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ty of two dollars for every such omission; and if any, driver of a LiGensed Carriage shall be convicted of demanding any higher Rate than is herein expressed, the owner or possessor thereof, shall forfeit and pay the sum of four dollars, for every such offence: Provided, that no other agreement shall have been made, at the time of employing such Carriage.

17. The driver of every Carriage, Wagon, Dray or Cart shall, when meeting any other Carriage, Wagon, Dray or Cart, drive to his right, and shall in no instance, stop his Carriage, Wagon, Dray or Cart, in the middle of any Street, Lane or Alley, nor opposite to any intersecting Street, Lane or Alley, but shall place the same, as near as may be prácticable, to the Gutter or Foot-Pavement: And any driver herein offending shall be subject to the penalty of two dollars for every such offence, if he be a free man, and if he be a Slave, shall receive any number of lashes not exceeding fifteen; and the owner shall be liable for any damage or injury which may be caused by such im

proper condact.

18. The Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen of this City, the Officers of Police, the Sergeant and Constables and their Deputies, shall each have authority to order any Carriage, Wagon, Dray or Cart, standing in the Street to be removed in such manner as may seem best for the convenience of others passing; and every driver refusing to obey such order, shall, if a Free Man, forfeit and pay five dollars, and if a Slave, receive not more than twenty lashes, at the discretion of a Magistrate.

19. When

any

of the offences enumerated in Sections sixth, seventeenth and eighteenth of this Ordinance, shall be committed in presence of any Officer of Police, Sergeant, Constables or their sworn Deputies, they and each of them shall have authority to arrest the offender, and conduct them without loss of time to a Magistrate, to be dealt with according to the provisions of this Ordinance; and such Magistrate shall have authority to award the sum of twenty-five cents for the safe-keeping of the Wagon, Dray, Cart or Carriage, during the absence of the driver, in addition to the other penalties hereby imposed.

20. All Ordinances, or parts of Ordinances, coming within the purview of this Ordinance shall be, and the same are hereby repealed.

21. This Ordinance shall commence and be in force, from and after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twentyeight:

CHAP. VII.

An Ordinance, for keeping in repair the Fountains in the

Main Street of the City of Richmond, and for other purposes.

[Passed November 16, 1827.] WHEREAS the 'Hall has at considerable expense, sunk several Wells and placed Pumps therein on H Street, and may from time to time sink others in like manner; and it is represented that sundry liberal and deserving inhabitants of the City of Richmond, have at their own expense, placed wooden pipes through which water is conveyed from the Basin of the Canal, through the Main Street of the said City as far as Shockoe Creek, and have erected Fountains or Jets in different parts of the said pipes, whereby many Citizens are conveniently supplied with water, and in case of Fire in that part of the City, great advantages may be experienced from the water supplied at the said Fountains or Pumps. In order therefore that the same may be kept in good order,

1. BE it Ordained by the President and Common Council of the City of Richmond, in Common Hall assembled, and it is hereby Ordained by the authority of the same, That if any person shall break down or otherwise destroy any of the said Fountains, Jets or Pumps, he, she or they so offending, shall be liable to pay a fine not exceeding six dollars and sixty-six cents, for each Fountain, Jet or Pump so destroyed. And any person who shall wilfully place any obstruction, in any part of the said Pipes, Fountains or Pumps, or otherwise injure the same, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding six hundred and sixty-six cents, at the discretion of a Magistrate. And where the offender in any case shall be a Slave, he or she shall receive on his or her bare back, such number of stripes as a Magistrate shall direct, not exceeding twenty: Provided, That nothing herein contained, shall be construed to prevent the proprietors of the said Pipes and Fountains, from repairing or altering the same, at any time or in any manner they shall think best, so long as they shall be deemed by the Common Hall, an advantage to the said City.

2. This Ordinance to commence and be in force from and after the first day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight.

CHAP. VIII.

An Ordinance, for the Appointment of an Inspector and

Guager of Spirits and other Liquids, and for defining his. duties.

[Passed November 21, 1827.]

1. BE it Ordained by the President and Common Council of the City of Richmond, in Common Hall assembled, and it is hereby Ordained by the authority of the same, That annually on the second Tuesday in February, or so soon thereafter as may be conven nient, there shall be appointed by ballot by the Common Hall, one discreet and proper person to be known by the name of Guager and Inspector of Spiritous Liquors, whose duty it shall be, to guage

and inspect in the manner hereinafter mentioned, all Spiritous Liquors, Wine and Oil, Molasses, Vinegar and Spirits of Turpentine in Casks, which may be brought to this City, after this Ordinance shall com mence in operation, for the purpose of being vended therein.

