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Four courts are held annually, each member in attend

Officers and Servants. ance receiving a fee of 11. About 501. a year is thus expended.

The salaries paid by the company to their clerk and Members on election are usually of 15 years standing,

beadle amount to upwards of 401. a year.

Property. Members,

Corporate property. There are about 1,400 freemen, 438 liverymen.

The company possesses, in its corporate right, house The fees payable are: for the freedom, by patrimony or property at Stoke Newington and in Masons' Court, apprenticeship, 11. 7s. 4d.; by redemption, 31. 7s. 6d. ; livery Bishopsgate Street, let on long leases, and producing a fine, 121.; steward's fine, 61., payable by liverymen when of rental of about 2001. a year. two years standing.

They have also a share in the Irish estates, managed by The number of members who have joined within the last the Mercers' Company, which in 1874 produced 2001. a 10 years is not stated ; 94 apprentices have been bound

year, and which now produces 1441. a year. during this period.

The company hold 2001. stock and a mortgage of 4,7001. About 1501. a year out of the corporate income is distri. producing together upwards of 2001. a year. The latter buted to poor members, their widows and orphans. There

represents the proceeds of certain lands sold. are at present 25 recipients.

Trust property.
Officers and Servants.

The company are trustees of one charity for the relief of

their poor, the income of which is 101. a year. Salaries :Clerk, 1781. ; beadle, 301.

Income and Expenditure.

The inconie of the company is about 6001. a year, and is Property.

spent as follows; viz. :- Court fees, 115l. ; salaries, 45l. ; Corporate property..

entertainments, 1201.; charity, 1251. ; miscellaneous

expenses and balance, the remainder. The company possess no landed property.

Their personal property consists of about 13,0001. invested in stocks, yielding an income of upwards of 5001. a year. The sum derived from fees is not stated, but is probably

MUSICIANS' COMPANY. at present about 5001. or 6001. a year. Their plate, furniture, &c. are valued at 6701.

Foundation and Object. Trust property.

The company refer for their history to Grove's History

of Music. They received their first charter from Edward The company have no trust property.

IV. in 1472, and subsequent charter from James I., in 1604.

(For Charter, see Return.) Income and Expenditure. The company declined to make a detailed statement.

Constitution and Privileges. Their expenditure has been as follows for 1878 and Court. 1879:

The court consists of 13 members. A fine of 30 guineas £

is payable on election. Four courts are held during the 1878

1,031

year. A fee of one guinea is paid for attendance. 1879

1,127

Members.

There are 49 liverymen, including the court.

The fees payable are : on admission by patrimony or

servitude, 31. 17s. 6d.; by redemption, 51. 17s. 6d.; livery MASONS' COMPANY.

fine, 151. 17s. 6d.

Relief, to what extent is not stated, is afforded to deFoundation and Object.

cayed members. The first known charter of the company was granted in

Officers and Servants. 1677 in the reign of Charles II. It refers to an Act of 5 The salaries paid by the company to their clerk and Elizabeth. A subsequent charter was granted in the 2 beadle amount to 501. a year. James II. (For the terms of the first charter, see Return, Part I., B.)

Property.

Corporate Property.
Control of Trade.

The company possess in their corporate right 40 houses In addition to the control of the trade in London, the situated in Lower Clapton, Hornsey Park, and Wood company had, under their charter, a right to provide masons Green, Middlesex, and Surbiton, Surrey, the rental of from among its meinbers for the erection of any forts re- which amounts to 3361. a year. They hold also about 2771. quired by the Crown, who were to work under the superin- stock. tendence of a functionary styled “the master mason of Eng

Trust Property.
land.” The company exercised the privilege of searching
the stone used in London for a considerable time after the The company have no trust property.
Fire.

Income and Expenditure.
Constitution and Privileges.

