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Amount of monen

nually raised ex-
pended for support of

Schools.

Common Schools. By a law of the state, every town, however large or small, is required to raise annually, for the support of schools, a sum equal at least to forty cents for each person in the town, and to distribute this sum among the several schools or districts, in proportion to the number of scholars in each. The expenditure of the sum is left principally to the discretion of the town, and its committee or agents, appointed for that purpose. In the year 1825 the legislature required a report from each town in the state, respecting the situation of the schools. From these reports, made in the winter of 1826, Mr. Greenleaf has drawn the following summary.

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Number who usually attend

Schools.

Amount required by Law to be raised and expended

annually.

From Taxes.

From the Income of * permanent Funds.

Total annual Expenditures.

York
Cumberland
Lincoln
Waldo
Hancock
Washington
Kennebeck
Oxford
Somerset
Penobscot

297 20,820, 14,602 $ 18,513 20 $19,905 82 $229 93 $20,185 58 323 19,238 14,630 19,778 00 20,646 65 1,520 06" 22,166 71 333 21,171 14,942 18,737 20 19,513 41 813 10 20,326 51 210 11,712 8,129 8,901 20 11,099 46 100 00 11,199 79 156 7,881 5,903 7,142 40

7,173 57

487 60 7,661 17 103 5,009 3,346 5,097 60 5,420 83 206 20 5,626 85 341 19,561 14,923 16,060 00 17,827 31 375 27 18,203 08 289 12,935 10,217| 10,811 60 10,990 03 1,294 21 11,384 29 296 11,903 8,340 8,710 00 10,737 07 336 58 11,073 65 151 7,701 6,923! 5,543 00

9,849 771

251 20 10,100 97 Total (2499|137,931.101,325 119,334 00 132,263 92 5,614 65| 137,878 57

Gardiner Lyceum. This institution was founded by Robert H. Gardiner, Esq., in 1821, principally for the purpose of affording to the operative and productive classes of the community, such scientific education as may be most useful in their respective arts and occupations. The Officers, in Jan. 1829, consisted of

Salary.
Principal

$800
Professor of Natural History and Agriculture
Tutor in Mathematics

Number of Students, 25. A workshop, fitted up with circular saws, lathes, and other machinery, and under the superintendence of Mr. P. C.

600
500

Holmes, enables many of the Students to meet a part or all of their expenses.

A farm is about being added, which will enable those who prefer agricultural pursuits to do the like.

Officers and their Salaries.

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EXECUTIVE.

Salary. Governor

$1,500 JUDICIARY. Supreme Court.-— Prentiss Mellen, Chief Justice 1,800 Nathan Weston, jr. Associate Justice

1,500 Albion K. Parris

1,500 Common Pleas.—Ezekiel Whitman, Chief Justice 1,200 Samuel E. Smith, Associate Justice

1,200 David Perham

1,200 LEGISLATURE. The members of the Senate and House of Representatives receive each $2 a day; the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, $4.

Cumberland and Oxford Canal. This will unite the waters of Sebago Pond with those of Portland Harbour. Company incorporated in 1821. Canal commenced in May, 1828 ; to be completed in Sept. 1829. Length of artificial canal, 204 miles; whole extent of water communication will exceed 40 miles, Sebago Pond being connected with Long Pond by a dam and lock.

Estimated expense, from $190,000 to $200,000. Descent, about 250 feet, made by 25 locks. Articles of transportation ; timber of various kinds, wood, stone, ashes, sand to make glass, and produce of the country, down the canal. In return, salt, plaster, fish, merchandise. The water communication may be extended to the Androscoggin, and even, it is said, to the Chaudiere.

State Prison at Thomaston.

Aggregate amount of the expenditures in the purchase, erection, and repairs of the state prison at Thomaston, from the commencement, in 1823, to the 30th Nov. 1826. Purchase of the site for the prison, $3,000.

Amount ex

W

pended in erecting the prison in 1823, $23,910 55. In 1824, $4331 52. In 1825, $2007 08. In 1826, $619 31; making an aggregate of $33,768 46. In 1828, the Legislature made further appropriations, amounting to $7109 09. The

expenses of the prison, convicts, officers' salaries, &c. for the year 1924, were $4443 81. Net earnings of the convicts for the same period, $1755 83 ; stock remaining on hand at the close of the year, $1404 36; leaving a balance against the state, of $1283 62.

Expenses for the year 1825, $7758 09; net earnings, $4925 08; stock on hand, rents, &c. $2479 84; balance against the state, $353 17.

Expenses for the year 1826, were $11,194 30; net earnings, $6177 33 ; stock on hand, rents, &c. $2605 52 ; balance against the state, $2411 05.

The expenditures of the succeeding years cannot be yet acrately ascertained.

