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support of common schools. This fund is to be profitably invested under the direction of the Treasurer of the State, and is to accumulate until the income derived from it shall be sufficient to support a common free school in every district in the State, for two months in each year.

The report of the Treasurer of the School Fund was as follows, Sept. 30th, 1829. To Amount loaned the year past as per receipt of Auditor, in the Treasury Department

$8,060 00 To Balance in Treasury applicable to this object :

264 39

$8,324 39 Cr. By Balance in the Treasury last year

$215 43 By Cash received appropriated to this object, as per report of Auditor, in Treasury Department this day

8,108 96

$8,32.1 39 The operations and increase of the School Fund will be more distinctly seen by the following statement. By the Report of the Auditor last year, it appears that there was then on Loan the sum of

$ 15,993 07 Principal paid since that Report

289 75

$15,703 32 Amount Joaned the past year

8,060 00 Amount now on loan

$ 23,763 32 There are about twenty incorporated academies in the State, where young men may be fitted for college. No returns have been made, but the number of students will probably average about forty at each.

State Prison.

The State Prison at Windsor was established by an act of the Legislature in 1808. Confinement at hard labor in this prison is the punishment for almost all of that class of offences which are called mala in se Murder, high treason, perjury, in those cases where the life of another is taken away by false swearing, and arson, where death or serious injury to the person ensues, are the only crimes punishable by death. In all cases not capital, the courts may impose a fine; but this is rarely done, except for the breach of positive statutes, and for assault and battery, riot, or resisting the execution of the laws. From the last report of the superintendent it appears, that the number of convicts in the prison on the 1st of October, 1828,

was 123. On the 1st of October, 1827, the number was 134. The convicts are chiefly employed in weaving cotton goods by hand looms; and 180,000 yards were woven the last year.

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Banks.
State of the Banks, according to the Report of the Inspector, dated

April 1st, 1828.
· BANK OF BURLINGTON owes Specie, current bills, &
Stock paid in

$51,216 00
deposites

100,358 74 Bills in circulation 134,042 77 Deposites and dividends

$235,135 02 due

65,699 53

BANK OF RUTLAND Owes$250,958 30 Stock paid in

$50,000 00

Bills in circulation 207,357 00 Funds and Property on Hand. Deposites and dividends Discounted notes

due $ 103,485 59

5,727 62 Stock in other Banks 3,200 00 Real estate at cost

$ 263,084 62 10,450 50 Specie, current bills, and

Funds and Property on Hand. deposites in other Banks 161,153 63

Discounted notes $119.514 52 $278,289 72 Due on book

426 90

Real estate at cost 1,747 66 BANK OF WINDSOR owes Specie, current bills, Stock paid in

$60,000 00

and deposites 147,050 04 Bills in circulation 107,366 00

$268,739 12 Deposites

5,639 10

BANK OF MONTPELIER owes $ 173,005 10 Stock paid in

$30,000 00 Funds and Property on hand. Bills in circulation 147,560 00 Discounted notes $ 148,322 77

Deposites

11,654 43 Due from depositors &

$189,214 43 on book

8,988 93 Real estate at cost

2,006 12

Funds and Property on Hand. Specie, current bills, and deposites

28,465 00 Discounted notes $85,904 00 Due on book

7,287 00 $ 187,782 82 Real estate at cost 2,047 19

Specie, current bills, and BANK OF BRATTLEBOROUGH owes deposites

98,761 87 Stock paid in $50,000 00

$ 194,000 06 Bills in circulation 155,818 00 Deposites

23,930 28

BANK OF CALEDONIA Owes$ 229,748 28 Stock paid in

$30,000 00 Funds and Property on Hand.

Bills in circulation 85,702 00
Deposites

4,041 09 Discounted notes $ 132,367 44 Real estate at cost 2,408 84

$119,743 09

Funds and Property on Hand. Specie, current bills, and Discounted notes $58,377 68

deposites

66,387 14 Real estate at cost

3,506 38 Specie, current bills, and

$116,381 60 deposites

59,837 00

BANK OF BENNINGTON owes$121,721 06 Stock paid in

$29,400 00

Bills in circulation 51,322 00 BANK OF ST. ALBANS Owes Due Suffolk Bank of Stock paid in

Boston $20,000 00

6,641 00 Bills in circulation 32,317 53

Deposites

3,293 74 Deposites 6,309 61

$90,656 74 $58,627 14

Funds and Property on Hand. Funds and Property on Hand. Discounted notes $48,909 34 Discounted notes

$46,535 38 Specie, current bills, and Real estate at cost 1,400 00

deposites

41,920 00 Specie, current bills, and deposites

$90,829 34
12,893 85
$60,829 23

BANK OF ORANGE COUNTY Oweg-
Stock paid in

$ 20,000 00 BANK OF VERGENNES owes Bills in circulation 66,400 00 Stock paid in

$30,000 00 Bills in circulation 79,681 23

$86,400 00 Deposites

5,854 79

Funds and Property on Hand. $115,536 02 Discounted notes

$51,741 50

Specie, current bills, and Funds and Property on Hand.

deposites

27,799 52 Discounted notes $ 49,994 46

$79,541 02 From which it appears, that the Banks in operation on the 1st of April, 1828, had paid in $370,616 capital stock ; that they had on hand at that time in specie and specie funds $674,904.27 ; that at that time they were authorized by their charters to circulate bills to the amount of $1,188,498•82, but actually had in circulation $949,844-53.

