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CHAP. III.

An Ordinance, concerning the recovery and appropriation,

of certain Fines and Penalties.

[Passed August 31, 1827.] 1. BE it Ordained by the President and Common Council of the City of Richmond, in Common Hall assembled, and it is hereby Ordained by the authority of the same, That the whole amount of all fines or. penalties in money, which shall be recovered or received, for breach of any Ordinance, or Regulation of the Common. Hall, shall be applied and appropriated to the benefit of the Corporation, in aid of the other funds thereof.

2. And be it further Ordained, That any of the said fines or penalties, for the recovery whereof no particular mode is, or shall be specified, shall be recovered by warrant, before any Magistrate of the City.

3. This Ordinance shall commence and be in force, from and after the first day of Janaury, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight.

CHAP. IV.

In Ordinance, reducing into one the several Ordinances, fui

regulating the appointment of a Weigh Master, and for other purposes.

[Passed October 2, 1827.]

WHEREAS frequent and great abuses have taken place, in the sale of Hay, Fodder and other Long Forage, whereby considerable gain has attached to the seller, at the expense of the purchaser: for remedy whereof,

1. Be it Ordained by the President and Common Council of the City of Richmond, in Common Hall assembled, and it is hereby Ordained by the authority of the same, That at the May Session of the Common Hall in each year, (or in the event of failure to make a Hall, at the Hall next succeeding) there shall be clected by the Common Hall, one fit person who shall be known by the name of the Weigh Master, and shall have the care of the Public Scales, which have been erected in the said City, by the authority of the said Hall. It shall be the duty of the said Weigh Master, or his Deputy, (who shall be appointed by the Hall) to attend the said Scales every day (Sundays excepted) from sun rise in the morning, until sun set in the evening, for the purpose of weighing all articles, which shall be brought to the said Scales, and shall grant certificates of all articles so weighed, specifying the name or names of the owner or owners, at whose instance any articles shall be weighed, and the true weight with the date thereof, and the signature of the Weigh Master or his Deputy: and each and every article so weighed and certified, shall be regularly entered into a book to be kept for that purpose, in terms corresponding with the certificate which shall be granted.

2. And be it further Ordained, That the Weigh Master or his Deputy, shall be, and'he is hereby authorised, to examine and inspect in the best possible manner he can, all Hay, Fodder or other Long Forage, which shall be offered for weighing. And if the same shall be found Merchantable, he shall thereupon grant to the party applying for the same, the customary certificate: but if any such article shall, upon inspection, be found to be Unmerchantable, he shall refuse the same, unless the party applying shall assent to such a deduction from the gross amount, as in the opinion of the Weigh Master, shall render the residue Merchantable; or unless such applicant shall consent to receive a certificate, stating the quality and condition of such as may be by him, deemed Unmerchantable. And in all cases of refusal by the owner or applicant, to receive such special certificate, such owner or applicant shall be prohibited from selling or depositing the same within the limits of this City, under the penalty of five dollars for each offence, to be recovered by Warrant before any Magistrate for the said City, with costs.

3. And be it further Ordained, That the said Weigh Master, shall demand and receive from the person at whose request any article shall be weighed, the fee of twelve and a half cents, for each draft not exceeding five hundred pounds weight of any such article, and two cents arlditional for every hundred pounds of the weight of such article, exceeding five hundred pounds as aforesaid: Provided always, That no fee, so to be demanded for any one weight as aforesaid, shall exceed fifty cents, always deducting the weight of the carriage containing such article, and the amount so collected, shall by the said Weigh Master be paid into the hands of the Chamberlain once in every six months. And each and every Weigh Master who shall be elected as aforesaid, shall before entering upon the duties of his Office, execute bond with security to be approved by the President of the Common Hall, in the penalty of one thousand dollars, payable to the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the said City, and conditioned for the faithful performance of all and every of the duties required from him by this Ordinance. In case of vacancy in the Office of Weigh Master, by death, resignation, or otherwise, a new appointment shall take place at the Hall next succeeding, or as soon thereafter as practicable.

4. And be it further Ordained, That from and after the passing of this Ordinance, no person shall purchase, sell or store any Hay, Fodder, or Long Forage, within the said City, brought therein either by land or water, but by weight under the certificate of the Weigh Master, under the penalty of five dollars, as well upon the buyer as seller; to be recovered by Warrant as aforesaid.

