the tribute, and whether by coer. compensation to the Missionary, the cion ? That the Government would Rev. Mr. Gladwin, and to the Govern- allow of no eating up, or of any force ment Agent, Mr. W. Fynn, who were being used, either as regards his own stationed at Butterworth, previous to the people, or the Fingoes located near Butlast war, (in 1846,) for the destruction of ierworth. their property at that place.
The messengers stated in answer, Vonya is the Counsellor who has been “That Kreili perfectly understood that employed by Kreili in all communica- no demand had been made on bim : That tions with us since your Excellency's the offer was spontaneous on his part, arrival, and may be regarded as the faith. and suggested itself to him on his hearing ful interpreter of his sentiments.
that your Excellency had alluded, at the Previous to returning an answer to meeting on the 7th January, to the Kreili on this subject, I felt it to be my destruction of this property; and that it duty to ascertain from the messengers : arose from his wish to show that he had
First. Whether Kreili distinctly un not sanctioned it himself: That it had derstood that no demand had been made not been suggested to him by Mr. Glad. on him by your Excellency at the meet win, or Mr. Fynn : That he himself ing on the 7th January, or subsequently mentioned it to them, but that they told at his interview with me, for compensa. him that the compensation would not be tion for the destruction of this property ? accepted without the sanction of the
Secondly. Whether this offer was Government; and that he (Kreili) must perfectly spontaneous on Kreili's part, or hinself apply to me for permission to make it : That Kreili was aware of the to Kreili my acceptance of his voluntary value of the property destroyed, and was act of repentance : and I rejoice to obprepared to make full compensation for serve that the system I have intrusted to it : That he would use no violence your conduct so gradually progresses in so doing; but that he would assemble towards an establishment of the desired his people, a great many of whom were order of things, which this act of concerned in the destruction of this pro- Kreili's, and of Sonto's discovering and perty, and would by persuasion induce at once giving up a murderer, so forcibly them to give up cattle sufficient to raise demonstrates. the required sum: That his own bro
I have, &c. thers were those who were principally
(Signed) H. G. SMITH. to blame : That he perfectly understood that the Government would sanction no N.B.-Mr. Shaw, the Superintendent violence or eating up to procure the com- of the Wesleyan Missionaries, while he pensation."
is much gratified with this spontaneous I desired the messengers to return to act of Kreili's, strongly urges upon me Kreili, and inform him, That I would the acceptance of his proffered indemnimake your Excellency acquainted with fication ; a view in which, for many and his offer, and would send him an answer, obvious reasons, I fully and cordially either by messenger or through Mr. Fynn, concur. on his return to Kreili's country : That,
(Signed) H. G. Smith. in the mean time, no attempt must be made by him to collect any tribute for Government House, Cape-Town, the purpose of compensation.
March 26th, 1848, Whatever view your Excellency may The Chief Kreili. take of this offer, and whether or not THE Inkosi Inkolu, Smith, bas reyour Excellency may be disposed to ceived from his brother, Colonel Mackinallow compensation to be made by any non, his son Kreili's message, desiring to Chief, who may of his own free will indemnify the losses many of his wicked offer it, for the destruction of the property people occasioned the Mission and Mr. of the Missionaries or Government Fynn. Butterworth was, by bad men, Agents during the war, I am persuaded destroyed, burnt, and pillaged; the prothat your Excellency will regard this perty of these good men who went among offer of Kreili's as an unequivocal proof Kreili's people to preach the word of of his contrition for the part he took Almighty God, and to make Kreili and in the war, and of his desire to pre his people to be Christians and civilized serve peaceful relations with us for the like their brothers, the English; and future.
Fynn was the great friend of Kreili. For I have contented myself with referring such wicked acts my son Kreili, of his the matter entirely to your Excellency's own accord and good-will, and with a decision, and shall await instructions strong feeling of repentance, now comes before I make any further communication forward to repair the evil, by paying for to Kreili on the subject.
the losses occasioned. The sum is very I have, &c.
large, £600 to the Mission, and £150 (Signed)
to Mr. Fynn. This has been fully exGEORGE MACKINNON, plained to my son Kreili, who has proColonel and Chief Commissioner. mised to "eat up" no one, but to collect
a portion of cattle from each of his Government-House,
people who were connected with these March 26th, 1848. wicked acts of demolition of that house Colonel Mackinnon, &c., &c., &c. placed among them for their good.
SIR,_I have the honour to acknow. My son Kreili ! twelve years ago I was ledge the receipt of your letter of the your great friend, and as I grieved to 18th instant, reporting the message from hear you had been led away by bad Kreili, and his desire to indemnify the advice into a wicked war, so do I now Mission and Mr. Fynn for the losses his rejoice to see you repentant to man, and, people so wantonly occasioned them, by I hope, to God. This reparation my son burning the Mission, and destroying Mr. So wisely desires to make, to show his Fynn the resident's property. Your people the wrong they have done, and his queries to Kreili's messengers are very and their repentance, is, I hope, a great judicious ; and I enclose a written mes- step towards my son becoming at once a sage to Kreili. I have too much confi- “ Christian.” I pray you, therefore, to dence in your discretion to dictate the go to your Missionary, and say he must measures you are to adopt in conveying make you worship God as he, and I your