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Income and Expenditure.

real estate mentioned above, the remainder arises from

stocks. The company give no “detailed statement.” Their income for the last 10 years has been, on an average, 6001.

The greater part of this sum is applicable to the Coma year. This excludes nearly all the trust income.

pany's almshouses, the relief of poor members, and ap

prenticing. The Company have contributed out of their (See Mr. Boase's report as to St. Botolph's parish, corporate funds to the rebuilding of their almshouses, and Aldgate.)

add to their trust income applicable to relief and apprenticing, a sum of about 1,0001. a year out of their corporate income. Some of the charities are administered

under schemes attested by the Charity Commissioners. SADDLERS' COMPANY.


The Company have founded three scholarships of 401. Foundation and Object.

each, tenable at Oxford, Cambridge, or London, for pupils

of the City of London School, and the Company have The company claims to be of Anglo-Saxon origin. They founded a scholarship of 401. a year at the National Train. received their first charter from Edward I. in 1272, and ing School of Music, subsequent charters from Edward III. in 1363; from Richard II., in 1374; from Elizabeth, in 1558; and from

Income and Expenditure.
Charles II., in 1684. (For Charter, see Return, Part I. B.)
The company has funds for defraying the expenses of

* The following is a return of the Company's income,

and an abstract of that of the Company's expenditure for apprenticing youths to its own and other trades, and adds to these funds out of its corporate income. The company

1878, 1879.

£ s. d. has also recently held exhibitions of saddlery.

1878. Income

9,426 8 11 1879, ditto

10,243 10 0 Constitution and Privileges,

1878. 1879. Court. The court consists of 4 wardens and 20 assistants. Expenditure, viz. :-

£ £ Liverymen who have served as stewards are alone eligible.

Court fees

2,983 3,140 A fine is payable on admission of about 1101. Members


973 773 are paid for their attendance at courts. Each receives in


1,681 1,755 this way about 1101. a year. Members when they reach


1,096 1,365 the court are generally of about 19 years' standing.

Voluntary charity

1,382 1,845 Members.

(See Mr. Hare's Report as to certain informations in There are 33 freemen, 92 liverymen, and 6 free sisters.

Chancery.) There have been 49 admissions to the freedom—24 by patrimony, 1 by servitude, and 24 by redemption—and 32 admissions to the livery, during the last 10 years. The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude, about 131.; by redemption, if of the craft, 481., if not, 581. ;

SCRIVENERS' COMPANY. livery fines : 491. if free by patrimony or servitude, 841. if free by redemption. Sixty apprentices were bound during

Foundation and Object. this time, 15 to saddlers. The premiums in all cases have been paid out of the company's charitable income.

The records of the Company extend back to 1374, and it

existed “time out of mind ”as a fraternity by prescripThe liverymen are invited to some of the company's

tion. The charter of the Company was granted in 1617, entertainments. At present between 1,7001. and 1,8001, a year is distributed in pensions and donations among

in the reign of James I. upwards of 100 poor members or the widows of poor

Connexion with Trade. members. Twelve of the persons thus relieved are connected with the trade.

The statute 41 Geo. 3. c. 69. sec. 13. still enables the

Company to prevent any person from practising as a notary Officers and Servants.

in London without becoming a member and passing an

examination conducted by the Company. A majority of The salaries paid by the company amount to over 7001 the members of the Company are notaries. a year.

Constitution and Privileges.

Governing Body.
Corporate Property :

The court consists of a master, 2 wardens, and 24 assistReal Estate,

ants. Elections are made from the livery. Each memThe company possess, in their corporate right, real ber on his admission to the court pays a fee of 361. Fees estate producing a rental of between 8,0001. and 9,0001. a of 21. are paid for attendance at the courts, four of which year. The property is almost all house property in the are held annually. About 1801. a year is thus expended. city of London and in the borough of Southwark, shops,

Members. warehouses, and offices situated in Cheapside, Aldgate, London Wall, Aldersgate Street, Jewry Street, High

There are 40 freemen on the roll; the number of the Street, Borough. The company also hold a little land at

livery is 22. Twenty admissions to the freedom-2 by Bearsted and Boxley, Kent. The company hold a part of

patrimony, 4 by servitude, 16 by redemption—and 16 calls the land under wills dated 1555, 1568, 1610, and 1645, and

to the livery have taken place within the last 10 years. to some extent, subject to payments to charities. A part,

During this time 15 apprentices have been bound. producing a rental of upwards of 3,0001, a year, the

The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servicompany have themselves bought during the present

tude, 61, 16s. 6d.; by redemption, 14 guineas; livery fine,

15 guineas. century. The company's hall in Cheapside is rated at upwards of

There are at present three pensioners, who receive 9001. a year. The rateable value of their almshouses, altogether 1101. a year from the Company's funds. Honnor's Home, Spring Grove, Isleworth, is not stated.