The company furnish no detailed statement. They state Court.

that “after payment of the expenses of the courts and the The court consists of a master, two wardens, and seven

salaries of the officers, the surplus income of the company

is devoted to the relief of decayed members or to the assistants. The charter, however, provides for 24 assistants). The elections are by co-optation from the livery.

encouragement of music by donations to institutions such

as the Royal Society of Musicians.” A fine of 51. 78. 6d. is payable on election; one of 41. 7s. 6d. on promotion to office. A fee of two guineas is paid for attendance at courts. The amount thus distributed is, on an average, about 1151. annually. Members are usually of 8 or 10 years standing when they reach the court.

NEEDLEMAKERS' COMPANY. Members.

Foundation and Object. There are 41 liverymen; no freemen who are not livery

The needlemakers' guild existed in the time of Henry

VIII. The company received their first charter from The number of admissions during the last 10 years has

Cromwell in 1656. They received a 'subsequent charter in been 13--1 by patrimony, 12 by redemption. There have 1664, during the reign of Charles II. been no bindings during this time. The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude,

Connexion with Trade. five guineas; by redemption, seven guineas ; livery fine, In 1876 the company offered prizes and medals for the 151. About 1251. annually is paid to nine pensioners, poor encouragement of the needle manufacture at Redditch. members and their widows and orphans. There are nine They have promised 2501. in five instalments to the City such pensioners.

and Guilds of London Technical Institute.

men,

Constitution and Privileges.

Constitution and Privileges.

Court. Governing Body.

The court consists of a master, 2 wardens, and 24 The court consists of a master, 2 wardens, and 12

assistants. The master and wardens are elected annually assistants. Elections are by co-optation from the livery. by the livery, the assistants by the court. A fee of 10 The fees payable are on admission as assistant, 25 guineas ; guineas is payable on coming on the court. No fees are on promotion to be junior warden, 3 guineas; senior paid for attendance. warden, 3. guineas; master 52 guineas.

Members are usually liverymen of 10 years standing. Members.

Members. There are 150 freemen, 116 liverymen.

There are 187 freemen, 144 liverymen. The company has recently revived ; 110 admissions to

29 members have been admitted by patrimony, 44 by the livery have taken place within the last 10 years.

servitude, and 114 by redemption during the last 10 years. The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude,

The fees are: for the freedom, by patrimony or 21. 12s. 6d.; by redemption, 51. 10s. ; livery fine, 261. 58.

apprenticeship, 21.; by redemption, 31.; livery fine, 16 The company distribute no relief among poor members.

guineas.

A dinner is given to the livery on St. Luke's Day, the Officers and Servants.

court and livery contributing to the expense. Salaries :

About 1601. trust money is applicable to the relief of poor

members. The company do not grant pensions out of The sums paid to the company's clerk and beadle amount

their corporate income. to over 1001, a year. Property.

Officers and Servants. Corporate Property.

A firm of solicitors act as clerks to the company; they The company possess no real estate. They hold about are allowed to occupy the hall as offices, receiving a nominal 1,1001. stock. Their plate, &c. is insured for 1,0001. Almost salary. The salary of the beadle is 221. their whole income arises from fees. In 1880 it amounted to about 3001.

Property. Trust Property.

Corporate Property :The company have no trust property.

Real Estate.

The company possess real estate in the City of London

consisting of their hall in Little Trinity Lane, rated at 3341. PAINTERS' COMPANY.

annually, and some adjacent house property, the rental of

which is about 2301. annually. Foundation and Object.

Personal Property. The company existed as a fraternity as early as the reign of Edward III. They were called "paynter-stayners,"

The company claim, at present, about 601. a year from because a picture on canvas was formerly called a stained

dividends. cloth. The company received a charter from Elizabeth in They derive an income from fees, and the above dinner 1581, which is confirmed by stat. 1 James I. c. 20. They subscription, an income of about 2001. a year, and they subsequently received a charter from James II. in 1685.

are allowed about the same sum from their trust funds for (For Charter, sce Returne.)

management.

