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It would be strange indeed, if, in the multiplicity of names, dates and events, no errors or omissions should be detected. To say that it is perfect would be presumption. No mortals were ever perfect except Enoch and Elijah, who were translated, and it is written that even the latter committed errors.

The few typographical errors are such as are liable to be found in all publications, and the intelligent reader will find them no obstacle to a clear and easy understanding of the subject before him. Unwearied care and studious and constant watchfulness has been exercised in the hope of making a standard work of reference, as well as a work of interest to the reader. Through the kindness of many, the courtesy of all, we have been enabled to present a very complete volume. To those who have thus assisted in collecting and arranging the historical record, our sincere thanks are due.

We especially desire to thank the pioneer settlers who so cheerfully responded to our request for early events; also the county officials of Jackson County. In addition to these, we desire to acknowledge valuable aid from the press of the county, and from the following named gentlemen : Colonel Theodore Case, Jacob Gregg, J. C. McCoy, D. I. Caldwell, Martin Rice.

Our thanks are also due to the county officers of Wyandott County, Kansas, its press, and to Dr. Root, who rendered us important service, and to all others who so kindly assisted us in our arduous task. In the belief that our book will meet with a generous appreciation, it is submitted to the public.

THE PUBLISHERS.

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[1, S. Arsenal at Liberty, Missouri,

CHAPTER III.

Seized--Proclaination of Governor Jack-

GEOLOGY OF MISSOURI.- Classification of

son - General Order No. 7- Legislature

Rocks--Quaternary Formation --Tertiary

Convenes-Camp Jackson Organized-

-Cretaceous--Carboniferous-- Devonian

Sterling Price Appointed Major-(ieneral

-Silurian-Azoic-Economic Geology-

-Frost's Letter to Lyon-Lyon's Letter

Coal--Iron-Lead-Copper-Zinc-Build-

to Frost-Surrender of Camp Jackson

ing Stone - Marble - Gypsum -Lime.

-Proclamation of General Harney-

Clays-Paints-Springs - Water Power... 18 Conference between Price and Harney

- Harney Superseded by Lyon-Second

CHAPTER IV.

Conference - Governor Jackson Burns

TITLE AND EARLY SETTLEMENTS.--Title to

the Bridges Behind him-Proclamation

Missouri Lands - Right of Discovery-

of Governor Jackson -- General Blair

Title of France and Spain-Cession to

takes possession of Jefferson City-

the United States, Territorial Changes-

Proclamation of Lyon-Lyon at Spring-

Treaties with Indians--First Settlement

field -- State Offices Declared Vacant

-Ste. Genevieve and New Bourbon-St.

--General Fremont Assumes Command

Louis-When Incorporated--Potosi-St.

-Proclamation of Lieutenant-Governor

Charles-Portage des Sioux-New Mad-

Reynolds -- Proclamation of Jefferson

rid-St. Francois County-Perry-Missis-

Thompson and Governor Jackson

sippi--Loutre Island—“Boon's Lick".

Death of General Lyon-Succeeded by

Cote Sans Dessein – Howard County

Sturgis --- Proclamation of McCulloch

Some First Things-Counties-When Or-

and Gamble-Martial Law Declared-

ganized....

23 Second Proclamation of Jeff. Thompson

-President Modifies Fremont's Order-

CHAPTER V.

Fremont Relieved by Hunter-Procla-

TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION. Organiza-

mation of Price-Hunter's Order of As-

tion 1812–Council-House of Representa-

sessment-Hunter Declares Martial Law

tives--Wm. Clark first Territorial Gov-

-Order Relating to Newspapers--Hal-

ernor-Edward Hempstead first Delegate

leck Succeeds Hunter-Halleck's Order

--Spanish Grants-First General Assem-

81 --- Similar Order by Halleck --- Boone

bly -- Proceedings --- Second Assembly

County Standard Confiscated--Execution

Proceedings-Population of Territory

of Prisoners at Macon and Palmyra-

Vote of Territory - Rufus Easton - Åb-

General Ewing's Order No. 11-General

sent Members - Third Assembly - Pro-

Rosencrans takes Command-Massacre
ceedings--Application for Admission ..... 28 at Centralia-Death of Bill Anderson-

General Dodge Succeeds General Rosen-

CHAPTER VI.

crann-List of Battles...

39

Application of Missouri to be Admitted into

the Union -- Agitation of the Slavery

('HAPTER IX.

Question -" Missouri Compromise"

EARLY MILITARY RECORD. -- Black Hawk

Constitutional Convention of 1820-Con-

War-Mormon Difficulties--Florida War

stitution Presented to Congress--Further

- Mexican War.