Officers and Servants. Personal Property.

The salaries paid by the Company to the clerk and The company

hold stock of the value of between 11,0001. beadle amount to between 601. and 701. a year. and 12,0001., arising, to some extent, from sales of real property. They derive, on an average, 5001. a year from

Property. internal sources, fees, fines, &c. The value of their plate

Corporate Property : and furniture is not stated.

Real Estate, Trust Property.

The Company possess, in their corporate right, four The company are trustees of about 16 benefactions, the houses in Noble Street, in the city of London, let at rackincome of which is about 1,0001. a year. Of this sum about 2501. a year arises from charges on portions of the

• This does not include trust income and expenditure.

rent at 2101. a year. The Company acquired the land by They have about 4,4001. invested in New 3 per Cents, and purchase in 1631.

Railway Debentures, from which they derive about 1761. a

year. The remainder of the income arises from fees. Irish Lands.

Trust Property. They also have a share in the lands in Ulster managed by the Ironmongers' Company,* and derived from the

The Company is not a trustee of charities.
rents in 1880 3191. The rents have seriously declined
during the last two years.
Personal Property.

The Company hold stock to the value of 7,8001.
They derive a small income from fines and fees.

This company is extinct.
Their plate, &c. is worth about 701.

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Foundation and Object. A guild of shipwrights existed in London in 1428 according to the city records, and the Company claims descent from this guild. It is stated in the return, that the guild received a charter from James I., in 1605. A document is set out therein, .consisting of ordinances which purport to have been approved by the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen in 1620. The Company contains a very large number of members of the trade, and has recently spent a large sum on exhibitions of models of ships.

Constitution and Privileges. Court.

The court consists of a master, 4 wardens, and 25 assistants, 30 in all. Elections take place by co-optation from the livery. The court fine is 501., and each member pays 361. 15s, in addition when serving the offices of master and warden. There are no court fees. Members.

There are 400 freemen, 200 liverymen. (33 apprentices have been bound by the Company during the last 10 years.) The fees are : for the feeedom by patrimony or apprenticeship, 21. 12s. 6d.; by redemption, 91. 58.; livery fine, 20 guneas.

About 401. of corporate income is distributed annually to poor members, or their widows.

A fee of a guinea is paid for attendance at a court.

There are about 1,300 freemen, 400 liverymen. Within the last 10 years there have been 190 admissions to the freedom-31 by patrimony, 22 by servitude, 137 by redemption-and 173 calls to the livery ; 37 bindings have taken place during the same period.

The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude, 11. 13s.; by redemption, 31. 13s. ; livery fine, 211.

About 2201., chiefly out of corporate funds, is spent annually in pensions and donations to poor members, and widows of members; there are 35 recipients.

Officers and Servants.
The Company pay in respect of salaries about 2001. a

Corporate Property :-

Real Estate.

The Company possess, in their corporate right, a house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, let in chambers, and producing a rental of upwards of 5001. a year. They bought this house recently.

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Personal Property.

The Company hold about 3,0007. in stock.

They derive, on an average, about 4001, a year from fines, fees, and other internal sources. Trust Property.

The Company are trustees of two charities, with an income of 451. ariging from dividends, for the benefit or the Company's poor.

* See Ironmongers' Company. There is a suit pending, instituted by the Ironmongers' Company, for partition of the Irish property.

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All members craftsmen,


Trust Property.

The company are trustees of some 30 benefactions, with STARCHMAKERS' COMPANY.

an income of about 1,5001. a year. It would seem that a

considerable part of this sum arises from rents and rentThis company is extinct.

charges. The real estate consists of a property known as “ the Wood Street estate ” and rentcharges on some City property and lands at Milbourstoke, Salop. The reinainder arises from dividends.

A part of this income is applicable to sermons and STATIONERS' COMPANY.

parochial payments, but the bulk of the charitable income

of the company is applicable to the relief of the poor of the Foundation and Object.

company and the support of the company's schools.

Several of the charities have been founded during the The company is believed to have originated in a body

present century. (See Appendix to the company's Return.) called the Brotherhood or Society of Text-writers, which existed in the 15th century. They received a charter in

Income and Eapendilure. 1556.

The following is the company's return for 1879 and

Connexion with Trade.

The company has continued ever since its incorporation,

1879. 1880. and still is, a trade guild, consisting exclusively of mem


£ bers of the trade of a stationer or bookmaker, and their


364 364 children and descendants born free. The greater number.



31 of printers' apprentices in the City of London are bound


907 772 at Stationers' Hall, and the company's pensioners, and the


543 1,111 recipients of the charities under their control, are prin


969 13 cipally journeyman printers, compositors, and pressmen.

