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United States of America.

District Court of North-Caronna, to-wit. BE it remembered, that on the sixth day of December, in the forty-first tear of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1816, JOSEPH GALES of the said district, hath deposited in this Office the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Proprietor and Publisher, and also the right to the order and arrangement of the Work, to-wit,

“ The Office and Duty of a Justice of the Peace, and a Guide to Sheriffs, Clerks, Constables and other Civil Officers : According to the Laws of NorthCarolina. With an Appendix, containing the Declaration of Rights and Con stitution of this State, the Constitution of the United States, with the Amendments thereto; and a Collection of the most approved Forms. By Henry PotTER, Judge of the United States District Courts of North-Carolina.”

In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned.” And also to the Act, entitled, “ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical prints."

In testimony whereof, I William H. Harwoon, Clerk of the Circuit Court

in and for the district aforesaid, have caused the same to be signed with my name, and the seal of office to be hereto affixed, the day and date first above written.

WM. H. HAYWOOD, Glerk,

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PREFACE.

IN a free Representative Government, where there is a residue of Sovereign Power retained by the People, it is highly important to the safety and well-being of the State, that her citizens be rightly informed touching the Civil Polity, the Municipal Regulations, and the Administration of the Laws, under which they live, and by which they consent to be governed,

One of the means, and perhaps not the least, of diffusing this kind of knowledge, is to supply the Judicial and Ministerial Officers (particularly that class of useful citizens who bear the burden of deciding petty disputes without reward) with a Compend of the Law, and of the Forms by which it is administered.

The State of North Carolina has been favoured with three very useful publications of this description ; and from which much aid has been derived in the execution of the present design. But the first edition is out of print-the. second very scarce—and the third, which appeared in the year 1800, was sold out, and afforded but a partial supply.

The increased population of the State--the augmentation of Justices of the Peace and other Civil Officers; and a growing thirst for useful knowledge, enhanced by the cultivation of Literature and Science, have greatly increased the demand for such information. And after a lapse of sixteen years, in the course of which the laws must have undergone many radical changes, as well by adjudged cases,

as by acts of the General Assembly, the call for a new edi tion of a Justice must necessarily be great. To supply this general and increasing demand, is the object of the following Work,

Much care has been taken to render it useful, not only to Justices of the Peace, but also to Sheriffs, Coroners, Clerks, Constables and other Officers ; and indeed to every citizen.

New and important heads are introduced ; and the whole matter has been arranged with no small plegree of attention to method and perspicuity,

The utility of correct Precedents, or Forms of Proceedings, must be manifest to every person. A general collection, therefore, of the most approved and useful Forms, is added by way of Appendixo

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Accessories
9. Conviction

642
Accomplices--See Evidence

Corn

ib
*Adjournment

33 Coroner
Administrator-See Executors Counterfeiting

67
and Administrators

County Courts
Adultery--See Vice and Immo- County Treasurer of Public
rality

Buildings

ib.
Affirmation See Oaths

County Trustee

70
Affray
ib. Criminals

71
Appeals
15 Debt and Debtor

ib.
Apprentices

17 Deeds--See Grants and Deeds
Arrest

19 Deer-See Hunting
Arson
23 Depositions

85
Assault and Battery

24 Drunkenness-See Vice & Im-
Assembly-See Elections and

morality
Members of Assembly

Due-Bills

89
Attachments
25 Duelling

2b.
Attornies
1 Elections

90
Bail
2 Entries

91
Barretry

35 Entry-taker
Bastardy
ib. Escape

9,
Bawdy-house--See Lewdness Estrays-See Strays
Behaviour
37 Evidence

98
Bigamy-See Polygamy

Examination-See Criminals
Bills of Sale-See Deeds

Execution
Elasphemy

41 Executors & Administrators 107
Boats, Canoes, &c.
ib. Extortion

111
Bonds

42 Fairs
Book-Debts
. Fees

112
Bribery
43 Felony

118
Bridges

4+ Feme Covert
Burglary
45 Fences

123
Burials--See Coroner

Ferries --See Roads & Ferries
Burning-See Arson

F nes

124
Buying of Titles-See Cham- Fire-hunting-See Hunting
perty, Maintenance

Fire-wood

ib.
Cattle, Horses and Hogs 48 Fish

ib.
Certiorari

55 Forcible Entry & Detainer 125
Champerty
56 Forestalling

132
Cheats
57 Forgery

ib,
Church--See Public Worship Fornication Scé Vice & Iin.
Clergy, (benefit of)

ib. morality
Clerk of the County-Court 59 Fraud

133
Coin
ib. Free Negroes, &c.

136
Commitment
60 Fugitives

139
Common Law-See Law

Gaming

it.
Confession

$

61 Goals-See Prison & Prisoners
Conspiracy
ib. Gifts

142
Constable

62 Giants and Deccts

ib,

.

-

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143

Page

156

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Guardian and Ward-See Or- Perjury

236
phans

Personating Bail

238
Hog-Stealing-See Cattle, &c. Petit Larceny-See Larceny
Homicide
145 Physicians

239
Horses-See Cattle, &c.

Pick-Pocket-See Larceny
Horse-Stealing
153 Piracy

ib.
Hue and Cry

ib. Poison--See Homicide
Hunting
154 Polygamy

5240
Idiots and Lunatics

Poor

241
Jeofails
157 Posse Comitatus

243
Indictments
158 Presentment

245
Infants

160
Principal

ib.
Insolvent Debtors

161
Prison and Prisoners

246
Inspection
166 Process

250
Interest
175 Prophecies

ib.
Juror's

176 Processions-See Lands
Justices of the Peace
182 Public Worship

251
Lands
186 Quakers

252
Larceny
188 Quarantine

ib,
Law

194 Ranger--See Strays
Law-Books
196 Rape

256
Lewdness
197 Recognizances

257
Libel

ib. Recordari Facias Loquelam 458
Limitations
198 Religious Societies

260
Lunatics-See Idiots and Luatics. Rescue

261
Maim

200 Restitution of Stolen Goods ib.
Maintenance

201 Riot, Rout and Unlawful As-
Manslaughter-See Homicide

sembly

262
Marriages
202 Rivers and Creeks

263
Marriage-contracts
204 Roads and Ferries

266
Members of Assembly

ib. Robbery-See Larceny
Mills
is,

268
Misdemeanors

208 Sabbath-See Vice and Immo-
Misprison of Felony

209 rality
Misprison of Treason-See School-master

272
Treason

Seamen

273
Mittimus. See Commitment

Search Warrant
Murder-See Homicide

Self-defence-See Homicide
Mute

ib. Self-murder-See Suicide
Yanies

210
Servants

274,
Night-walkers--See Arrest

Sheriff

281
Non Compos--See Idiots.

Slaves

287
Notaries
ib. Stealing

306
Nuusances

211 Stolen Goods- See Search
Oaths

212 Warrant, Restitution.
Ordinances
221 Strays

307
Orphans

224 Suicide, or Self-murder 311
Overseers of the Poor See Sunday

ib.
Pocr

Sureties-See Debt & Debtor
Oireets of Roads

250 Surety forgood behaviour-See
Pardou

232 Behaviour
Partition

233 Surety for the Peace-See Be-
Patrols

235 haviour
Penalties
See Limitations, Surveyor

3
Debt and Debtor, &c.

Swearing and Cursing 5 ibi

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1

Runaways

ib.

318

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