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There are also occasional gifts of a few pounds in cases of severe accidental calamities happening to members or their families.

There would thus appear to be a surplus of about 2701. a year, but it is stated the produce of the ferries is in gradual course of diminution owing to the concurrence of the steamboats, and the Company are unwilling to increase the number of pensions lest the failure of the fund might occasion the hardship of a reduction of the income of poor members who had been led to depend on its permanence. The investment of the surplus has amounted to only 8941. 12s. 11d. Stock in six years, which shows that the distribution has approached the receipts.

ALDERMAN Lucas's CH ITY. Alderman Lucas, who died about 1837, by his will gave 5001. to be invested by the Company, and the annual produce thereof to be annually distributed by the Master Wardens and Assistants amongst the inmates of the Free Watermen and Lightermen's Asylum at Penge, Sydenham, as they should think most fit for the benefit of the said institution. This sum was in. vested in 5211. 10s. 3d. 31. per cent. Consols, forming part of 43,5901. 59. 11d. like stock before referred to. The dividends amounting to 151. 128. 9d. a year are distributed to the inmates of, if single 78. 3d., to the married couples 108. 6d. each year.

I append a list of the subscribers, and the rules of the institution.

WESTMINSTER Chest Society. By section 36 of the Company's Act, it was enacted that nothing in that Act contained should extend to injure or prevent the Watermen of the parishes of St. Margaret and St. John, Westminster, from plying or working for hire across the river Thames, from Westminster Bridge to Stangate, and from the Horse Ferry to Lambeth Stairs respectively, on every Sunday, and taking the fare of one penny for each passenger in their several turns as they have been accustomed to do; and the money earned by them or any of thein on that day is hereby directed to be from time to time employed for the use of the poor aged, decayed, and maimed watermen and their widows of the parishes of St. Margaret and St. John, Westminster; and any two Justices of the Peace of the said parishes were thereby authorised from time to time to call the watermen so working to account for the monies, by them earned on the Sunday as aforesaid, and cause the same to be applied and disposed of as aforesaid, and that the said watermen of the said parishes of St. Margaret and St. John for the time being should choose two stewards and a clerk, on the 23rd April in every year, yearly, unless such day should happen to be on the Lord's day and in such case on the following day, and such watermen of the said parishes or the major part of them present at a meeting of their society should thereby have power to appoint such of the watermen of the said parishes as should in their respective turns work on the Sunday as aforesaid; and no freeman or apprentice except the watermen of the said parishes, should ply or work across the said river at either of the said places on a Sunday.

The sum of 2,7601. 188. 1d. 31. per cent. Consols part of the 43,5901. 58. 11d. like stock, is held by the Company upon trust for the poor watermep. of the parishes of St. John's and St. Margaret's, and appears to have been compensation received on the building of Westminster Bridge, upwards of a century ago, in respect of the right of such poor watermen to a ferry from Westminster Bridge to Stangate, and Horse Ferry to Lambeth; the Company being entitled to the ferry from the Surrey to the Middlesex side. The money received by the Company for their share of the compensation was added to their other funds, and they then became trustees for the poor watermen of St. John's and St. Margaret's. The Company pay over the entire dividends to the stewards appointed under the 36th clause above stated, and take no part in its administra. tion. All which I submit to the Board.

Thos. HARE,

Inspector of Charities, 2nd June 1865.

The Royal WATERMEN and LIGHTERMEN'S ASYLUM at

Penge in the County of Surrey. By an indenture dated the 9th March 1839, made between John Dudley Brown of the first part, and the Master, Wardens, and Company of the Watermen and Lightermen of the River Thames of the second part, all that piece and parcel of land or ground, containing by admeasurement, 2 acres more or less, situate in the hamlet of Penge, in the parish of Battersea, in the county of Surrey, described in a plan drawn on the margin, was conveyed to the parties of the second part and their successors and assigns, upon trust for the benefit of the poor, aged, decayed, and maimed water. men and lightermen of the said Company and their widows, in such manner as the said court of Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Company shall from time to time direct and appoint.

The edifice was erected by voluntary subscriptions, and opened in the year 1841. It consists of a building forming three sides of a quadrangle, and containing forty-one separate houses, with separate entrances, each house having two rooms below and one above. They are unendowed and are supported by voluntary contri. butions mostly from the members of the Company. It is occupied by 13 married couples, and 28 single persons wbo are elected by the subscribers as vacancies occur.

THAMES WATERMEN AND LIGHTERMEN.

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS.

Section.