Dividends on charities

843 837 From the time of the foundation to the present day, the


533 240 trade of a publisher has been carried on at Stationers' Hall

School account

235 217
by a partnership consisting of members of the livery. A
register of copies appears to have been kept by the com-

pany prior to its incorporation. From 1584 to the passing
of the Copyright Act of 1842, the company under Orders

1879. 1880. from the Privy Council, or under Acts of Parliament, kept


£ a register of all printed works, and under the Copyright


335 359 Act of 1842, entry at Stationers' Hall is rendered à con- Salaries

315 335 dition precedent to the right to sue for infringement of

Entertainments and maintenance 1,432 1,595 copyright.


548 532 Charities

838 868 Constitution and Privileges.

School account

535 636 Court.

(See Appendix B.) The court consists of a master, wardens, and a number (See Mr. Hare's Report as to an information in Chancery of assistants. Elections are by the court by co-optation filed in 1858.) from the livery. A fee of 801. is payable on admission. Members are paid two guineas for attendance at each court, but most of the business is transacted in committees, for attendance at which no fees are paid.


The number of freemen on the books is 445, the number The return is unsatisfactory.
of liverymen is 313. During the last 10 years the number
of admissions to the freedom was 228, viz., by patrimony

Foundation and Object.
60, by apprenticeship 132, by purchase 36; to the livery
not stated; the number of bindings 1,016, all to members

The company was first incorporated by charter of

Edward IV. in 1462, but can be shown to have existed as of the trade. The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony, 5l. ; by several subsequent charters. (For the charters, see Part I.,

a guild 36 years prior to this date. The company received redemption, 301. ; livery fine, 701.

Return B.)
• The members are eligible for the company's charities in
case of poverty. A large sum out of the company's trust

Constitution and Privileges.
income is applicable to this object, and the members who
are partners in the publishing business add about 4001. a

year out of their profits. The number of pensioners is The court consists of a master, wardens, and assistants,
168. The company also maintains a school, the Stationers' numbering at present 21. A fine is paid on election, and

Act, 1812.

fees are paid for attendance, the amount of both being regulated by the court. There are apparently 17 courts held annually.


There are 144 freemen, 120 liverymen. The fees are: for freedom by patrimony or servitude, 41. 16s., by redemption, 191. ls. ; livery fine, 271. 5s.

It is difficult from the return to estimate the amount of relief granted from the trust and corporate income of the company to poor members. Perhaps it may amount to


There are about 90 freemen, most of whom are liverymen, 78 liverymen.

During the last 10 years there have been 57 admissions to the freedom,-2 by servitude, 21 by patrimony, 34 by redemption,-49 calls to the livery, and 16 bindings, 12 to persons connected with the trade of bricklaying; in the latter cases the premiums were generally paid by the Company. The fees are: for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude, two guineas; by redemption, 21l.; livery fine, 151.

The sum spent on the Company's almshouses and on the relief of poor members is about 2501. a year.

5001, a year.

Officers and Servants. The clerk and beadle receive between them about 4001. a year.

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Property. The Company refuse to give any account of their property. Their hall is rated at 6671. a year. Their trust income is 2201., and is applicable chiefly to the relief of their poor

members. (See Mr. Hare's Report as to (1) non-investment of charity moneys left to be invested in lands, (2) Monk's Charity.)


The returns (which are very short) state that the Company has a charter of 29 Charles II., that the court consists of 11 members, a master, 2 wardens, and 8 assistants. A fee of 311. 10s. is payable on election to the court. No fee is paid for attendance at the courts, of which six are held annually..

The present number of the livery is 77. The fees are : freedoni by patrimony or servitude, livery and steward's fine, 141., the same by redemption, 21. Property.

The return says nothing as to corporate property. The company is trustee of two benefactions, with an income of 371., for the benefit of poor members. Only 61. of this is now available. A scheme for almshouses is being promoted in Chancery.

Property. Corporate Property :

Real Estate.

The Company possess, in their corporate right, a freehold estate in Leadenhall Street, consisting of their hall, occupied by the City of London College, and some houses adjoining, a house in Throgmorton Street, some tenements in Well Alley and Red Lion Court, Wapping, some small rentcharges, and a small share in the Irish estate managed by the Vintners' Company. The Company do not state how they became possessed of their London house property. The rental in all amounts to about 5001. a year. Personal Property.

The company hold about 8001. Consols.

The company derives an income of about 1501. a year from fees.

Their plate, &c. is worth about 501. Trust Property.

The company are trustees of the Tylers' and Bricklayers' Almshouses in Ball's Pond Road, Islington, and some charities connected with them of which the income is about 1601. The company add about 1001. a year out of their corporate income, besides defraying the apprenticing expenses mentioned above. The practice of the company at present is to apprentice two boys a year to the bricklaying trade, the preiniums amounting to 501. The rateable value of the almshouses is 591.

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