Lasting Change in Foreign Language Education: A Historical Case for Change in National Policy

Sampul Depan
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - 218 halaman

Lasting Change in Foreign Language Education presents a historical account of foreign language in general education. The author examines the struggle of this subject discipline to align with the changing mission of secondary education as it emerged as the predominant institution enrolling students in the study of second languages. This 100-year history suggests trends persistent across major periods of reform to explain current problems in the expansion of learning opportunities in foreign language. Included is a complete database of education statistics on foreign language education and national and state education law from 1899 to the present. Analysis of this data is presented in multiple formats to describe the historical capacity of the education system to achieve reform. A review of contemporary standards-based education initiatives in states and school districts similarly serves to reflect how historical trends continue to restrict change. Concise policy implications are suggested as a means to address historical precedence and the greater mission of general education in the development of education policy and its transformation into practice.

Policy development must include a greater understanding of the historical development of foreign language in general education. This vital link has been lacking in the past century as foreign language has struggled to realign itself with the changing mission of general education. For example, there are distinct curricular differences between a general education for all students and one for leadership and higher education. Only the latter makes room for solid foreign language education. In addition, the study of foreign language has remained primarily a beginning-level endeavor for the majority of students over the past century. This trend results in significant pressure on the beginning level curriculum, particularly during periods of reform, to provide multiple academic outcomes in education.

 

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Roots of Foreign Language in the Curriculum Precolonial America through the Rise of Secondary Education
xvii
Formalizing the SecondarytoCollege Transition Education Reform at the Turn of the Century
5
Opportunities Lost in Foreign Language The Progressive Transformation of Public Secondary Education
19
World War II and the Cold War The Fall and Rise of Foreign Language Part I
35
Equality in Education and the Global Economy The Fall and Rise of Foreign Language Part II
49
Standards for the 21st Century Historic Growth in Contemporary Education Reform
65
Lasting Change in Foreign Language Historical Trends Contemporary Approaches and Education Policy
95
Introduction to the Appendices
129
Percentage of Populations Enrolled by Traditional and Alternative Enrollment Definitions 18892000
145
Enrollments and Percentage of Public High School Students Enrolled in Foreign Languages Other Than French Latin German and Spanish 18892000
153
Enrollments in Public High School Grades 912 in Latin Modern Languages French German and Spanish and Other Languages 18892000
171
Enrollments by Level in Public High Schools 19052000
177
Percentage of Total Public High School Population Enrolled in Specified Courses by Subject Area 18901982
185
Comparison of Foreign Language Mandates by Level Type and State
191
Bibliography
195
Index
205

Percentage of Public High School Students Grades 912 Enrolled in Foreign Language Study 18892000
135

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Tentang pengarang (2003)

JOHN L. WATZKE is Assistant Professional Specialist and Fellow at the Institute for Educational Initiatives, University of Notre Dame.

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