1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8

30

9 10

7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 75.
Short title
Definition of passenger boat
Definition of the term lighterman and watermen,

&c. Commencement of Act Section 18 of 4 & 5 Anne, c. 19., repealed 7 & 8 Geo. 4. c. 75., repealed Repeal not to affect rights, &c. herein named Linits of the Act Power to purchase lands, &c. without license in

mortmain Of whom the Company is to consist Affairs to be managed by Court of Master, War

dens, and Assistants Appointment of Master and Wardens Quarterly Court to be held Chairman to preside Regulation as to quorum, and voting, &c. at

Courts Minute book to be kept Present Master and Wardens to continue in office. Master and Wardens to retire annuaily, but re

eligible If no election, Master and Wardens to continue in

Section. Master, &c., neglecting to attend any Court for one

year without permission, shall be removed - 22 For the election of new members of the Court

23 Persons qualified to be admitted members

24 Court for admission of members

25 Appointment of clerk

26 Accounts to be kept by the clerk, and audited 27 Court to appoint inspectors of plying places, &c., beadles, and other officers

28 Court may appoint Sunday watermen

29 Fares of Sunday watermen Receipts on Sunday to be paid to Company

31 Penalty on not paying over receipts

32 Sunday ferries not to be appointed within 200 yards of Vauxhall Bridge

33 The Company may let the Sunday ferries to farm 34 Persons farming the same, to employ no person

who has not been approved of by the Court 35 Saving right of watermen of St. Margaret's and of St. John's, Westminster

36 Power to justices at Gravesend to license water

men to work on Sundays Application of fares received at Gravesend ou Sundays

38 Permission may be granted to other waiermen to

work on Sundays for persons making request 39 Watermen not to ply or work on Sunday below

London Bridge, at the plying places next
above and below any Sunday ferry

40 Penalty on other watermen working at Gravesend on Sunday

41

11 12 13 14

37

15 16 17

18

office As to filling up casual vacancies Members of Court may be removed

19 20 21

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49

A

Section.

Section.
Court empowered to regulate the affairs of the Penalty on watermen refusing or delaying to
Company

42
proceed as directed

74
The names of persons keeping boats, &c. for Penalty on demanding more than the fare

75 carrying goods without passengers to be Penalty on wate en preventing persons reading registered in the books of the Company 43

the names or numbers, or refusing to state Register of names of lighters, &c.

44

their names, or using abusive language 76 Payment of registry

47 Boats let for hire to be registered and numbered 77
The names and numbers of such boats to be Lord Mayor, &c. to summon persons refusing to
painted thereon

45
pay their fare, and order payment, &c.

78
Freemen qualified to take apprentices

46 Persons refusing to give their names, or giving
Barge owners qualified to take apprentices

47
fictitious names, to be punished

79
No freeman, freeman's widow, or barge owner, to Court empowered to make byelaws, and alter those
take any apprentice under fourteen or above

made by Company, if not inconsistent with
twenty years of age

48
Act, &c.

80
Penalty for refusing to lodge apprentices

Byelaws made by the Court of Master, Wardens,
Apprentices to be compelled to serve although of

and Assistants, to be printed and made
age

50
public

81
Court for binding apprentices to freemen -

51 Present byelaws to continue in force until others No apprentice to have the sole charge of any boat,

are made

82
unless he shall have served two years
52 Not to vacate, &c. present indentures

83
Penalty on Clerk of Company for neglecting to Registered and non-registered freemen to make
register

53
annual payments to Company

84
None but freemen of the Company (except as after Manner of recovering penalties

85 mentioned) to row or work any boat or craft Power to Master, &c. to administer oaths

86 for hire

54 Members of the Court of the Company to hear and
Application for lighterman's and

waterman's
determine on complaints

87
licences

55 Constables not to apprehend or take watermen out Qualification of applicant for lighterman's licence 56

of their boats until moored
Qualification of applicant for watermen's licence 57 For compelling the attendance of witnesses

89
Fees payable for licence
58 Application of penalties

90
Power to renew licences

59 Plaintiff not to recover without notice, or after
Fee for licenses to freemen, &c.

60
tender of amends

91
Persons having served apprenticeship to be

Proceedings not to be quashed for want of form 92
admitted freemen, &c.
61 Limitation of action

93
Right of existing freemen to renew licences
62 Double costs

93
Appeal from decision of Court refusing licence

Saving the powers of the Master, &c. of the Trinity
Penalty on misconduct or incompetency

64

House, of Deptford Strond, in licensing
Register of licences -

65
mariners

94
No barge, &c. to be navigated unless a lighterman, Saving rights of the City of London

95 &c. shall be in charge

66 Saving rights of the Duke of Richmond to hold a Penalty on unlicensed person navigating passenger

Court at Gravesend, called Curia Cursus
boat

67
Aque

96
No boat to be used for carrying passengers, Saving the liberties of the inhabitants of Gravesend
without a licence expressing the number of

aud Milton

97 persons it may be allowed to carry

68 Saving rights, &c. of the Commissioners of West-
Number and name of owner to be painted thereon 68

minster Bridge
Registry of licences
69 Saving existing ferries

99
Penalty for taking more than the number allowed Saving powers of Dock Companies -

100 on licence

70 Saving rights of the Conservators of the river
Court to fix fares for the watermen

71
Thames

101
Watermen to carry a list of fares and byelaws 72 Nothing to affect provisions of i7 & 18 Vict.
Penalty on watermen avoiding or refusing to take

c. 104., &c.

