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wife Dorothy, and William Goodwin and his wife Elizabeth join in a conveyance of messuages, land, etc. in Braintree and Bocking." This "makes it highly probable that Goodwin's wife Elizabeth came with him to Hartford." In the list of the passengers of the "Lion" the names of only the men are given. After the name of William Goodwin (spelled Goodwynne) appears that of John White, the name of a son of Robert White. Robert White was a yeoman.
For descendants of Ichabod and Lovisa (Adams) King see King Genealogy, pages 136-139 ante.
A URINGER - JANS - KING.
By the marriage of Roger5 King (Lt. Eliphalet,* Capt. Joseph, James,2 William1), with Christina Auringer, their descendants are also lineal descendants of Roeloof and Annetje Jans, who came to Rensselaerwyck from Holland in 1630, and settled first at Beaverwyck (now Albany), but subsequently at New Amsterdam.
Although she died more than two centuries ago, the name of Annetje Jans continued to be, and still is familiar to the public, by reason of its connection with the celebrated legal contests between some of her descendants and the corporation of Trinity Church in the city of New York, extending over a period of nearly or quite fifty years for the possession of real estate which was hers at the time of her decease in 1663. A few years after her decease some, but not all, of her heirs joined in a conveyance of the land in question to Col. Lovelace, who was then Governor of the Province. Subsequently it was confiscated by Queen Anne, who, in 1703, presented it to the Church. Apart, however, from the celebrity thus conferred upon her, she and her husband, Roeloof Jans, have a permanent place in the colonial history of New York State by reason of their early connection with its first settlement as a colony under the auspices of the Dutch Government. Numerous references to them, are found in the history of New Netherland, and of the cities of New York and Albany. Their names also appear frequently in early colonial documents preserved in the archives of the State, and which have been compiled and published by authority of the Legislature, under official supervision, in the "Documentary History of the State of New York" (4 Vols. 1849-1851), and in "Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York" (11 Vols. 1855-6.) From the several authorities referred to, a consecutive and not uninteresting history of the family might be compiled. The scope of the present compilation, however, being limited, a mere outline sketch must suffice, and for that purpose the following extracts are selected.
Among the "Names of Settlers in Rensselaerwyck in 1630" found in O'Callaghan's "History of New Netherland" (Vol. 1, page 443), are included those of "Roeloff Jans, van Masterland, wife and family; Claes Claesen, his servant." In "Collections on the History of Albany" (Vol. 2, page 422), a chapter is devoted exclusively to "Annetje Jans" and her descendants, in which it is said:
"This celebrated character came to Rensselaerwyck in 1630 with her husband, Roeloff Jans, who acted as assistant bouwmeester for the Patroon. Frve-or six years afterwards the family was found in New Amsterdam, where he received a patent in 1636 for thirty morgens of land, lying along the Hudson River. About this time he died, and in 1637 or 1638 his widow married Dominie Everardus Bogardus, the first settled minister of the place. He died in 1647, and she returned to Albany, where she died in 1663 and lies buried in the Middle Dutch Churchyard on Beaver Street."
Annetje is portrayed at the time of her second marriage in the "History of the City of New York," by Martha J. Lamb (Vol. 1, page 85), as follows: "She was a small, well formed, woman, with delicate features, transparent complexion, and bright beautiful dark eyes. She had a well balanced mind, a sunny disposition, winning manners, and a kind heart." Much information concerning the family is found in the "Half Moon Series of Papers on historic New York." Number three of that series, entitled "Annetje Jans Farm," traces their history from a time prior to their embarking at Amsterdam for New Netherland in 1630, until the decease of Annetje in 1663. The narrative begins with a recital of the circumstances which led to the connection of Roeloff and Annetje with the settlement of the colony of Rensselaerwyck. We select from it only such brief extracts as serve to supplement the foregoing information.