17

Resistance to Admission-Mr. Clay and

his Committee make Report --Second

CHAPTER X.

Compromise-Missouri Admitted.

31 AGRICULTURE AND MATERIAL WEALTH.--

Missouri as an Agricultural State---The

CHAPTER VII.

Ditferent Crops - Live Stock - Horses-

MISSOURI AS A STATE. - First Election for

Mules -- Milch Cows -- Oxen and Other

Governor and Other State Officers-Sen-

Cattle - Sheep - Hogs - Comparisons

ators and Representatives to General

Missouri Adapted to Live Stock-Cotton

Assembly-Sheriffs and Coroners-U, S.

Broom-('orn and other Products

Senators-Representatives in Congress-

Fruits Berries -- Grapes Railroads-

CHAPTER I.

NAME AND LOCATION.--Different Counties

Named Jackson--Most Favored County

in the Union-The Area and Exact Geo-

graphical Position -- General Observa-

tions for the Reader.

66

CHAPTER II.

PHYSICAL FEATURES.--Names and Descrip-

tion of Water Courses-The Surface-

Beautiful Land-Timber, etc....

71

CHAPTER III.

GEOLOGY, BOTANY AND CLIMATE.--General

Observations - Different Formations --

Indications of Coal-Trees, Plants and

other Productions - Horticulture - Bee

Culture Climate and Health-The Jack-

son County Cyclone --Climate, Health

and Disease Continued.

74

CHAPTER IV.

EARLY SETTLEMENTS.--Fort Osage Started

in 1808 — Siate Admitted 1821 - County

Organized 1826––Different Settlements in

the County-The Names of Voters in

Jackson County 1828--The Vote for Gen.

Jackson-Examples of Ancient Records. 101

CHAPTER V.

ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY.-St. Louis

County Included what is now the East-

ern Part of Jackson in 1813-Then How-

ard County-Then Cooper-Then Lillard

-Then Lafayette--And then Jackson-

Jackson County Organized December 15,

1820, and Included what is now Cass and

Bates Counties --First County Court-

County and Township System-Govern-

ment Surveys--Organization of Town-

ships-- Three Townships at first, Blue,

Fort Osage and Kaw--Location of Roads

-Harmony, Township--Boone Township

- Sni-a-bar Township Washington

Township - Van Buren Township -

Prairie Township--Westport Township

-Brooking Township...

115

CHAPTER VI.

OLD SETTLERS OF JACKSON COUNTY.--Meet-

ing at Kansas City December 30, 1871--

Names of Old Settlers with date of Settle-

ment-Officers of the Association-Reso-

lutions-First Address--The “Far West"

-The Pioneers--Tom Rule-The Site of

Kansas City-Dates of Important Events

Meeting Marcii, 1872–Old Settlers As-

semble July 4, 1872--The Life of Daniel

Boone by Dr. Johnston Lykins--Meeting

of Pioneers July 4, 1874--Speeches of W.

H. Wallace, General Bingham, Jacob

Gregg, Johnston Lykins, Colonel Van

Horn and others - Prizes Awarded --

Death of Daniel Boone--Meeting April

24, 1880--The Pioneers--Address by Mr.

McCoy-The Last Grand Meeting of the

Fathers and Mothers, May 22, 1880-

Speeches of Jacob Gregg, Alexander

Majors, J. C. McCoy, Dr. Winfrey, and

Martin' Rice-Au Qid Timer's Poem-

Rev. Father Donnelly--Old Residents

and Date of Coming ..........

131

CHAPTER VII.

THE SANTA FE TRADE.--Originated and

Started from Old Franklin, Howard

County-Began at Independence in 1831

-About the Year 1837 the Trade Sprung

Up at Westport-Names of Firms at In-

dependence Engaged in the Trade

Starting Out of a Caravan-Hostile In-

cians-The Earliest Traders-Lost on the

Plains and Dying of Thirst-Council

Grove-Surgical Operation in the Desert

-Santa Fe-Revolt of Indians in 1681-

New Mexico in 1810–Names and Dis-

tances of Camping Places Between Inde-

pendence and Santa Fe........

170

CHAPTER VIII.

COUNTY OFFICIALS.--County Court-County

Clerks- Circuit ('lerks--Recorders -

Treasurers--Assessors-Sheriffs --School

Commissioners--Surveyors-Marshals

Collectors-State Senators-State Repre-

sentatives-Verbatim Record of Marri-

ages-The First Warranty Deed-Regis-

tration Notice.......

178

CHAPTER IX.