102 73 Application of monies

103

88

63

98

a fare

7 & 8 G. 4. P. 70.

An Act for the better Regulation of Watermen, Barge regulation of the persons employed to navigate the

Owners, and others, connected with the Navigation same, and for the security of passengers passing to and
of the River Thames, between Teddington Lock and fro on the said river in boats and other craft, and for
Lower Hope Point.

(13th August 1859.) the orderly conduct of the traffic on the said river.

And whereas by the eighteenth section of an Act
WHEREAS, by an Act passed in the session holden in

passed in the session holden in the fourth and fifth years
the seventh and eighth years of the reign of His late

of Her late Majesty Queen Anne, chapter nineteen, and Majesty, King George the Fourth, chapter seventy-five, intituled “ An Act for the encouragement and increase intituled An Act for the better regulation of the

of seamen, and for the better and speedier manning of Watermen and Lightermen on the River Thames,

Her Majesty's Fleet," certain provisions are made, between Yantlet Creek and Windsor,” the Company of

whereby the freemen of the said Company are obliged Watermen, Wherrymen, and Lightermen were incor

to serve on board Her Majesty's Fleet, under such porated, by the name and title of “The Master,

circumstances, and subject to such penalties, as are Wardens, and Commonalty of Watermen and Lighter

therein mentioned.
men of the River Thames."

And whereas it is expedient that the obligation so
And whereas in accordance with that Act, the free.

imposed on the freemen of the said Company, of serving
men of the said Company, and the apprentices to free.

on board Her Majesty's Fleet, should be repealed.
men, or to widows of freemen of the said Company,
enjoy certain exclusive privileges of working and navi-

May it therefore please your Majesty, that it may be
gating, or causing to be worked or navigated, for hire,

enacted, and be it enacted by the Queen's most Excelwithin the limits of the said Act, wherries, lighters,

lent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of and other craft, for carrying passengers, goods, and

the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this merchandise.

present parliament assembled, and by the authority of And wbereas the limits of the said Act are defined to the same, as follows:

I. This Act may be cited for all purposes as "The Short title. extend to all parts of the river Thames,

from, and
opposite to, and including the town of New Windsor, in Watermen's and Lightermen's Amendment Act, 1859."
the county of Berks, to, and opposite to, and including

II. The term ". passenger boat,” as used throughout Definition
Yantlet Creek, in the county of Kent, and to all docks, this Act, shall mean any sailing boat, river steam boat,

of passenger canals, creeks, and harbours of, or out of, the said river, row boat, wherry, or other like craft, used for carrying so far as the tide flows therein.

passengers within the limits of this Act, unless there is And whereas it is expedient that the limits of the something in the context inconsistent with such a said Act should be altered, and such exclusive privileges

meaning should be modified, and that proper regulations should III. The term "lighterman” shall mean any person Definition of be made for the navigation of barges, lighters, boats, working or navigating for hire a lighter, barge, boat, or

lighterman and other like craft, carrying goods, wares, and mer- other like craft, within the limits of this Act; the term and waterchandise, within the limits of this Act, and for the "the Company" shall mean the master, wardens, and man, &c.

boat.

as to quorum and

66

Coinmence-
ment of
Act.

Sec. 18 of

c. 19. re

wardeus to

c. 75. re

to allect

named.

ollice.

the Act.

without license in mort main.

the com

pany is to

consist,

commonalty of watermen and lightermen of the river XV. No business shall be transacted at any court, Regulation
Thames; the term “ the Court" shall mean the Court unless nine members be present. All questions at any
of master, wardens, and assistants of the same Com- court shall be decided by the majority in number of the voting. &c.,
pany; and the term “waterman” shall mean any votes of the members present, and every member shall at courts.
person navigating, rowing, or working for hire, have one vote. If on a division there be an equal
passenger boat,” unless there is something in the con. number of votes on each side, the master, warden, or
text inconsistent with such meanings.

other member presiding at such court, shall have a
IV. This Act shall commence and come into opera- second or casting vote.
tion on the first day of January, one thousand eight XVI. The proceedings of every court shall be entered Minute
hundred and sixty.

in a book to be kept for that purpose, and signed by kept.

book to be V. T'he eighteenth section of the said Act, passed in the master, warden, or member who presides. 4 & 5 Anne, the session holden in the fourth and fifth years of the XVII. That the present master and wardens shall Present pealed.

reign of Her late Majesty Queen Anne, chapter nine- continue in office until the first quarterly court to be master and teen, shall be repealed.

held after the twenty-fourth day of June one thousand

continue in 7 & 8 Geo.IV. VI. The said Act passed in the seseion holden in the eight hundred and sixty, and shall then retire.

oflice. seventh and eighth years of the reign of His late XVIII. At the first quarterly court to be held next Master and pealed.

