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Stockholm, 78,000 Lutheran

1,680,000 8,000,000 45,200

85 [ 55 Copenhagen, 109,000 Lutheran

1,600,000 10,800,000 38,820 29$ 56 London, 1,350,000 Protest., Episcopalian, 62,306,214 777,476,892 102,280 606 || 57

[(a) Pres., Catholic St. Petersburgh Greek, Catholic, Luth., 16,000,000 52,000,000 1,039,000 1309 58 [320,000?

Mahometan Cracow, 25,000 Catholic

34,440 ?

80

59 Constantinople, Greek, Mahometan : 10,000,000 4,000,000 278,000 285 ** 60

(600,000? Corfu, 14,019 : Greek

146,240 ?

1,200 ? 61

.

{

Pekin, 1,300,000?
Jeddo, 1,300,000?
Phuxuan, 100,000?
Bancock, 90,099?
New Ava, 51,000?
Calcutta, 500,000?

Buddhists, disci.of

?

914,000
30,000,000?
Confucius, &c.

1,500,000w
Lintorist, Buddhist . 12,000,000

120,000 ?

63 Buddhist 3,600,000

80,000 150? 64 Buddhist. 1,600,000?

80,000w ?

65 Buddhist 1,800,000?

150,000w ? 66 Brah., Mah., Nanekist 21,089,440 39,000,000? 210,000 18 67

Ougeio, 109,039? . Brahman, Mahometan 1,040,000

20,000 68 Katmandou, 12,000? Brahman, Boud., Lam. 520,000

17,000

69 Amretsir, 40,000 Ninekist, Brah., Mah. 2,000,000

250,000w

70 Heider Abarl, 15,000 Mahometan, Brahman 520,000

50,000w 171 Cabaul, 89,000 Mahometan, Brahman 1,800,000

150,000w 172 Kelat, 20,000 Mahometan

40,000

150,000w 73 Herat, 100,000 Mahometan

320,000

8,000 74 Teheran, 159,000. Mahometan

3,200,000

80,000

75 Boukhara, 80,000? Mahometan

480,000

25,000 76 Kbiva, 10,00) Mahometan

?

100,000w 77 Khokhan, 60,000? Mahometan

?

100,000w

78 Szanna, 20,000 Mahometan

480,000?

5,000? 79 Mascate, 60,000 Mahometan

1,000

34 180 Koutahich, 50,000 Mah., Armenian, Greek

81 Tobolsk, 25,00) Greek, Mah., Fetichist

82 Go2, 18,000

83 Ponúicherry, 40,000 Brahman, Catholic :

84 || 165 ships, 117 frigates, 324 inferior. TT 50 do. 30 do. 50 do. ** Before the Battle of Navarino.

(a) This is an estimated increase upon the Returns of 1821.

160,000?

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AMERICA, or the New World.
Surface 11,046,000 Geograph. Sq. Miles.

Population 39,000,000 Inhabitants. 105 Empire of Brazil

2,313,000 5,000,000 Don Pedro, 1822 106 United States of North America 1,570,000 11,600,000 Andrew Jackson, 1829,

President 107 United States of Mexico .

1,242,000 7,500,000 Guada. Victoria, 1825, P. 108 United States of Central America 139,000 1,650,000 D. M. José Arce, 1825, P. 109 Republic of Columbia

828,000 2,800,000 Simon Bolivar, 1826, P. 110 Republic of Peru

373,000 1,700,000 José de Lamar, 1827, P. 111 Republic of Bolivia .

310,000 1,300,000 Antonio José de Sucre,

1825, Pres.

(V.-P. 112 Republic of Chili

129,000 1,400,000 Franc. Ant. Pinto, 1827, 113 United States of Rio de la Plata 683,000 700,000 Manuel Dorrego, 1827 Gr. 114 Republic of Hayti

22,100 950,000 Boyer, 1820, Pres. 115 Directorate of Paraguay

67,000 250,000? Francia, 1809, Director 116 English America

1,930,000 2,290,000 117 Spanish America .

35,400 1,240,000 118 French America

30,000? 240,000 119 Danish America

324,000?

110,000 120 American Netherlands

30,000? 114,000 121 Russian America.

370,000? 50,000 AUSTRALASIA. Surface 3,100,000 Geograph. Sq. Miles.

Population 20,300,000 Inhabitants. 122 Kingdom of Siak (Sumatra)

20,000? 600,000? 123 Kingdom of Acheen (Sumatra)

16,600? 500,000? 124 Kingdom of Borneo

20,000? 260,000 125 Kingdom of Solou

11,000? 300,000? 126 Kingdom of Mindanao

12,000? 360,000? 127 Kingdom of Sandwich Islands

5,100 130,000 Kaukianti, 1824 128 Java, Sumatra, &c. (Dutch)

203,000 9,360,000 129 Philippine Islands, &c. (Spanish) 39,000 2,640,000 130 Australia, or New Holland

1,496,000 131 Island of Timor, part of, (Portuguese) 8,000

137,000
* 7 ships of the line, 12 frigates, 19 inferior.

60,000

Capital Cities,

with their Population.

Principal Religious

Denominations.

Revenue. Debt.

Armies. Ships. £ Sterling. £ Sterling.