RAILROADS.-Names of the Different Roads

-Missouri Pacific-Chicago & Alton-

Wabash-Hannibal & St. Joseph--Kan-

sas City, St. Joseph & Council Bluffs-

Kansas ('ity, Leavenworth & Atchison-

Union Pacitic - Atchison, Topeka &

Santa Fe-kansas City & Fort Scott

Missouri, Kansas & Texas, and others-

Non-completed Roads - - Misappropria-

tion of Funds by the County-One Mil-

lion Dollars Paid by the County and no

Benefit Derived...

191

CHAPTER X.

FINANCES.-Introductory--Current Expen-

ses for the years 1809, 1870 and 1871-An-

nual Report, January 1, 1872, Showing

all the Receipts and Expenditures for

the Year - Jackson County Finances

from November 1, 1875, to February 15,

1876–The Last Official Report of Jackson

County Finances to the County Court

-Indebtedness of the County--County

Treasurer's Report-Township Railroad

Funds-County Poor Farm-A Report

for Ten Years Ago..

212

CHAPTER XI.

AGRICULTURE.-Its Establishment and the

Men Active in the Enterprise - The First

Page.

Fair in Jackson County--In 1874 New

Grounds Purchased-No Fairs During

the War--Names of the Officers of the

Association Each Year-Complete Ac-

count of the Fair for 1870–Fair of 1871-

The Last Fair of the Association............. 229

CHAPTER XII.

EDUCATIONAL.-Introductory-Private En-

terprise-Six Mile Academy-The Wood-

worth School, of Independence--Mrs.

Buchanan's School - D. I. Caldwell's

School-Independence Female Academy

-Mrs. Bettie T. Tillery's Academy--

Woodland College-Highland College-

Independence High School-Independ-

ence Female College--St. Mary's Semi-

nary-Public Schools of the County-

Superintendent's Report in 1866-Jack-

son County Teachers' Institute-Report

of the School Commissioner, D. I. Cald-

well, in 1870...

230

CHAPTER XIII.

MORMONS IN JACKSON COUNTY. - An Au-

thentic and Impartial History from the

Foundation of the Church-A Sketch of

the Life of Joseph Smith, the Prophet-

The Book of Mormon The Rapid

Growth of the Church-They come to

Jackson County, Missouri, in July, 1831

- The “Morning and Evening Star"-

Difficulties Arising Between the Saints

and Gentiles-The Saints Assemble for

Protection-Several Deadly Encounters

-The Saints driven into Clay County---

Documentary Evidence of Unlawful

Violence-The Subsequent Action of the

Mormons in Missouri, and their final

Expulsion from the State.....

250

CHAPTER XIV.

INCIDENTS OF THE WAR.-Politics in Jack-

son County from 1857 to 1800-Missouri

Men and Families Abused -- Colonel

Henry Younger and John Fristoe--Cole

Younger's Revolution to Avenge his

Father's Death-Dr. Lee and the Sum-

mit, ete, – The County Officers – Two

Silly. Young Men - Captain Quantrell

and his Men-He Dashes upon the Head-

quarters of the Troops, and Escapes

Again-The ('ommunity.

270

CHAPTER XIV.

JACKSON COUNTY DURING THE WAR.-Sack-

ing of the l'nited States Arsenal, at Lib-

erty-Confederate Camp on Rock Creek

-Death of Captain Halloway--Confed.

erates enter Independence in 1861-Burn-

ing of Property-Captain Fuller takes

Independence, and Hangs a Man on the

Public Square-Quantrell comes into In-

dependence- Campaign in 1862 --- Battle

of Lone Jack – Fort Pennock - Order

Number Eleven-Price's March through

this Section-Organization of the Home

Guards—The Iron-Clad Oath-Etc., etc... 277

CHAPTER XV.

BLUE TOWNSHIP.-Organized May 22, 18:27 --

At First it Included Land in what is

Cass and Bates Counties-- Present Bound-

aries and Physical Features - Blue

Township a Favored Locality--Names

of the Pioneers -- What the Pioneers

Themselves say of Early Days-The Old-

est Man in the State-Additional Items

-Wayne City-Lexington-New Salem

Church..

296

CHAPTER XVI.

FORT OSAGE TOWNSHIP.-Boundaries and

General Features-The Oldest Township

in the County--Pioneers of Fort Osage

Township-General Sibley--Fort Sibley

Page.

Town of Sibley Laid Out in 1836–First

Lots Sold -- The Town Burned - Great

Flood-Present Business of Sibley- The

Town Plat Being Vacated – Buckner --

Ancient Bed of the River--Business Di-

rectory of Buckner-Levasy-Lake City, 306

CHAPTER XVII.

