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William* King, (William1), baptized in Ugborough, Co.
Devon., England, Dec. 31, 1643; died . The record of his
baptism is to be found in the Parish Register at Ugborough and is as follows:
"1643—Willimus, fil. Willimi Kinge et Agnetae ux. bapt. fuit ultimo die Decemb."
(1643—William, son of William Kinge and of Agnes, wife, was baptized the last day of December.)
He came with his brother, James, to America. Dr. Alexander* King (Joseph* James* James* William1) in his genealogical notes says that William* King went to some southern colony.
We have no further record of him.
James' King, (William1), baptized in Ugborough, Devonshire, England, Nov. 7, 1647; died in Suffield May 13,. 1722; married (1) in Ipswich, Mass., March 23, 1674, Elizabeth Fuller, daughter cf John and Elizabeth (Emerson) Fuller, born in Ipswich, Mass., May 31, 1652; died in Suffield June 30, 1715: (a) in Westfield, Feb. 27, 1716, Hannah Loomis, widow of Samuel Loomis, who died at Suffield Nov. 6, 1711. She died at Suffield in 1720. James King was the Founder of the King Family of Suffield, Connecticut. The record of his baptism in the Parish Register of Ugborough, Devonshire, is as follows:
"1647—Jacobus, fil Will'i Kinge et Agnetae, uxor eius, bapt. 7 die Novembris."
(1647—James, son of William Kinge and of Agnes, his wife, baptized seventh day of November.)
His mother Agnes (Elwill) Kinge died at Ugborough April 7, 1662, and it is probable that very shortly thereafter he and his brother William came to New England. It is likely that immediately on his arrival in America James King was placed at Ipswich, Mass., though we have no record of the presence there of either his father or brother.
If James King came to America soon after the death of his mother in 1662, he was on his arrival only about fifteen years of age and it is probable that he then began to acquire or was taught the trade of a cooper at Ipswich, Mass., in accordance with the custom among those early pioneers that every person, no matter how gentle his birth and breeding, should take up some useful occupation. This is well expressed by the late United States Senator George F. Hoar, in his "Autobiography of Seventy Years" (Vol. I. p. 41). In speaking of these early settlers of New England, Senator Hoar says: "They were of good English stock. Many of them were of gentle blood and entitled to bear coat armor at home. It is interesting also to observe how little the character of the gentleman or gentlewoman in our New England people is affected by the pursuit for generations of humble occupations, which in other countries are deemed degrading. Our ancestors, during nearly two centuries of poverty which followed the first settlement, turned their hands to the humblest ways of getting a livelihood, became shoemakers, or blacksmiths or tailors, or did the hardest and most menial and rudest work of the farm, shoveled gravel, or chopped wood, without any of the effect on their character which would be likely to be felt from the permanent pursuit of such an occupation in old England or Germany. It was like a fishing party or a hunting party in the woods. When the necessity was over, and the man or boy in any generation got a college education, or was called to take part in public affairs he rose at once and easily to the demands of an exalted station." Very many of those whose families bore coats of arms in the old country did, as James King did—applied themselves to trades or manual labor. Thus we see the son of Thomas Emerson, an undoubted armiger, applying himself to the trade of a baker.
It is not to be expected that during his youth and while he was learning a trade we should find any public record relating to the life of James King at Ipswich, Mass. The first definite public record of his presence at Ipswich consists of a deposition made by him there on April 21, 1670, which is on file in the office of the Clerk of Courts, Salem, Mass., Vol. XV: 124, and is as follows:
—"The deposition of James Kinge being about 18 years of Age."— "This deponent saith that he heard Elizabeth Roper say to goodwife hunt, that she should not need to be in such hast to fetch a warrant, and goodwife hunt replied, she could say with a safe conscience, she had not bene forgave."
Taken upon oath 21th of April 1670
It is only in the heading, title or preamble of the deposition that the age of James Kinge is stated to be "about" 18 years. It does not appear that he said his age was about 18 years. It was probably intended to say that he was "above" 18 years of age and the statement is made undoubtedly simply to show that the witness had attained years of discretion sufficient to enable him to understand the nature of an oath and with no purpose of attempting in any way to fix at all accurately his age, as is even now frequently the case in depositions. It was probably put in by the clerk or official administering the oath as a matter of form for the purpose indicated above and perhaps James may have appeared to him younger than he really was. At all events it is of no weight in fixing his age, as the Ugborough Parish Registers show he was baptized November 7, 1647. The title of the case in which the above deposition was made is: "Samuel Hunt and wife vs. Sarah Roper" in which Mrs. Hunt accuses Mrs. Roper of stealing a bodkin from her at church!