2. And be it further Ordained, That when any Spiritous Liquors, Wine, Oil or Molasses, or other Liquids of the above description, shall be brought to this City after the period aforesaid, for the purpose of being vended therein, either by wholesale or retail, it shall be the duty of the owner or consignees thereof, to submit the same to the inspection and examination of the said Guager and Inspector of Spiritous Liquors, before a sale of the same or any part thereof, who shall thereupon guage and inspect each cask thereof, to ascertain the proof of the said Spirit and the quantity in each cask, and when ascertained, shall with branding irons to be procured by him for the purpose, mark on each cask the contents thereof in gallons, and the proof of the Spirits.

3. And be it further Ordained, That for the purpose of accurately guaging the said casks, and thereby ascertaining the quantity of Liquor or other Liquids of the above description in each, the Guager and Inspector of such Spirits or Liquids, to be appointed by virtue of this Ordinance, shall instead of the straight rod, which has been heretofore used in guaging in this City, make use of the scale commonly known by the name of the Gunter' or 'Gunter's Scale.'

4. And be it further Ordained, That if any owner or consignee of any of the said Liquids, or agent of either, intrusted with the said Liquids, which may be brought to this City after the period aforesaid, shall make sale of the same or any part of them within this City, without first submitting the same to the inspection and examination of the said Guager and Inspector, and having the same inspected, guaged and branded in the manner above prescribed, every such person so offending, shall forfeit and pay six dollars for every such offence.

5. And be it further Ordained, That if any person shall alter the mark stamped on any cask by the Guager and Inspector, or shall mark or brand any cask which has not been guaged and inspected, with any mark or brand similar to, or in imitation of, the mark or brand of the said Guager and Inspector, such person shall forfeit and pay the sum of six dollars and sixty-six cents, for each offence: Provided, That nothing in this Ordinance contained, shall be construed to prevent the Grocers and dealers in Liquids aforesaid, within this City, from vending any of the said Liquids as heretofore, after the same shall have been once guaged and inspected when bought therein.

6. And be it further Ordained, That no retailer of Spirits, Wines or other Liquids aforesaid within the Jurisdiction of this City, shall sell or refill any empty cask so branded, until all the brands denoting the quality shall be completely obliterated; and any person so offending, shall forfeit and pay the sum of six dollars for every offerice.

7. And be it further Ordained, That the said Guager and Inspeclor of Spiritous Liquors, shall for the services by this Ordinance directed to be performed, be entitled to demand and receive of the owncr or owners of any Liquids as aforesaid, so guaged and subjected to proof by him, if he or she shall reside within the City, and if not, then from the consignees thereof, compensation after the following rates: For guaging every cask where the whole number of casks shall be five or under that number, fifteen cents each; and where the number shall exceed five, ten cents for each cask; and for branding the contents and proof of each cask thereon as above directed, five cents for every cask.

8. And be it further Ordained, That the Guager or his Deputy may whenever he shall deem it necessary, stop up the bung of any cask and make a new one, in such part as shall appear to him most likely to obviate the malconstruction of the cask.

9 And be it further Ordained, That the Guager and his Deputy, if he shall appoint one, shall each respectively take an oath before the Mayor of the City, faithfully and impartially to perform the duties of his Office;' a certificate of which oath shall be filed with the Clerk of the Common Hall, previous to such Guager or his Deputy proceeding to act under this Ordinance.

10. And be it further Ordained, That no person appointed a Guager and Inspector of Spiritous Liquors, shall be permitted to vend any of the articles required by this Ordinance to be guaged, during the time of his continuance in his Office.

11. And be it further Ordained, That the said Guager and Inspector, shall once in three months, return to the Common Hall of this City, an account of the number and description of casks guaged

by him.

12. And be it further Ordained. That all the penalties imposed by this Ordinance, shall be recoverable by Warrant, before any Magistrate of this City.

13. All Ordinances and parts of Ordinances coming within the purview of this Ordinance, shall be and the same are hereby repealed.

14. This Ordinance shall commence and be in force, from and after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twentyeight.

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