The number of convicts, Nov. 30, 1827, was 71. Received from Nov. 30, 1827, to Sept. 1, 1828, 32. Total, 103. Discharged during the same time, 15; pardoned, 8. Number of convicts, Sept. 1, 1828, 80. Received from Sept. 1, to Nov. 30, 1828, 23; discharged in the same time, 3; escaped, 1. Remaining, Nov. 30, 1828, 99. Whole number committed since July 2, 1824, 274. Discharged, 139. Pardoned, 29. Escaped, 2. Died, 5. Remaining, 99.

Of the whole number discharged, there have been returned on a second commitment, 22. Of the 99 now in prison, 14 are Irish, 3 are English, 3 are French, and I Portuguese negro.

The employments of the convicts, Dec. 1, 1928, were the following. Quarrying lime-stone, 28. Stone-cutters, 29. Blacksmiths, 5. Shoe-makers and cobblers, 8. Shoe-binders, 1, female. Carpenters, 2. Chair and cabinet makers, 2. Paint

Barbers, 1. Tailors, 5. Washers, 2, females. Waiters, 2. Cooks, 2. Oakum-pickers and invalids, 6. In the hospital, 5.

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NEW HAMPSHIRE.

RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES FOR THE YEAR 1828.

Receipts.
Cash in Treasury, on settlement of late Treasurer's account
Taxes outstanding
Borrowed of Literary Fund

of Merr. Co. Bank

of Claremont Bank
Received of J. W. Weeks, an error in travel roll
Interest on 3 per cent. Stock
Received of Jacob Patch, error in attendance roll, Nov. 1828
Cash of Selectmen of Lyman, fees for Militia Exempts
State Tax for 1828
Of Secretary of State, fees of office

$3,205 10

1,502 45 9,058 19 19,000 00 5,000 001

2 00 2,854 00

90 00

2 00 39,997 20

553 00

$81,263 94

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Expenditures. Governor's Salary

$1,200 00 Contingent Expenses

100 00 Pay-roll of the Council

985 00 Senate, June, 1828

602 40 Nov. 1828

1,398 60 House, June, 1828

9,039 80 Nov. 1828

22,172 50 Orders in favor of Representatives whose names were omitted on the rolls

190 00 Orders in favor of the Clerks

765 90 in favor of Doorkeepers

901 45 Salaries of Secretary, Treasurer, Warden of State Prison, and Adjutant General

2,600 00 Salaries of the Justices of Superior Court, Attorney General, and Solicitors

4,600 00 Salaries of Justices of the Court of Common Pleas

3,200 00 Judges and Registers of Probate

4,418 69 Compensation of Commissioners on State Line

1,086 68 Electors of President, &c.

147 00 Orders in favor of Deaf and Dumb

660 00 Other Orders

6,451 72 Wolf, Bear, and Wild Cat Bounty

250 00 Tax against Shelburne, received by late Treasurer

48 40 Principal and Interest of Money borrowed

18,619 16 Taxes outstanding, June 1, 1829

1,452 92 Cash in Treasury, June 1, 1829

373 72

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$81,263 94 The state has appropriated annually, for several years, $1,200, to educate deaf and dumb pupils, at the Hartford Asylum.

Officers and their Salaries. EXECUTIVE.

Salary. Benjamin Pierce, Governor

$1,200 Holds his office for a year, which will expire on the first Wednesday of June, 1830. JUDICIARY. Supreme Court.-William M. Richardson, Chief Justice 1,400 Samuel Green, Associate Justice

1,200 John Harris,

1,200 Common Pleas. Arthur Livermore, Chief Justice 1,200 Josiah Butler, Associate Justice

1,000 Timothy Farrar

1,000 LEGISLATURE. The members of the Senate and House of Representatives receive $2 a day, during the session of the Legislature, and ten cents a mile for travel to and from the seat of government. The Council receives the same, with the addition of fifty cents a day, at extraordinary sessions of the Governor and Council.

Schools.

From the year 1808 to 1818, there were raised in New Hampshire $70,000 annually by law, for the support of common schools.

This amount was raised by a separate tax, levied throughout the state, in the ratio of taxation for the state tax. Since 1818 the yearly amount of the sum raised has been $90,000. This is the amount required by law, but a few towns raise more than they are required. The Legislature assumes no control over the immediate appropriation, but leaves this to each town.

The state possesses a literary fund, amounting to $64,000, which has been formed by a tax of one half per cent. on the capital of the banks. This fund has been accumulating ; but by a recent act of the Legislature, the proceeds of it are hereafter to be annually divided among the towns, in the ratio of taxation.

There is, moreover, an annual income of $9,000 from the tax of a half per cent. on banks, which is divided in the same

Some of the towns have also separate school funds.

manner.

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