Majesty King George the Fourth, chapter seventy-five, after the twenty-fourth day of June in every year, the wardens to shall be repealed.

then master and wardens shall retire from office, and the annually, Repeal not VII. Provided always, tbat such repeal shall not Court shall fill up the vacated offices, by electing thereto but ra affect

members of the Court; all retiring masters and wardens

eligible. rights, &c.

1. The existence of the Company, or its property, shall be eligible for re-election. herein

whether real or personal, or any of its rights and XIX. If no election takes place of a master or war. If no obligations, as a body corporate, except as altered

dens at any Court at which the same ought to be made, master and by this Act,

the retiring master and wardens, or such of them as wartens to 2. Any penalty, forfeiture, or other punishment have not had their offices filled up, may continue in continue in incurred, or to be incurred, in respect of any

office until the quarterly court next after the twentyoffence committed before this Act comes into fourth day of June in the ensuing year, and so from operation.

year to year, until their or his offices or office are, or 3. Any appointment or license duly made or granted is, filled up, or their offices may be filled up in manuer under any enactment hereby repealed.

hereinafter provided for casual vacancies. Limits of VIII. This Act shall extend to all parts of the River XX. Any casual vacancy occurring in the office of the As te filling Thames, from, and opposite to, and including Tedding- master, or of any warden, may be filled up at an up casual

vacancies. ton Lock, in the counties of Middlesex and Surrey, to, extraordinary court; but the person elected to such and opposite to, and including Lower Hope Point, near

vacancy shall hold office only until the ensuing quarterly Gravesend, in the county of Kent, and to all docks, court for the election of such officers. canals, creeks, and harbours of, or out of, the said river, XXI. Any Court of inaster, wardens, and assistants, Members of so far as the tide flows therein.

may remove any of the members of the said Court for court may

be removed. Power to

IX. The Company shall have power to purchase and ill government, misbehaviour, or other reasonable purchase hold lands and hereditaments, not exceeding in the cause, and any member so removed shall 110t be eligible lands, &c. whole the yearly value of two thousand pounds, at the for re-election.

time of the purchase or taking thereof, without license XXII. That if any master, wardens, or other mem- Master, &c. in mortmain; and also, to sell, exchange, or mortgage, bers of the Court of the said Company shall neglect, neglecting all or any of such lands or hereditaments.

for the space of twelve months, to attend at any any court of whom X. The company shall consist of the several freemen quarterly or extraordinary court of the said Company, for one year who would have composed the said company if this Act the next quarterly court to be held after the expiration

of the said twelve months shall remove him or them shall be

permission, had not passed, and of such other persons as may be admitted freemen of the said company, in manner herein- from being a member or members of the said Court.

removed. after mentioned.

XXIII. When and so often as any member of the for the XI. The affairs of the said company shall continue said court dies, resigns, or is removed, the said Court election of manazed by to be managed by the court of master, wardens, and of master, wardens, and assistants shall elect from new inem

asssistants, and the present members of the said court amongst the freemen for the time being of the said court. wardens,

shall continue members of the same during their re- Company, such person as to them seems meet, for sup-
spective lives, unless they resign, or are removed, in plying such vacancy, and the person so elected shall
manner hereinafter mentioned.

continue in the said office during his life, unless he Appoint

XII. One of the members of the said court shall con. resigns, or is removed therefrom, as aforesaid.
tinue to be styled the master of the said company, and XXIV. Every person who holds a license granted in Persons

shall continue in office until another master has been pursuance of this Act, or is registered in manner herein. qualified to wardens.

appointed, in manner hereinafter mentioned, unless he mentioned, as the owner of any barge, lighter, boat, as members.
sooner dies, resigns, or ceases to be a member of the or craft, shall, subject as hereinafter mentioned,
said court; and four other members of the said court be qualified to be admitted a freeman of the said
shall continue to be called wardens of the said com- Company.
pany, one of whom shall be called the senior warden ; XXV. The Court of master, wardens, and assistants Court for
and the remaining three shall be called the junior of the said Company, may admit as freemen of the said admission of
wardens; and the said four wardens respectively shall Company such persons as shall be qualified according
continue in their respective offices until other wardens to this Act, and apply to be admitted, and no other
have been appointed, unless they sooner resign, die, or persons, and such persons, when admitted by the said
cease to be inembers of the said court.