SNI-A-BAR TOWNSHIP.-Geographical Posi-

tion and Population-The Vame-Phys-

ical Features -- Early Settlers - Blue

Springs-(hurches--Business Directory

--Oak Grove-Incorporation of the Town

---Business Enterprises-Grain Valley-

Pink Hill-What Jacob Gregg has to say

About a J. P.-Incidents by Daniel

Joyce-The Sni Hill Rangers.,

312

CHAPTER XVIII.

VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP.--Its Location and

First Settlement on Big Creek ---First

Entries of Land-First Cabin-First Set-

tler at Lone Jack-Pioneer Life-Going

to

Mill -

· Preachers, Preaching, and

Churches - Lone Jack Church - New

Liberty Church-Sni Mills' Church-The

Christian Church-The Methodists—The

Presbyterians — Schools - Doctors and

Lawyers-Mails and Vewspapers-First

Township Officers-Lone Jack-Retro-

spect-The Oldest Man--The Oldest Wom-

an-Physical Features..

325

CHAPTER XIX.

PRAIRIE TOWNSHIP. Organization and

General Features of the Municipal Town-

ship--Early Settlers of the Township-

Lee's Summit Laid (ut in October, 865,

by W. B. Howard-Lee's Summit in 1869

-Incorporation as a City-('ity Ordi-

nances-List of City Officers-The Busi-

ness and Public Enterprises-Churches

and

Schools -- Business Directory

Greenwood College-l'emetery.

341

CHAPTER XX.

WESTPORT TOWNSHIP.--Geographical Posi-

tion--Old Settlers-Westport Formerly a

Part of Kaw-The Santa Fe Trade, and

Those Engaged in It - Justices of the

Peace from 1854 to the Present Time-

The Town of Westport Laid Out-Incor-

poration -- City Charter -- City Govern-

ment-Names of Mavors and Other Offi-

cers - Churches and Schools - Business

Directory.

350

CHAPTER XXI.

WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP.-- Washington

Township Organized February 9, 1836_

The Orders of (ourt fixing the Bound-

aries-First Election held at the House

of Anson McCrackin-- The Lost Town-

ships-Physical Features--Old Settlers--

Hickman's Mills-New Santa Fe--Lay-

ing out the Town--Notes from New San-

ta Fe-Union Point--Washington Town-

ship saw much of the Border and Civil

Wars--A story of Border Warfare............ 357

CHAPTER XXII.

BROOKING TOWNSHIP-The Youngest Town-

ship in Jackson ('ounty-The Order of

Court Organizing the Township, bears

Date March 13, 1872–The Order Itself-

First Constable- A Word from Rev.J.J.

Robinson-Interesting Reminiscences-

A Letter in the spring of 1876-West Fork

Baptist Church-A Farmers' Meeting..... 367

CHAPTER XXIII.

KAW TOWNSHIP. When Established and

its Original Extent-The Establishment

of Washington and Westport Townships

-- The First Settlers and First Officers-

The First and Second Elections, etc........ 370
Page.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTORY.-How Ancient Cities were

Founded and Built-The Considerations

Determining their Location--American

Cities, how Located and Built-Western

Cities--The Importance of Transporta-

tion Facilities-The People who Determ-

ined their Location, and Why_"Motion

Follows the Line of Least Resistance.". 374

CHAPTER II.

EARLY EXPEDITIONS AND SETTLEMENTS.-

The Fur Companies - The First Settle-

ment of Kansas City, How and Why it

was Made-In the Wilderness-The En-

try of the Land-The French Settlement

and Life Among the French Settlers--

The Advantages of the Place Recog-

nized by Others-An Anecdote of Wash-

ington Irving...

376

CHAPTER III.

THE GREAT INDIAX TRADE.-Proposed Re-

moval of the Indians to the West--The

Numbers to be Moved--The Removal -

The New Locations-Effect on Western

Trade-Founding of Westport, and Con-

centration of the Trade There.

385

CHAPTER IV.

THE SANTA FE TRADE. - Its Origin and

Character--Its Real Beginning- The Ef-

fect of Steamboats-It Locates at Inde-

pendence-Changing to Westport-Char-

acter and Methods of the Trade-Statis-

tics to 1838....

389

CHAPTER V.

THE FOUNDING OF KANSAS CITY,- The Sit-

uation in 1838 - The First Ferry --- The

Santa Fe and Indian Trade Tend to Kan-

sas City-Purchase of the Prudhomme

Estate for a Town Site-The Survey and

Sale of 1839—Troubles of the Company

Retarded the Town-What was Thought

of It-Its Early Trade-A Description of

Early Kansas City-Efforts to Divert the

Santa Fe Trade-Its Suppression in 1813–

Statistics-Situation in 1843—The Great

Flood of 1841-The Events of 1813 to 1816

-The Mexican War.........