Their plate, pictures, &c., are insured for 2, 1001.
Connexion with Trade.
The company maintained a connexion with painting as

Trust Property. one of the fine arts for some time. Verrio, Sir Godfrey The company are trustees of about seven benefactions, Kneller, and Sir Joshua Reynolds were members. At with an income which, after deducting the above sum for present a considerable number of painters and some of the management, amounts to about 2,0001. a year. best decorators are members; but artists no longer join The incoine arises wholly from stock. the company

Of this sum 1601. is applicable to internal objects, viz., The company have held several exhibitions of decorative the relief of poor

members. painting in their hall, and give prizes for painting at the The remaining 1,9401. is chiefly for the relief of the City of London and other schools.

blind; 174 of whom receive sums of money annually.

Income and Expenditure.
The following are the company's statements of their income and expenditure for 1878, 1879 :—

1878,

£ 8. d.

£ $. d.

Receipts.
To balance of last account
Less poors' box

i blind pension

£ 8. d. £ $. d.

150 90
36 90
10 0 0

46 90

» rental

£ 8. d. £ 8. d.

150 12 2
41 3 10
23 12 9
18 7 0
96 17 0

10+ 0 0

169 5 1

60 16 4
142 16 8

Disbursements.
By rates and taxes

repairs

stamps, &c.
„ sundry payments for advertising

charities, &c.
Court dinners
„ St. Luke's day dinner
»s technical education
balance at bank
Less poors' box

2 blind pensions

165 4 9
137 9 6
12 18 0

616 5 0

To rental

dividends „, fees, fines, and stamps, and pay

ments by livery towards the

dinner on St. Luke's day. , allowance from charities for ex

penses, less tax. Court dinners St. Luke's day, payments by master and wardens towards

the dinner on St. Luke's day. „ technical education subscriptions

174 16 7

1 5 0
89 2 0

158 5 2
35 1 6
20 0 0

55 1 6

103 3 8

7 7 0

645 8 8

749 8 8

749 8 8

.

Charities Exchange Account. To poors' box, 1877 „ poors' box, 1878

in hand, 1 blind pensioner
blind pensions

36 90
11 5 0

47 14 0
10 0 0
310 0 0

320 0 0

Charities Exchange Account.
By poors' box

balance as above
blind pensions
balance as above

12 12 6
35 1 6

417 14 0
800 0 0
20 00
320 0 0

367 14 0 1,117 2 8

367 140

1,117 2 8

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PARISH CLERKS' COMPANY.

PEWTERERS' COMPANY. This body is not a livery company, and is consequently

Foundation and Object. not within the scope of the inquiry.

The returns, after alluding to the historical antiquity of the Englislı trade in tin, state that the records of the City show that in 1348, a petition was presented to the mayor

and aldermen by the good folk of the trade of pewterers to PATTENMAKERS' COMPANY.

appoint overseers.

The Guild was incorporated in 1473 by charter of Ed. Foundation and Object.

ward IV. (For terms of Charter, see Returns, Part I., B.)

This charter was confirmed by charters granted by Henry The Company was incorporated by charter of 22

VIII., Philip and Mary, Elizabeth, James I., and Anne. Charles II.

Acts confirning the Company's power to search for bad Constitution and Privileges.

wares were passed in the reigns of Henry VII. and Henry

VIII. At this time this power was vigorously exercised at Court.

the London and provincial markets and fairs. At the The court consists of a master, 2 wardens, and 12 as.

commencement of the 17th century, the Company licensed sistants. Elections are by co-optation from the livery. A

the casters of tin in London, and had from the Council of

the Revenue of the Prince of Wales, an allotment of some fine of 501. is payable on election, and of 51. on taking office. Four courts are held during the year, and a fee of proportion of the tin produced in Cornwall

, which they 10s. is paid for attendance.

sold at a small profit to the pewter trade of London, ap

plying the fund thus created to the benefit of their poor Members.

members. There are about 100 freemen, and 74 liverymen.

The Company have subscribed a considerable sum to the The fees are: for freedom, by patrimony or servitude, City and Guilds Technical Institute. 21. 178,; by redemption, 151. 8s. 6d. ; livery fine, 151.

73 calls to the livery and 189 bindings have taken place during the last 10 years.

Constitution and Privileges.
Salaries.