Note.—The two last named Banks were newly chartered, and did not go into operation until after the 1st of April, 1828. Bank of Burlington chartered in 1818 with a nominal capital of $150,000 of Windsor 1818

100,000 of Brattleborough 1821

100,000 of Rutland 1824

100,000 of Montpelier 1825

100,000 of Caledonia 1825

100,000 of St. Albans 1825

100,000 of Vergennes 1826

100,000 of Bennington 1827

100,000 of Orange County“ 1827

100,000

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Internal Improvements: In 1824 an act of the Legislature was passed incorporating a company for the purpose of improving the navigation of Connecticut river. The company has gone into operation, and it is supposed the river will be rendered navigable for steamboats, nearly up to the 15 mile falls. They have not, however, yet made much progress in effecting the object of their incorporation. In 1825 the governor and council were authorized to appoint canal commissioners, to assist the United States' engineers in examining routes for canals, and $500 were appropriated to defray the expenses of the commissioners. The Legislature also appropriated $75 to defray the expense of surveying a canal route from Montpelier to Lake Champlain. United States' officers have examined routes from Lake Memphremagog to Connecticut river, and to Lake Champlain, and from the river to the lake, by way of Montpelier ; but it is not likely that canals will ever be constructed on any of these routes. A company was incorporated in 1825, for the purpose of constructing a tow path along the bank of Otter Creek, from Vergennes to the lake, which has been accomplished.

MASSACHUSETTS.

} $3,666 67

.

Officers and their Salaries. EXECUTIVE.

Salary Governor, Levi Lincoln, (term of office expires on the

last Wednesday in May, 1830,) Lieutenant Governor, Thomas L. Winthrop

533 33 JUDICIARY. Supreme Court.- Isaac Parker, Chief Justice

3,500 00 Samuel Putnam, Associate

3,000 00 Samuel S. Wilde,

3,000 00 Marcus Morton

3,000 00 Common Pleas.-Artemas Ward, Chief Justice

2,100 00 Solomon Strong, Associate

1,800 00 John M. Williams

1,800 00 David Cummins

1,800 00 Municipal Court, Boston.-Peter O. Thacher, Judge 1,200 00 LEGISLATURE.

40 Senators, Pay, $2 for each day's attendance, and $2 501 Representatives, } for every ten miles' travel.

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Receipts and Expenditures,
For the Year ending December 31st, 1828.

RECEIPTS.
On arrearages of State Tax

$38 95 Amount of the Bank Tax

190,427 20 Duties on Sales by Auction

34,297 65 Principal and Interest of Notes and Bonds due the Commonwealth 9,221 51 Lands in Maine sold by the Agents

2,724 60 Of County Treasurers

761 58 Of the Attorney General

217 00 Of the Solicitor General

131 12 Miscellanies

2,206 71 Money borrowed of Banks

210,000 00 Total of Receipts

$ 450,026 32 EXPENDITURES.

On Warrants and Rolls for the support of Government, in-} $146,063 43

On Rolls of the Committee on Accounts for different years

70,888 53 County Treasurers

26,355 95 Principal and Interest of the 5 per cent. Funded Debt

293 08 Adjutant and Acting Quarter Master General's Department

4,687 00 Agricultural Societies

5,438 84 Support of Deaf and Dumb Persons in the Asylum at Hartford 6,227 79 Wounded Soldiers, $137, Pensioners $ 1243 33

1,380 33 Medical Institution in Berkshire County

1,000 00 Commissioners for settling the affairs of Massachusetts and Maine, principally for Surveying

951 37 Interest on Money repaid to Banks

2,425 74 Miscellanies

42,056 97 Principal of Money repaid to Banks

140,000 00 Total of Expenditures

$ 447,769 03 Memorandum. Cash in the Treasury, January 1st, 1828

20,466 73 Amount of Receipts in 1828, including money borrowed of Banks

450,026 32 Amount of Expenditures in 1828, including money repaid to Banks

447,769 03 Amount of Cash in the Treasury, January 1st, 1829

$22,724 02

Schools. The following results are contained in a Report of the Secretary of the Commonwealth for the year 1827, collected from imperfect returns of the several towns. Number of Public School districts

972 Number of Academies and Private Schools

708 Estimated number of pupils in Private Schools

18,143 Number of pupils in the Public Schools

71,006 Amount paid for public instruction

$163,929 76 Estimated amount of private tuition

158,809 00

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