Court, shall become freemen of the said Company, upon
Quarterly

XIII. The said court of master, wardens, and as- payment of such fee as the said Court of master,
sistants, shall meet four times in every year, that is to

wardens and assistants may determine, not exceeding beld.

say:--on the first Tuesday after the twenty-ninth day five pounds as a life payment, or ten shillings annually,
of September, the twenty-fifth day of December, the subject to this proviso, that no registered owner of any
twenty-fifth day of March, and the twenty-fourth day of barge, lighter, or other like craft, who does not hold a
June, respectively, or on such other day, within ten license granted in pursuance of this Act, and no person
days thereafter, as shall be appointed at any prior holding a license, and not being an apprentice to a
meeting; and every such meeting, shall be called a freeman, or widow of a freeman, shall be admitted as a
quarterly court for the affairs and business of the said freeman of the said Company, unless three-fifths of the
company; and it shall also be lawful for the said court members of the said Court, assembled at an ordinary
to hold an extraordinary meeting whenever any quarterly or special meeting, or at some adjournment
quarterly or extraordinary court shall so order, or on thereof, concur in electing such owner or person to be
the written requisition of nine of the menbers of the a freeman of the Company ; but nothing herein con-
said court, for the time being.

tained shall prejudice the rights which any person, Chairman XIV. At every court of master, wardens, and as- being an apprentice at the time of the passing of this to preside.

sistants, the master for the time being of the said com- Act, may have against the Company, or which the
pany shall preside, and if he be unable, from illness or Company may have against any person, being an
any other cause, to attend, the senior warden, if apprentice at the time of the passing of this Act, so
present, or in his absence, one of the junior wardens, or that any such apprentice be examined in accordance
if none of the junior wardens be present, then the with the byelaws for the time being in force, before he
senior member of the court present, (the members in is permitted to work as a lighterman or waterman
any election of two or more members being considered within the limits of this Act.
to have seniority, according to the order in which they XXVI. The said Court of master, wardens, and Appoint-
are named, shall preside.

assistants may appoint a clerk, at such salary as the clerk.

Affairs to be

bers of the

court of master,

and assistants.

ment of master and

members.

court to be

West

watermen.

said Court may from time to time determine, and assign to him such duties as they think fit; and every such clerk so appointed shall, previously to his entering on the execution of his said office, give security to the master and wardens for the time being, in such sum,

and with such sureties, as they may require. Accounts to XXVII. That the accounts of the said Company shall be kept by the clerk

be regularly kept by the said clerk, under two distinct and audited. heads, and in different books, the one to be entitled

“The Poor's Accounts," and the other to be entitled “ The Company's Accounts,” and that the said accounts shall be audited by the said Court of master, wardens, and assistants, at their quarterly court, which shall be holden next after the twenty-fourth day of June in every year, or by a committee, to be by them appointed for that purpose, consisting of not less than five members of the said Court, and thereafter the same shall be laid before and audited by a professional accountant, to be named by the Conservators of the River Thames, and that the balance sheet of the Company shall be open to the inspection of any person contributing to the funds of the Compony, on payment

of a fee of one shilling. Court to

XXVIII. That it shall be lawful for the said Court appoint in- from time to time, and as often as they shall think spectors of plying

proper, to name, place, and appoint plying places, and places, &c. inspectors of plying places, and causeways adjoining, headles, and or near unto, the said River Thames, and of passenger other odlcers.

and other boats and wherries used for the carrying and conveying of persons on the said river, for hire or gain. and also beadles and such other inferior officers and servants as shall be convenient, and allow them, or any of them such salaries or wages as they shall think proper, and may remove the said inspectors, beadles, officers, and servants, or any of them, from time to time as they shall think fit: Provided always, that the plying places at Gravesend, and Milton-next-Gravesend, shall be named and appointed by the said Court, with the consent of the mayor, jurats, and common council

of Gravesend. Court may

XXIX. The said Court of master, wardens, and appoint assistants, shall, in their discretion, appoint any number Sunday

of watermen to ply and work on Sundays on the River Thames, between Chelsea and Bow Creek, at such common stairs ur places of plying as the Court thinks fit, so as not to interfere with any established private ferry, and may pay such sums of money as may be agreed upon to such waterman, by way of compensation

for their services. Fares of XXX. No som exceeding two-pence shall be taken Sunday by any waterman, authorised in pursuance of this Act,

to ply on Sundays, for carrying any person across the river, or to or from any ship or vessel : and if any waterman so plying on Sunday takes from any person more than the said sum of two pence, he shall, for each

offence, incur a penalty not exceeding five pounds. Receipts on

XXXI. All sums received by any waterman so Sunday to

appointed to ply on Sunday, shall, on the Monday folbe paid to company.