Court, The sum paid to the clerk and beadle appears to be a The court consists of a master, 2 wardens, and 29 little over 201. a year.

assistants. Elections are by co-optation from the livery.

To be elected it is necessary to have served or fined for the Property.

office of steward. A fine of 201. is payable on election. Corporate.

Twelve courts are held during the year. Fees are paid for The Company possess no land. They derive, from

attendance. The sum thus paid amounts on an average 2,5001. stock, an annual income of about 631.; out of

to 1,7001. a year. which, the fee being partly charitable, they pay 141. to poor members. The main source of their income is fees. This

Members. part amounted to 571. in 1871, to 7001. in 1877, and to There are 5 freemen, and 5 freewomen. The livery 2991. in 1880.

consists of 70 persons. The fees payable for admission by The Company is trustee of one benefaction as above. patrimony or servitude are nominal. The livery fine is They give no details of their expenditure.

1051. The number of apprentices bound during this last (See Mr. Hare's Report as to the Scriveshaw charity.) 10 years was 28.

Above 6001. partly arising from the trust income, partly from the corporate income of the company, is distributed annually to poor members. The number at present re

ceiving relief is 39. PAVIOURS' COMPANY.

This Company is extinct.

Officers and Servants, The sum paid in salaries to the officers and servants of the company (clerk, resident beadle, and assistant beadle). is about 3301.

Property.

Constitution and Pririleges. Corporate property.

Governing Body. Real estate. The company possess in their corporate The court consists of a master, 2 wardens, and 27 right, house property in London, with a rental of about assistants. An election takes place annually by the court 3,0001. a year. There are about 17 sets of premises, houses, of a renter warden, who after his year of office becomes an shops, warehouses in Fenchurch Street, Cannon Street, assistant. A fee of 251. is payable on election to the office Lime Street, and elsewhere. The company give no account of renter warden. A fee of 21. is paid for attendance at of their title to these lands. They derive a small sum from courts. About 2201. a year is thus expended. a rentcharge on a house in Laurence Pountney Lane. Members when they reach their court are generally of They have a share in the Ulster lands administered by the about 10 years standing. Ironmongers’ Company, and derive from this source about 1501. a year.

Members.

There are about 25 freemen and 60 liverymen, including Personal property.

the court. The company have about 8,0501. invested in Reduced There were 39 admissions to the freedom (viz., 10 by Three per Cents., and derive from this source an income of patrimony, 29 by redemption) and 28 calls to the livery about 2501. a year. They derive from fines, &c. an income during the last 10 years. During such time one apprentice of, on an average, 5001. a year.

was bound.

The fees are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude, Trust property.

11. 3s. 6d. ; by redemption, 5 guineas; livery fine, 34

guineas. The company is trustee of about 25 benefactions with an

There is one livery dinner annually. income of 2401, a year. This sum consists chiefly from

About 1301. a year, 1001. of which comes out of corporate dividends.

income, is distributed among 10 poor members and widows

of poor members. Income and Expenditure. The company give the following detailed statement of

Officers and Servants. their (corporate) income and expenditure for the year The salaries paid to the clerk and beadle amount to less 1870:

than 1001. a year. Receipts.

Property. £

Corporate Property :-Rents

2,828 Irish Estate

180

Real Estate. Dividends

166

The company possess in their corporate right, their Fines

205

hall in Addle Street, which is let at a rent of 6001. a year. Freedoms

They acquired the land under a will dated 1545. Sundries

28

Personal Property.
Payments.

£

* The company hold also stock of the value of 3,5001., By orders of Court for charitable and edu

representing partly fines and partly the proceeds of a 'cational purposes

435

house in the Minories recently sold. Salaries

255

Their plate, &c. is valued at 501. Dinner Bills

566

Trust Property. Tradesmen's Bills

357 Court and Auditors

1,253

The company is trustee of two charities for the benefit Rentcharges and Taxes

148 of poor members, the income of which is about 301. Insurances

23

Income and Expenditure. (See Mr. Hare's Reports as to the houses of the Company

The company give only a " detailed statement ”for 1877. in Cripplegate.)

