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Ichabod4 King (Capt. Joseph, James,2 William1), born in Suffield, Conn., May 14, 1756; died in Marlboro, Vt., Dec. 18, 1834; married in Marlboro, Vt., Dec. 27, 1778, Lovisa Adams, a sketch of whose pedigree will prove of interest at least to their numerous descendants now living. She was born in Suffield, Conn., Dec. 20, 1759, and died in Marlboro, Vt., Dec. 31, 1834.

Lovisa Adams King's immediate ancestors for three generations—parents, grandparents, and great grandparents—were born in New England. Many of her ancestors of the generation that immigrated to America are known to have been English, and it is highly probable that all save one were, and quite possible that even that one was also English. It is known further that all of these immigrants save four reached New England prior to 1645; and that none of them came later than 1661, more likely not that late. The preceding charts exhibit in concise form the ancestry of both the father and the mother of Lovisa Adams.

The father of Lovisa Adams King was Freegrace Adams, born in Suffield, Conn., Nov. 14, 1723; died in Marlboro, Vt., Aug., 1815; married in Suffield, Conn., April 4, 1753, Anna Kent.

"Freegrace Adams was induced against his wishes by his stepmother to sign a note for her son, his half-brother Samuel, the mother's favorite. Samuel failed, and Freegrace was obliged to give up one-half his Suffield farm. He accordingly decided to go to Marlboro, Vt., in 1774, when his daughter Louisa was fourteen years old. Freegrace died when he was ninety-two years old. His wife, Anna (Kent) Adams, died in 1807, when she was seventy-seven years old. She could read fine print without glasses when she died."

The Marlboro manuscript history (kept in Montpelier, Vt.), states that Freegrace Adams "came to Marlboro about 1773 and settled on the well known Freegrace Adams farm, now owned by Almerin Ames."

The father of Freegrace Adams, Lieut. Abraham Adams, was born in Suffield, Conn., Nov. 10, 1687; died in Suffield Feb. 12, 1769; married in Suffield, April 7, 1713, Joanna. Norton. "Lieut. Abraham" of Suffield was one of a Committee, 1745, to decide the location of the meeting house in Wilbraham, Mass., and was awarded a for his services. "The father of Lieut. Abraham Adams was Hon. Jacob Adams, born in Newbury, Mass., Sept.

13, 1651; died in Boston, Mass., Nov. , 1717; married April

7, 1677, Anna Allen and had lived at Newbury, Mass., but moved probably about 1681-2 to Suffield, where he was one of the most prominent and influential of the early settlers. Hon. Jacob Adams was often chosen to important offices, was a member of the General Court of the colony, then held in Boston, 1711 to 1714, and again in 1717. He died in Boston, suddenly, in Nov., 1717, while in attendance upon his duties as a member of the General Court from Suffield. He acquired a large property, and was greatly esteemed. His will, dated Nov. 20, 1717, is recorded both in Boston, and at Northampton, which was the county seat of Hampshire County—to which Suffield then belonged." (Robert Adams Gen.)

Jacob Adams was the son of Robert Adams. "Born in Eng. in 1602, Robert Adams came first to Ipswich in Massachusetts Bay in A. D. 1635, bringing with him his wife Eleanor (Wilmot?) and his first two children. He resided in Salem in 1638-9 and removed to Newbury in 1640, where he acquired a large farm and valuable property, and died there Oct. 12, 1682; his wife Eleanor having died there June 12, 1677.