395

CHAPTER VI.

KANSAS CITY REDIVIVUS.-Re-organization

of the Town Company-The First Great

Sale of Lots -- An Interesting Record -

Bad Titles--Further Surveys and Sales

-The Company Dissolve-Town Devel-

opment - The California Emigration --

The Concentration of the Santa Fe and

Indian Trades at Kansas City -- Cholera

and its Direful Effects - Municipal Or-

ganization - The First Newspaper Re-

vival After the Cholera...

408

CHAPTER VII.

THE SETTLEMENT OF KANSAS. - The Kan-

sas-Nebraska Act Preparations by Pro-

Slavery and Anti-Slavery Parties to

Occupy Kansas - Early Settlement -

Kansas City Again Recoguized-Devel-

opment of Kansas -- Navigation of the

Kaw River-The Kansas Troubles--The

Effect on Kansas City-Col. Coates........ 121

CHAPTER VIII.

THE GROWTH OF KANSAS CITY PRIOR TO

THE WAR. - Improvements of Streets

and Roads-Trade and Steamboats-Ri-

val Cities-Rapid Growth of Kansas City

-Stages and Mails - The Commerce of

the Prairies-The First Banks, Jobbing

Houses, and Telegraphs--The First Com-

mercial Organization-The Panie of 1857

- The Enlargement of the City ....

431

Page

CHAPTER IX.

THE INCEPTION OF OUR RAILROADS.-Kan-

sas City Takes the Lead in Efforts to Se.

cure Railroad Facilities - Her Efforts

Start a Fever in Railroad Enterprises in

Western Missouri and Kansas. The In-

ception of Her Own System - The Hos-

tility of Kansas--The First Efforts in Be-

half of Trans-Continental Railroads

Kansas City in the Struggle with Both

the Slave and Anti-Slave Sections for

the Road - The Enthusiasm of the Pe-

riod-Beginning of Railroad Work-The

Real Founders of Kansas City, Their

Trials and Triumphs....

13

CHAPTER X.

KANSAS CITY IN THE WAR. - The Excite-

ment and Events Preceding the Great

Struggle - The Marshaling of the Hosts

on Both Sides-Van Horn's Battalion-

The First Fighting-Bush-whackers and

Red Legs--The Depression of Trade, and

its Revival — Resumption of Railroad

Building--The Great Raid of 1864 ............. 466

CHAPTER XI.

A GREAT ERA IN KANSAS CITY.-The Close

of the War - The Resumption of Rail-

road Construction--Seven Roads and the

Bridge Completed Before 1870 - Other

Railroad Enterprises not Finished-Rap-

id Growth - Schools, and Street Im-

provements - Population Grown From

5,000 to 30,000...

478

CHAPTER XII.

THE PROGRESS FROM 1970 TO 1872.-Improve-

ment and Enlargement of the Railroad

Facilities—Inception of the Barge Line

-Water and Gas Works Built--The Law

Library-The Barge Line-The Exposi-

tion, the Board of Trade, and Other Im-

provements

491

CHAPTER XIII.

THE PROGRESS OF 1873 TO 1876.-Street Rail-

roads-Barge Line Agitation-The Panic

of 1873-Efforts to Get the Indian Terri-

tory Opened to Settlement-Efforts for

Transportation Improvements - Free

Mail Delivery - The Securing of the

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, and the

Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroads-

How the Latter was Done - The Grass-

hopper Plague-The Revision of the City

Charter - Efforts to Secure a Mint--The

Re-organization of the Board of Trade,

and Building of the Exchange Building. 512

CHAPTER XIV.

THE MARKETS AND PACKING HOUSES.-His-

tory of the Texas Cattle Trade-Its Fi-

nal Concentration at Kansas City--The

Growth of the Market and Character of

the Present Supply-The History of the

Packing Business – Why It Came to

Kansas City - Its Statistics - The Grain

Market, when and How It Started-Its

Development, and Circunstances At-

tending it -- Its Present Facilities and

Magnitude..

532

CHAPTER XV.

THE PROGRESS OF THREE YEARS. - The

Events of 1877 - The Alton Road - The

Union Depot--The Test of Barges on the

Missouri – The Great Railway Strike--

Bank Suspension - Railway Extension

Affecting Kansas City -- The United

States Court House and Post-office, and

United States Courts--Rapid Growth of

the City

511

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