In that year their income, including their trust income, was about 9001., which was spent as follows : 2601. on entertainments, 2201. on court fees, 1201. on pensions, 401. on technical education, salaries and expenses of clerk and

beadle 901. PINMAKERS' COMPANY.

(See Mr. Hare's Report as to the Ellis bequest.) This company is extinct.

PLAISTERERS' COMPANY.

PLAYING CARD MAKERS'

COMPANY.

Foundation and Object.
The company's charter was granted in 1628, in the reign
of Charles II. (For abstract, see Returns B. and H.,
Part I., and Report of Municipal Commissioners.)

Foundation and Object. The company originally existed as a guild“ of pargettors," commonly called "plaisterers,” and as such was incorporated in 1501, in the 16 Henry VII. The company received subsequent charters in the reigns of Elizabeth, James I., and Charles II. (For Charters, see Part. I., Return B., and Report of Municipal Commissioners.)

Constitution and Privileges.
Governing Body.

The court consists of a master, wardens, and 16 assistants.

The elections are by the court from the livery.

À fine of 3 guineas is payable on admission to the court.

No fees are paid for attendance at courts.

The master on taking office pays for his inauguration dinner.

Connexion with Trade. The company preserved their connexion with the trade so far as the appointment of " search days” was concerned till 1832.

About 12 plaisterers are now members.

For the last 16 years the company have through the Science and Art Department, South Kensington, offered prizes, amounting, to 25l. per annum, to workmen in connexion with their trade. Since 1873 they have spent 151. a year in photographs and casts of models for distribution among several schools of Art. Since 1877 they have subscribed 50 guineas a year to the City and Guilds of London Institute for the advancement of technical education,

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Constitution and Privileges. Court.

The court consists of a master, wardens, and 18 assistants. Elections are by the court from the livery. Fees are paid on election, from which the company appear to derive about

271. a year.

Members.

There are about 50 freemen and 50 liverymen ; 25 per. sons have been admitted to the freedom during the last 10 years—7 by patrimony, 1 by apprenticeship, 17 by redemption—and there have been 4 bindings during such period, but no calls to the livery.

The fees payable are : for the freedom, by patrimony or servitude, 31. ; by redemption, 131., "if bound and served apprenticeship to the trade seven years," or otherwise, 231. ; livery fine, 101.

About 901. a year is spent in pensions to impoverished members, their widows and families.

Members.

There are 48 freemen, 57 liverymen. It appears to cost about 151. to become a liveryman.

During the last 10 years 42 apprentices have been bound, whose premiums have been defrayed out of the company's trust funds.

There are at present about 16 pensioners, many of them widows, receiving, in addition to a share in the trust income, annual sums from the company's corporate income amounting to about 1001. a year. Many of these persons have been connected with the poulterers' trade.

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Officers and Servants. The salaries paid to the clerk and beadle are small.

Property. Corporate Property :

Real Estate. The company own, in their corporate right, a house in Great St. Helen's, rented at 2007. a year. They hold it under a will dated 1645.

They have also a small rentcharge on lands in Ulster.

Personal Property.

They also hold 12,0001. stock, representing the proceeds of the sale of the company's former hall to a railway company.

They derive an income of, on an average, 1001. a year from fines and fees.

Property. Corporate Property :

Real Estate.

The company possess, in their corporate right, two houses, one in Bishopsgate Street, the other in Watling Street, the rental of which amounts to 3501. a year. The former was left to the company by will in 1727; the latter by will in 1609. Personal Property.

The company are holders of about 3,0001. stock, representing savings out of income.

They derive from fees an income of about 1201. a year. Trust Property.

The company are trustees of seven benefactions, the income of which amounts to 4301. a year, applied (1), as to about 2001. a year, to apprenticing, (2) as to 2301. to the poor of the company, and the poor of Aldgate and Barking, &c.

Trust Property.

The company are trustees of two benefactions, the joint income of which is 181., distributable, except as to a small part, among the company's poor,

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