The wife of Hon. Jacob Adams was Anna Allen, born Jan. 3, 1658. Sheldon's "History of Suffield, Conn." gives the name of Jacob Adams' wife as Anne Allyn, and states that she was the daughter of Edward Allyn, who, according to tradition, came from Scotland in 1636, had been a soldier under Cromwell, had a farm granted him at Dedham, Mass., 1649, had a farm at Ipswich, 1670, and removed with his family to Suffield about 1679. He married Mary Kimball. (Savage states that the wife of this Edward "Allen" was Sarah.) But the record of the children of this Edward Allyn or Allen gives no daughter Anne, no daughter of any name who married an Adams, and the dates of marriage of the three oldest daughters were from four to seventeen years later than the birth of Jacob Adams's oldest child. There seems therefore practically no doubt but that Savage and the Robert Adams Gen. are correct in stating that Jacob Adams's wife was the daughter of Nicholas Allen of Dorchester, Mass., born about 1616; died 1667-8. The surname of Nicholas Allen was also spelled Ellen and Ellin (perhaps usually so in his lifetime), but apparently settled into Allen with his descendants. Pope, in "Pioneers of Mass.," finds that he is mentioned in connection with court proceedings in 1639, was a Dorchester proprietor Feb. 2, 1646, deposed in 1656 when he was aged about forty years, that his first wife was Martha, who died Sept. 17, 1660, that his daughter Ann was born in 1657, and that his will was dated 1667 and probated in 1668. The Dorchester town records also state that the daughter Ann "was Born the 3.11:1657," and the church records that she was baptized "9 (3) 58," but Savage and the Adams Gen. give the date of her birth as Jan. 3, 1658. There is nothing to prove that Martha Allen, mother of Anna (or Ann) Allen Adams, came to America prior to 1645, and hence she is one of the four ancestors of Lovisa Adams King not included among those known to have reached this country prior to that date. The birth of her daughter Ann shows of course that she was in New England by 1657 at the latest.

Joanna Norton, born in Suffield, Conn., March 17, 1693; died in Suffield, Sept. 3, 1726; the wife of Lieut. Abraham Adams and mother of Freegrace Adams, was the daughter of Captain George Norton, born in Salem, Mass., March 28, 1641; died in Suffield, Nov. 15, 1696; married June 20, 1683, Mary Barber Gillett (his second wife). He was an early Suffield, Conn., settler. "He was a freeman in 1681, innkeeper, selectman, captain and a prominent man in the town. He was the first representative to the General Court at Boston from Suffield, 1693, and was excused from attending another session on account of the poverty of the- town." (Sheldon's Suffield Hist.) Captain George Norton was the son of George and Mary Norton. George Norton, Sr., Savage says, "was probably that carpenter who came in the fleet with Higginson, April, 1629, from London, freeman May 14, 1634." He removed from Salem, Mass., to Gloucester, where he was a selectman in 1642-3, and representative, 1642-44. Removed again, perhaps for a short time, to Ipswich, but soon to Wenham where he died in 1659. According to "Fifty Puritan Ancestors," by Elizabeth Todd Nash, George Norton, Sr., was born in 1606, the son of Thomas and Grace Norton, who were married in Ockley, Surrey, England, where their marriage record can still be seen; and Thomas was the son of William and Dencia (Chelmesby) Norton, of Ockley, England, and grandson of Richard and Margery (Wingar) Norton, of Sharpenhow, England. Further, according to this account, Thomas Norton was born in England in 1582, was warden of Mr. Whitfield's church at Ockley, and came with him to America, being one of the Covenanters on shipboard who signed the Covenant, June, 1639. He was the miller in Guilford. Conn., from 1646 until his death in Aug., 1648. His wife survived him.

The mother of Joanna Norton Adams was Mary (sometimes given Mercy) Barber, born in Windsor, Conn., Oct. 12, 1651; died in Suffield, Conn., Dec. 31, 1725, who first married John Gillett, and second, married June 20, 1683, Captain George Norton. Mary Barber Gillett Norton's father was Thomas Barber, of Windsor, Conn., born in England about 1614, who sailed from London for New England in the ship Christian in 1634, when he was twenty-one years old. He resided probably at Dorchester, Mass., first, but in 1635 was granted a lot eight acres and twenty-two rods wide, in Windsor, Conn. "In 1637 the name of Thomas Barber is found enrolled under Major Stoughton as Sergeant, and he participated in several battles with the Pequot tribe of Indians. Subsequently under John Mason, he greatly distinguished himself in the attack made upon the Pequot fort, which the Indians had deemed impregnable.