lowing, or such other day as the Court may appoint, be paid by him to the clerk of the said Company, or to such other person as the Court may appoint; and the surplus of such sums, after deducting the sums paid by the Company to the waterman for his survices, or the rent received for such ferries, if let as hereinafter provided, shall be applied by the Company to the use of the poor, aged, decayed, and maimed watermen and lightermen of the said Company, and their widows, at the discretion of the said Court of master, wardens, and

assistants. Penalty on XXXII. If any waterman so appointed to ply on not paying

Sunday, as aforesaid, makes default in paying over, receipts. in manner aforesaid, all sums received by him in

respect of Sunday fares, he shall, for each default or short payment, incur a penalty not exceeding forty shillings.

XXXIII. Nothing herein contained shall empower Sunday

the said Court of master, wardens, and assistants, to

appoint any Sunday ferries, or grant any licenses to any pointed within 200 watermen or others to ply on the river Thames on a yards of Sunday, from or at the stairs on either side of the bridge Vauxhall Bridge.

at Vauxhall, or at any stairs or other place within two hundred yards of any part of the said bridge, so as to interfere with, prejudice, or affect the tolls authorised

to be taken for crossing the same. The com

XXXIV. It shall be lawful for the said Court of pany may master, wardens, and assistants, to let to farm to any Sunday person or persons, the said plying or working on ferries to Sundays, at any common stairs or places of plying, for farm.

carrying and re-carrying of passengers across the said river, or to or from any ship or vessel, for such time as they shall think proper, provided they give, or cause to

be given, fourteen days previous notice thereof, by ordering a printed paper, expressing their intention to let the same, to be affixed in some conspicuous place, at or near such respective common stairs or places of plying, and let the same accordingly to the highest bidder or bidders who shall give security to their satisfaction for payment of the rent; and it any waterman whom the said court shall appoint to ply and work as aforesaid, or any person or persons who shall take such plying and working to farm, or any person or persons employed by or under him, shall demand or take from any person or persons whom he or they shall carry, any greater sum of money than twopence, as aforesaid, he or they shall forfeit and pay for every such offence any sum not exceeding five pounds.

XXXV. If any person or persons appointed to ply Persons and work, or taking such plying or working to farm as farming the aforesaid, shall employ, or wilfully permit or suffer, same, to, any other person or persons to be employed in plying or person who working as aforesaid, until such last-mentioned has not been

person

approved of or persons, and the boat or boats to be used by him or

by the them shall have been approved of for that purpose by court. the said court of master, wardens, and assistants, he or they shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding five pounds.

XXXVI. Nothing in this Act contained shall extend Saving to hinder or prevent the watermen of the parishes of right of Saint Margaret and Saint John, Westminster, from of St. Mar. plying or working for hire across the River Thames, garet's and from Westminster Bridge to Stangate, and from the

of St. John's Horse Ferry to Lambeth Stairs respectively, on every minster. Sunday, and taking the fare of one penny for each passenger, in their several turns, as they have been accustomed and used to do; and the money earned by them, or any of them on that day, is hereby directed to be from time to time employed for the use of the poor, aged, decayed, and maimed watermen, and their widows, of the said parishes of Saint Margaret and Saint John, Westminster; and any two justices of the peace of the said parishes are hereby authorised from time to time to call the watermen so working, to account for the monies by them earned on the Sunday as aforesaid, and cause the same to be applied and disposed of as aforesaid; and, that the said watermen of the said parishes of Saint Margaret and Saint John, for the time being, shall choose two stewards and a clerk, on the twentythird day of April in every year, yearly, unless such day shall happen to be on the Lord's day, and in such case on the following day; and such watermen of the said parishes, or the major part of them, which shall be present at a meeting of their society, shall and have hereby power to appoint such of the watermen of the said parishes as shall, in their respective turns, work on the Sunday as aforesaid ; and no freeman or apprentice, except the watermen of the said parishes, shall ply or work across the said river at either of the said places on a Sunday.

XXXVII. The justices of the peace acting in and Power to for the corporation, villages, and parishes of Gravesend justices at and Milton, or any of them, may grant licenses to any to liceuso number of freemen of the said company residing at

watermen Gravesend, or any of the apprentices of such freemen, Sundays. or of the widows of such freemen, residing at Gravesend, to carry goods and passengers for hire, at and from Gravesend on Sundays ; and such license shall continue in force for the time therein expressed : Nevertheless, the said justices, or any of them, may from time to time recall such licenses, before the expiration of the time therein respectivily expressed.