The records of the town transfers of real estate show that in 1673 James King bought from Obadiah Wood a house and lot in Ipswich and that on May 21, 1679, he sold the same to Andrew Dymond, having in the mean time married and removed with his family to Suffield.
The marriage of James King to Elizabeth Fuller was celebrated at Ipswich, Mass., March 23, 1674, and is recorded in the town records. She was the daughter of John Fuller, who came from England and settled at Ipswich in 1635. John Fuller was descended from a very old family which had lived at Redenhall, Co. Norfolk, England, from a period certainly earlier than the year 1482. From this family also came Dr. Samuel Fuller, who in 1620 was one of those embarked at Delfthaven, Holland, on the "Speedwell" for America and when that vessel proved unseaworthy and was abandoned he and his brother Edward Fuller, the latter's wife and their son Samuel, and William Butten the servant of Dr. Samuel Fuller made five of the one hundred and two passengers whom the Mayflower carried to America. The will of John Fuller probated Sept. 25, 1666, and still on file at the office of the Clerk of Probate at Salem, mentions his daughter Elizabeth and provides as follows: "To my daughters Susanna and Elizabeth, I give ten shillings apiece at the day of their marryage or when they are twenty yeares of age: to whom also I give no more because their Grandfather hath lately given them portions." The "Grandfather" in this will referred to was Thomas Emerson, whose will (still on file at Salem) was probated May 10, 1666, a month only before John Fuller's death, which occurred June 4, 1666. Thomas Emerson's will mentions his grand-daughter Elizabeth Fuller (afterward wife of James King) as follows: "Also in refrens to the twenty-fifth lin of this my wil it is to be vnderstod that what ther is mentioned as to my daughter ffulor is my intent that it shall be holy and fuly devided between hur tow daughter at ye age of twenty yers or at ye day of mariadg; Susanna and Elizabeth."
The mother of Elizabeth (Fuller) King, wife of James King, was Elizabeth (Emerson) Fuller daughter of Thomas Emerson, the first ancestor in America of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Thomas Emerson was baptized at Bishops Stortford, Co. Herts, England, July 26, 1584, married there Elizabeth Brewster (probably the daughter of William Brewster, the postmaster at Scrooby and the famous elder of the Pilgrims in 1620) July I, 1611, and his daughter Elizabeth, who became wife of John Fuller, was baptized at Bishops Stortford June 14, 1623. Thomas4 Emerson (Robert* of Bishops Stortford, Thomas* of Great Dunmow, Co. Essex, Ralf1 of Foxton) was a descendant of Ralph (Ralf.) Emerson of Foxton, Bishopric of Durham, who in the reign of Henry VIII A. D. 1535 was granted arms: "Per fesse indented, vert and or, a bend engrailed, arg, charged with three lions passant of the first, bezante: crest, a demi-lion rampant, vert, bezante, grasping a battle axe, gules, headed arg." Thomas Emerson settled at Ipswich, Mass., as early as 1638 and left a very considerable estate there at his death on May 1, 1666.
Elizabeth (Fuller) King, wife of James King, was born at Ipswich, Mass., May 31, 1652. Her grandmother (Emerson) was presented by Queen Elizabeth with certain household goods and particularly a piece of fine linen which, descending to Elizabeth (Fuller) King, was carefully preserved as an heirloom and in turn given to her daughter, Agnes King who married John Austin. Elizabeth King reared her daughters in habits of industry and among their accomplishments was that of making lace. She died at Suffield June 30, 1715.
The first child of James2 King and his wife Elizabeth was James8, and he was born at Ipswich, Mass., March 14, 1675, an entry of which appears in the Ipswich records. The next child, William, born Jan. 4, 1679, and all their other children were born at Suffield.
James King, as shown by the town records of Suffield, which are nearly complete from the year 1678, was one of the original proprietors of Suffield, his name being the fifty-eighth in the list of one hundred of the first grantees of lands in the order of their several grants. The first grant of land to him was made October 30, 1678. It consisted of sixty acres on High street "next south of the school lot." On it he proceeded at once to erect a dwelling house, which thenceforth for a long period of time was the family homestead. Other grants were thereafter made to him.
The first town meeting was held March 9, 1682. Although there were about three hundred inhabitants, there were only thirty-four qualified voters because of the considerable property qualification. James King was one of these. He was quite prominent in the public affairs of the town, held many important offices and was on several committees requiring the exercise of sound judgment.
At the town meeting March 3, 1685, for the election of town officers, James King was chosen "Tithingman." Tithingmen were first chosen in Suffield in 1684. Their duties were various and it was deemed a very important and responsible office. They