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CIRCULARS OF INFORMATION

OF THE

BUREAU OF EDUCATION.

No. 1-1875.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SUPERINTENDENCE
OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION, AT

WASHINGTON, D. C., JANUARY 27 AND 28, 1875.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1875

CONTENTS.

Page.

Letter of the Commissioner of Education to the Secretary of the Interior..... 5

Address of the president of the convention..

9

Organization of the convention......

10

Paper on “ The legal prevention of illiteracy,” by Hon. B. G. Northrop, secretary

State-board of education of Connecticut...

12

Discussion of Mr. Northrop's paper ...

17

Reception of the department by President Grant.

30

Visit to Corcoran Art-Gallery

31

Paper on “Brain-culture in relation to the school-room,” by A. N. Bell, M. D., of

New York......

31

Discussion of Mr. Bell's paper..

36

Remarks of the Commissioner of Education...

37

Reception of the department by the Secretary of the Interior..

51

Paper on "The origin of the alphabet,” by Professor J. Enthoffer, of the United

States Coast-Survey Office.....

52

Paper on “American education at the Centennial Exposition," by Hon. J. P.

Wickersham, State-superintendent of common schools of Pennsylvania... 55

Discussion of Mr. Wickersham’s paper.....

59

Remarks of Baron von Schwarz-Senborn, minister from Austria-Hungary ...... 61

Letters presented by the Commissioner of Education from superintendents of

States and of city-schools regretting absence ......

78

Resolutions reported by the committee on the relations of the General Govern-

ment to public education ..

79

Remarks of the Commissioner of Education concerning the International Exhi-

bition to be held in Chili in 1875......

80

Resolutions reported by the committee on school-hygiene and the subjects of

Dr. Bell's paper......

81

Paper read by Hon. John D. Philbrick, of Boston, Mass., “ Can the elements of

industrial education be introduced into our common schools ?”.

81

Discussion of Mr. Philbrick's paper .....

89

Paper on “Industrial drawing in public schools,” by Professor Walter Smith,

State-director of art-education, Boston, Mass....

92

Remarks of Professor Joseph Henry, secretary of the Smithsonian Institution...

104

Report of committee on resolutions...

105

Remarks on the death of Hon. Milton B. Hopkins, late State-superintendent of

Indiana...

106

Letter from Señor Manuel de Zamacona, commissioner of Mexico.

106

Adjournment...

107

Reception of members by Governor Shepherd

107

Visit of members to the Smithsonian Institution

108

Appendix A......

108

Letter of Hon. A. T. Goshorn, Director-General of the United States Con-

tennial Commission....

108

Report of committee of conference with Director Goshorn..

108

Circular-letter of director-general to State-governors

109

Ꮮ Ꭼ Ꭲ Ꭲ Ꭼ Ꭱ .

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

BUREAU OF EDUCATION,

Washington, D. C., April 10, 1875. SIR: The proceedings of the recent meeting of the department of superintendence of the National Educational Association have been submitted to me for publication.

They contain, in addition to several important papers upon topics of great interest to educators, which were read before the Department, dis. cussions of subjects of present and permanent interest.

As being of very general interest to educators and as furnishing the readiest and cheapest means for answering numerous inquiries received at this office, I have the honor to recommend their publication as a circular of information. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN EATON, Commissioner. Hon. C. DELANO,

Secretary of the Interior. Approved, and publication ordered.

C. DELANO, Secretary.

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