XXXVIII. The fares taken on Sundays by freemen Application and apprentices licensed to work at Gravesend as afore- of fares said, shall be paid by them to such persons as the said Gravesend Court of master, wardens, and assistants of the said on Sunday. Company from time to time appoint for that purpose ; and out of the said monies, such sum as the said Court shall from time to time fix, shall be paid to each freeman or apprentice for his day's labour, and the surplus thereof shall be distributed twice in every year, to or for the benefit of the freemen of the said Company, residing at Gravesend, and the widows of freemen at the same place, under such regulations, and in such manner as the said Court of master, wardens, and assistants may determine.

XXXIX. If any person request the said justices Permission acting in and for the corporation, villages, and parishes wanted to of Gravesend and Milton, or any of them, to grant other waterperinission to any freeman of the Company, or any

on Sundays apprentice of such freeman, or the widow of such free

for persons man, to work for him, her, or them, on a Sunday, tho making said justices may grant such permission to such free. man to work for such person making such request, and

watermen.

to work on

over

ferries not to be ap

let the

men to work

or work on

to take

below any

apprentxt

pany.

such freeman or apprentice may retain the fares received names being painted and kept legible as aforesaid, the
by him in respect thereof, for his own benefit, or the owner thereof, or the person in charge thereof, shall, for
benefit of his master or mistress.

every such offence, incur a penalty not exceeding five Watermen XL. If any freeman, or apprentice, or other person, pounds. not to ply except he be appointed by the said Court as aforesaid, XLVI. Every freeman of the said Company, or Freemen

qualified Sunday plies for hire, or takes or carries for hire, on a Sunday, widow of a freeman, may take such apprentices as he or below London

at or from any common stairs, or place of plying, on she thinks fit, for the purpose of having them instructed apprentices Bridge, at either side of the said river, at which the said Court in the navigation of barges, lighters, boats, vessels, and the plying

appoints watermen to ply and work as aforesaid, any other like craft, subject to the following conditions, that places next above and fare or passenger across the said river, or to either of no apprentice shall be bound for a less period than five

the two common stairs or places of plying on the op- years, and that the person to whom such apprentice is
Sunday
ferry.

posite side of the said river, next above, or next bound, shall undertake to find him proper board and
below the stairs or places at which such appointed or lodging, either on his own premises or elsewhere.
licensed waterman plies, or to any place or places to XLVII. Every registered owner of a barge, lighter, Barge
which the fares and passengers taken at such several or other like craft, having in his employ a freeman of qualified to
and respective common stairs and places of plying are the said company, or a lighterman licensed as herein- take ap-
usually conveyed by the watermen appointed by the after mentioned, and actually employed in navigating

prentices.
said Court to ply and work, or to or from any ship or the barge, lighter, or other like craft of his employer,
craft lying or being on the said river, within the distance may take such apprentices as he thinks fit, for the
of such two other stairs or places of plying, he shall purpose of having them instructed in the navigation of
incur, for each offence, a penalty not exceeding forty barges, lighters, and other like craft, subject to the
shillings.

following conditions, that no apprentice shall be bound Penalty on

XLI. If any freeman of the Company, or apprentice, for a less period than five years, and that the person to other water- or other person (without having such license or per- whom such apprentice is bound, shall undertake to find men workmission as aforesaid from the said justices), plies or

him ing at

proper board and lodging, either on his own Gravesend works at Gravesend on any Sunday, he shall, for every

premises or elsewhere. on Sunday. such offence, incar a penalty not exceeding five pounds. XLVIII. That after the commencement of this Act, No free Court em- XLII. The said Court of master, wardens, and assis- it shall not be lawful for any freeman of the said Com- freemar's powered to

tants shall have full power to superintend, regulate, pany, or widow of a freeman, or registered barge-owner, barge cur? regulate the affairs of the and control all the affairs and concerns of the said com- to bind or take any person as an apprentice who shall to take sos company. pany, and to order and dispose of the custody of their be under the age of fourteen, or above the age of twenty

under fou common seal, and the use and application thereof. years; and no indentures of apprenticeship shall be teen or The names XLIII. The owner for the time being of any lighter executed, unless it appear by a certificate, signed by the abere of persons keeping

or lighters, barge or barges, or other boat or craft used registrar of births for the district or place where the years of boats, &C., or to be used, within the limits of this act, for the person to be bound was, or shall be born or baptised, for carrying carrying of goods, ware,

or merchandize, without or by the oath (or affirmation, if of the people called out passen- passengers, from or to any place, ships, or other vessels, quakers) of a credible witness, that such person is of gers to be