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Mequinez, 70,000 Mahometan
Algiers, 50,000 Mahometan
Tunis, 100,000 Mahometan
Tripoli, 15,000 Mahometan
Chelicut, 8,000? Copt
Gondar, 40,000 Copt
Bornou, 30,000 Fetichist, Mahometan
Sakkatou, 80,000? Fetichist, Mahometan
Sego, 30,000 Mahometan, Fetichist
Tjiloga?, 4,000 Mahometan, Fetichist
Coumassie, 15,000 Fetichist
Abomey, 24,000

Fetichist
Benin, 60,000 Fetichist
Zimbaoe,

Fetichist
Emirne, 30,000 Fetichist, Mahometan
Cairo, 260,000 Mahometan
St. Paul de Loanda Fetichist, Catholic :
The Cape, 18,000 . Calvinist, Cato., Ch. of

England, Fetichist
Ceuta, 7,000 Catholic
Fort st. Louis,10,000 Mahometan, Catholic

100,000
30,000
50,000
30,000
30,000

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

100 101 102

103 104

[140,000 Rio de Janeiro, Catholic

2,500,000 9,320,000 30,000 101 105 Washington, 15,000 Congregational, Pres., 5,539,600 15,836,000 5,779 38 * 106

[(a) Ep., Lu., Cath., Meth. Mexico, 180,000 Catholic

2,950,280 20,340,000 22,750 16 107 New Guatem.,40,000 Catholic

400,000 380,000 3,500 2 108 Bogotá, 30,000 Catholic

1,712,000 | 9,160,000 32,370 17 109 Lima, 60,000 Catholic

1,200,000 5,899,520

7,500

7 110 La Plata, 25,000? · Catholic

440,000 640,000

?

111 Santiago, 60,000 Catholic

600,000 6,440,000

8,000

112 Buenos Ayres, 80,000 Catholic

600,000 5,360,000 10,000 16 113 Port-au-Prin., 30,000 Catholic

1,200,000 6,000,000 45,000 6 114 Assumption, 12,000? Catholic

200,000

5,000

2 115 Quebec, 22,000 Ch. of Eng., cal., Cath.

116 Havannah, 130,000° Catholic

117 Fort-Royal, 9,000 . Catholic

118 Reikiavik, 500 Lutheran

119 Paramaribo, 20,000 Calvinist

120 St. Paul, 600 Fetichist

121

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124

Siak, 8000? (15,000? Mahometan

122 Telosancaouay, Mahometan

123 Borneo, 15,000? Mahometan Bevan, 6,000 Mahometan

125 Selangan, 10,000 Mahometan

126 Hanarura, 6,000? Fetichist, Methodist

'11?

127 Batavia, 46,000 Mahometan

128 Manilla, 140,000 Catholic, Mahometan

129 Sydney, 10,000. Ch. of En., Pres., Cath.

130 Dille, 2,000 Catholic, Fetichist

131 (a) Washington is the seat of Government in the United States, and is therefore the nominal Capital. The Capitals of several of the individual States are superior in population and importance.

XXII. TOTAL POPULATION OF THE EARTH. A SUMMARY of the preceding table gives the following results for the surface of the habitable globe (in geographical square miles), and the amount of population.

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XXIII. INHABITANTS OF THE EARTH, DIVIDED ACCORDING

TO THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEF. The two following estimates are according to the geographers, Malte-Brun and Hassel.

Malte-Brun.

Hassel.
Catholics

116,000,000 134,000,000 Greek Church

70,000,000 62,000,000 Protestants

42,000,000 55,000,000

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The accounts of the population of Russia, which are the most to be relied upon, comprehend only a part (though the greatest part) of the inhabitants of that extended empire. The Synod of the Orthodox Greek Church publish each year the number of Marriages, Births, and Deaths in the year preceding. The following it a comparison of those lists for the years 1820 and 1826—at which former year the empire had attained its present extended limits : Year. Marriages.

Increase. 1820 317,805 1,570,399

917,680

652,719 1826 384,787 1,645,023 1,194,637 450,386

Births.

Deaths.

It is difficult to account for the lesser increase in 1826 than in . 1820, unless it be attributed to the great difference in fertility between the respective years.

The
years

1819 and 1820 were highly productive in the east of Europe—that of 1825 rather less so—and that of 1826 was, in all the sandy districts, from the great drought that prevailed, very deficient. These years, however, may be taken as the standard of annual increase : thus the excess of births over deaths consists of 551,552 souls ; this comprehends only the increase in the greater religious sect over whom the Synod presides. When the whole population in 1806 amounted to 41,252,000 persons, the excess of births over deaths, as published by the Synod, was 542,701. Since that year, countries have been added to the empire whose inhabitants did not profess the Orthodox Greek Religion, and are therefore not noticed in the annual reports of the Synod. Amongst these may be classed Finland, whose inhabitants are Lutherans; Bialystock, where they are either Catholics, or Heterodox Greeks ; Caucasus provinces, where the majority are Mahometans and Jews; and Poland, where they are mostly Catholics and Jews :—the proportion which those of the dissident sects bear to the Orthodox Church, is estimated as 2 to 7. At this ratio, the annual increase of the population of Russia must be at the rate of 697,758 persons, exclusive of the inhabitants of the Asiatic provinces of Russia, who bear to those in the European provinces the proportion of 2 to 11. Thus, for the annual increase of the whole empire of 697,758 persons, must be subtracted two-elevenths, or 98,673, leaving, as yearly augmentation, by the excess of births over deaths in European Russia, 598,085. Thus, from 1815 to the present time, averaging 600,000 for twelve years (being a few months short of the real time), we may, without fear of any material error, assume the population of European Russia to have increased about seven millions. In Russia, the increase seems to depend less on the increased number of births than on the more extended length of life. In the returns of the Synod, the deaths of persons above a hundred years

old been, in the year 1806

293 1810

350 1816

689 1820

807 1826

1054

appear to have

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