And Whereas, it frequently happens that sales of Hay, Fodder and other Long Forage, are made at Public Market, and the seller is induced for a trivial gain to violate his engagement, by selling to another person to the great inconvenience of the Citizens.

5. Be it therefore Ordained, That if a buyer or seller of the articles aforesaid, shall refuse or delay for one hour to execute any such contract fairly entered into, that the person or persons, so refusing or delaying to execute such contract, shall be subject to a penalty of five dollars for every such offence, to be recovered by Warrant as aforesaid.

6. And be it further Ordained, by the authority aforesaid, That the said Weigh Master for the services hereby required to be performed, shall be allowed the sum of three hundred dollars per annum, to be paid by the Chamberlain of the City, half yearly.

7. And be it further Ordained, That it shall be the duty of the Weigh Master or his Deputy when required, to weigh at the place of landing, all Forage in bales or bundles brought by water; provided that it amount to more than twenty bundles or bales, and provided the seller will furnish at the place, correct Patent Balances for that purpose. Provided however, That nothing in this Ordinance contained, shall be so construed, as to compel the owner of any Hay, Fodder or other Long Forage, brought to this City by such owner, not for sale but for his own use, to have the same weighed.

8. All Ordinances, or parts of Ordinances coming within the pur:view of this Ordinance, shall be and the same are hereby repealed.

9. This Ordinance shall commence and be in force from the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight.

CHAP. V.

An Ordinance, reducing into one, the several Ordinances. for

regulating Weights and Measures, and providing for the sale of certain Articles by Weight.

[Passed October 13, 1827.] 1. BE it Ordained by the President and Common Council of the City of Richmond in Common Hall assembled, and it is hereby Ordained by the authority of the same, That it shall be the duty of the Clerk of the Market, to provide at the expense of the Corporation of the said City, to be paid by the Chamberlain, Standard Weights and Measures of all denominations, agreeably to the Act of the General Assembly of this Commonwealth, entitled “An Act for the more effectually obliging persons to buy and sell by Weights and Measures, according to the English Standard.” And the said Clerk shall cause such Standards to be kept in his Office, in the upper story of the Market House: and it shall be his duty at all times, when so required, to try with the Standard Weights and Measures aforesaid, and if found to agree, to stamp with the letters C. R, all Weights and Measures to him presented for that purpose. For which service he shall be entitled to demand and receive from each person requiring the same, the respective fees expressed in and by the said Act of Assembly, a copy of which Act, shall at all times be kept in his Office, for the information of persons concerned. And any Trader, who shall be convicted before a Magistrate of this City, of having sold any article by Weights or Measures, deficient in a proportion equal to more than two per centum, shall for every such offence be liable to a penalty of six dollars and sixty-six cents, to be paid into the hands of the Chamberlain, for the benefit of the City.

And Whereas, great impositions have been practised, in the sale of Grain and other Articles by false and deceptious measures: for remedy whereof,

2. Be it Ordained, by the authority aforesaid, That any person or persons, who shall sell or buy, any Wheat, Corn, Meal, Rye, Oats, Bran, or Shorts, within this City, except by Weight, shall for every such sale, or purchase, forfeit and pay the sum of six dollars and sixty-six cents, to be recovered by warrant before any Magistrate of this City.

3. The average Weights shall be as follows, viz:
A Bushel of Wheat,

Sixty pounds,
Ditto of Corn,

Fifty-two pounds,
Ditto of Meal,

Fifty pounds,
Ditto of Rye,

Fifty-six pounds,
Ditto of Oats,

Twenty-eight pounds,
Ditto of Bran,

Twenty pounds,
Ditto of Shorts,

Thirty pounds.

4. All Ordinances or parts of Ordinances, coming within the púrview of this Ordinance, shall be, and the same are hereby repealed.

5. This Ordinance to commence and be in force, from and after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight.

CHAP. VI.

An Ordinance, regulating Wagons, Drays and Carts, Hack

ney Coaches, and other Carriages for Hire, within the City of Richmond.

[Passed December 5, 1827.] 1. BE it Ordained, by the President and Common Council of the City of Richmond in Common Hall assembled, and it is hereby Ordained by the authority of the same, That every owner of a Wagon, who shall wish to employ the same for hire within the said

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