On Oct. 7, 1640, at Windsor, Conn., "he married Joan or Jane. Her surname does not appear in the church records of Windsor, but a number of the authorities lead to the conclusion that she was the daughter of one of the Dutch settlers at Saybrook, as some others of the Colonists married into their families. One authority says: "The wife of, or she who became the wife of Thomas Barber, was the first white woman to land in Connecticut." (Carlisle.) So far as known, this is the only suggestion of any but an English birth for any of the American immigrating ancestors of Lovisa Adams King. Thomas Barber was taught the trade of carpenter. "He was lieutenant of the first military company of Simsbury, Conn." (Howe's Gen. of the Barber-Eno Family.) Thomas Barber's descendants "have many of them been men of wealth and influence in Conn." (Hinman's Early Puritan Settlers of Conn.) According to the "Barber-Eno Family" both Thomas Barber and his wife died in 1662.

Anna Kent Adams, mother of Lovisa Adams King, like her husband Freegrace Adams, was born and reared in Suffield, Conn. She was born Oct. 2, 1730; died in Marlboro, Vt., Sept. 8, 1807; married in Suffield, Conn., April 4, 1753, Freegrace Adams.

Her brother was Capt. Elihu Kent, who when news of the battle of Lexington reached Suffield and within an hour's notice was at the head of a Suffield company of 59 men rushing for Springfield, where they took supper and pressed on at once. This Capt. Elihu Kent became a major and his son, Colonel Elihu Kent was in the Revolutionary Army with his father, and was captured by the British on Long Island and confined for a long time as a prisoner of war in the old Sugar House in New York, where he suffered greatly.

Samuel Kent, born in Suffield Dec. 14, 1698, died in Suffield Oct. 28, 1772; married in Suffield (1) Feb. 28, 1722, Abiah Dwight and was the father of Anna Kent Adams. He lived all his life in Suffield. His father, John Kent, was born in Gloucester, Mass., April 28, 1664; died in Suffield April 11, 1721; married in Suffield May 9, 1686, Abigail Dudley. "John Kent's descendants have been eminent. Chancellor Kent was a great grandson." "Sergeant Samuel Kent, the father of John Kent, was settled at Suffield in 1678. He was one of the first board of Selectmen in Suffield and was re-appointed for many years. His home lot in Suffield and his son Samuel's are now the Institute Grounds." He married Jany. 17, 1654, Frances Woodall and died in Springfield, Mass., Feb. 2, 1691. Sergeant Samuel was the son of Thomas Kent who was born in England and came to this country with his wife and older children. Thomas was a proprietor of Gloucester, Mass., in 1643. He died May I, 1658. He was a yeoman.

Frances Woodall became the wife of Sergeant Samuel Kent in January, 1654, the earliest date at which her name is mentioned in New England so far as known. She is, therefore, one of the four ancestors of Lovisa Adams King the date of whose coming to America is not known to have been prior to 1645. She died in Suffield Aug. 10, 1683.

Abigail Dudley, born May 24, 1667, the wife of John Kent, was the daughter of Deacon William and Mary (Roe) Dudley; and the grand-daughter of William and Jane (Lutman) Dudley, who were married at Ockley, Surrey, Eng., Aug. 24, 1636, and in 1639 came to New England, "probably as friends of Rev. Henry Whitfield." William Dudley, Sr., was born at Richmond, Eng., and died in Guilford, Conn., March 16, 1684. He was a representative to the General Court for Guilford, Conn., and held other offices. His wife Jane (Lutman) Dudley died in Guilford May 1, 1674. His son, Deacon William Dudley, born at sea June 8, 1639, moved to Saybrook, Conn., in 1670, where he was a deacon, a representative to the General Court for many years,

and commissioner several years. He died there May , 1701.

(Dudley Gen., 1898.) He married, Nov. 4, 1661, Mary Roe Dudley the daughter of Hugh and Abigail Roe.

Hugh Roe is first mentioned in Hartford in 1661, the year his daughter married William Dudley, but according to Savage he had first lived in Weymouth, Mass. This earlier residence in Weymouth makes it probable that he and his wife had reached America prior to 1661, but if not, they came later than any other ancestor of Lovisa Adams King,—the four not known to have

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