"The West India Company had great difficulty in finding settlers for the provinces entrusted to their management. Finally, however, a scheme of colonization was evolved which threw all responsibility for outlay upon the shoulders of individuals. Large tracts of land in the province, with power to regulate and govern the same, were assigned to those willing to plant colonies at their own expense. Among the founders of the West India Company was a rich Amsterdam jeweler, Kiliaen Van Rensselaer. Kiliaen received a tract stretching above and below Fort Orange, on both sides of the Hudson River. It was about twenty-four by forty-eight miles, and covers the present sites of Troy and Albany. Roelof Janssen was engaged by the patroon as bouwmeester or assistant farm superintendent. Among others who went over on the good ship Eendracht, was Roelof Jansz, of Masterland, with Annetje his wife, and their three children, Sara, Catrina and Fytjie. Jansz is the contracted form of Janssen; the contraction for the feminine omits the 'z,' so that Roelof's wife is usually known as Annetje Jans. Her mother, Tryntje Jonas, either came to America with Annetje, or followed her shortly afterwards. In 1632 Kiliaen formed a government within his colony by appointing Schout, Scheppen and Ruden. Roelof Janz was one of the latter, so that he was evidently of some weight in the little village." Apparently, however, the honors conferred upon him in "the little village" failed to satisfy his ambition, for in 1635 he removed with his family to New Amsterdam, and very soon afterward "he was evidently of some weight" in the larger village; for there, as we find stated in "Documentary History of the State of New York" (Vol. 3, page 611), "Roeloff Jansen was overseer of the Orphan's Chamber under the Dutch Government, an office similar to that of surrogate. His widow, Annetje Jans, married, in 1638, the Rev. Everhardus Bogardus."
Although he resided for so brief a period in Rensselaerwyck, Roeloff left his name permanently inscribed on the map of the locality. A stream which empties into the Hudson from the east, some distance below Albany, still bears his name. Numerous grants of land, made between 1680 and 1687, were described in the patents as situated next to it or near it. Among them one for 2,000 acres to Robert Livingston, the proprietor of Livingston Manor, describes the tract as "a certain parcel of land lying on both sides of Roeloff Janssens Kill, called by the Indians Sanckhenack, east of Hudson's River, a little below Catskill. (See Documentary History, Vol. 3, pp. 613-15.) In the maps of Columbia County, at the present day, the stream is shown as "Janssen's Creek," the Dutch word "Kill" having given place to its English equivalent "Creek." Annetje Jans, as above stated, died in 1663. Her last will, the original (written in Dutch) is preserved in the office of the County Clerk of Albany County and a translation of it is contained in "Collections on the History of Albany," Vol. 3, p. 459. In it she is described as "Annetje Janss, widow of Roeloff Janssen of Masterland, and now lastly, widow of Rev. Everhardus Bogardus, residing in the village of Beaverwyck." Each of her four children by her first husband as hereinafter named, is mentioned in it. The lineage of her descendants down to a recent date is fully exhibited in the judicial records of the Supreme Court, and of the Court of Chancery of the State of New York, as reported at much length in "Johnson's Supreme Court Reports," Vol. 10, pages 338-357, and in "Sanford's Chancery Reports," Vol. 4, pages 675 to 813.
Readers of these records who have not had occasion to become familiar with the peculiarities of Dutch nomenclature will undoubtedly be at a loss to understand why the son of Roeloff Jans was called "Jans Roeloffson" and his daughters "Sarah, Catharine and Fytie Roeloff," or "Roeloffse." The following extract from "Reminiscences of Troy," by Hon. John Woodworth (published at Albany in i860), at page 72, partially but not fully explains this singular transposition. After commenting upon certain obscurities in the matter of Dutch nomenclature the writer adds: "There are some other peculiarities about the derivation of Dutch names. If 'Jan' and 'Evert' Vanderheyden, residing in the same vicinity, had each a son named 'Jan' one would be called 'Jan Jansen' (Jan son of John) and the other 'Jan Evertson,' (Jan, son of Evert), and in time the original name of Vanderheyden might be lost in Jansen and Evertsen. It is for this reason difficult to trace the genealogy of many Dutch families in this country."
A further explanation is found in "Collections on the History of Albany," Vol. 4, page 84, from which we quote: "The system of nomenclature in early use among the Dutch settlers consisted in prefixing the child's to the father's Christian name, terminating in 'se' or 'sen.' Thus the children of Rutger Jacobsen were respectively Margaret Rutgers, Engel Rutgers and Harmon Rutgers, and Rutgers was subsequently assumed as the family name. The first settlers, Philip and David Schuyler, were more commonly called Philip and David Pieterse, being sons of Pieter Schuyler." "The change in the spelling and pronunciation is likewise a source of considerable embarrassment. Who would recognize the ancient 'Du Trieux' in the modern 'Truax,' or 'Beaufils' in 'Bovie.' As an illustration in point we frequently find Roeloff Jans referred to as Jansz, Janse, Janssen, and in some translations of the original documents as Johnson. One of many instances of this peculiarity occurs in the patent of land to Robert Livingston, referred to in the preceding page, in which three different spellings of the name appear in as many different paragraphs."
Roeloff1 Jans married Annetje Jonas in Holland, where both were born about 1595-1600, and had three children born there.