shall cause luis name and place of abode to be registered the age of fourteen years, and under the age of twenty in the books in a book to be kept by the Company for that purpose, years. of the Com- and shall deliver to the clerk of the said Company a XLIX. And if any such freeman or widow, or barge Penalty for

statutory declaration of the ownership of every lighte owner, who shall bind any such apprentice, shall lodge are
barge, boat, or other craft, which shall be so registered ; neglect or refuse to lodge his apprentice ns aforesaid, prentices.
and thereupon the said Company shall deliver to the he or she shall, for every such offence, forfait and pay
said owner a certificate of such registration to be re- any sum not exceeding ten pounds; to be recovered by
newed annually ; and if any such owner shall use or the said Company; and the apprentice or apprentices
employ, or cause to be used and employed, for the pur- of such person shall and may, upon application made to
pose of carrying goods for hire, any such lighter or the Court of master, wardens, and assistants of the said
lighters, barge or barges, or other boat or craft, with- Company, at any of their meetings, be by them tu ped
out having first so registered his name and place of over to any other master or mistress, any indentare,
abode, and obtained such certificate, he shall forfeit and covenant, contract, or agreement to the contrary
pay for every such offence the sum of ten pounds; and notwithstanding.
there shall be paid to the said company, for the original L. Every person duly bound apprentice to any free- Apprentie

Yo be con
registry of the name and abode of such owner, if a free- man of the said Company, or the widow of any freeman,
man, the sum of ten shillings; if a non-freeman, the or to a barge owner, shall serve, and be compellable to
sum of one pound; and for the registry of any change serve the whole of his apprenticeship, although he may al hough e'
in the place of abode of such owner, whether a free- previously have attained the age of twenty-one years,

age! man, or the widow of a freeman or non-freeman the any law or statute to the contrary notwithstanding. sum of five shillings, and for each annual renewal of LI. That at the Court to be holden next after the Cour the said certificate, such sum as the said Court shall twenty-fourth day of June in every year, five of the

bindi from time to time determine, not exceeding five members of the said Court, not being the master or to fred shillings.

wardens, preference being given to such of them (if any) Register or

XLIV. The owner of any such lighter, barge, boat, as shall have served the office of master, shall be aplighters, &c. or other craft, as lastly hereinbefore mentioned, shall pointed, who, together with the master and wardens for Payment for cause its name to be registered in a book to be kept by the time being of the said Company, and such other of registry

the company, and there shall be paid to the said Com- the assistants as shall think proper, from time to time
pany, for the original registry of any such lighter, to attend, shall be a court for the admission of freemen
barge, or other boat or craft, and also for tho registry of the said Company, and the execution of all inden-
of any change in the ownership thereof, the sum of one tures of apprenticeship authorised by this Act, and
shilling, and the clerk shall, upon the original registry assignment of apprentices, and such Court shall meet
of any such craft, or upon the registry of any change from time to time during the year for which they shall
of ownership in any such craft, issue a distinctive be appointed, when they shall think proper, but no
number to the owner of such lighter, barge, or other business shall be transacted at any such meeting unless
boat or craft, and such number shall be the same for five persons be present, and the same person shall
all lighters, barges, boats, or craft registered by the preside, and all questions shall be determined at the said
Company in the name of such owner.

Court, in the same manner as is herein

before provided The names XV. The owner or owners of any such lighter, and numbers

with respect to the meetings of the Court of master,

{ of such hoats barge, or other boat or craft, shall cause the number so wardens, and assistants of the said Company; and to be painted issued to them, together with the name or names of such

that no indenture of apprenticeship, or the assignment thereon.

owner or owners, and with the name or names of every of any apprentice from one master to another autho-
lighter, barge, or other boat or craft, to be painted rised by this Act, or the admission of any person
white on a black ground, in capital letters and figures, to be a freeman of the said Company, shall be executed
of such size as may, from time to time, be determined or made except at a meeting of the said court.
by any bye-law for the time being in force; such figures LII. That after this Act shall come into operation, it No
and letters to be painted on the hudds boards of barges, shall be lawful for all apprentices bound to a party the
and on the bows of lighters and other craft, and to be authorised by this act to take apprentices, to have or chi
preserved and kept legible, so as to be plainly seen in take the sole charge of any boat, barge, or other vessel, an
the day time by persons passing on the said river; and provided such apprentices shall have worked and rowed shr
no person or persons shall have two lighters, barges, or upon the said river as apprentices for the space of two se
other boats or craft, of the same name; and if any such years at the least ; and upon their being found qualified
lighter, barge, or other craft is worked or navigated to act, upon examination by the said Court, and upon
without being registered, or without the number and obtaining a licence from the said Court, subject to an

Jelled to

Serve

appre

names of

ye

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